Multiple Choice Test On Bentley Ch. 11 Rome

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 954

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Multiple Choice Test On Bentley Ch. 11 Rome

The Roman Empire is one of the most interesting ones yet and was seen as a force to be reckoned with in ancient years. Do you know that the first ever shopping mall was built in Rome between 107 and 110 AD by Emperor Trajan? Take up the multiple-choice test on Bentley Ch. 11 to learn more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Roman republic was dominated by
    • A. 

      Patricians

    • B. 

      Plebians

    • C. 

      Democratic leaders

    • D. 

      Merchants

  • 2. 
    The rise of private armies directly threatened the existence of the Roman republic. Which of the following men did NOT command private armies?
    • A. 

      Gaius Marius

    • B. 

      The Gracchi brothers

    • C. 

      Lucius Cornelius Sulla

    • D. 

      Julius Caesar

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Roman family?
    • A. 

      Fathers supervised the domestic and business affairs of the family

    • B. 

      A family meant an entire household, including slaves, servants, and relatives

    • C. 

      Children could be sold into slavery

    • D. 

      Slavery was not permanent and many slaves were treated as family members

  • 4. 
    What does the author mean by referring to the Mediterranean as a "Roman lake"?
    • A. 

      By installing numerous breakwater constructions, the Romans were able to calm the seas of the Mediterranean and make them as calm as a lake

    • B. 

      Romans established ports around the entire perimeter of the Mediterraneans and patrolled the waters, making the region as secure as an inland lake

    • C. 

      The Roman love of water-borne sports spread throughout so that the Mediterranean became a lake playground

    • D. 

      Romans created sea-farming and the Mediterranean could be fished as easily as a lake

  • 5. 
    What were the farthest reaches of the Roman empire at its height?
    • A. 

      Western Europe, Kush, entire Mediterranean basin

    • B. 

      Britain and eastern Europe, Egypt

    • C. 

      China, Persia, and Morocco

    • D. 

      Russia, Mongolia, Tibet

  • 6. 
    In the Imperial expansion, who did military commanders recruit into their armies?
    • A. 

      The rural and urban poor who returned the favor with intense loyalty

    • B. 

      The sons of wealthy landowners who supplied the armies lavishly in exchange for officer commissions

    • C. 

      The extra sons of merchants who paid the commanders to take them off their parents hands

    • D. 

      Orphans and disabled youths who were dispensable and plentiful

  • 7. 
    The early Roman republic dealt with pressures from the plebeians for a voice in government by
    • A. 

      Creating a militaristic government modeled on the Spartan tradition of force and authority

    • B. 

      Creating the office of tribune who had the power to intervene in all political affairs

    • C. 

      Creating the office of dictator to rule Rome in times of crisis and put down plebeian rebellions

    • D. 

      Making the Senate more egalitarian and open to plebeians and patricians alike

  • 8. 
    Rome ultimately benefited from the defeat of Carthage because
    • A. 

      Carthage was a huge naval and trading empire and the Romans were able to absorb and expand that empire and exploit its resources

    • B. 

      Carthage had been raiding Roman cities and outposts along the Mediterranean coast and the banks of the Tiber River for more than 200 years

    • C. 

      Carthage had inherited the Athenian trading network and was using it to pirate Roman sea vessels, especially those sailing from Gaul

    • D. 

      Carthage had joined with the Etruscans to build roads and bridges which rivaled Roman trade routes

  • 9. 
    The Roman policy toward its conquered subjects is called "generous" because
    • A. 

      It allowed them to vote in the assemblies, to petition the tribunes, and to depose the dictator if he was deemed too harsh

    • B. 

      It allowed them to maintain their culture, and gave them the right to trade in Rome and perhaps become Roman citizens

    • C. 

      Compared to the Persian empire, Roman rule was more human and less restrictive to religious freedoms

    • D. 

      The Romans were only interested in the economic wealth of regions they controlled, so they did not require taxes or political loyalty from their conquered subjects

  • 10. 
    The most serious political and social tensions in Rome during the last  years of the republic and the first years of the empire focused on
    • A. 

