The Romans- Use Notes, Book Or Any Other Research You Want

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The Romans- Use Notes, Book Or Any Other Research You Want - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In early Roman society, the basis of wealth was

    • A.

      The peasants

    • B.

      The land

    • C.

      Trade

    • D.

      Precious metals

    Correct Answer
    B. The land
    Explanation
    In early Roman society, the basis of wealth was the land. This is because land ownership was highly valued and considered a symbol of wealth and power. Land provided resources for agriculture, which was the main source of sustenance and economic activity. Owning land meant having control over its produce and being able to generate income from it. Additionally, land ownership granted social status and political influence, as it allowed individuals to participate in the governance and decision-making processes of the society. Therefore, the possession of land was crucial for accumulating wealth and establishing oneself as a prominent figure in early Roman society.

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  • 2. 

    The term for Roman senators was

    • A.

      1 year

    • B.

      5 years

    • C.

      10 years

    • D.

      Life

    Correct Answer
    D. Life
    Explanation
    The term for Roman senators was for life. Unlike modern democracies where terms are limited, Roman senators held their positions for life once they were appointed. This allowed for stability and continuity within the Roman Senate, as experienced senators could continue to serve and provide their expertise and knowledge. It also ensured that the Senate remained a prestigious and influential body, as membership was a lifelong honor.

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  • 3. 

    In early Rome, women were legally considered

    • A.

      Nearly equal to men

    • B.

      Children

    • C.

      Superior to men

    • D.

      Equal to poor men

    Correct Answer
    B. Children
    Explanation
    In early Rome, women were legally considered as children. This means that they did not have the same rights and privileges as adult men. They were not seen as equal to men in the eyes of the law and were treated more like dependents or minors. This was a common practice in many ancient societies where women had limited autonomy and were subject to the authority and control of male relatives.

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  • 4. 

    Why did cities in the later Roman Republic have to import grain?

    • A.

      There was a large population explosion

    • B.

      Foreign grain was of higher quality

    • C.

      The large landowners preferred to grow cash crops

    • D.

      Roman religion forbade agriculture

    Correct Answer
    C. The large landowners preferred to grow cash crops
    Explanation
    During the later Roman Republic, cities had to import grain because the large landowners preferred to grow cash crops. These landowners, who held significant power and influence, prioritized cultivating crops that would generate more profit, such as olives, grapes, and other cash crops. As a result, there was less land available for growing grain, leading to a shortage of this essential food source. To meet the demands of the growing population, cities had to rely on importing grain from other regions.

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  • 5. 

    Early Rome was ruled by Etruscan kings

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in the early stages of Rome, it was indeed ruled by Etruscan kings. The Etruscans were a civilization that inhabited the region of Etruria, which is present-day Tuscany in Italy. They exerted significant influence over Rome, including their political system and culture. The Etruscan kings ruled over Rome for several centuries before the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BCE.

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  • 6. 

    Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Caesar was indeed assassinated in 44 BC. This event took place on March 15, 44 BC, also known as the Ides of March. Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, was stabbed to death by a group of senators led by Brutus and Cassius. This act of assassination marked a significant turning point in Roman history and had far-reaching consequences.

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  • 7. 

    Augustus became known as Octavian

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Augustus did not become known as Octavian. In fact, it was the other way around. Octavian was his birth name, and he later took the name Augustus when he became the first Roman emperor. So, the statement is false.

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  • 8. 

    Caesar defeated Pompey after he crossed the Rubicon River

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Caesar defeated Pompey after he crossed the Rubicon River. This statement is true. The Rubicon River was the boundary between Gaul (modern-day France) and Italy, and crossing it with an army was considered an act of treason. By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar defied the Roman Senate and initiated a civil war against Pompey and his supporters. Ultimately, Caesar emerged victorious, solidifying his power and establishing himself as the sole ruler of Rome.

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  • 9. 

