Korea, Cuba, Vietnam War Notes Content Quiz

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Vietnam War Quizzes & Trivia

Information regarding the Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Introduction to Vietnam based on Todd textbook notes


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was a (one) main cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

  • 2. 

    What was one main result of the Korean War?

  • 3. 

    During the Korean War, Truman had the policy of ____________, which meant that he would use military force to keep communism from spreading. 

    • A.

      The New Deal

    • B.

      The Roosevelt Corollary

    • C.

      Containment

    • D.

      Brinkmanship

    Correct Answer
    C. Containment
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, Truman had the policy of containment, which meant that he would use military force to keep communism from spreading. This policy aimed to prevent the expansion of Soviet influence and communism into other countries, particularly in Asia. Truman believed that by containing communism within its existing borders, the United States could prevent its further spread and ultimately weaken its power. This policy was a significant aspect of the United States' approach to the Cold War and had a lasting impact on American foreign policy.

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  • 4. 

    In the Korean War, the North Koreans pushed the south Korean army and the UN army all the way to the south east corner of the peninsula. This area and near victory for the North was called ________________. 

    • A.

      38th Parallel

    • B.

      Pusan Perimeter

    • C.

      17th Parallel

    • D.

      Demilitarized Zone

    Correct Answer
    B. Pusan Perimeter
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, the North Korean forces successfully pushed the South Korean army and the UN army to the southeast corner of the peninsula. This area, where the South Korean and UN forces made their last stand, is known as the Pusan Perimeter.

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  • 5. 

    In the USA, advisors were asked to gather information regarding their position in the Cold War. By 1950, the National Security Council issued a report called ___________. In it, the NSC recommended that the USA increase military spending and the development of the hydrogen bomb. 

    • A.

      NSC 68

    • B.

      UDHR

    • C.

      The New Deal

    • D.

      The Domino Theory

    Correct Answer
    A. NSC 68
    Explanation
    NSC 68 is the correct answer because it was a report issued by the National Security Council in 1950. This report recommended that the USA increase military spending and the development of the hydrogen bomb. It was a significant document in shaping the country's policy during the Cold War.

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  • 6. 

    In February of 1950, Mao and Stalin signed a 30-year Treaty of Friendship ad Mutual Assistance with the USSR. This was a preceded (came before) the invasion of south Korea. The invasion was led by _________ in ___________.  

    • A.

      Mao...June 25, 1953

    • B.

      Stalin ... June 25, 1950

    • C.

      Kim Il Sung... June 25, 1950

    • D.

      MacAurthur ... June 25, 1953

    Correct Answer
    C. Kim Il Sung... June 25, 1950
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kim Il Sung... June 25, 1950. The question is asking about the leader who led the invasion of South Korea. The Treaty of Friendship and Mutual Assistance was signed between Mao and Stalin in February 1950, which preceded the invasion. Therefore, it was Kim Il Sung who led the invasion on June 25, 1950.

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  • 7. 

    By 1952, the USA developed its first hydrogen bomb, and by ___________, the USSR had also developed theirs. 

    • A.

      1953

    • B.

      1955

    • C.

      1957

    • D.

      1960

    Correct Answer
    A. 1953
    Explanation
    In 1952, the USA developed its first hydrogen bomb, indicating significant progress in their nuclear weapons program. Therefore, it can be inferred that by 1953, the USSR had also developed their own hydrogen bomb, as both countries were engaged in a nuclear arms race during the Cold War.

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  • 8. 

    The Korean War officially ended with an _________________, or an agreement to stop fighting, in _________________. However, no official peace treaty was ever signed. 

    • A.

      Surrender.....July 27, 1953

    • B.

      Armistice ....July 27, 1953

    • C.

      Contract.....June 25, 1960

    • D.

      Armistice...July 27, 1965

    Correct Answer
    B. Armistice ....July 27, 1953
    Explanation
    The Korean War officially ended with an armistice, or an agreement to stop fighting, in July 27, 1953. However, no official peace treaty was ever signed.

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  • 9. 

    During the Cold War, a tense crisis occurred when the USA and the USSR came to the brink of nuclear war. The closest they came to actual use of nuclear weapons is referred to as the __________________________. 

    • A.

      Brinkmanship of War

    • B.

      Jupiter Crisis

    • C.

      Vietnam War

    • D.

