Psychology Memory Terms Trivia Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 597
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Memory Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

    • A.

      Spacing effect

    • B.

      Flashbulb memory

    • C.

      Mood congruent memory

    • D.

      Deja vu

    Correct Answer
    B. Flashbulb memory
    Explanation
    Flashbulb memory refers to a clear and vivid memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. It is characterized by the detailed recall of the event, including sensory and emotional aspects, even long after it occurred. Flashbulb memories are often associated with highly emotional or shocking events that have a significant impact on an individual's life. These memories are believed to be more accurate and long-lasting compared to regular memories due to the intense emotional arousal that accompanies them.

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  • 2. 

    The processing of information into the memory system

    • A.

      Encoding

    • B.

      Spacing effect

    • C.

      Chunking

    • D.

      Recogniton

    Correct Answer
    A. Encoding
    Explanation
    Encoding refers to the process of converting information into a format that can be stored and retrieved from memory. It involves transforming sensory input into a meaningful representation that can be stored and recalled later. This process is essential for memory formation and retention. By encoding information, it becomes more accessible and easier to retrieve when needed. Therefore, the correct answer is encoding.

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  • 3. 

    The retention of encoded information over time

    • A.

      Storage

    • B.

      Motivated forgetting

    • C.

      False memory syndrome

    • D.

      Serial positon effect

    Correct Answer
    A. Storage
    Explanation
    Storage refers to the process of retaining encoded information over time. It involves the maintenance of information in the memory system, allowing it to be accessed and retrieved when needed. This process is essential for learning and remembering information. It is distinct from other options such as motivated forgetting, which involves intentionally suppressing or blocking memories, false memory syndrome, which refers to the creation of false memories, and serial position effect, which relates to the tendency to recall items at the beginning and end of a list more easily than those in the middle.

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  • 4. 

    Process of getting information out of memory

    • A.

      Storage

    • B.

      Imagery

    • C.

      Retrieval

    • D.

      Recognition

    Correct Answer
    C. Retrieval
    Explanation
    Retrieval refers to the process of getting information out of memory. It involves accessing stored information and bringing it into conscious awareness. This can be done through various techniques such as recall or recognition. Recall involves retrieving information without any cues, while recognition involves identifying information from a set of options or cues. Retrieval is an essential cognitive process that allows individuals to access and use previously stored information when needed.

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  • 5. 

    activated memory that hold a few items briefly, look up a phone number, then quickly dial before its forgotten

    • A.

      Amnesia

    • B.

      Short term memory

    • C.

      Long term memory

    • D.

      Chunking

    Correct Answer
    B. Short term memory
    Explanation
    Short term memory refers to the activated memory that can hold a few items briefly. In the given scenario, the individual needs to remember a phone number temporarily to dial it before it is forgotten. This aligns with the concept of short term memory as it involves the temporary storage of information for immediate use.

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  • 6. 

    The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system

    • A.

      Long term memory

    • B.

      Rehearsal

    • C.

      Deja vu

    • D.

      Mood congruent memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Long term memory
    Explanation
    Long term memory refers to the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. It is the part of memory where information is stored for an extended period of time, potentially for a lifetime. Unlike short-term memory, which has a limited capacity and duration, long term memory has a vast capacity and can hold information for a long time. It is responsible for storing personal experiences, knowledge, skills, and other types of information that can be accessed consciously or unconsciously when needed.

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  • 7. 

    Conscious repetition of information

    • A.

      Recall

    • B.

      Serial position effect

    • C.

      Repression

    • D.

      Rehearsal

    Correct Answer
    D. Rehearsal
    Explanation
    Rehearsal refers to the conscious repetition of information. This process involves repeatedly reviewing or practicing information in order to retain it in memory. By engaging in rehearsal, individuals can transfer information from their short-term memory to their long-term memory, increasing the likelihood of successful recall. This explanation aligns with the given correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    Distributed practice yields better long term retention than massed practice

    • A.

      Spacing effect

    • B.

      False memory syndrom

    • C.

      Metacognition

    • D.

      Semantics

    Correct Answer
    A. Spacing effect
    Explanation
    The spacing effect refers to the phenomenon where distributing practice sessions over time leads to better long-term retention compared to cramming or massed practice. This means that studying material in smaller, spaced-out sessions allows for more effective encoding and consolidation of information in memory. The brain has more time to process and reinforce the learning, resulting in improved retention and recall over the long term.

