6th Grade Moon Phases And Weather & Climate Test

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6th Grade Moon Phases And Weather & Climate Test - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to our science book, how many layers are there to the atmosphere?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      2

    • E.

      10

    Correct Answer
    A. 4
    Explanation
    According to our science book, there are four layers to the atmosphere. These layers include the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. Each layer has its own unique characteristics and plays a vital role in the Earth's climate and weather patterns.

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  • 2. 

    Which layer of the atmosphere is closest to the earth?

    • A.

      Memosphere

    • B.

      Exosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Stratosphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Troposphere
    Explanation
    The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the Earth's surface. It extends from the surface up to about 8-15 kilometers in altitude. This layer is where weather occurs and where most of the Earth's air mass is found. It is also where humans and other organisms live and where most of the Earth's atmospheric gases are concentrated. The other options, memosphere, exosphere, and stratosphere, are all layers above the troposphere in the Earth's atmosphere.

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  • 3. 

    The closer you are to the equator it is ALWAYS warmer

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The closer you are to the equator it is ALWAYS warmer" is false. While it is generally true that the closer you are to the equator, the warmer it tends to be, there are various factors that can influence temperature. For example, elevation, ocean currents, and prevailing winds can all affect temperature patterns. Therefore, it is not always warmer near the equator, as other factors can come into play.

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  • 4. 

    Weather can change drastically day to day?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Weather can change drastically day to day because it is influenced by various factors such as air pressure, temperature, humidity, and wind patterns. These factors are constantly changing, leading to fluctuations in weather conditions. For example, one day may be sunny and warm, while the next day could be cloudy and rainy. This variability in weather is a natural occurrence and is observed in different regions around the world.

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  • 5. 

    Half of the moon is lit by ________?

    • A.

      Clouds

    • B.

      Lightning

    • C.

      Planets

    • D.

      Sun

    Correct Answer
    D. Sun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sun because the moon does not produce its own light. Instead, it reflects the sunlight that falls on its surface. As the moon orbits around the Earth, different portions of its surface are illuminated by the sun, causing the phases of the moon. So, half of the moon is lit by the sun at any given time.

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  • 6. 

    The moon's phase is the shape of the moon as it orbits ______?

    • A.

      Planets

    • B.

      Sun

    • C.

      Earth

    • D.

      Clouds

    Correct Answer
    C. Earth
    Explanation
    The moon's phase is the shape of the moon as it orbits the earth. The moon appears to change shape because of the different angles at which we see the sun's light reflecting off its surface. As the moon orbits the earth, the amount of sunlight that reaches different parts of the moon changes, resulting in different phases such as full moon, crescent, or new moon. The earth's position in relation to the moon and the sun determines the phase of the moon that we observe from our vantage point on earth.

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  • 7. 

    When earth is between the moon and the sun there is a _____moon?

    • A.

      New

    • B.

      Full

    • C.

      Cresent

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Full
    Explanation
    When the Earth is positioned between the Moon and the Sun, the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective, creating a full moon. This occurs because the Sun's light is directly shining on the entire side of the Moon that faces Earth, making it appear bright and round.

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  • 8. 

    When the moon is between the earth and the sun there is a _____moon?

    • A.

      New

    • B.

      Full

    • C.

      Cresent

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. New
    Explanation
    When the moon is between the earth and the sun, it is in the position where the illuminated side of the moon is facing away from the earth, making it appear dark or invisible from our perspective. This phase of the moon is called the "new" moon.

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  • 9. 

    The moon orbits the earth, this means it moves in a ______motion.

    • A.

      Straight

    • B.

      Triangular

    • C.

      Square

    • D.

      Circular

    Correct Answer
    D. Circular
    Explanation
    The moon orbits the earth in a circular motion because the gravitational pull of the earth keeps it in a continuous path around the earth. This circular motion allows the moon to maintain a relatively constant distance from the earth as it completes its orbit.

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  • 10. 

    The following is a picture of what moon phase?

    • A.

      Full

    • B.

      New

    • C.

      Gibbous

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    B. New
    Explanation
    You see the shadowed side of the moon during a new moon.

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  • 11. 

    The following is a picture of what moon phase?

    • A.

      New

    • B.

      Full

    • C.

      Gibbous

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    C. Gibbous
    Explanation
    Gibbous moons are oval-shaped moons.

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  • 12. 

    The following is a picture of what moon phase?

    • A.

      Full

    • B.

      New

    • C.

      Gibbous

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    D. Crescent
    Explanation
    Crescent Moons are banana shaped moons.

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  • 13. 

    The following is a picture of what moon phase?

    • A.

      Quarter

    • B.

      Half

    • C.

      Gibbous

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    A. Quarter
    Explanation
    Quarter moons look like half a moon.

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  • 14. 

    The following shows the moon phases are_____________________.

    • A.

      Waxing

    • B.

      Waning

    Correct Answer
    B. Waning
    Explanation
    Waning moons are getting smaller.

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  • 15. 

    The following shows the moon phases are______________________.

    • A.

      Waxing

    • B.

      Waning

    Correct Answer
    A. Waxing
    Explanation
    Waxing moons are getting bigger.

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  • 16. 

    The following is a picture of what moon phase?   

    • A.

      Full

    • B.