    The Second Triumvirate was made up of Octavian, Brutus and Marc Antony

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Second Triumvirate was not made up of Octavian, Brutus, and Marc Antony. The correct members of the Second Triumvirate were Octavian (later known as Augustus), Marc Antony, and Lepidus. Brutus, on the other hand, was one of the conspirators involved in the assassination of Julius Caesar.

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  • 10. 

    Emperor Constantine was the first emperor that was ________?

    • A.

      Hindu

    • B.

      Christian

    • C.

      Jewish

    • D.

      Muslim

    Correct Answer
    B. Christian
    Explanation
    Emperor Constantine was the first emperor that was Christian because he played a crucial role in the establishment of Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire. He issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, which granted religious freedom to Christians and ended the persecution they faced. Constantine himself converted to Christianity and actively supported the growth of the Christian Church. He convened the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, which resulted in the formulation of the Nicene Creed and the establishment of important Christian doctrines. Constantine's reign marked a significant turning point in the history of Christianity.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following important people was adopted by Julius Caesar?

    • A.

      Claudius

    • B.

      Constantine

    • C.

      Octavian

    • D.

      Hannibal

    Correct Answer
    C. Octavian
    Explanation
    Octavian was adopted by Julius Caesar. Octavian, also known as Augustus, was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar. After Caesar's assassination, Octavian became his heir and eventually became the first Roman Emperor. The adoption was a strategic move by Caesar to secure his legacy and ensure a smooth transition of power. Octavian went on to establish the Roman Empire and is considered one of the most important figures in Roman history.

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  • 12. 

    Every year the senate chose how many consuls?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The question asks how many consuls the senate chooses every year. The correct answer is 2 because in ancient Rome, the senate would elect two consuls to serve as the highest-ranking officials in the government. These consuls would hold executive power and were responsible for leading the Roman Republic. By choosing two consuls, the senate aimed to ensure a balance of power and prevent any one individual from gaining too much control.

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  • 13. 

    Who had absolute power in a Roman family household?

    • A.

      The mother

    • B.

      The father

    • C.

      The grandparents

    • D.

      The children

    Correct Answer
    B. The father
    Explanation
    In a Roman family household, the father had absolute power. This is because Roman society was patriarchal, meaning that the father was the head of the household and had complete authority over his wife, children, and other family members. He was responsible for making all major decisions, managing the family's finances, and enforcing discipline. The father's power was legally recognized, and he had the final say in all matters concerning the family.

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  • 14. 

    What two groups made up society in the Roman Republic?

    • A.

      Warriors and slaves

    • B.

      Patricians and Plebeians

    • C.

      Rich and Poor

    • D.

      Tribunes and Senators

    Correct Answer
    B. Patricians and Plebeians
    Explanation
    In the Roman Republic, society was divided into two main groups: Patricians and Plebeians. The Patricians were the wealthy and powerful aristocrats who held all the political and social power. They were the ruling class and controlled most of the land and resources. On the other hand, the Plebeians were the common people, including farmers, merchants, and artisans. They had limited rights and were often excluded from political power. This division between the Patricians and Plebeians was a significant source of conflict and led to the establishment of various reforms and institutions to protect the rights of the Plebeians.

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  • 15. 

    Who made up the First Triumvirate?

    • A.

      Caesar, Crassus, Pompey

    • B.

      Octavian ,Lepidus,Antony

    • C.

      Caesar,Octavian,Crassus

    • D.

      Antony,Octavian,Crassus

    Correct Answer
    A. Caesar, Crassus, Pompey
    Explanation
    Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey made up the First Triumvirate. The First Triumvirate was a political alliance formed in ancient Rome in 60 BCE. Julius Caesar, a military general and statesman, joined forces with Crassus, a wealthy Roman businessman, and Pompey, a renowned military leader. Together, they aimed to consolidate their power and influence in Roman politics. This alliance allowed them to control the Roman government and make decisions collectively, effectively sidelining the Senate. However, the alliance eventually dissolved due to conflicts and power struggles among its members.

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  • Jul 02, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 18, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Jencla
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