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  • 9. 

    Tendency to recall best, the last items on a list

    • A.

      Metacogniton

    • B.

      Serial position effect

    • C.

      Recognition

    • D.

      Recall

    Correct Answer
    B. Serial position effect
    Explanation
    The serial position effect refers to the tendency of individuals to recall the first and last items on a list more accurately than the middle items. This phenomenon occurs because the first items are stored in long-term memory, while the last items are still in short-term memory. The middle items, however, are less likely to be encoded effectively and are therefore more difficult to recall. This effect has been widely studied in psychology and has implications for memory retrieval and learning strategies.

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  • 10. 

    Mental pictures

    • A.

      Mood congruent memory

    • B.

      Syntax

    • C.

      Retrieval

    • D.

      Imagery

    Correct Answer
    D. Imagery
    Explanation
    Imagery refers to the mental process of creating or experiencing sensory images, such as visual or auditory, in the absence of external stimuli. It involves using mental pictures to represent or recall information. This cognitive process can help in memory retrieval, as it allows individuals to mentally visualize and recreate past experiences or information. Therefore, imagery is the most fitting term among the given options to describe the concept of mental pictures and their role in memory processes.

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  • 11. 

    Organizing items into familiar, manageable units

    • A.

      Chunking

    • B.

      Repression

    • C.

      Syntax

    • D.

      Semantics

    Correct Answer
    A. Chunking
    Explanation
    Chunking refers to the process of organizing items or information into familiar and manageable units. It involves grouping or breaking down complex information into smaller, more easily remembered chunks. This helps individuals in remembering and recalling information more efficiently. By chunking information, it becomes easier to process and remember larger amounts of data, as it reduces the cognitive load and allows for better organization and retrieval of information.

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  • 12. 

    The loss of memory

    • A.

      Amnesia

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Deja vu

    • D.

      Motivated forgetting

    Correct Answer
    A. Amnesia
    Explanation
    Amnesia refers to the loss of memory, which is the ability to recall information or past experiences. It is a condition that can be caused by various factors such as brain injury, trauma, or certain medical conditions. People with amnesia may have difficulty remembering events, facts, or even their own identity. This condition can be temporary or permanent, and it can affect different types of memory, such as short-term or long-term memory.

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  • 13. 

    Measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier (as on a fill-in-the-blank test)

    • A.

      Recall

    • B.

      Retrieval

    • C.

      Recognition

    • D.

      Repression

    Correct Answer
    A. Recall
    Explanation
    Recall refers to the measure of memory in which a person must retrieve information learned earlier. This involves the ability to remember and reproduce information without any cues or prompts. It is commonly tested through activities like fill-in-the-blank tests, where individuals are required to recall specific details or facts from memory. Unlike recognition, which involves identifying previously learned information from a list of options, recall relies solely on the individual's ability to retrieve information from their memory without any external cues. Repression, on the other hand, refers to the unconscious blocking of memories or thoughts.

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  • 14. 

    Measure of memory in which the person has only to identify terms previously learned as on a multiple choice test

    • A.

      Recognition

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Repression

    • D.

      Rehearsal

    Correct Answer
    A. Recognition
    Explanation
    Recognition is the correct answer because it refers to the measure of memory where a person is presented with terms or information that they have previously learned and they simply have to identify or recognize the correct answer. This is similar to a multiple-choice test where the person selects the correct option from the given choices. It does not require the person to actively retrieve or recall the information from memory, but rather to identify it from the options provided.

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  • 15. 

    Already seen

    • A.

      Deja vu

    • B.

      Mood congruent memory

    • C.

      Motivated forgetting

    • D.

      Syntax

    Correct Answer
    A. Deja vu
    Explanation
    Deja vu refers to the feeling of familiarity or the sensation that one has already experienced a current situation or event. It is often described as a glitch in the brain's memory system, where a new experience is mistakenly perceived as a repetition of a previous one. This phenomenon is believed to occur due to a temporary malfunction in the brain's processing and storage of memories, leading to a sense of familiarity without any actual prior exposure to the situation.

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  • 16. 

    Tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with ones current mood

    • A.

      Mood congruent memory

    • B.

      Confabulation

    • C.

      Flashbulb memory

    • D.

      Short term memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Mood congruent memory
    Explanation
    Mood congruent memory refers to the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current mood. This means that when a person is in a certain mood, they are more likely to remember past events or experiences that match or align with that mood. For example, if someone is feeling happy, they are more likely to remember positive or happy memories. This phenomenon can influence how we perceive and remember events, as our mood can color our memories and shape our recollection of past experiences.