      Cuban Missile Crisis

    Correct Answer
    D. Cuban Missile Crisis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Cuban Missile Crisis. This crisis refers to the closest the USA and the USSR came to using nuclear weapons during the Cold War. It occurred when the USSR placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, which was seen as a direct threat to the USA. Tensions escalated, and the world was on the brink of nuclear war. Eventually, a diplomatic solution was reached, and the crisis was averted.

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  • 10. 

    The ____________________ was a USA Foreign Policy concept created in 1823 that stated that the USA could intervene if a neighboring country in the south was threatened by a foreign power. Initially created to keep the French out, the policy was used in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis. 

    • A.

      New Look

    • B.

      Monroe Doctrine

    • C.

      Platt Amendment

    • D.

      Good Neighbor

    Correct Answer
    B. Monroe Doctrine
    Explanation
    The Monroe Doctrine was a USA Foreign Policy concept created in 1823 that stated that the USA could intervene if a neighboring country in the south was threatened by a foreign power. Initially created to keep the French out, the policy was used in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Monroe Doctrine is a significant part of American history and foreign policy, as it established the United States as a dominant power in the Western Hemisphere and set the precedent for future interventions and interventions in the region.

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  • 11. 

    The USA had been directly involved in the coups and placement of powers in governments in Guatemala, and when the revolution in Cuba occurred, the USA, under John F. Kennedy, attempted to back another such coup. This occurred when the CIA backed Cuban refugees in an attempt to take back Cuba in April of 1961. This attempted and failed Coup called, _____________________, ended with the USA paying $53 million in ransom for the release of the soldiers. 

    • A.

      Cuban Missile Crisis

    • B.

      Bay of Pigs

    • C.

      Turkish Skirmish

    • D.

      Havana Hash

    Correct Answer
    B. Bay of Pigs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bay of Pigs. The Bay of Pigs refers to the failed CIA-backed invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles in April 1961. The invasion was an attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro's government and establish a pro-American regime. The operation ended in failure, with the Cuban forces successfully repelling the invasion. As a result, the United States had to negotiate with the Cuban government and pay a ransom of $53 million for the release of the captured soldiers.

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  • 12. 

    In 1960, after the communist revolution in Cuba, American-owned refineries refused to process Soviet oil in their factories. This led to the refineries becoming _________________, and Castro eventually signed trade agreements with countries in the Soviet bloc. This spurs Eisenhower on (created tension) and he ends all ___________ purchases from Cuba. 

    • A.

      Privatized.....oil

    • B.

      Privatized....tobacco

    • C.

      Nationalized ... oil

    • D.

      Nationalized...sugar

    Correct Answer
    D. Nationalized...sugar
    Explanation
    After the American-owned refineries refused to process Soviet oil, the Cuban government decided to take control of these refineries and make them state-owned, which is known as nationalization. As a result, the refineries became nationalized. Castro then signed trade agreements with countries in the Soviet bloc for the export of sugar, which became a major industry in Cuba. This tension between the United States and Cuba prompted Eisenhower to impose a complete ban on purchasing Cuban sugar.

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  • 13. 

    By 1962, Cuba had a new alliance with the Soviet Union when the USSR leader, ____________, saw an opportunity to return the balance of power between the USA and the Soviets by placing Soviet Missiles in Cuba. 

    • A.

      Kruschev

    • B.

      Stalin

    • C.

      Lenin

    • D.

      Brezhnev

    Correct Answer
    A. Kruschev
    Explanation
    In 1962, Cuba formed a new alliance with the Soviet Union under the leadership of Kruschev. Kruschev saw an opportunity to restore the balance of power between the USA and the Soviets by placing Soviet Missiles in Cuba. This move was a response to the United States' placement of missiles in Turkey and Italy, which threatened the USSR. The placement of Soviet Missiles in Cuba led to the Cuban Missile Crisis, a tense standoff between the USA and the Soviet Union that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

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  • 14. 

    The Cuban Missile Crisis lasted for _________________. 

    • A.

      13 years

    • B.

      13 months

    • C.

      13 days

    • D.

      13 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. 13 days
    Explanation
    During the Cuban Missile Crisis, which occurred in October 1962, tensions escalated between the United States and the Soviet Union when the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba. This standoff lasted for 13 days, as both sides engaged in intense negotiations and brinkmanship. The crisis ended when the U.S. agreed not to invade Cuba and the Soviets agreed to remove their missiles from the island. The 13-day duration of the crisis accurately reflects the time span of this high-stakes confrontation.

