GCSE P.E. Diet & Nutrition

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Balanced Diet Quizzes & Trivia

Test yourself on aspects of a balanced diet and good nutrition points.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Fruit and vegetables are important because 

    • A.

      They give you energy

    • B.

      They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals and nutrients

    • C.

      They are colourful

    • D.

      They are easily available

    Correct Answer
    B. They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals and nutrients
    Explanation
    Fruits and vegetables are important because they provide a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. These essential nutrients are vital for maintaining good health and proper functioning of the body. They help boost the immune system, support growth and development, and protect against various diseases. Therefore, incorporating fruits and vegetables into one's diet is crucial for overall well-being.

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  • 2. 

    Why do we need to eat a balanced diet?

    • A.

      To give us energy

    • B.

      In oder for our bodies to function properly

    • C.

      To help us grow

    • D.

      To prevent us getting fat

    Correct Answer
    B. In oder for our bodies to function properly
    Explanation
    A balanced diet is necessary for our bodies to function properly because it provides us with the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that our body needs to carry out its various functions. These nutrients help in maintaining a healthy immune system, promoting growth and development, supporting organ function, and providing energy for daily activities. Without a balanced diet, our bodies may lack essential nutrients, leading to various health issues and impairing our overall well-being.

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  • 3. 

    Meat, fish and other alternatives provide which important nutrient?

    • A.

      Carbohydrate

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Sugar

    • D.

      Fibre

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Meat, fish, and other alternatives are rich sources of protein. Protein is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in building and repairing tissues, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting a healthy immune system. It is particularly important for muscle growth and development. Carbohydrates, sugar, and fiber are not the main nutrients provided by meat, fish, and other alternatives.

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  • 4. 

    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates are important because

    • A.

      They help you grow

    • B.

      They stop you getting overweight

    • C.

      They are easy to cook

    • D.

      They give you energy and fill you up

    Correct Answer
    D. They give you energy and fill you up
    Explanation
    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates give you energy because they are broken down into glucose, which is the body's primary source of fuel. Additionally, they fill you up because they provide bulk and fiber, which helps to keep you feeling satisfied and prevents overeating.

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  • 5. 

    What is the name of process in which food is broken down?

    • A.

      Digestion

    • B.

      Chewing

    • C.

      Eating

    • D.

      Nutrition

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestion
    Explanation
    Digestion is the process in which food is broken down. It involves the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into smaller molecules that can be absorbed by the body. This process occurs in the digestive system, where enzymes and acids break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats into simpler forms that can be used for energy, growth, and repair. Chewing and eating are part of the digestion process, but they are not the specific name of the process. Nutrition, on the other hand, refers to the intake and utilization of nutrients by the body, which is a broader concept than just the process of breaking down food.

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  • 6. 

    What is the Food Guide Pyramid?

    • A.

      Shows the food groups and what foods to eat in order to stay healthy

    • B.

      Shows all the bad foods to stay away from eating

    • C.

      Shows how to make a meal

    • D.

      A recipe

    Correct Answer
    A. Shows the food groups and what foods to eat in order to stay healthy
    Explanation
    The Food Guide Pyramid is a visual representation that illustrates the different food groups and the recommended intake of each group in order to maintain a healthy diet. It helps individuals understand the proportions and types of foods they should consume for optimal nutrition.

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  • 7. 

    A breakfast of bacon and eggs, fruit and milk includes which food groups?

    • A.

      Protein and dairy

    • B.

      Protein, dairy and fruit

    • C.

      Protein, fruit and vegetables

    • D.

      Protein, fat and carbohydrate

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein, dairy and fruit
    Explanation
    The breakfast of bacon and eggs provides protein, which is found in the bacon and eggs. Milk is a dairy product, so it provides the dairy group. Additionally, fruit is mentioned in the breakfast, which represents the fruit group. Therefore, the breakfast includes the food groups of protein, dairy, and fruit.

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  • 8. 

    In order for the body to function efficiently and effectively it must have...

    • A.

      Water only

    • B.

      Water, carbohydrates and protein

    • C.

      Water, carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins and minerals

    • D.

      Vitamins and minerals

    Correct Answer
    C. Water, carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins and minerals
    Explanation
    The body needs water for various essential functions, such as regulating temperature and transporting nutrients. Carbohydrates provide energy for the body, while protein is necessary for growth and repair of tissues. Fats are important for insulation and protecting organs. Vitamins and minerals are required in small amounts for various biochemical reactions and maintaining overall health. Therefore, in order for the body to function efficiently and effectively, it must have water, carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

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  • 9. 

    Bananas are rich in...

    • A.

      Proteins

    • B.

      Carbohydrates

    • C.

      Fats

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Carbohydrates
    Explanation
    Bananas are rich in carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body, and bananas provide a good amount of this macronutrient. They contain mainly complex carbohydrates in the form of starch, which provides a slow and steady release of energy. Bananas also contain simple sugars like fructose, which can provide quick energy. Additionally, bananas are a good source of dietary fiber, which is a type of carbohydrate that aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy gut. Therefore, the correct answer is carbohydrates.

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  • 10. 

    Green leafy vegetables are rich in _____

    • A.

      Proteins

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Fat

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron
    Explanation
    Green leafy vegetables are rich in iron. Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in the production of hemoglobin, which is responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and broccoli are excellent sources of iron, making them an important part of a balanced diet, especially for individuals with iron deficiency or anemia.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    RevisionWorld

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