New Spirituality And Postmodernism

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| By Tammy McIlvoy
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Tammy McIlvoy
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 1,148
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 210

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New Spirituality And Postmodernism - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following characteristics accurately describes new spirituality's view of reality?

    • A.

      Reality is eternal

    • B.

      Reality is non-personal

    • C.

      Reality is divine

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    New spirituality's view of reality is accurately described as all of the above. This means that new spirituality believes that reality is eternal, non-personal, and divine. This suggests that new spirituality sees reality as something that is everlasting, impersonal, and connected to a higher power or divine presence.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following have contributed to the new spirituality worldview EXCEPT what?

    • A.

      Eastern religion

    • B.

      Pop psychology

    • C.

      Self-help teaching

    • D.

      Scientific materialism

    • E.

      Meditation

    Correct Answer
    A. Eastern religion
    Explanation
    The new spirituality worldview has been influenced by various factors such as pop psychology, self-help teaching, scientific materialism, and meditation. However, Eastern religion is not one of the contributing factors to this worldview. Eastern religion, with its emphasis on practices like meditation and spiritual enlightenment, aligns closely with the principles of the new spirituality worldview. Therefore, it cannot be considered an exception in this context.

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  • 3. 

    New spiritualists believe that we can be temporarily free from the illusion of self through practicing what?

    • A.

      Yoga

    • B.

      Meditation

    • C.

      Charity

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B only. Yoga and meditation are both practices that can help individuals temporarily free themselves from the illusion of self. Yoga involves physical postures, breathing exercises, and meditation to promote self-awareness and inner peace. Meditation, on the other hand, is a practice that involves focusing the mind and achieving a state of deep relaxation and heightened awareness. Both practices have been used for centuries as tools for spiritual growth and self-realization. Charity, while a noble practice, does not specifically address the illusion of self. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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  • 4. 

    What is the environmental philosophy that contends that all living creatures should have legal rights?

    • A.

      Deep ecology

    • B.

      Feminism

    • C.

      Anthropomorphic environmentalism

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Deep ecology
    Explanation
    Deep ecology is an environmental philosophy that argues for the inherent value and rights of all living beings, including non-human organisms. It emphasizes the interconnectedness of all life forms and advocates for a holistic approach to environmental issues. Deep ecologists believe that humans should recognize and respect the intrinsic worth of nature and its inhabitants, and that legal rights should be extended to all living creatures. This philosophy promotes a more inclusive and ethical approach to environmental conservation and sustainability.

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  • 5. 

    What is the political philosophy that links the oppression of women and the exploitation of the environment?

    • A.

      Nazism

    • B.

      Ecofeminism

    • C.

      Polytheism

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecofeminism
    Explanation
    Ecofeminism is the correct answer because it is a political philosophy that connects the oppression of women and the exploitation of the environment. It argues that the domination and subordination of women and nature are interconnected, as both are seen as inferior and subject to exploitation by patriarchal and capitalist systems. Ecofeminism seeks to challenge and dismantle these systems of oppression and advocate for a more equitable and sustainable world.

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  • 6. 

    ________________ is the belief that everything is god.

    Correct Answer
    Pantheism
    Explanation
    Pantheism is the belief that everything is god. This means that the divine is not separate from the world, but rather the world itself. In pantheism, there is no distinction between the creator and the creation, as everything is seen as a manifestation of the divine. This belief system is different from monotheism, which asserts the existence of a single, personal god, and from atheism, which denies the existence of any gods. Pantheism emphasizes the interconnectedness and unity of all things, and sees divinity in nature, the universe, and all living beings.

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  • 7. 

    ________________ is the process by which the body passes away but the the soul continues its quest for enlightenment in another form.

    Correct Answer
    Reincarnation
    Explanation
    Reincarnation is the belief that after death, the soul is reborn into a new body and continues its spiritual journey. It is the process by which the body dies, but the soul is believed to be eternal and seeks enlightenment in another form. This concept is often associated with various religious and spiritual beliefs, such as Hinduism and Buddhism.

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  • 8. 

    ______________ is the belief that good is returned to those who do good and evil is returned to those who do evil.

    Correct Answer
    Karma
    Explanation
    Karma is the belief that good actions will result in positive outcomes, while evil actions will lead to negative consequences. It is a concept rooted in the idea of cause and effect, where one's actions determine their future experiences. This belief suggests that individuals will ultimately be rewarded or punished based on their behavior, creating a sense of justice and balance in the world.

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  • 9. 

    The Bhagavad Gita is the ancient Hindu text that chronicles the conversations between Arjuna and Krishna,

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Bhagavad Gita is indeed an ancient Hindu text that contains conversations between Arjuna, a warrior prince, and Krishna, who serves as his charioteer and guide. It is a significant scripture in Hindu philosophy and provides teachings on various aspects of life, including duty, righteousness, and the nature of the self. The conversations between Arjuna and Krishna take place on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, where Arjuna is faced with moral dilemmas and seeks guidance from Krishna.