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  • 17. 

    People unknowingly revise memories

    • A.

      Motivated forgetting

    • B.

      Spacing effect

    • C.

      Storage

    • D.

      Encoding

    Correct Answer
    A. Motivated forgetting
    Explanation
    Motivated forgetting refers to the phenomenon where individuals intentionally suppress or forget certain memories due to psychological reasons. In the context of the given statement, it suggests that people may revise their memories without even realizing it, possibly as a defense mechanism or to cope with certain emotions or experiences. This process of motivated forgetting can occur unconsciously, leading to alterations or revisions in one's memory.

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  • 18. 

    Defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories

    • A.

      Repression

    • B.

      Metacognition

    • C.

      Serial positon effect

    • D.

      Retrieval

    Correct Answer
    A. Repression
    Explanation
    Repression is a defense mechanism that involves pushing anxiety-provoking thoughts, feelings, and memories out of conscious awareness. It is a way for the mind to protect itself from experiencing distress. By repressing these thoughts and memories, individuals can avoid confronting or dealing with the associated anxiety. This process can occur unconsciously, making it difficult for individuals to access or recall these repressed thoughts and memories. Repression is a commonly studied concept in psychology and is believed to play a role in various mental health conditions.

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  • 19. 

    Condition in which a persons identity and relationships center around a case but strongly believed memory of traumatic experience

    • A.

      False memory syndrome

    • B.

      Amnesia

    • C.

      Rehearsal

    • D.

      Semantics

    Correct Answer
    A. False memory syndrome
    Explanation
    False memory syndrome refers to a condition where a person's identity and relationships revolve around a case but strongly believed memory of a traumatic experience that never actually occurred. This syndrome is characterized by the formation of false memories that feel just as real and vivid as genuine memories. These false memories can have a significant impact on the individual's life, leading to emotional distress and behavioral changes. It is important to note that false memory syndrome is not the same as intentional lying or fabrication, as the individual genuinely believes in the accuracy of their false memories.

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  • 20. 

    The act of filling in memory gaps

    • A.

      Confabulation

    • B.

      Metacognition

    • C.

      Syntax

    • D.

      Semantics

    Correct Answer
    A. Confabulation
    Explanation
    Confabulation refers to the act of filling in memory gaps with fabricated or distorted information, often without the individual being aware of the falsehood. It is a cognitive process that involves unintentional fabrication of details or events to make sense of gaps in memory. This can occur due to various reasons, such as brain damage, psychological disorders, or simply as a result of normal memory errors. Confabulation is different from lying, as the individual genuinely believes the fabricated information to be true.

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  • 21. 

    Thinking about thinking

    • A.

      Metacognition

    • B.

      Chunking

    • C.

      Spacing effect

    • D.

      Long term memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Metacognition
    Explanation
    Metacognition refers to the ability to think about and reflect on one's own thinking processes. It involves being aware of one's thoughts, understanding how one learns and problem-solves, and being able to monitor and regulate one's cognitive activities. This concept is related to the given phrase "thinking about thinking." Metacognition allows individuals to assess their own knowledge and understanding, set goals, plan strategies, and evaluate their progress. It plays a crucial role in effective learning and problem-solving by helping individuals become more self-aware and actively engaged in their own cognitive processes.

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  • 22. 

    How we put sentences together

    • A.

      Syntax

    • B.

      Deja vu

    • C.

      Serial positon efect

    • D.

      Flash bulb memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Syntax
    Explanation
    The correct answer is syntax. Syntax refers to the rules and principles that govern how words and phrases are organized to form sentences. It involves understanding the structure and order in which words, phrases, and clauses are combined to convey meaning. Syntax is important in language comprehension and production, as it allows us to understand and create coherent and meaningful sentences.

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  • 23. 

    The study of meaning in language

    • A.

      Semantics

    • B.

      Mood congruent memory

    • C.

      Serial position effect

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    A. Semantics
    Explanation
    Semantics refers to the study of meaning in language. It involves understanding how words, phrases, and sentences convey meaning and how different words can have different meanings in different contexts. Semantics helps us comprehend and interpret the intended meaning behind the words we hear or read. It also involves examining the relationships between words and how they contribute to the overall meaning of a sentence or text.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Shelby
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