Quiz On Indian Polity And Governance With Answers: Set 6

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
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Indian Polity And Governance Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Consider the following statements:1. The Constitution of India doesn’t describe backward classes2. There is no provision in the Indian Constitution to promote equal pay for equal work for both women & men.Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    • A.

      Only 1

    • B.

      Only 2

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    A. Only 1
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Only 1". This means that statement 1 is correct, while statement 2 is incorrect. The explanation for this is that the Constitution of India does indeed describe backward classes. It includes provisions for the reservation of seats in educational institutions and government jobs for socially and educationally backward classes of citizens. However, there is a provision in the Indian Constitution to promote equal pay for equal work for both women and men, under Article 39(d) which directs the state to ensure equal pay for equal work. Therefore, statement 2 is incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    This State first introduced the Panchayati Raj system. Identify it from the given options?

    • A.

      Madhya Pradesh

    • B.

      Andhra Pradesh

    • C.

      Arunachal Pradesh

    • D.

      Rajasthan

    Correct Answer
    D. Rajasthan
    Explanation
    Rajasthan is the correct answer because it was the first state to introduce the Panchayati Raj system. Panchayati Raj is a system of local self-government in rural areas, where elected representatives govern at the village, intermediate, and district levels. This system was introduced in Rajasthan in 1959, making it a pioneer in decentralization and grassroots democracy in India.

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  • 3. 

    The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 includes three of the following. Choose the odd one out.

    • A.

      Regulation of work conditions

    • B.

      It provides employment opportunity anywhere in India

    • C.

      Those who defy the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, penalties are enforced on them

    • D.

      It obtains uniformity in the definition on those who constitutes a child

    Correct Answer
    B. It provides employment opportunity anywhere in India
    Explanation
    The odd one out is "It provides employment opportunity anywhere in India" because the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 is aimed at prohibiting and regulating child labor, not providing employment opportunities for children. The act focuses on regulating work conditions, enforcing penalties for those who defy the act, and establishing a uniform definition of child labor.

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  • 4. 

    Which State has a separate constitution of its own?

    • A.

      Uttar Pradesh

    • B.

      Karnataka

    • C.

      Jammu and Kashmir

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Jammu and Kashmir
    Explanation
    Jammu and Kashmir has a separate constitution of its own. This is because Jammu and Kashmir has a special status within the Indian Constitution, granted under Article 370. This special status allows the state to have its own constitution, separate from the Constitution of India. This provision was made to accommodate the unique circumstances and historical background of Jammu and Kashmir.

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  • 5. 

    What does Khap Panchayats include?

    • A.

      Unofficial village councils

    • B.

      Gram Sabha

    • C.

      Gram Panchayats

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Unofficial village councils
    Explanation
    Khap Panchayats include unofficial village councils. These councils are informal bodies that exist in rural areas of India and are primarily responsible for making social and cultural decisions within the community. They are not recognized by the government but hold significant influence over the local population. Khap Panchayats often enforce traditional customs and norms and can sometimes be involved in controversial decisions and practices.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following does Honor killing relates to?

    • A.

      A homicide of a member of a family or social group by other members, due to the perpetrators' conviction that the victim has brought dishonor upon the family or community

    • B.

      Sexual harassment

    • C.

      Physical abuse

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A homicide of a member of a family or social group by other members, due to the perpetrators' conviction that the victim has brought dishonor upon the family or community
    Explanation
    Honor killing refers to the act of killing a family or social group member by other members, based on the belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor to the family or community. This practice is often motivated by cultural or traditional norms and is not related to sexual harassment or physical abuse.

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  • 7. 

    In higher education and public sector employment, OBCs entitlement goes up to?

    • A.

      20%

    • B.

      35%

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      27%

    Correct Answer
    D. 27%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 27%. In higher education and public sector employment, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) are entitled to a reservation of 27%. This means that 27% of the seats or positions in these sectors are reserved for OBC candidates. This reservation policy is implemented to provide equal opportunities and representation for OBC communities, who have historically faced social and economic disadvantages.

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  • 8. 

    This subject is included in the Union List in the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India. Identify it from the given options.

    • A.

      Public health

    • B.

      Regulation of safety and labour in oil-fields and mines

    • C.

      Fisheries

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Regulation of safety and labour in oil-fields and mines
    Explanation
    The subject "Regulation of safety and labour in oil-fields and mines" is included in the Union List in the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India. This means that the central government has the authority to make laws and regulations regarding safety and labor in oil-fields and mines. This subject is not included in the State List or Concurrent List, which is why it falls under the jurisdiction of the central government.

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  • 9. 

    In which of the following does the Constitution of India vests the residuary powers?

    • A.

      Union Government

    • B.

      States Government

    • C.

      Both Union & State governments

    • D.

      Neither Union nor State governments

    Correct Answer
    A. Union Government
    Explanation
    The Constitution of India vests the residuary powers in the Union Government. Residuary powers are those powers that are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution and are not assigned to either the Union or State governments. These powers are given to the Union Government to ensure that there is a central authority that can make decisions on matters that are not explicitly covered by the Constitution. This allows for a clear division of powers between the Union and State governments and ensures that there is a central authority to handle any issues that may arise.

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  • 10. 

    What is the term of office of the Advocate General of a State?

    • A.

      5 Years

    • B.

      7 years

    • C.

      10 years

    • D.

      Not fixed

    Correct Answer
    D. Not fixed
    Explanation
    The term of office of the Advocate General of a State is not fixed. Unlike other constitutional positions, such as the Governor or Chief Minister, the Advocate General does not have a specific fixed term. The Advocate General is appointed by the Governor of the State and serves at their pleasure. The appointment can be revoked or changed at any time by the Governor. Therefore, the term of office of the Advocate General is not predetermined or set for a specific duration.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 18, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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