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  • 10. 

    According to new spirituality, the source of religion isn't God; it is unconsciousness.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. According to new spirituality, the source of religion is not unconsciousness, but rather a higher power or divine energy, which is often referred to as God or the universe. New spirituality emphasizes the idea that individuals can tap into this higher power through practices such as meditation, mindfulness, and self-reflection. Unconsciousness, on the other hand, refers to a state of being unaware or lacking consciousness, which is not seen as the source of religion in this context.

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  • 11. 

    The God of new spirituality is a personal force.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the God of new spirituality is not a personal force. This implies that in new spirituality, God is not seen as an individual being with personal characteristics, but rather as an impersonal force or energy that is present in everything. This belief is often associated with the idea of a universal consciousness or higher power that transcends individuality. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 12. 

    New spiritualists believe that we can be permanently free from the illusion of self through achieving enlightenment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that new spiritualists believe in achieving enlightenment as a means to be permanently free from the illusion of self. This implies that they believe enlightenment can lead to a state of liberation from the ego and the false perception of oneself. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct as it aligns with the belief of new spiritualists.

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  • 13. 

    According to new spirituality, the universe began with the Big Bang.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to new spirituality, the universe did not begin with the Big Bang. This belief system often emphasizes that the universe is eternal and has always existed in some form. Therefore, the statement that the universe began with the Big Bang is considered false in the context of new spirituality.

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  • 14. 

    According to new spirituality, the source of suffering is our ignorance regarding consciousness,

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to new spirituality, the source of suffering is our ignorance regarding consciousness. This means that when we are not aware or do not understand the true nature of consciousness, we are more likely to experience suffering. By gaining knowledge and becoming more conscious, we can potentially alleviate or even eliminate suffering from our lives. Therefore, the statement "True" is the correct answer as it aligns with the belief of new spirituality.

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  • 15. 

    New spiritualists accept the secular philosophy of materialism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that new spiritualists accept the secular philosophy of materialism, but the correct answer is False. This implies that new spiritualists do not accept the secular philosophy of materialism.

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  • 16. 

    According to postmodernism, which of the following affects how we see the world?

    • A.

      Culture

    • B.

      Language

    • C.

      Gender

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Postmodernism argues that our perception of the world is influenced by various factors, including culture, language, and gender. These elements shape our understanding and interpretation of reality, highlighting the subjective nature of knowledge and challenging the idea of a universal truth. By acknowledging the impact of these factors, postmodernism emphasizes the importance of considering multiple perspectives and recognizing the diversity of human experiences. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as culture, language, and gender all play a role in shaping our perception of the world.

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  • 17. 

    According to postmodernism, truth is what?

    • A.

      Objective

    • B.

      Universal

    • C.

      Neutral

    • D.

      Socially constructed

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    D. Socially constructed
    Explanation
    According to postmodernism, truth is socially constructed. This means that truth is not objective or universal, but rather influenced by various social, cultural, and historical factors. Postmodernists argue that there is no single, absolute truth, but rather multiple truths that are shaped by different perspectives and contexts. Therefore, truth is seen as a product of social interactions and interpretations, rather than something that exists independently of human perception and understanding.

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  • 18. 

    Which philosopher famously pronounced, "God is dead?"

    • A.

      Friedrich Nietzsch

    • B.

      Michel Foucault

    • C.

      Walter Truett Anerson

    • D.

      Jean-Francis Lyotard

    • E.

      Richard Rorty

    Correct Answer
    A. Friedrich Nietzsch
    Explanation
    Friedrich Nietzsche famously pronounced, "God is dead." This statement is often interpreted as Nietzsche's critique of traditional religious beliefs and the decline of religious influence in modern society. Nietzsche believed that the concept of God had lost its significance and relevance in the face of scientific advancements and the rise of secularism. He argued that traditional moral values and beliefs were no longer valid and that individuals should embrace their own individuality and create their own values. Nietzsche's proclamation of the death of God is a central theme in his philosophical work.

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  • 19. 

    According to postmodernism, language functions as what?

    • A.

      A means for describing objective reality

    • B.

      A method for communicating truth

    • C.

      A tool for power and manipulation

    • D.

      A and B only

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. A tool for power and manipulation
    Explanation
    According to postmodernism, language functions as a tool for power and manipulation. Postmodernism emphasizes that language is not a neutral means for describing objective reality or communicating truth, but rather it is used by those in power to shape and control reality. Language is seen as a tool that can be used to manipulate and influence people's perceptions and beliefs.

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  • 20. 

    Postmodernists doubt the objectivity of which of the following disciplines?

    • A.

      Evolutionary biology

    • B.

      Science

    • C.

      Math

    • D.