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  • 15. 

    The Cuban Missile Crisis ended with a suggestion by Alexander Fomin that the USA would remove their missiles from _____________ if the USSR removed their missiles from Cuba. Eventually, though in secret, this was agreed to and ended the threat of war. A ______________ was set up for direct communication between the Kremlin and the White House to prevent such a crisis in the future. 

    • A.

      Italy...Test Ban Treaty

    • B.

      Cuba....Test Ban Treaty

    • C.

      Turkey...hot line

    • D.

      Italy....hot line

    Correct Answer
    C. Turkey...hot line
    Explanation
    During the Cuban Missile Crisis, Alexander Fomin suggested that the USA would remove their missiles from Turkey if the USSR removed their missiles from Cuba. This suggestion was eventually agreed upon in secret, leading to the resolution of the crisis and the removal of the threat of war. In order to prevent such a crisis from happening again in the future, a "hot line" was established between the Kremlin and the White House. This direct communication channel allowed for quick and direct communication between the two superpowers, helping to prevent misunderstandings and potential conflicts.

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  • 16. 

    The Leader of a failed Communist Revolution in 1953 Cuba was _____________. He later led a successful revolution with Che Guevera. 

    • A.

      Fidel Castro

    • B.

      Fulgencio Batista

    • C.

      Jose Antoni

    • D.

      Marcos Leza

    Correct Answer
    A. Fidel Castro
    Explanation
    Fidel Castro was the leader of a failed Communist Revolution in 1953 Cuba. He later led a successful revolution with Che Guevara. Castro's failed revolution occurred on July 26, 1953, when he and a group of rebels attacked the Moncada Barracks in an attempt to overthrow the government of Fulgencio Batista. Although the attack was unsuccessful and Castro was captured, it marked the beginning of his revolutionary career. After being released from prison, Castro went on to lead the successful Cuban Revolution, which culminated in the overthrow of Batista's regime in 1959.

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  • 17. 

    The ________________________ was a part of the Cuban Constitution made in 1901 which stated that the USA could oversee all Cuban Affairs. Though this ends in practice in 1933, the Amendment shows how much control the USA had over Cuba before 1959. 

    • A.

      Roosevelt Corrollary

    • B.

      Good Neighbor Policy

    • C.

      Platt Amendment

    • D.

      Monroe Doctrine

    Correct Answer
    C. Platt Amendment
    Explanation
    The Platt Amendment was a part of the Cuban Constitution made in 1901 which stated that the USA could oversee all Cuban Affairs. Though this ends in practice in 1933, the Amendment shows how much control the USA had over Cuba before 1959.

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  • 18. 

    In order to stop Soviet ships from entering Cuba and delivering more missiles, the USA decided to block ships from entering Cuba. Kennedy called this blockade a "________________."

    • A.

      Naval dance

    • B.

      Game of nerves

    • C.

      Battleship match

    • D.

      Quarantine

    Correct Answer
    D. Quarantine
    Explanation
    During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the USA implemented a blockade to prevent Soviet ships from delivering more missiles to Cuba. This blockade was referred to as a "quarantine" by President Kennedy. The term "quarantine" implies that the purpose of the blockade was to isolate and contain the threat posed by the Soviet ships, similar to how a quarantine is used to isolate individuals who may be carrying a contagious disease.

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  • 19. 

    In 1934, a Right-wing dictator is placed in Cuba named ________________________. He eventually is overthrown by ____________________ and Che Guevera.

    • A.

      Urrutia ....Fidel Castro

    • B.

      Gen. Fulgencio Batista....Fidel Castro

    • C.

      Fidel Castro....Urritia

    • D.

      Fulgencio Batista....Cardona

    Correct Answer
    B. Gen. Fulgencio Batista....Fidel Castro
    Explanation
    In 1934, a Right-wing dictator named Gen. Fulgencio Batista is placed in Cuba. He is eventually overthrown by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.

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  • 20. 

    In 1945, a leader of the north Vietnamese named _______________, declared itself Independent from its colonial power, France. 

    • A.

      Syngman Rhee

    • B.

      Ngo Diem

    • C.

