Indian Polity And Governance! Trivia Questions Quiz

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Indian Polity And Governance! Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

The fight for Indians freedom is one that is remembered throughout history thanks to some outstanding people who knew that violence was not the way forward. How much do you know about Indian polity and governance? Do you know why the constitution was formed, what period India was going through and what the contents mean for the people? Take this trivia questions quiz and get to refresh your understanding on all of them.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following exercised the most profound influence in framing the Constitution?

    • A.

      The government of India Act , 1935

    • B.

      British Constitution

    • C.

      US Constitution

    • D.

      Irish Constitution

    Correct Answer
    A. The government of India Act , 1935
    Explanation
    The Government of India Act, 1935 exercised the most profound influence in framing the Constitution because it was a significant piece of legislation that laid the foundation for the constitutional framework in India. It provided for the establishment of a federal structure, introduced the concept of provincial autonomy, and granted certain fundamental rights to the people. The Act also established a bicameral legislature and introduced the principle of responsible government. Many of these provisions and principles were later incorporated into the Indian Constitution, making the Government of India Act, 1935 a crucial influence in its framing.

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  • 2. 

    The First attempt to introduce a representative and popular element in the governance of India was made through

    • A.

      Indian Council Act , 1861

    • B.

      Indian Council Act , 1892

    • C.

      Indian Council Act , 1909

    • D.

      Government of India , 1919

    Correct Answer
    A. Indian Council Act , 1861
    Explanation
    The Indian Council Act of 1861 was the first attempt to introduce a representative and popular element in the governance of India. This act expanded the legislative council and allowed for the inclusion of non-official members. It also provided for the establishment of legislative councils in the provinces, although these councils had limited powers. While it did not fully satisfy the demands for representative government, it laid the foundation for future reforms and marked the beginning of a gradual process towards greater Indian participation in governance.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the Following Acts introduced communal electorate in India?

    • A.

      Indian Council Act , 1861

    • B.

      Indian Council Act , 1892

    • C.

      Indian Council Act , 1909

    • D.

      Governance of India Act , 1935

    Correct Answer
    C. Indian Council Act , 1909
    Explanation
    The Indian Councils Act 1909 commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India.

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  • 4. 

    By virtue of which Act, Di-Archy was introduced in India?

    • A.

      Indian Council Act ,1909

    • B.

      Government of India Act , 1919

    • C.

      Government of India Act , 1935

    • D.

      Indian Independence Act , 1947

    Correct Answer
    B. Government of India Act , 1919
    Explanation
    The Government of India Act, 1919 introduced Diarchy in India. Diarchy was a system of dual government where some powers were devolved to elected Indian ministers while the British still retained control over important matters. This act was a significant step towards increasing Indian participation in the governance of the country and laid the foundation for further constitutional reforms. It introduced separate electorates, expanded the legislative councils, and gave more powers to the provincial governments. However, the act did not meet the demands of the Indian National Congress for complete self-government, leading to further agitation and demands for independence.

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  • 5. 

    The instrument of instructions contained in the constitution of India in the year 1950 as

    • A.

      Fundamental Rights

    • B.

      Directive Principles of the states

    • C.

      Fundamental Duties

    • D.

      Emergency Provision

    Correct Answer
    D. Emergency Provision
    Explanation
    The instrument of instructions contained in the constitution of India in the year 1950 includes Emergency Provisions. These provisions are outlined in Article 352 to 360 of the Indian Constitution and grant the President of India the power to declare a state of emergency in the country in case of external aggression or internal disturbances. During an emergency, certain fundamental rights can be suspended, and the central government gains additional powers to deal with the situation effectively. These provisions ensure the preservation of national security and the smooth functioning of the government during times of crisis.

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  • 6. 

    The Government of India Act , 1935 was based on 

    • A.

      The Principles of federation and Parliamentary system

    • B.

      The principles of succession of the British Indian provinces

    • C.

      Acceptance of the Idea of a constituent Assembly to draft a constitution

    • D.

      None of above

    Correct Answer
    A. The Principles of federation and Parliamentary system
    Explanation
    The Government of India Act, 1935 was based on the principles of federation and parliamentary system. This act aimed to introduce a federal structure in India by dividing powers between the central government and the provinces. It also established a parliamentary system with a bicameral legislature consisting of the Federal Assembly and the Council of State. The act also provided for the establishment of provincial autonomy and introduced the concept of responsible government at the provincial level. Overall, the act aimed to create a framework for self-governance in India while still maintaining British control.

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  • 7. 

    The monopoly of Indian trade of the East India Company was abolished by the 

    • A.

      Regulating Act , 1773

    • B.

      Charter Act , 1813

    • C.

      Charter Act , 1833

    • D.

      Government of India Act , 1858

    Correct Answer
    B. Charter Act , 1813
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Charter Act, 1813. The Charter Act of 1813 was passed by the British Parliament and it significantly changed the structure and powers of the East India Company. One of the key provisions of this act was the abolition of the monopoly of Indian trade held by the East India Company. This meant that other British traders were now allowed to trade with India, breaking the Company's exclusive control over Indian trade. This act marked a shift towards more liberal trade policies and increased competition in the Indian market.

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  • 8. 

    Consider the following Acts :
    1. The Regulating Act 
    2. Pitt's India Act
    3. The charter Act
    4. Indian Council Act
    Which is the Correct Chronological Sequence of these Acts?

    • A.

      1,2,3,4

    • B.

      2,1,3,4

    • C.

      4,3,2,1

    • D.

      3,4,2,1

    Correct Answer
    A. 1,2,3,4
    Explanation
    The correct chronological sequence of these Acts is 1,2,3,4. This means that the Regulating Act came first, followed by Pitt's India Act, then the charter Act, and finally the Indian Council Act.

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  • 9. 

    With reference to the colonial period of India , the trade monopoly of the East India Company was ended by

    • A.

      The regulating Act of 1773

    • B.

      Pitt's India Act of 1784

    • C.

      The charter Act of 1813

    • D.

      The charter Act of 1833

    Correct Answer
    C. The charter Act of 1813
    Explanation
    The charter Act of 1813 ended the trade monopoly of the East India Company. This act was passed by the British Parliament and it allowed Indian trade to be opened up to other British companies. Prior to this act, the East India Company had a monopoly on trade with India, which gave them immense power and control over the country. However, the charter Act of 1813 changed this by allowing other British companies to trade with India, thereby ending the East India Company's monopoly.

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  • 10. 

    The first definite step to provide Parliamentary Control over East India Company was taken by 

    • A.

      The Regulating Act , 1773

    • B.

      The Pitt's India Act , 1784

    • C.

      The charter Act of 1793

    • D.

      The charter Act of 1813

    Correct Answer
    A. The Regulating Act , 1773
    Explanation
    The first definite step to provide Parliamentary Control over East India Company was taken by The Regulating Act, 1773. This act was passed by the British Parliament in order to address the issues of corruption and mismanagement within the East India Company. It established a Governor-General of Bengal and a Supreme Court in Calcutta, and required the Company to submit regular reports to the British government. The act aimed to bring more accountability and oversight to the Company's activities in India, marking the beginning of parliamentary control over the Company.

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