Ophthalmic Quiz Questions And Answers

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Quizzes Created: 22 | Total Attempts: 13,903
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Ophthalmic Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Do you know about ophthalmology? Why don't you take these ophthalmic quiz questions and answers and test your knowledge right here right now? Ophthalmology is understood as a surgical subspecialty within medicine to deal with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. An ophthalmologist is known as a physician who undergoes subspecialty training as well as surgical eye care. Take these questions, and you will learn even more about this. Let's go for it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Select the components necessary to evaluate Lids, lashes, and lacrimal in the SLE

    • A.

      Diffuse beam

    • B.

      Low Mag

    • C.

      Medium Mag

    • D.

      Low to moderate illumination

    • E.

      Optic section

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Diffuse beam
    B. Low Mag
    D. Low to moderate illumination
    Explanation
    The components necessary to evaluate Lids, lashes, and lacrimal in the SLE include a diffuse beam, low magnification, and low to moderate illumination. These components are essential for examining the eyelids, lashes, and tear ducts in a systematic and detailed manner. The diffuse beam helps to evenly distribute the light, ensuring a clear view of the area being examined. Low magnification allows for a wider field of view, making it easier to assess the overall condition of the lids, lashes, and lacrimal system. Lastly, low to moderate illumination ensures that the structures are well-illuminated without causing discomfort to the patient.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following would NOT be something you documented while viewing the lids, lashes, or lacrimal?

    • A.

      Meibomitis

    • B.

      GPC

    • C.

      Capped glands

    • D.

      Trichiasis

    Correct Answer
    B. GPC
    Explanation
    GPC stands for Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis, which is an inflammatory condition of the conjunctiva. When viewing the lids, lashes, or lacrimal, GPC would not be something that you would document because it primarily affects the conjunctiva and not the structures mentioned. Meibomitis, capped glands, and trichiasis, on the other hand, are conditions that specifically involve the lids, lashes, or lacrimal, and would therefore be documented when viewing these structures.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following would you evaluate using a diffuse beam?

    • A.

      Dellen

    • B.

      Axenfeld's Loop

    • C.

      Concretions

    • D.

      Superficial Punctate Keratitis

    • E.

      Krukenberg's Spindle

    Correct Answer
    B. Axenfeld's Loop
    Explanation
    A diffuse beam is used to evaluate structures that are located deep within the eye and are not easily visualized with other examination techniques. Axenfeld's loop is a structure located in the anterior chamber of the eye, specifically in the angle between the cornea and the iris. It is a thin, pigmented loop of tissue that can be difficult to visualize with other examination techniques. Therefore, a diffuse beam would be used to evaluate Axenfeld's loop.

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  • 4. 

    Guttata is depressions of the endothelium due to a loss of cells. Select the illumination you would use to evaluate this condition.

    • A.

      Diffuse

    • B.

      Sclerotic

    • C.

      Specular

    • D.

      Indirect

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Specular
    D. Indirect
    Explanation
    To evaluate the condition of guttata, the illumination that would be most suitable is specular and indirect. Specular illumination provides a focused and intense light source, which helps in visualizing the small depressions or abnormalities on the endothelium. Indirect illumination, on the other hand, involves illuminating the eye from an angle, which enhances the visibility of surface irregularities. Therefore, a combination of specular and indirect illumination would provide the best conditions for evaluating the depressions of the endothelium caused by a loss of cells, known as guttata.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is not included in the setup for direct retro illumination?

    • A.

      Beam angle : 60 degrees to variable

    • B.

      Illumination : medium

    • C.

      Magnification : high

    • D.

      Beam width: small parallelepiped

    Correct Answer
    C. Magnification : high
    Explanation
    The setup for direct retro illumination involves specific parameters such as beam angle, illumination, and beam width. Magnification is not included in the setup because it does not directly affect the process of retro illumination.

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  • 6. 

    Retroillumination

    • A.

      Is used only for cornea

    • B.

      Is a zone of illumination that utilizes light bounced off another structure

    • C.

      Will allow objects that are clear to appear light.

    • D.

      Will allow objects that are opaque or light to appear dark.

    • E.

      Requires magnification between medium to high

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Is a zone of illumination that utilizes light bounced off another structure
    C. Will allow objects that are clear to appear light.
    D. Will allow objects that are opaque or light to appear dark.
    Explanation
    Retroillumination is a technique that involves illuminating an object using light that is reflected off another structure. This allows objects that are clear to appear light, while objects that are opaque or light in color will appear dark. Retroillumination requires the use of medium to high magnification to observe the illuminated object.

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  • 7. 

    Diffuse illumination

    • A.

      Is a type of direct focal illumination

    • B.

      Is used primarily for cornea

    • C.

      Requires high magnification for proper use

    • D.

      Provides a 3D view

    • E.

