Georgia's Indian Removal Practice Test

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these was never a Georgia Capital?                       

    • A.

      Savannah

    • B.

      Louisville

    • C.

      Atlanta

    • D.

      Athens

    Correct Answer
    D. Athens
    Explanation
    Athens was never a Georgia capital. The correct answer is Athens.

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  • 2. 

    How many acres of land could the head of a family receive under the headright system?                   

    • A.

      1,000 acres

    • B.

      2,000 acres

    • C.

      2,500 acres

    • D.

      5,000 acres

    Correct Answer
    A. 1,000 acres
    Explanation
    Under the headright system, the head of a family could receive 1,000 acres of land.

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  • 3. 

    What system replaced the headright system as a way of allocating land?                     

    • A.

      Tomahawk rights

    • B.

      Land lottery

    • C.

      Surveying

    • D.

      Land rush

    Correct Answer
    B. Land lottery
    Explanation
    The land lottery system replaced the headright system as a way of allocating land. Under the land lottery system, land was distributed through a random drawing or lottery. This was done to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of land, as opposed to the headright system which granted land based on the number of people a person brought to the colony. The land lottery system allowed for a more democratic and equal distribution of land among settlers.

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  • 4. 

    Which was NOT a provision of the land lotteries?                      

    • A.

      Only men could participate.

    • B.

      A person had to pay a fee to participate.

    • C.

      A person could not return the land they won

    • D.

      Orphans, Widows, & War veterans were given extra chances.

    Correct Answer
    A. Only men could participate.
    Explanation
    The land lotteries were a system used in the United States to distribute land to settlers. In these lotteries, anyone could participate, including men, women, and children. Therefore, the statement "Only men could participate" is incorrect as it contradicts the inclusive nature of the land lotteries.

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  • 5. 

    What scandal took place when Georgia’s governor and some legislators were bribed to sell public land to private developers at below-market prices?                             

    • A.

      Georgia’s land lottery

    • B.

      Mississippi land fraud

    • C.

      Trail of Tears fraud

    • D.

      Yazoo land fraud

    Correct Answer
    D. Yazoo land fraud
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Yazoo land fraud. This scandal occurred when Georgia's governor and some legislators were bribed to sell public land to private developers at below-market prices. This unethical and illegal act was a betrayal of the public trust and resulted in public outrage. The Yazoo land fraud is a significant event in Georgia's history and has had long-lasting effects on the state's land ownership and political landscape.

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  • 6. 

    What was the most damaging result of Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793

    • A.

      It led to a massive infestation of the boll weevil

    • B.

      Slavery to become profitable again,ensuring the survival of this practice

    • C.

      It put peanut famers out-of-business

    • D.

      It led to much alcoholism in the new state of Georgia

    Correct Answer
    B. Slavery to become profitable again,ensuring the survival of this practice
    Explanation
    Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin in 1793 led to slavery becoming profitable again, ensuring the survival of this practice. The cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry by greatly increasing the efficiency of separating cotton fibers from the seeds. This resulted in a significant increase in cotton production, which in turn created a higher demand for slave labor to work on the cotton plantations. The profitability of cotton production incentivized plantation owners to continue relying on slavery, perpetuating the institution and its associated atrocities.

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  • 7. 

    The cotton gin was use to                        

    • A.

      Pick cotton.

    • B.

      Plant cotton.

    • C.

      Turn cotton fiber into thread.

    • D.

      Separate the seeds from the cotton fiber.

    Correct Answer
    D. Separate the seeds from the cotton fiber.
    Explanation
    The cotton gin was a machine invented by Eli Whitney in the late 18th century. It was used to separate the seeds from the cotton fiber, making the process of producing cotton much faster and more efficient. Before the invention of the cotton gin, this task had to be done by hand, which was time-consuming and labor-intensive. The cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry and played a significant role in the expansion of cotton production in the United States.

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  • 8. 

    Atlanta at one time was called Terminus because                        

    • A.

      A majority of the railroads went through the city.

    • B.

      The railroad line ended there at one time.

