Jarvis Questions On Nutritional Assessment! Quiz

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 568

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Jarvis Questions On Nutritional Assessment! Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Pasqual and Santos, Portugal immigrants, who work as fishermen with Peter Griffin. These men are new to the U.S., do not speak English, and due to their heavy occupational workload have depleted nutritional reserves. They are at most risk for:
    • A. 

      Obesity

    • B. 

      MAMA

    • C. 

      Overnutrition

    • D. 

      Undernutrition

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Can lead to sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Being overweight during childhood and adolescence is associated with increased risk for becoming overweight during adulthood

    • C. 

      In adults, obesity is defined as a BMI of 25 or more

    • D. 

      Overnutrition can lead to certain cancers

    • E. 

      Overnutrition is caused by the consumption of nutrients in excess of body needs

  • 3. 
    Black women typically have lower _____ than white women.
    • A. 

      Weight

    • B. 

      Hematocrit levels

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin levels

    • D. 

      Creatinine levels

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    True or False:The 3-day food records is not affected by culture because food is a universal phenomenon and food is eaten by every culture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The purpose of a nutritional assessment does not include which of the following:
    • A. 

      Identify individuals who are malnourished

    • B. 

      Provide data for designing a nutition plan of care that will prevent or minimize the development of malnutrition

    • C. 

      Identifying those who are at risk for malnutrition

    • D. 

      Establish a baseline data for evaluating the efficacy of nutritional care

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Is performed for all patients

    • B. 

      Includes dietary history and clinical information

    • C. 

      Includes physical examination

    • D. 

      Includes anthropometric measures

    • E. 

      Includes laboratory tests

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Stalking your patient

    • B. 

      Food frequency questionnaire

    • C. 

      3-day food diary

    • D. 

      24-hour recall

    • E. 

      Direct observation

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Snack items and the use of gravies, sauces, and condiments may be underreported

    • B. 

      The individual or family member may not be able to recall the type or amount of food eaten

    • C. 

      The truth may be altered for various reasons

    • D. 

      The intake within the last 24 hours may be atypical of usual intake

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is a common draw back to the food frequency questionnaire?
    • A. 

      Noncompliance

    • B. 

      Atypical intake on the recording day

    • C. 

      Conscious alteration of diet during the recording period

    • D. 

      It does not quantify amount of intake

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Amenorrhea, which is assocated with nutritional deficiency, is
    • A. 

      The term that refers to the Islamic dietary laws

    • B. 

      Deficiency of dietary supplements

    • C. 

      A side effect of the use of anabolic steroids

    • D. 

      Agents that are often substituted for nutritious food

    • E. 

      Absence of menstrual flow

  • 11. 
    True or False:Individuals with DM are twice as likely to have nutritional deficits.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Daily Reference Intakes

    • B. 

      Dietary Guidlines

    • C. 

      Food Guide Pyramid

    • D. 

      Nutritional Screening Intiative

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Someone who is cachectic:
    • A. 

      Has fat and muscle wasting

    • B. 

      Is obese

    • C. 

      Lives a sedentary lifestyle

    • D. 

      Lives an active lifestyle

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    True or False:Clinical signs are early manifestations of malnutrition. Deficiencies are comprehensivley readily detectable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Anthropometry is:
    • A. 

      Absent menstrual cycles

    • B. 

      A measurement and evaluation of growth, development, and body composition

    • C. 

      A serious side effect of steroids which affects, among other areas, the skin, eyes, and gums

    • D. 

      Scanty menstrual flow

    • E. 

      An abnormally large head circumference, which often signifies disease

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a common location for anthropometry:
    • A. 

      Height

    • B. 

      Triceps skinfold thickness

    • C. 

      Elbow breadth

    • D. 

      Arm and head circumferences

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Percent ideal body weight = (ideal weight/current weight) x 703

    • B. 

      Percent ideal body weight = (ideal weight/100) x current weight

    • C. 

      Percent ideal body weight = (current weight/ideal weight) x 100

    • D. 

      Percent ideal body weight = (ideal weight/current weight) x 100

    • E. 

      Percent ideal body weight = (current weight/ideal weight) x 703

  • 18. 
    A body weight (as a percentage of ideal body weight) of 89% is considered to be:
    • A. 

      Healthy

    • B. 

      Mild malnutrition

    • C. 

      Moderate malnutrition

    • D. 

      Severe malnutrition

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    Percent usual body weight is calculated as:
    • A. 

      Percent body weight = (current weight/usual weight) x 100

    • B. 

      Percent body weight = (usual weight/current weight) x 100

    • C. 

      Percent body weight = (current weight/usual weight) x 703

    • D. 

      Percent body weight = (current weight/usual weight) x 307

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    A BMI of 27 is considered to be which of the following?
    • A. 

      Underweight

    • B. 

      Normal weight

    • C. 

      Overweight

    • D. 

      Obese

    • E. 