      Diem Phu

    • D.

      Ho Chi Minh

    Correct Answer
    D. Ho Chi Minh
    Explanation
    Ho Chi Minh was a leader of the north Vietnamese who declared independence from France in 1945. He played a crucial role in the Vietnamese struggle for independence and was a key figure in the formation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh's declaration of independence marked a significant moment in Vietnamese history and set the stage for the Vietnam War.

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  • 21. 

    The north Vietnamese nationalists and communists were called __________________. 

    • A.

      Viet Cong

    • B.

      Viet Minh

    • C.

      National Liberation Front

    • D.

      Diem Bien Phu

    Correct Answer
    B. Viet Minh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Viet Minh. The Viet Minh was a political organization formed in 1941 by Vietnamese nationalists and communists to fight against French colonial rule. They played a significant role in the First Indochina War and eventually led to the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The Viet Cong, on the other hand, was a separate communist guerrilla group formed during the Vietnam War. The National Liberation Front was a political organization that included the Viet Cong and other groups fighting against the South Vietnamese government and its allies. Diem Bien Phu refers to a battle during the First Indochina War.

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  • 22. 

    One of the reasons for the USA escalating its involvement in the Vietnam Conflict was because of Foreign Policy under Johnson. Johnson believed in  the _______________, which said that if one country fell to communism, then others would quickly fall thereafter. 

    • A.

      Containment

    • B.

      Rolling Thunder

    • C.

      Domino Theory

    • D.

      New Deal

    Correct Answer
    C. Domino Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Domino Theory. The Domino Theory was a belief held by the United States during the Cold War era that if one country in Southeast Asia fell to communism, then neighboring countries would also fall like a row of dominoes. This theory was used to justify the US involvement in the Vietnam Conflict, as they feared that if South Vietnam fell to communism, it would lead to the spread of communism throughout the region.

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  • 23. 

    Below the 17th Parallel, the communist nationalists, who sympathized with the north and fought for them, were called the ____________________. 

    • A.

      National Liberation Front, or Viet Cong

    • B.

      Viet Minh

    • C.

      National Freedom Fighters, or Viet Minh

    • D.

      National Freedom Soldiers, or NFS

    Correct Answer
    A. National Liberation Front, or Viet Cong
    Explanation
    The correct answer is National Liberation Front, or Viet Cong. The National Liberation Front (NLF) was a political organization and army that fought against the South Vietnamese government and its American allies during the Vietnam War. They were also known as the Viet Cong, a term used by the South Vietnamese government and the United States to refer to them. The Viet Cong operated mainly in the southern part of Vietnam and were supported by the communist government in North Vietnam.

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  • 24. 

    Under USA President Eisenhower's Foreign Policy called "__________________," the slogan "more bang for your buck" became popular because of the military expansion and building of new nuclear weapons meant more military might to fight the potential threat of communism. 

    • A.

      Good Neighbor

    • B.

      Monroe Doctrine

    • C.

      Roosevelt Corrollary

    • D.

      New Look

    Correct Answer
    D. New Look
    Explanation
    Under USA President Eisenhower's Foreign Policy called "New Look," the slogan "more bang for your buck" became popular because of the military expansion and building of new nuclear weapons meant more military might to fight the potential threat of communism. The New Look policy emphasized the use of nuclear weapons as a deterrent to aggression, allowing for a reduction in conventional military forces and a focus on cost-effective defense strategies. This approach aimed to maintain a strong defense while also reducing military spending, hence the popularity of the slogan "more bang for your buck."

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  • 25. 

    In the policy, _______________,  recommended by Secretary of State, J.F. Dulles, the USA would drive an enemy to the edge of war and force them to retreat. This was similar to the Eisenhower spending policy on the military expansion to keep the balance of power in the USA's favor. 

    • A.

      Edge of command

    • B.

      Brinkmanship

    • C.

      Disaster retreat

    • D.

      New Look

    Correct Answer
    B. Brinkmanship
    Explanation
    Brinkmanship is the correct answer because it refers to the policy recommended by Secretary of State J.F. Dulles, where the USA would push an enemy to the brink of war in order to force them to back down. This policy was similar to Eisenhower's military expansion policy, known as the New Look, which aimed to maintain the balance of power in favor of the USA.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • May 15, 2014
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    Carolyn.reeb
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