    • C.

      No major railroad went through the city.

    • D.

      All the railroads ended here.

    Correct Answer
    B. The railroad line ended there at one time.
    Explanation
    Atlanta was called Terminus because the railroad line ended there at one time. This means that there was a point in history when the railroad tracks came to a stop in Atlanta, making it the terminus or final destination for the trains. This is different from the other options, as they suggest that either all or none of the railroads went through the city, which is not accurate.

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  • 9. 

    Which railroad became the primary railroad in Georgia in the 1830s?                        

    • A.

      Baltimore and Ohio

    • B.

      Chesapeake and Ohio

    • C.

      Norfolk and Western

    • D.

      Western and Atlantic

    Correct Answer
    D. Western and Atlantic
    Explanation
    In the 1830s, the Western and Atlantic railroad became the primary railroad in Georgia.

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  • 10. 

    Which mode of transportation made Atlanta go from being non-existent in the 1800's to a major city in the South by 1850?                      

    • A.

      Canals

    • B.

      Highways

    • C.

      Railroads

    • D.

      Riverboats

    Correct Answer
    C. Railroads
    Explanation
    Railroads made Atlanta go from being non-existent in the 1800s to a major city in the South by 1850. The development of railroads allowed for faster and more efficient transportation of goods and people, which led to increased economic growth and population expansion in Atlanta. The railroads connected Atlanta to other major cities and markets, making it a hub for trade and commerce. This rapid development and accessibility provided by the railroads played a significant role in Atlanta's transformation into a major city in the South during that time period.

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  • 11. 

    What was George Gist’s (Sequoyah’s) major contribution to the Cherokee culture?                       

    • A.

      He signed a treaty giving Cherokee lands to the United States.

    • B.

      He signed a treaty moving the Cherokee to the Indian Territory.

    • C.

      He gained fame as a hunter and trapper and traded the fur for weapons.

    • D.

      He developed a syllabary so the Cherokee could have a written language.

    Correct Answer
    D. He developed a syllabary so the Cherokee could have a written language.
    Explanation
    George Gist, also known as Sequoyah, made a major contribution to the Cherokee culture by developing a syllabary. This syllabary allowed the Cherokee people to have a written language, which was a significant development for their culture. With a written language, the Cherokee could communicate, record their history, and preserve their cultural knowledge more effectively. This innovation by Sequoyah played a crucial role in the preservation and advancement of the Cherokee culture.

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  • 12. 

     What discovery led to the Cherokee losing their land in Georgia?                   

    • A.

      Silver on Creek lands

    • B.

      Gold in Dahlonega

    • C.

      Oil in Columbus

    • D.

      Zinc in Madison

    Correct Answer
    B. Gold in Dahlonega
    Explanation
    The discovery of gold in Dahlonega led to the Cherokee losing their land in Georgia. The discovery of gold sparked a gold rush in the area, attracting thousands of settlers who encroached upon Cherokee territory. The state government, driven by the desire for gold and the belief in Manifest Destiny, passed laws that forced the Cherokee to give up their land and relocate to reservations in the west. This event ultimately resulted in the tragic Trail of Tears, where thousands of Cherokee people were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands and forced to march to Indian Territory.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the chief of the Cherokee who repeatedly went to D.C. to  protest Cherokee removal & was the Chief who led them on their removal?                      

    • A.

      William McIntosh

    • B.

      Chief Menawa

    • C.

      John Ross

    • D.

      Sequoyah

    Correct Answer
    C. John Ross
    Explanation
    John Ross was the chief of the Cherokee who repeatedly went to D.C. to protest Cherokee removal and also led them on their removal. He was a prominent leader who fought against the forced relocation of the Cherokee people from their ancestral lands in the southeastern United States. Ross played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation, even taking their case to the Supreme Court. Despite his efforts, the Cherokee were ultimately forcibly removed along the Trail of Tears in the 1830s.

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  • 14. 

    When Andrew Jackson said “John Marshall has rendered his decision, now let him enforce it,” he meant that the                     

    • A.