      Sexy

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Body weight as a percentage of ideal weigth

    • B. 

      Percentage usual body weight

    • C. 

      Waist-to-hip ratio

    • D. 

      Percentage of recent weight change

    • E. 

      Body mass index

  • 22. 
    Which of the following assesses body fat distribution as an indicator of health risk?
    • A. 

      Body mass index

    • B. 

      Body weight as a percentage of ideal body weight

    • C. 

      Anthropometry

    • D. 

      Waist-to-hip ratio

    • E. 

      Percentage usual body weight

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Biceps skinfold (BSF)

    • B. 

      Gluteal skinfold (GSF)

    • C. 

      Suprailiac skinfold

    • D. 

      Subcapsular skinfold

    • E. 

      Triceps skinfold (TSF)

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Mid-upper arm circumference (MAC) + Triceps skinfold (TSF)

    • B. 

      Biceps skinfold (BSF) + Triceps skinfold (TSF)

    • C. 

      Body mass index (BMI) + Biceps skinfold (BSF)

    • D. 

      Triceps skinfold (TSF) + Body mass index (BMI)

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    The mid-upper arm muscle circumference (MAMC) estimates
    • A. 

      Smooth muscle reserves

    • B. 

      The amount of lean body mass

    • C. 

      Skeletal muscle reserves

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 26. 
    The most accurate way to determine frame size is:
    • A. 

      Wrist breadth

    • B. 

      Shoulder breadth

    • C. 

      Elbow breadth

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 27. 
    At approximately what age does height begin slowly declining?
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      40

    • D. 

      50

    • E. 

      65

  • 28. 
    A hemoglobin level of 12 g/dl is:
    • A. 

      Is abnormal for an adult male

    • B. 

      May be an indication of iron anemia

    • C. 

      Normal for adult women

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      This lab result should be interpreted with hemoglobin level results

    • B. 

      Hematocrit is a measure of cell volume

    • C. 

      Hematocrit is an indicator of iron status

    • D. 

      This suggests a risk for coronary artery disease

    • E. 

      This is a normal finding for an adult woman

  • 30. 
    True or False:Total cholesterol (screens for hyperlipidemia) and serum triglycerides (TGs) (measured to evaluate fat metabolism) both assess the risk for coronary artery disease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Measures cell volume

    • B. 

      Is the most commonly used tests of immune function

    • C. 

      Is an indicator of visceral protein status

    • D. 

      Suggests the status of cellular immune function

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Is an early indicator of protein malnutrition

    • B. 

      Measures parietal protein status

    • C. 

      Is more sensitive indicator than serum tranferrin tests

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Serves as a transport protein for T4

    • B. 

      Serves as a retinol-binding protein

    • C. 

      Is a plasma protein marker of inflammatory status

    • D. 

      Is sensitive to acute changes in protein status

    • E. 

      Is sensitive to sudden demands on protein synthesis

  • 34. 
    C-reactive protein (CRP) :
    • A. 

      Montors metabolic stress

    • B. 

      Is produced by the kidneys

    • C. 

      Is commonly detected in general blood tests

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 35. 
    Which test can provide an indicator of when to begin nutritional support in cirtically ill patients?
    • A. 

      Triglycerides

    • B. 

      Prealbumin

    • C. 

      Nitrogen balance

    • D. 

      Serum transferrin

    • E. 

      C-reactive protein

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Used as an index of protein nutritional status

    • B. 

      Nitrogen is released with the anabolism of amino acids

    • C. 

      Nitrogen is extreted in the urine as urea

    • D. 

      It can indicate whether the person is anabolic (positive nigrogen balance)

    • E. 

      It can indicate whether the person is catabolic (negative nigrogen balance)

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Is a method of estimating the amount of net fat on the body

    • B. 

      Is excreted in a altered form in the urine

    • C. 

      Requires a midstream urine specimen

    • D. 

      Creatine is derived from the breakdown of creatinine.

    • E. 

      Creatinine excreted in urine remains at a constant rate in proportion to the amount of body muscle

  • 38. 
    Who is more prone to sickle-cell anemia?
    • A. 

      European-descent

    • B. 

      African descent

    • C. 

      Asian descent

    • D. 

      American Indian descent

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 39. 
    True or False:At birth, blacks have lower serum cholesterol levels than whites. During childhood blacks have higher serum cholesterol levels than whites. These differences reverse during adulthood, when black adults have lower serum cholesterol levels than white adults.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Marasmus is:
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate-calorie malnutrition

    • B. 

      Results in an obese appearance

    • C. 

      Can lead to bowel obstruction and cancer cachexia

    • D. 

      Results in extreme amounts of fat

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 41. 
    Rickets:
    • A. 

      Is a sign of vitamin D and calcium deficiencies

    • B. 

      Is marked by disorders of cartilage cell growth

    • C. 

      Can lead to osteomalacia in adults

    • D. 

      Results in a bowlegged appearance

    • E. 

      All of the above