The Road To Diabetes Assessement

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Lee Ann
L
Lee Ann
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 10,912
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 175

SettingsSettingsSettings
Road Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In diabetics, the loss of lower-extremity sensation coupled with impaired peripheral vascular function is called______________ and can possibly lead to lower extremity ________________.

    • A.

      Neuropathy, Amputation

    • B.

      Nephropathy, Amputation

    • C.

      Nerve damage, drop foot

    • D.

      Microvascular disease, PVD

    Correct Answer
    A. Neuropathy, Amputation
    Explanation
    In diabetics, neuropathy refers to the loss of lower-extremity sensation, which is often accompanied by impaired peripheral vascular function. This combination of neuropathy and impaired vascular function can lead to decreased blood flow and oxygen supply to the lower extremities, increasing the risk of tissue damage and infection. In severe cases, this can result in the need for amputation of the affected limb to prevent further complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately what percentage of all cases of diabetes in adults?

    • A.

      55-60%

    • B.

      35-40%

    • C.

      90-95%

    • D.

      20-30%

    Correct Answer
    C. 90-95%
    Explanation
    Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes in adults, accounting for approximately 90-95% of all cases. This chronic condition occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and genetics. It is important to manage this condition through lifestyle changes, medication, and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels to prevent complications such as heart disease, kidney damage, and nerve damage.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include all of the following except:

    • A.

      Advanced age

    • B.

      Obesity

    • C.

      Smoking

    • D.

      Physical inactivity

    Correct Answer
    C. Smoking
    Explanation
    Smoking is not a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. However, advanced age, obesity, and physical inactivity are all known risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. Smoking is associated with other health problems such as lung disease and cardiovascular disease, but it is not directly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following diabetes drugs acts by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver?

    • A.

      Sulfonylureas

    • B.

      Meglitinides

    • C.

      Biguanides

    • D.

      Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

    Correct Answer
    C. Biguanides
    Explanation
    Biguanides, such as metformin, act by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver. They do this by reducing the liver's ability to release stored glucose into the bloodstream. This helps to lower blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    35-60% of women with gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 10 to 20 years after deliver.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs during pregnancy and is characterized by high blood sugar levels. Research suggests that a significant proportion of women who have gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. Specifically, 35-60% of women with gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 10 to 20 years after giving birth. This highlights the long-term health implications of gestational diabetes and the importance of regular monitoring and follow-up care for women who have had this condition. Therefore, the statement that 35-60% of women with gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 10 to 20 years after delivery is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The type of diabetes mellitus caused by lack of insulin is

    • A.

      Type 1

    • B.

      Type 2

    • C.

      Adult-onset

    • D.

      Non-insulin dependent

    Correct Answer
    A. Type 1
    Explanation
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused by a lack of insulin. In this type of diabetes, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result, the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, leading to a deficiency. This type of diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence and requires insulin therapy for proper blood sugar control. Type 1 diabetes is not related to lifestyle factors such as obesity or physical inactivity, unlike Type 2 diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not a warning sign or symptom of Type 1 diabetes?

    • A.

      Loss of appetite

    • B.

      Infrequent urination

    • C.

      Weakness and fatigue

    • D.

      Weight loss

    Correct Answer
    B. Infrequent urination
    Explanation
    Infrequent urination is not a warning sign or symptom of Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the body's inability to produce insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. Common warning signs include increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, and loss of appetite. However, infrequent urination is not typically associated with Type 1 diabetes and may indicate other health issues.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which form of diabetes is primarily linked to obesity?

    • A.

      Type 1

    • B.

      Type 2

    • C.

      Type 3

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Type 2
    Explanation
    Type 2 diabetes is primarily linked to obesity because excess body weight and a sedentary lifestyle are known risk factors for developing this form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Obesity can lead to insulin resistance, where the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin. This causes blood sugar levels to rise, leading to the development of type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is an autoimmune condition and is not primarily linked to obesity. Type 3 diabetes is not a recognized form of diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following is the most effective means of preventing or delaying the progression of pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes?

    • A.

      Taking medications to lower blood glucose.

    • B.

      Eliminating sugar from the diet.

    • C.

      Physical activity and weight loss

    • D.

      All of these are equally effective.

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical activity and weight loss
    Explanation
    Physical activity and weight loss are the most effective means of preventing or delaying the progression of pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes. Regular physical activity helps to improve insulin sensitivity and maintain healthy blood glucose levels. Additionally, losing excess weight can also improve insulin resistance and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Taking medications to lower blood glucose may be necessary in some cases, but it is not as effective as lifestyle changes such as physical activity and weight loss. Eliminating sugar from the diet can be beneficial, but it is not the sole solution for preventing or delaying the progression of pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a complication of diabetes?