      President would not enforce the Supreme Court decision.

    • B.

      Congress and the president agreed with and supported the decision.

    • C.

      Supreme Court was the supreme law of the land and could do whatever it wanted.

    • D.

      Supreme Court could not enforce the decision without the support of the president.

    Correct Answer
    A. President would not enforce the Supreme Court decision.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's statement "John Marshall has rendered his decision, now let him enforce it" suggests that he believed the president would not take any action to enforce the Supreme Court's decision. This indicates a lack of support or disagreement with the decision, implying that the president would not use his authority to ensure the ruling was implemented.

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  • 15. 

    The removal of the Cherokee from Georgia is nicknamed the?                   

    • A.

      Long Journey Home.

    • B.

      Overland Trail.

    • C.

      Trail to Nowhere.

    • D.

      Trail of Tears.

    Correct Answer
    D. Trail of Tears.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Trail of Tears." This refers to the forced relocation of the Cherokee Native American tribe from their ancestral lands in Georgia to designated Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. The journey was marked by immense suffering and loss of life, as thousands of Cherokee people died due to exposure, disease, and starvation along the way. The term "Trail of Tears" is used to symbolize the immense hardship and tragedy experienced by the Cherokee people during this forced removal.

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  • 16. 

    Georgia'c Capital continued to move 5 times.  What was the biggest reason for this?                       

    • A.

      To be fair to each city

    • B.

      The Governor of Ga was picky about what they wanted

    • C.

      It moved to follow the population of the state

    • D.

      Savannah was burned during the Creek War and it was forced to move.

    Correct Answer
    C. It moved to follow the population of the state
    Explanation
    The biggest reason for Georgia's capital to move 5 times was to follow the population of the state. As the population shifted and grew in different areas of Georgia, it was necessary to relocate the capital to ensure it was accessible and representative of the majority of the population. This allowed for better governance and decision-making based on the needs and preferences of the people.

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  • 17. 

    Who am I? (36a)I am a Methodist minister who worked in Georgia’s rural areas by travelling from town to town to minister to settlers and organize churches.

    • A.

      A Circuit Rider

    • B.

      A Holy Roller

    • C.

      A Naval Store

    • D.

      A Country Preacher

    Correct Answer
    A. A Circuit Rider
    Explanation
    A Circuit Rider is a Methodist minister who traveled to different towns in rural areas to provide religious services and establish churches. This role was common in the 18th and 19th centuries when there were not enough ministers to serve all the communities. These ministers would often travel on horseback or by foot, covering long distances to reach isolated settlements. They played a crucial role in spreading Methodism and providing spiritual guidance to the settlers in rural areas.

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  • 18. 

    What am I? (36d) I was a supreme court decision that was won by the Cherokee but did not help them because President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce it?  

    • A.

      The Treaty of Indian Springs

    • B.

      Worcester vs. Georgia

    • C.

      The Treaty of New York

    • D.

      Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Correct Answer
    B. Worcester vs. Georgia
    Explanation
    Worcester vs. Georgia was a Supreme Court decision in 1832 that ruled in favor of the Cherokee Nation, recognizing their sovereignty and right to self-government. However, President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the decision and instead supported the forced removal of the Cherokee from their ancestral lands in what became known as the Trail of Tears. This decision ultimately did not help the Cherokee people as Jackson's refusal to abide by it led to their forced displacement and suffering.

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  • 19. 

    Who am I? (36d) I was a Creek chief who signed the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825, effectively ceding (giving up) all of the remaining lands in Georgia. I was murdered for this act by my own people.  

    • A.

      William Few

    • B.

      William McIntosh

    • C.

      Elias Boudinot

    • D.

      Alexander McGillivray

    Correct Answer
    B. William McIntosh
    Explanation
    William McIntosh was a Creek chief who signed the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825, which resulted in the cession of all remaining lands in Georgia. Unfortunately, McIntosh was murdered by his own people as a result of this controversial act.

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  • 20. 

    Who am I? (36d) I was a Creek chief who signed the Treaty of New York in 1790, ceding (giving up) Creek lands east of the Oconee River?

