Ten100: Chapter 13 Assignment

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Ten100: Chapter 13 Assignment - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Prity does not design structures, but she says she does use the engineering design process. How?

  • 2. 

    What is the primary way that the architect communicates his or her building plans to Prity's team?

  • 3. 

    Prity describes two new construction technologies that help her team deliver a higher-quality product for the money. What are they?

  • 4. 

    You are a structural engineer working for a design firm, and you have been given the task of designing a scaffold that can support a load of 300 pounds. The scaffold must have a safety factor of 2. How many pounds must your design be able to support?

  • 5. 

    An __________________ is a scale drawing of the front view from the above-ground portion of a structure.

    An elevation is a scale drawing of the front view from the above-ground portion of a structure. It provides a visual representation of how the structure will look from the front, showing details such as windows, doors, and architectural features. The terms "elevation view," "elavation view," and "elavation" all refer to the same concept of a scale drawing that shows the front view of a structure.

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  • 6. 

    A ______________ is drawn as though the ceiling and roof are removed so you can look down at how the floor is divided into different sections.

    A plan view is a drawing that shows a top-down view of a floor, as if the ceiling and roof have been removed. It allows you to see how the floor is divided into different sections or areas. The term "plan" is often used interchangeably with "plan view" in this context.

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  • 7. 

    A _______________ refers to the area contained within the perimeter of the building.

    The term "footprint" refers to the area contained within the perimeter of a building. It is the space that the building occupies on the ground. "Foot print" is a variation of the term with the same meaning. Both terms are used to describe the physical space that a building covers.

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  • 8. 

    A _________________ transmits loads form the structure to the ground.

    A foundation is a structure that transmits the loads from a building or any other structure to the ground. It provides stability and support to the structure, ensuring that it remains in place and can withstand the forces exerted upon it. Without a strong and well-designed foundation, the structure may sink, shift, or collapse under the weight and pressure it experiences. Therefore, a foundation is essential for transferring the loads from the structure to the ground and maintaining the overall stability and integrity of the construction.

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  • 9. 

    Community ordinances that govern how a home can be constructed or modified are called ______________.

    Community ordinances that govern how a home can be constructed or modified are referred to as building codes. Building codes are regulations set by local governments to ensure the safety, health, and welfare of the public. These codes specify the minimum standards for construction, including requirements for structural integrity, fire safety, electrical systems, plumbing, and accessibility. Compliance with building codes is essential to ensure that buildings are safe and meet the necessary standards for occupancy.

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  • 10. 

    The measurable force that resists a change in the volume or shape of a material measured in units of force per area is called _____________.

    Stress is the correct answer because it refers to the measurable force that resists a change in the volume or shape of a material. It is measured in units of force per area. Stress can occur when external forces are applied to an object, causing it to deform or change shape. The resistance to this deformation is known as stress.

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  • 11. 

    Stress = Force / __________

    The correct answer is "Unit area, area." Stress is defined as the force applied to an object divided by the unit area over which the force is distributed. Therefore, the stress is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the area. This means that a larger force or a smaller area will result in a higher stress on the object.

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  • 12. 

    A _______________ is a factor by which a maximum likely stress is multiplied in order to ensure the safety of a structure.

    A safety factor is a numerical value that is multiplied by the maximum likely stress in order to ensure the safety of a structure. It accounts for uncertainties and variations in material properties, loading conditions, and design assumptions. By multiplying the stress by the safety factor, engineers can ensure that the structure can withstand higher loads than it is expected to encounter, providing a margin of safety. The terms "safe factor" and "safety" are not specific enough to convey the concept of multiplying the stress, so they are not correct answers.

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  • 13. 

    ____________ stabilize a roof considerably, but they also limit how high the ceiling can be inside the structure.

    Trusses are structural frameworks made of wood or metal that are used to support roofs. They are designed to distribute the weight of the roof evenly and provide stability to the structure. However, trusses also have limitations as they require additional space inside the structure, which can limit the height of the ceiling. Therefore, while trusses can significantly stabilize a roof, they also have an impact on the interior space and restrict the height of the ceiling.

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  • 14. 

    The technique used by the woman to insulate the house using thick Styrofoam molds with ICF, which stands for ______________.

    The woman used thick Styrofoam molds with ICF, which stands for Insulated Concrete Forms, to insulate the house. This technique involves using these forms made of insulating materials to create a solid concrete structure that provides excellent insulation for the house. The Styrofoam molds are stacked together and filled with concrete, creating a strong and well-insulated wall system. This method helps to reduce energy consumption and maintain a comfortable temperature inside the house.

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