      New

    • C.

      Gibbous

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    A. Full
    Explanation
    A full moon is fully lit by the sun

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  • 17. 

    Which Quarter Moon is shown below?

    • A.

      First Quarter

    • B.

      Second Quarter

    • C.

      Third Quarter

    • D.

      Fourth Quarter

    Correct Answer
    C. Third Quarter
    Explanation
    The quarter moon following the full moon is the third quarter.

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  • 18. 

    Which Quarter Moon is shown below?

    • A.

      First Quarter

    • B.

      Second Quarter

    • C.

      Third Quarter

    • D.

      Fourth Quarter

    Correct Answer
    A. First Quarter
    Explanation
    The quarter moon following a new moon is the first quarter.

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  • 19. 

    The moon goes through all of its phases every____________________________.

    • A.

      10 days

    • B.

      15 days

    • C.

      29 days

    • D.

      60 days

    Correct Answer
    C. 29 days
    Explanation
    The moon goes through all of its phases in 29 days.

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  • 20. 

    Which description best describes a 'New Moon'?

    • A.

      New Moon occurs when it has almost reached it's fullest appearance in the night sky

    • B.

      New Moon occurs when the Moon is at it's fullest appearance in the night sky

    • C.

      New Moon occurs when the Moon lies directly on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun

    • D.

      New Moon is the First of the Moon phases, where the Moon appears to have disappeared from the sky.

    Correct Answer
    D. New Moon is the First of the Moon phases, where the Moon appears to have disappeared from the sky.
    Explanation
    The New Moon is the first phase of the Moon, where it appears to have disappeared from the sky. This occurs when the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun, with the side of the Moon facing the Earth not illuminated by sunlight. As a result, the Moon is not visible from Earth during this phase.

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  • 21. 

    New Moon, Waxing Crescent Moon, First Qaurter Moon... Which phase is next?

    • A.

      Waxing Gibbous Moon

    • B.

      Full Moon

    • C.

      Waning Gibbous Moon

    • D.

      Last Quarter Moon

    Correct Answer
    A. Waxing Gibbous Moon
    Explanation
    The given phases of the moon are listed in the order of their occurrence in a lunar cycle. The next phase after the First Quarter Moon is the Waxing Gibbous Moon.

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  • 22. 

    Higher pressure results in lower temperature

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is incorrect. According to the ideal gas law, an increase in pressure will result in an increase in temperature, assuming the volume and amount of gas remain constant. This is because when pressure increases, the gas particles are compressed, leading to an increase in kinetic energy and therefore temperature.

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  • 23. 

    When a cold front of air mixes with warm air it creates what?

    • A.

      Warmer air

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Sunny Days

    • D.

      Boogers

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    When a cold front of air mixes with warm air, it creates precipitation. This is because warm air can hold more moisture than cold air. As the warm and cold air masses interact, the warm air is forced to rise above the cold air. As the warm air rises, it cools and condenses, forming clouds. Eventually, the condensed water vapor in the clouds becomes heavy enough to fall as precipitation, such as rain, snow, or hail.

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  • 24. 

    Which area of the Earth receives the most amount of sunlight causing a higher temperature / climate?

    • A.

      Near the Equator

    • B.

      Northern regions

    • C.

      Southern Regions

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Near the Equator
    Explanation
    The area near the Equator receives the most amount of sunlight causing a higher temperature/climate because it is located closest to the Sun. Due to the Earth's tilt, the sunlight is more concentrated in this region, resulting in direct and intense heat. The equatorial region also experiences less seasonal variation in sunlight, leading to a consistently high temperature throughout the year.

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  • 25. 

    The tilt of Earth's Axis has a great impact on the amount of sunlight being distributed to specific areas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The tilt of Earth's axis affects the distribution of sunlight because it causes the angle at which sunlight hits the Earth's surface to vary throughout the year. This variation in angle leads to changes in the intensity and duration of sunlight received by different regions, resulting in the seasons. Areas closer to the poles experience more extreme variations in sunlight, leading to colder winters and shorter summers. Therefore, the statement that the tilt of Earth's axis has a great impact on the amount of sunlight being distributed to specific areas is true.

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  • 26. 

    The rise in gasoline usage over the last century has caused a rise in global temperature.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The rise in gasoline usage over the last century has contributed to an increase in global temperature. Gasoline is a fossil fuel that releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases when burned, leading to the greenhouse effect and global warming. As more gasoline has been consumed for transportation and other purposes, the emissions from burning it have accumulated in the atmosphere, trapping heat and causing the Earth's temperature to rise. Therefore, it is true that the rise in gasoline usage has caused a rise in global temperature.

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  • 27. 

    Choose all of the natural resources.

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Gasoline

    • C.

      Steel

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Coal
    B. Gasoline
    D. Water
    Explanation
    Coal, gasoline, and water are all considered natural resources because they are derived from the Earth and are not man-made. Coal is a fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of plants and trees over millions of years. Gasoline is a fuel that is derived from crude oil, which is a natural resource found underground. Water is a vital natural resource that is essential for all life forms and is found in lakes, rivers, and oceans. Steel, on the other hand, is not a natural resource as it is a man-made alloy that is produced by combining iron with other elements.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 06, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Bukochad
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