    • A.

      Myocardial infarction

    • B.

      Neuropathy

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      Retinopathy

    Correct Answer
    C. Asthma
    Explanation
    Asthma is not a complication of diabetes. While diabetes can lead to various complications such as myocardial infarction (heart attack), neuropathy (nerve damage), and retinopathy (eye damage), asthma is a separate condition that is not directly related to diabetes. Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, often triggered by allergies or environmental factors.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following factor(s) do not increase your risk of having metabolic syndrome: check all that apply

    • A.

      Age

    • B.

      Race

    • C.

      Thyroid Disease

    • D.

      Obesity

    • E.

      Gestational Diabetes

    Correct Answer
    C. Thyroid Disease
    Explanation
    Thyroid disease does not increase the risk of having metabolic syndrome. While factors such as age, race, obesity, and gestational diabetes can increase the risk, thyroid disease does not have a direct impact on metabolic syndrome.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    In order to have a positive diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, you must have at least 3 or more of the 5 of which following parameters:

    • A.

      Over 65, minority race, obesity, history of diabetes and other disease states (HTN, CVD, Fatty liver, and PCOS) present.

    • B.

      Increased waist circumference (>102 cm [>40 in] for men, >88 cm [>35 in] for women); elevated triglycerides (≥150 mg/dl); low HDL cholesterol (

    • C.

      Obesity, HTN diagnosis of a blood pressure >120/80mm/Hg, positive OGTT >200mg/dl, High LDL cholesterol above >100 mg/dl, triglycerides over 400 mg/dl.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased waist circumference (>102 cm [>40 in] for men, >88 cm [>35 in] for women); elevated triglycerides (≥150 mg/dl); low HDL cholesterol (
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that in order to have a positive diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, one must have increased waist circumference (>102 cm [>40 in] for men, >88 cm [>35 in] for women); elevated triglycerides (≥150 mg/dl); and low HDL cholesterol. This is because these three parameters are among the five criteria required for a positive diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. The other two criteria mentioned in the question (obesity, HTN, diabetes, etc.) are not necessary for a positive diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Both microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes result in organ and tissue damage in approximately _________________________ of people living with diabetes.

    • A.

      ½ to 2/3

    • B.

      ¾

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      1/3 to ½

    Correct Answer
    D. 1/3 to ½
    Explanation
    Microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes, such as retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and cardiovascular disease, can lead to organ and tissue damage. The given answer, 1/3 to ½, suggests that approximately one-third to one-half of people living with diabetes will experience these complications, highlighting the significant impact of diabetes on overall health.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What is true regarding insulin resistance? select all that apply.

    • A.

      It is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it effectively.

    • B.

      It is a condition in which glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells, leading to prediabetes of type 2 diabetes.

    • C.

      It is a syndrome that is the cause of all diabetic cases

    • D.

      The beta cells in the pancreas try to keep up with this increased demand for insulin by producing more.

    • E.

      It effects the muscle, fat, and liver cells in the body

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it effectively.
    B. It is a condition in which glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells, leading to prediabetes of type 2 diabetes.
    D. The beta cells in the pancreas try to keep up with this increased demand for insulin by producing more.
    E. It effects the muscle, fat, and liver cells in the body
    Explanation
    Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it effectively. This means that even though insulin is present, it is unable to properly regulate glucose levels in the body. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells, leading to prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance affects the muscle, fat, and liver cells in the body, causing difficulties in glucose metabolism. In response to the increased demand for insulin, the beta cells in the pancreas try to compensate by producing more insulin.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Please select all of the following that contribute to Insulin Resistance

    • A.

      Obesity

    • B.

      Smoking

    • C.

      Sedentary lifestyle

    • D.

      Excessive Carbohydrate Intake

    • E.

      HTN

    • F.

      Genetics

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Obesity
    C. Sedentary lifestyle
    D. Excessive Carbohydrate Intake
    F. Genetics
    Explanation
    Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body's cells become resistant to the effects of insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. Obesity is a known risk factor for insulin resistance as excess body fat can impair the body's ability to use insulin properly. A sedentary lifestyle, characterized by lack of physical activity, can also contribute to insulin resistance. Excessive carbohydrate intake, especially refined carbohydrates, can lead to insulin resistance by causing spikes in blood sugar levels. Genetics also play a role in insulin resistance, as certain genetic factors can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Lee Ann
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.