      Has two parallel sides

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a type of direct focal illumination
    Explanation
    Diffuse illumination is a type of direct focal illumination. This means that it is a method of shining light directly onto a specific area, in this case, the cornea. Diffuse illumination is used to examine the cornea and requires high magnification for proper use. It provides a 3D view of the cornea and has two parallel sides.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of indirect/proximal illumination?

    • A.

      Conical beam

    • B.

      Sclerotic scatter

    • C.

      Optic section

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Sclerotic scatter
    Explanation
    Sclerotic scatter is an example of indirect/proximal illumination. Indirect illumination refers to the light that is reflected off the surrounding structures and then directed onto the area of interest. Proximal illumination refers to the light that is scattered or diffused before reaching the area of interest. Sclerotic scatter occurs when light is scattered by the sclera of the eye and then directed onto the retina. This type of illumination can provide a wider and more diffuse light source, which can be useful for certain types of examinations or procedures.

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  • 9. 

    Parallelepiped

    • A.

      Is used to evaluate the lens vacuoles, cataracts, Y-suture

    • B.

      Is the most commonly used method of evaluating structures

    • C.

      Requires high illumination

    • D.

      Provides a 2D view: of height and depth

    • E.

      Is used to localize the depth of defects

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Is used to evaluate the lens vacuoles, cataracts, Y-suture
    B. Is the most commonly used method of evaluating structures
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "Is used to evaluate the lens vacuoles, cataracts, Y-suture" and "Is the most commonly used method of evaluating structures." This is because a parallelepiped is a type of prism that is commonly used in ophthalmology for examining the eye. It is used to evaluate various structures such as lens vacuoles, cataracts, and Y-suture. Additionally, it is the most commonly used method for evaluating structures in ophthalmology. The other statements in the question are not relevant to the use and function of a parallelepiped in ophthalmology.

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  • 10. 

    What structure can't be evaluated with an optic section?

    • A.

      Cornea: to determine the depth of the lesion

    • B.

      Cornea: to determine the health of the endothelium

    • C.

      Angle estimation

    • D.

      Anterior chamber evaluation

    • E.

      Len

    Correct Answer
    B. Cornea: to determine the health of the endothelium
    Explanation
    An optic section is a diagnostic technique that involves taking a cross-sectional image of a structure using a microscope or other imaging device. It is commonly used to evaluate the layers and structures within the eye. In this case, the question is asking which structure cannot be evaluated using an optic section. The correct answer is "Cornea: to determine the health of the endothelium." The endothelium is the innermost layer of the cornea, and its health can be assessed using other techniques such as specular microscopy or confocal microscopy, but not with an optic section.

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  • 11. 

    The conical beam evaluates the posterior chamber for the presence of cells and flare.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the conical beam is not used to evaluate the posterior chamber for the presence of cells and flare. The conical beam is a type of ultrasound beam that is used in ophthalmology to assess the anterior segment of the eye, particularly the cornea and anterior chamber. It is not used to evaluate the posterior chamber.

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  • 12. 

    Specular reflection

    • A.

      Judges the quality of a surface

    • B.

      Is viewed binocularly

    • C.

      Angle of incidence of the beam of light from the slit lamp equals the angle of reflection of light into the biomicroscope.

    • D.

      Can be used to evaluate many structures: lens, iris, cornea

    • E.

      Has a beam width of the optic section

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Judges the quality of a surface
    C. Angle of incidence of the beam of light from the slit lamp equals the angle of reflection of light into the biomicroscope.
    Explanation
    Specular reflection is a phenomenon where light rays are reflected off a smooth surface at the same angle at which they hit the surface. In the context of the given question, specular reflection is used to judge the quality of a surface. This means that by observing how the light reflects off the surface, one can assess its smoothness and any imperfections present. Additionally, the angle of incidence of the beam of light from the slit lamp is equal to the angle of reflection of light into the biomicroscope. This ensures that the light is properly directed and focused, allowing for accurate evaluation of various structures such as the lens, iris, and cornea.

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  • 13. 

    Indirect/proximal illumination

    • A.

      Can be used to evaluate corneal nerves, scares, neovascularization

    • B.

      Magnification: low to medium

    • C.

      Zone of illumination that is adjacent to the direct focal beam

    • D.

      Darkens abnormalities

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Can be used to evaluate corneal nerves, scares, neovascularization
    B. Magnification: low to medium
    C. Zone of illumination that is adjacent to the direct focal beam
  • 14. 

    Sclerotic scatter

    • A.

      Is a type of direct illumination

    • B.

      Is when light is directed at the limbus to scatter light internally throughout the cornea

    • C.

      Is a fantastic diagnostic tool

    • D.