      A and B only

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Postmodernists doubt the objectivity of all of the mentioned disciplines: evolutionary biology, science, and math. Postmodernism is a philosophical and cultural movement that challenges the notion of objective truth and emphasizes the role of subjectivity, language, and power structures in shaping knowledge. Postmodernists argue that knowledge and truth are social constructs influenced by various cultural, historical, and personal factors. Therefore, they question the objectivity and universality of disciplines such as evolutionary biology, science, and math, suggesting that they are influenced by subjective biases and social contexts.

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  • 21. 

    _______________ is characterized by a strong belief in human reason, empiricism, science, and technological progress as a well as skepticism toward religion.

    Correct Answer
    Modernism
    Explanation
    Modernism is characterized by a strong belief in human reason, empiricism, science, and technological progress as well as skepticism toward religion. This movement emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a response to the rapid changes brought about by industrialization and urbanization. Modernists rejected traditional forms and conventions in art, literature, and philosophy, embracing new and innovative approaches. They placed great emphasis on the power of human intellect and the scientific method, valuing rationality and logic above religious beliefs and superstitions. Modernism sought to challenge and reshape traditional institutions and ways of thinking, promoting progress and innovation in all aspects of life.

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  • 22. 

    __________________ is the belief that denies the existence or accessibility of an objective reality.

    Correct Answer
    Anti-realism
    Explanation
    Anti-realism is the belief that denies the existence or accessibility of an objective reality. This means that according to anti-realism, there is no external reality that exists independently of our perceptions or interpretations. Instead, reality is seen as subjective and constructed by individuals or social groups. Anti-realism challenges the idea of an objective truth or reality that can be known or accessed by everyone. It suggests that our understanding of the world is shaped by our subjective experiences and perspectives.

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  • 23. 

    Postmodernism asserts that all worldviews offer unbiased truth claims about reality.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Postmodernism does not assert that all worldviews offer unbiased truth claims about reality. In fact, postmodernism challenges the idea of objective truth and argues that truth is subjective and influenced by cultural, social, and historical factors. Postmodernists believe that different worldviews and perspectives shape our understanding of reality, and there is no single universal truth. Therefore, the statement that postmodernism asserts that all worldviews offer unbiased truth claims about reality is false.

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  • 24. 

    According to postmodernism, universal truth can be known.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to postmodernism, there is no universal truth that can be known. Postmodernism challenges the idea that there are objective and universally valid truths. Instead, it argues that truth is subjective and shaped by individual perspectives, cultural contexts, and power dynamics. Postmodernists believe that knowledge and truth are socially constructed and influenced by various factors, making it impossible to establish a single universal truth. Therefore, the statement contradicts the principles of postmodernism, and the correct answer is false.

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  • 25. 

    Postmodernists accept the notion of universal objective reason.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Postmodernists do not accept the notion of universal objective reason. They argue that knowledge and truth are socially constructed and subjective, varying across different cultures and perspectives. Postmodernism challenges the idea that there is a single, objective truth or rationality that applies universally. Instead, it emphasizes the importance of multiple interpretations and the influence of power structures in shaping knowledge and understanding. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 26. 

    Postmodernists don't believe we can have objective knowledge.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Postmodernists reject the idea of objective knowledge because they argue that knowledge is always shaped by subjective perspectives, cultural biases, and power dynamics. They believe that there are no universal truths or objective standards of knowledge, and that all knowledge is influenced by social, historical, and cultural contexts. Therefore, it is accurate to say that postmodernists do not believe in the possibility of objective knowledge.

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  • 27. 

    According to postmodernism, there is no meaning in the text.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to postmodernism, meaning in the text is not fixed or objective. Postmodernists argue that meaning is subjective and can vary depending on the reader's interpretation. They believe that texts are open to multiple meanings and interpretations, and that there is no single, definitive meaning. Therefore, the statement that there is no meaning in the text aligns with the postmodernist perspective, making the answer "True".

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  • 28. 

    According to postmodernism, words are about things.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to postmodernism, words are not simply about things. Postmodernism challenges the idea that words have fixed and objective meanings. Instead, it argues that language is subjective and influenced by power dynamics, cultural contexts, and individual perspectives. Postmodernists believe that words are used to construct meaning and reality, rather than representing an objective truth. Therefore, the correct answer is false as postmodernism rejects the notion that words are solely about things.

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  • 29. 

    Postmodernists claim that the notion of objective truth is used to oppress others.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Postmodernists argue that the concept of objective truth is a tool used by those in power to suppress and control marginalized groups. They believe that truth is subjective and influenced by individual perspectives and social constructs. According to postmodernists, claiming that there is an objective truth only serves to maintain existing power structures and perpetuate inequality. Therefore, the statement that postmodernists claim the notion of objective truth is used to oppress others is true.

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  • 30. 

    Nietzsche predicted that once we killed our belief in God, all truth, meaning, and morality would continue to exist without him.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Nietzsche did not predict that once we killed our belief in God, all truth, meaning, and morality would continue to exist without him. In fact, Nietzsche argued that the death of God would lead to the collapse of traditional values and the loss of objective truth and morality. He believed that without God, individuals would have to create their own values and meaning in a world devoid of inherent truths. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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