Quiz On Indian Polity And Governance With Answers: Set 2

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
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Quizzes Created: 491 | Total Attempts: 1,791,964
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Indian Polity And Governance Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This amendment has added the Right to Education as a primary duty of every parent to send their children (aged 0­6) to school. Identify the amendment from the given options?

    • A.

      15th Amendment act

    • B.

      19rd Amendment act

    • C.

      174th Amendment Act

    • D.

      86th Amendment Act

    Correct Answer
    D. 86th Amendment Act
    Explanation
    The 86th Amendment Act is the correct answer because it introduced the Right to Education as a fundamental right and made it a primary duty of parents to send their children aged 0-6 to school. This amendment aimed to ensure that every child in India has access to free and compulsory education.

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  • 2. 

    Have a look at the following features:1. Separation of Powers2. Collective responsibility of cabinet3. Presence of a nominal or titular head of state.4. Accountability of executive to the legislatureWhich of these are the features of a parliamentary form of Government?

    • A.

      1, 2 and 3

    • B.

      2, 3 and 4

    • C.

      1, 3 and 4

    • D.

      1, 2 and 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2, 3 and 4
    Explanation
    The features of a parliamentary form of government are collective responsibility of the cabinet, presence of a nominal or titular head of state, and accountability of the executive to the legislature. This means that in a parliamentary system, the cabinet is collectively responsible for the decisions made, there is a head of state who holds a ceremonial role, and the executive branch is accountable to the legislature. Therefore, the correct answer is 2, 3 and 4.

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  • 3. 

    In which of the following does Rajya Sabha has exclusive jurisdiction?

    • A.

      Authorizing parliament to legislate on a subject in the state list

    • B.

      Endorsing a decree of emergency

    • C.

      The formation & obliteration of states

    • D.

      Election of Vice President

    Correct Answer
    A. Authorizing parliament to legislate on a subject in the state list
    Explanation
    Rajya Sabha has exclusive jurisdiction in authorizing parliament to legislate on a subject in the state list. This means that Rajya Sabha has the power to give permission to the parliament to make laws on a matter that falls under the state list, which is otherwise the jurisdiction of the state government. This ensures that the central government can intervene and legislate on state subjects in certain circumstances, maintaining a balance between the central and state governments.

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  • 4. 

    Among the following, the supreme is?

    • A.

      The Constitution of India

    • B.

      The President of India

    • C.

      The Governor of state

    • D.

      The State Governments

    Correct Answer
    A. The Constitution of India
    Explanation
    The Constitution of India is considered supreme because it is the highest law of the land. It provides the framework for the functioning of the government, defines the fundamental rights and duties of citizens, and outlines the powers and responsibilities of different branches of the government. It is the ultimate authority that governs the actions of all other entities mentioned in the options, including the President of India, the Governor of state, and the State Governments. The Constitution sets the principles and guidelines that must be followed by all, making it the supreme authority in the country.

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  • 5. 

    What are Statutory bodies?

    • A.

      They are are set up by statutes of the Supreme Court

    • B.

      They are set up by statutes which State Legislatures and Parliament can pass

    • C.

      They are set up by statutes which are independent of State Legislatures and Parliament

    • D.

      None of the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    B. They are set up by statutes which State Legislatures and Parliament can pass
    Explanation
    Statutory bodies are organizations or institutions that are established by laws or statutes enacted by the State Legislatures and Parliament. These bodies are given specific powers and functions to perform in accordance with the legislation that created them. They operate independently of the State Legislatures and Parliament, but their establishment and functioning are governed by the statutes passed by these legislative bodies.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statement is true about the Better Government of India Act, 1858?

    • A.

      Establishment of Board of Control

    • B.

      Company lost monopoly of trade

    • C.

      The affairs of Company were regulated

    • D.

      Transfer of power from Company to the Crown

    Correct Answer
    D. Transfer of power from Company to the Crown
    Explanation
    The Better Government of India Act, 1858 resulted in the transfer of power from the East India Company to the British Crown. This act effectively ended the rule of the Company and established direct British control over India. The act also regulated the affairs of the Company and established a Board of Control to oversee the administration of India. Additionally, the act ended the Company's monopoly on trade, allowing for greater economic freedom in India.

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  • 7. 

    Among the following Europeans, who came last to pre ­ independent India as traders?

    • A.

      French

    • B.

      English

    • C.

      Dutch

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. French
    Explanation
    The French came last to pre-independent India as traders. This suggests that the French were the last among the Europeans to establish their trading presence in India before it gained independence.

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  • 8. 

    The ruler of ___________ state was confiscated from power by the British on the alleged reason of misgovernance?

    • A.

      Kanpur

    • B.

      Awadh

    • C.

      Delhi

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Awadh
    Explanation
    Awadh was a state in India during the British Raj. The ruler of Awadh was indeed confiscated from power by the British on the alleged reason of misgovernance. The British accused the ruler, Wajid Ali Shah, of mismanaging the state and imposed their direct rule over Awadh in 1856. This action was part of the British East India Company's strategy to annex and control various Indian states during their colonization of India.

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  • 9. 

    During the time of _____________, the 1st Factory Act limiting the working hours of children and women & authorizing local governments to make essential rules was adopted.

    • A.

      Lord Ripon

    • B.

      The Marquess Cornwallis

    • C.

      Sir Alured Clarke

    • D.

      Sir John Shore

    Correct Answer
    A. Lord Ripon
    Explanation
    During the time of Lord Ripon, the 1st Factory Act limiting the working hours of children and women & authorizing local governments to make essential rules was adopted. This act was a significant step towards improving the working conditions and rights of vulnerable groups. Lord Ripon, as the Viceroy of India from 1880 to 1884, introduced several reforms to address social and economic issues, including labor reforms. The Factory Act aimed to protect the rights and well-being of workers, particularly women and children, by setting limits on their working hours and granting local governments the authority to establish necessary regulations.

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  • 10. 

    A person was born in New York. His mother had been living in India for more than 5 years immediately preceding the Constitution. What will that person be?

    • A.

      Citizen of USA

    • B.

      Citizen of India

    • C.

      Citizen of both India and USA

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Citizen of India
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, the person born in New York would be considered a citizen of India. This is because their mother had been living in India for more than 5 years immediately preceding the Constitution, which would make the person eligible for Indian citizenship. The fact that the person was born in New York does not automatically make them a citizen of the USA.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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