Behavioural Therapy - Qp1

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| By Jackson Matthews
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Jackson Matthews
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 588 | Total Attempts: 682,892
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 123

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Behavioural Therapy - Qp1 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Adult behaviour and personality characteristics are influenced by events that occur during the later years of life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Adult behaviour and personality characteristics are influenced by events that occur during the later years of life" is false. Adult behavior and personality characteristics are influenced by a combination of genetic factors, early life experiences, and ongoing environmental factors throughout a person's life. While events that occur during the later years of life can certainly have an impact, they are not the sole determinants of adult behavior and personality.

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  • 2. 

    Developmental psychologists are concerned with how certain behaviours develop, and why they appear when they do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Developmental psychologists study the development of behaviors and aim to understand why and how they emerge at specific stages. They investigate various factors such as genetics, environment, and social interactions to gain insights into the developmental processes. Therefore, it is accurate to say that developmental psychologists are indeed concerned with the development of behaviors and the timing of their occurrence.

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  • 3. 

    Human development is determined by a continuous interaction between ______ and ______.

    • A.

      Heredity

    • B.

      Background

    • C.

      Emotions

    • D.

      Environment

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Heredity
    D. Environment
    Explanation
    Human development is determined by a continuous interaction between heredity and environment. Heredity refers to the genetic factors that are passed down from parents to their offspring, influencing traits and characteristics. Environment, on the other hand, encompasses the external factors such as social, cultural, and physical surroundings that an individual is exposed to. The interaction between these two factors plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's growth and development, as both genetics and environmental experiences contribute to various aspects of human development, including physical, cognitive, and emotional development.

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  • 4. 

    The development of the newborn infant depends on the interaction between biological predispositions and the experiences provided by the environment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the development of a newborn infant is influenced by both biological predispositions and the experiences they have in their environment. Biological factors such as genetics and innate abilities play a role in shaping a child's development, but their experiences and interactions with the environment also have a significant impact. These experiences help to shape their cognitive, emotional, and social development. Therefore, it can be concluded that the development of a newborn infant depends on the interaction between biological predispositions and environmental experiences.

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  • 5. 

    Maturation refers to innately determined sequences of growth or bodily changes that are relatively dependent of environmental events.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Maturation refers to the genetically predetermined sequences of growth or bodily changes that are relatively independent of environmental events. This means that maturation occurs according to a predetermined timeline, regardless of the environmental factors or influences. Therefore, the statement that maturation is relatively dependent on environmental events is incorrect.

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  • 6. 

    The concept of stages implies that: (Select two)

    • A.

      Behaviours at a given stage are organised around a dominant theme

    • B.

      Behaviours at one stage are quantitative different from behaviours that appear at earlier or later stages

    • C.

      All children go through the same stages in the same order

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Behaviours at a given stage are organised around a dominant theme
    C. All children go through the same stages in the same order
    Explanation
    The concept of stages implies that behaviours at a given stage are organized around a dominant theme, meaning that there is a common focus or pattern of behaviors that are characteristic of that particular stage. Additionally, all children go through the same stages in the same order, suggesting that there is a universal sequence of development that is followed by all individuals. This idea of stages allows for the understanding and prediction of typical patterns of development and helps to identify any deviations or delays in development.

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  • 7. 

    The concept of identification comes from psychoanalysis and played an important role in ______ theorising.

    • A.

      Jung

    • B.

      Freud

    • C.

      Maslow

    • D.

      Rogers

    Correct Answer
    B. Freud
    Explanation
    The concept of identification comes from psychoanalysis and played an important role in Freud's theorising. Freud believed that identification is a psychological process in which an individual unconsciously models their behavior, attitudes, and beliefs after another person, typically a parent or authority figure. This concept was fundamental in Freud's understanding of personality development and the formation of the ego.

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  • 8. 

    The search for personal identity involves deciding - (Select two)

    • A.

      What is unimportant or worth doing

    • B.

      Formulating standards of conduct for evaluating one's own behaviour as well as the behaviour of others

    • C.

      Feelings about one's own worth and competence

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Formulating standards of conduct for evaluating one's own behaviour as well as the behaviour of others
    C. Feelings about one's own worth and competence
    Explanation
    The search for personal identity involves formulating standards of conduct for evaluating one's own behavior as well as the behavior of others because establishing a set of principles and values helps individuals understand what is acceptable or not in their actions and interactions with others. Additionally, feelings about one's own worth and competence are also part of the search for personal identity as individuals need to develop a sense of self-worth and confidence in their abilities to navigate through life and make meaningful contributions.

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  • 9. 

    Freud's " Psychosocial Stages" describe problems, or crises, in social relations that must be confronted at various points in life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Freud's "Psychosocial Stages" actually refer to Erik Erikson's theory, not Freud's. Erikson's theory describes the different stages of psychosocial development that individuals go through, each with its own unique challenge or crisis to be resolved. Freud, on the other hand, is known for his psychosexual stages of development. Therefore, the statement that Freud's "Psychosocial Stages" describe problems or crises in social relations is incorrect.

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  • 10. 

    Adolescents try to synthesise these values and appraisals into a consistent picture.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Adolescents go through a phase of self-discovery and identity formation, during which they try to make sense of their values and beliefs. They attempt to integrate these various values and appraisals into a cohesive and coherent sense of self. This process of synthesis helps them develop a consistent picture of who they are and what they stand for. Therefore, the statement that adolescents try to synthesise these values and appraisals into a consistent picture is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 18, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 23, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Jackson Matthews
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