    • A.

      Elias Boudinot

    • B.

      Alexander McGillivray

    • C.

      William Few

    • D.

      William McIntosh

    Correct Answer
    B. Alexander McGillivray
    Explanation
    Alexander McGillivray was a Creek chief who signed the Treaty of New York in 1790, ceding Creek lands east of the Oconee River.

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  • 21. 

    Identify the 2 that were Land Distribution Systems in Ga

    • A.

      Headright System

    • B.

      Land Lottery

    • C.

      Footright System

    • D.

      Outright Sales

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Headright System
    B. Land Lottery
    Explanation
    The Headright System and Land Lottery were both land distribution systems in Georgia. The Headright System was a method used to distribute land to settlers based on the number of people in their family or the number of individuals they brought with them to the colony. The Land Lottery, on the other hand, was a system where eligible participants could enter a lottery to win land parcels. Both systems were used to allocate land to individuals in Georgia during different periods of time.

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  • 22. 

    Why did Georgia lose claim to 2/3 of the state  in what is now Mississippi and Alabama?

    • A.

      Money and land was lost due to the Mississippi Land Fraud.

    • B.

      The federal government claimed it after the Yazoo Land Fraud for 1.25 million dollars

    • C.

      The state could not claim the land because the General Assembly sold it to the Creek

    • D.

      The federal government wanted to set that land aside for the Indian population.

    Correct Answer
    B. The federal government claimed it after the Yazoo Land Fraud for 1.25 million dollars
    Explanation
    Georgia lost claim to 2/3 of the state in what is now Mississippi and Alabama because the federal government claimed it after the Yazoo Land Fraud for 1.25 million dollars. This means that the federal government took control of the land as a result of the fraudulent land deals that occurred in the Yazoo Land scandal. The government acquired the land by paying a significant sum of money, thus leading to Georgia's loss of claim over the territory.

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  • 23. 

    What incident was most directly responsible for the Creek War?

    • A.

      Discovery of Gold

    • B.

      Invention of the Cotton Gin

    • C.

      Red Stick attack on Fort Mim's

    • D.

      The Battle of Horseshoe Bend

    Correct Answer
    C. Red Stick attack on Fort Mim's
    Explanation
    The Red Stick attack on Fort Mim's was most directly responsible for the Creek War. This attack, which occurred in 1813, was a significant event in the conflict between the Creek Native American tribe and the United States. The attack by the Red Stick faction of the Creeks led to a retaliatory response from the United States, which escalated into a full-scale war. This event marked a turning point in the tensions between the Creeks and the Americans, leading to further battles and ultimately the defeat of the Red Stick faction.

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  • 24. 

     Which best describes a “land grant university?”

    • A.

      The land for the college was donated by the federal government.

    • B.

      The college was a public university open to all.

    • C.

      The land was granted by Oglethorpe after he met Tomochichi

    • D.

      The college was established as an agricultural college to improving farming.

    Correct Answer
    A. The land for the college was donated by the federal government.
    Explanation
    A "land grant university" refers to a college or university that was established with the donation of land by the federal government. This land was given to support the development of higher education institutions, particularly in the fields of agriculture, engineering, and the mechanical arts. These universities were created to provide accessible education to the public and promote the advancement of practical knowledge and skills in various industries.

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  • 25. 

    1.  scandal in 1790's  2.  Georgia’s governor and some legislators were bribed3.  35 and 50 million acres of public land was sold to four land companies at below-market prices (about 1 1/2 pennies an acre).4.  Caused National Embarresment for Ga

    • A.

      Yazoo land fraud

    • B.

      Mississippi land fraud

    • C.

      Georgia land lottery

    • D.

      Trail of Tears

    Correct Answer
    A. Yazoo land fraud
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Yazoo land fraud. This refers to a scandal that occurred in the 1790s in Georgia, where the governor and some legislators were bribed to sell 35 and 50 million acres of public land to four land companies at below-market prices. This fraudulent transaction caused national embarrassment for Georgia.