      The beam is positioned at the nasal limbus

    Correct Answer
    B. Is when light is directed at the limbus to scatter light internally throughout the cornea
    Explanation
    Sclerotic scatter refers to the technique of directing light at the limbus in order to scatter it internally throughout the cornea. This technique is used as a diagnostic tool. The beam of light is positioned at the nasal limbus to achieve this effect.

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  • 15. 

    Which statement is false?

    • A.

      Direct retro illumination can be used to evaluate transillumination defects on the iris

    • B.

      Direct retro illumination can be used to evaluate a posterior sclerotic cataract

    • C.

      Focusing problems on a slit lamp may be due to the examiner accommodating or a patient's head falling away from the headrest.

    • D.

      Indirect retro illumination requires high magnification and high illumination

    Correct Answer
    D. Indirect retro illumination requires high magnification and high illumination
  • 16. 

    Evaluation of the corneal epithelium requires the following components during setup:

    • A.

      Low illumination

    • B.

      Medium illumination

    • C.

      Diffuse beam

    • D.

      Medium parallelepiped

    • E.

      High magnification

    • F.

      Medium magnification

    • G.

      Wide parallelepiped

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Medium illumination
    D. Medium parallelepiped
    F. Medium magnification
    Explanation
    The evaluation of the corneal epithelium requires medium illumination, medium parallelepiped, and medium magnification. These components are necessary to properly visualize and assess the condition of the corneal epithelium. Low illumination may not provide enough light to clearly see the details, while high magnification may result in a narrow field of view. The diffuse beam helps to evenly distribute the light, and the wide parallelepiped allows for a larger area to be examined. Overall, the combination of medium illumination, medium parallelepiped, and medium magnification provides the optimal setup for evaluating the corneal epithelium.

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  • 17. 

    You may come across all the following conditions in the conjunctiva EXCEPT:

    • A.

      A hemorrhage due to trauma or a Valsalva maneuver

    • B.

      Translucent inclusion cysts

    • C.

      Chemosis

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. None of these
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that all of the conditions mentioned in the conjunctiva, including hemorrhage due to trauma or a Valsalva maneuver, translucent inclusion cysts, and chemosis, can be encountered. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of these" conditions are excluded in the conjunctiva.

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  • 18. 

    You have a patient who reports decreased VA and an irritated feeling in her eyes. You decide to view her cornea with medium illumination, medium mag, and medium parallelepiped. Select all the following that you could possibly see on the cornea using this setup that may attribute to the patient's condition.

    • A.

      Infiltrations of the WBC, proteins, debris, and cells

    • B.

      Edema

    • C.

      Pinpoint cysts

    • D.

      Epithelial surface irregularities

    • E.

      Dystrophies

    • F.

      Persistent Pupillary Membrane

    • G.

      Keratitis Precipitates

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Infiltrations of the WBC, proteins, debris, and cells
    B. Edema
    C. Pinpoint cysts
    D. Epithelial surface irregularities
    Explanation
    Using medium illumination, medium magnification, and medium parallelepiped, it is possible to see infiltrations of white blood cells (WBC), proteins, debris, and cells on the cornea. These infiltrations can contribute to the patient's decreased visual acuity and irritated feeling in her eyes. Additionally, edema, pinpoint cysts, and epithelial surface irregularities can also be observed with this setup, all of which may be related to the patient's condition.

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  • 19. 

    Scars pass thru Bowman's membrane and can decrease acuity if over the visual axis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Scars passing through Bowman's membrane can indeed decrease visual acuity if they are located over the visual axis. This is because Bowman's membrane is a layer of the cornea that helps maintain its shape and clarity. Scarring in this area can disrupt the smoothness and transparency of the cornea, leading to a decrease in the sharpness and clarity of vision. Therefore, the statement "Scars pass thru Bowman's membrane and can decrease acuity if over the visual axis" is true.

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  • 20. 

    Select all that apply to a recurrent corneal erosion

    • A.

      It is often associated with a past history of trauma and improper healing.

    • B.

      It is a dry, thinner depressed spot at the peripheral cornea.

    • C.

      It is often associated with dry eye, SPK, and surface irregularities.

    • D.

      You would assess this condition using High illumination, moderate magnification, lighthouse located at 60 degrees, and an optic section.

    • E.

      It appears as white, thinned and moth-eaten under high magnification.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is often associated with a past history of trauma and improper healing.
    Explanation
    A recurrent corneal erosion is often associated with a past history of trauma and improper healing. This suggests that the condition may be a result of previous damage to the cornea that did not heal properly, leading to recurring erosions. Other factors such as dry eye, SPK, and surface irregularities may also be associated with this condition, but they are not the only factors. The appearance of a recurrent corneal erosion may include a dry, thinner depressed spot at the peripheral cornea, and it may appear as white, thinned, and moth-eaten under high magnification. To assess this condition, high illumination, moderate magnification, a lighthouse located at 60 degrees, and an optic section can be used.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 01, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mchllmijares
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