Unit 2 Target 4 & 5-cell Organelle Functions Quiz

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 107

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Unit 2 Target 4 & 5-cell Organelle Functions Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following?
    • A. 

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B. 

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Detoxification of poisonous molecules within the cell

    • D. 

      Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles

  • 2. 
    Naomi adds cyclohexamide to cells grown in a test tube. Within minutes, she identifies short incomplete segments of proteins in the cells. On which organelle does cyclohexamide act?
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 3. 
    After Tyler adds a chemical to normally functioning cells, proteins begin to accumulate in the cells’ endoplasmic reticula. This chemical most likely prevents movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to which organelle
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 4. 
    The plasma/cell membrane
    • A. 

      Encloses the contents of a cell.

    • B. 

      Allows material to enter and leave the cell.

    • C. 

      Is selectively permeable.

    • D. 

      All of the answers are correct.

  • 5. 
    A particularly active cell might contain large numbers of   
    • A. 

      Chromosomes.

    • B. 

      Vacuoles.

    • C. 

      Mitochondria.

    • D. 

      Walls.

  • 6. 
    One important organelle that helps maintain homeostasis by moving supplies from one part of the cell to the other is the    
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum.

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion.

    • C. 

      Nucleus.

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm.

  • 7. 
    The packaging and distribution center of the cell is the
    • A. 

      Nucleus.

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus.

    • C. 

      Central vacuole.

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope.

  • 8. 
    The double membrane surrounding the nucleus is called the 
    • A. 

      Nucleolus.

    • B. 

      Nuclear wall.

    • C. 

      Nucleoplasm.

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following structures is found in the cytoplasm?   
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Chromatin

    • D. 

      Cell wall

  • 10. 
    Which structure makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus?    
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 11. 
    Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use? 
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

  • 12. 
    Which organelles help provide cells with energy?    
    • A. 

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus and ribosomes

  • 13. 
    Which structures carry out cell movement?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm and ribosomes

    • B. 

      Nucleolus and nucleus

    • C. 

      Microtubules and microfilaments

    • D. 

      Chromosomes

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the cytoskeleton?   
    • A. 

      Helps the cell maintain its shape

    • B. 

      Helps the cell move

    • C. 

      Prevents chromosomes from separating

    • D. 

      Helps organelles within the cell move

  • 15. 
    The main function of the cell wall is to
    • A. 

      Support and protect the cell.

    • B. 

      Store DNA.

    • C. 

      Direct the activities of the cell.

    • D. 

      Help the cell move.

  • 16. 
    Which sequence correctly traces the path of a protein in the cell?   
    • A. 

      Ribosome, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • B. 

      Ribosome, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • D. 

      Mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane, released from the cell

  • 17. 
    The organelles associated with photosynthesis are the  
    • A. 

      Mitochondria.

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts.

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus.

    • D. 

      Vacuoles.

  • 18. 
    Plant cells have a large membrane-bound space in which water, waste products, and nutrients are stored. This place is known as a
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion.

    • B. 

      Chloroplast.

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus.

    • D. 

      Central vacuole.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a function of the nucleus? 
    • A. 

      Stores DNA

    • B. 

      Controls most of the cell’s processes

    • C. 

      Contains the information needed to make proteins

    • D. 

      All of the answers are correct

  • 20. 
    The function of the centriole is to
    • A. 

      Make proteins.

    • B. 

      Separate chromosomes during cell division.

    • C. 

      Make lipids.

    • D. 

      Separate DNA during DNA replication.

  • 21. 
    A structure within a cell that carries out specific activities inside the cell is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Organelle.

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm.

    • C. 

      Nucleus.

    • D. 

      Membrane.

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