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  • 26. 

    Methodist or Baptist minister who worked in Georgia’s rural areas by travelling from town to town to preach to settlers and organize churches.

    • A.

      A Country Preacher

    • B.

      A Naval Store

    • C.

      A Circuit Rider

    • D.

      A Holy Roller

    Correct Answer
    C. A Circuit Rider
    Explanation
    A Circuit Rider is the correct answer because it refers to a Methodist or Baptist minister who traveled from town to town in rural areas of Georgia to preach to settlers and organize churches. This term specifically describes the role and method of these ministers, highlighting their itinerant nature and dedication to spreading their faith in remote areas.

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  • 27. 

    Put GA Capitals in Order 

    • A.

      Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Millidgeville, Atlanta

    • B.

      Augusta, Macon, Columbus, Savannah, Atlanta

    • C.

      Athens, Millidgeville, Louisville, Augusta, Savannah

    • D.

      Savannah, Atlanta, Louisville, Millidgeville, Athens

    Correct Answer
    A. Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Millidgeville, Atlanta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Millidgeville, Atlanta. This is the correct order of the GA capitals from oldest to most recent. Savannah was the first capital, followed by Augusta, then Louisville, Millidgeville, and finally Atlanta, which is the current capital of Georgia.

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  • 28. 

    Who won the court case known as Worcester v. Georgia? 

    • A.

      Worcester

    • B.

      Georgia

    • C.

      Alexander McGillivray

    • D.

      Federal Government

    Correct Answer
    A. Worcester
    Explanation
    Worcester v. Georgia was a landmark court case in 1832 that involved Samuel Worcester, a missionary, who was arrested for living on Cherokee land without a license. The case ultimately reached the Supreme Court, where the justices ruled in favor of Worcester, stating that the Georgia law was unconstitutional and that the Cherokee Nation had a right to self-government. Therefore, the correct answer is Worcester, as he was the plaintiff in the case and ultimately the winner.

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  • 29. 

    1. Signed in 18352. Signed by Cherokee minority leaders Major Ridge and Elias Boudinot3. Gave up Cherokee all lands in Georgia for $5 million.

    • A.

      Treaty of New Echota

    • B.

      Treaty of New York

    • C.

      Treaty of Indian Springs

    • D.

      Treaty of Paris

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of New Echota
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Treaty of New Echota. This treaty was signed in 1835 by Cherokee minority leaders Major Ridge and Elias Boudinot. It resulted in the Cherokee giving up all their lands in Georgia in exchange for $5 million.

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  • 30. 

    White missionary who lived with the Cherokees and tried and convicted in Gwinnett County

    • A.

      Samuel Worchester

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      John Ross

    • D.

      John Marshall

    Correct Answer
    A. Samuel Worchester
    Explanation
    Samuel Worchester is the correct answer because he was a white missionary who lived with the Cherokees and was involved in a legal case that took place in Gwinnett County. Worchester, along with several other missionaries, were arrested for living on Cherokee land without a state license, which violated a Georgia law. This case eventually made its way to the Supreme Court, where Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the missionaries, stating that the Georgia law was unconstitutional. This decision had significant implications for Native American rights and the relationship between the federal government and the states.

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  • 31. 

    The Cherokee Constitution patterned after which Document

    • A.

      Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      U.S. Constitution

    • C.

      British Parliment

    • D.

      Articles of Confederation

    Correct Answer
    B. U.S. Constitution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the U.S. Constitution. The Cherokee Constitution was modeled after the U.S. Constitution, which served as a framework for the structure and governance of the Cherokee Nation. This decision was made in order to align the Cherokee Nation's legal and political system with that of the United States, reflecting the influence of American democracy on the Cherokee government.

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  • 32. 

    What year was Gwinnett given out during one of 8 Land Lotteries held? 

    • A.

      1832

    • B.

      1820

    • C.

      1821

    • D.

      1807

    Correct Answer
    B. 1820
    Explanation
    In 1820, Gwinnett was given out during one of the 8 Land Lotteries held.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 09, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Michael Linton
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