      Voting rights and patterns

    • B. 

      Military leadership and pay

    • C. 

      Patterns of land distribution

    • D. 

      Patrician versus plebeian conflicts

  • 11. 
    One reason Octavian escaped Caesar's fate was that he
    • A. 

      Had more military victories than his uncle in Gaul and Britain and so had more popular support

    • B. 

      Aligned with Marc Antony and cleopatra at Actium to defeat the enemies of Rome

    • C. 

      Wisely preserved the facade of the republic while cautiously consolidating his power

    • D. 

      Converted to Christianity which brought him renewed public support

  • 12. 
    During the Pax Romana, where was the greatest growth seen in the number of newly founded cities?
    • A. 

      In Egypt, as the Romans relied on the export of grain from that fertile land

    • B. 

      In Syria, as it lay on the trade routes to the east and into Asia

    • C. 

      In the Black Sea region, as the Romans traded for furs and glassware

    • D. 

      In Spain, Gaul, and Britain where cities were first built for government and administrative purposes

  • 13. 
    In what context were Roman slaves most likely to receive manumission?
    • A. 

      After a successful revolt, such as the one led by Spartacus in 73 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      After years of service as an urban slave around the age of thirty

    • C. 

      After successfully completing thirty years of service on the latifundia

    • D. 

      After participating in a successful gladiatorial competition

  • 14. 
    Why were Roan commoners especially attracted to the Hellenistic era religions of salvation?
    • A. 

      The religions of salvation provided a purpose or model for how to live and the promise of a rewarding afterlife

    • B. 

      The religions of salvation were more understandable and simpler to follow than the polytheistic Roman traditions

    • C. 

      The religions of salvation were based on logic and rationality which the Romans highly prized

    • D. 

      The religions of salvation had their origins in early Roman culture and therefore carried the powerful weight of tradition

  • 15. 
    Why did the Jews find it so difficult to abide by Roman law?
    • A. 

      The Romans demanded that everyone in their empire worship the Roman gods and observe roman religious traditions and rites

    • B. 

      The Jews had never been under occupation before, so they had no experience with religious traditions other than their own

    • C. 

      The Jewish religion forbids the worship of any other gods but Yahweh and therefore Jews would not participate in the Roman state cults

    • D. 

      The Jews did not want to pay taxes to Rome without some representation in the Roman government

  • 16. 
    Despite repression by the Roman government, Christianity had great appeal to what group of people throughout the empire?
    • A. 

      Roman tribunes because it allowed them to claim the right to rule from God

    • B. 

      Elite, wealthy romans because Christianity taught the value of hard work and effort to achieve material and spiritual success

    • C. 

      Soldiers because Christianity valued duty, honor, and loyalty above all other values

    • D. 

      Slaves and women because Christianity promised spiritual freedom and eternal reward regardless of status

  • 17. 
    Many early civilizations relied on slavery for economic and/or religious purposes. Which of the following civilizations was MOST dependent on slave labor in its economic realm?
    • A. 

      Egypt

    • B. 

      Maya

    • C. 

      Zhou China

    • D. 

      Rome

  • 18. 
    Rome's most enduring impact was experienced in what region?
    • A. 

      Egypt and north Africa because Rome brought roads to these desert nations which made unification much easier

    • B. 

      Western Europe because Roman rule stimulated trade and agricultural production resulting in urban growth

    • C. 

      Eastern Europe because Roman polytheism replaced the cult of Isis and other cults of salvation

    • D. 

      Greece because Roman religion absorbed the Greek pantheon and justified polytheism

  • 19. 
    The Roman concept of "paterfamilias" as a means of providing order in society was most closely tied to what other civilization's patriarchal structure?
    • A. 

      Han China

    • B. 

      Maya culture

    • C. 

      Pre-Vedic India

    • D. 

      Hellenistic Greece

  • 20. 
    Augustus' government was 
    • A. 

      A republic disguised as a monarchy

    • B. 

      A monarchy disguised as a republic

    • C. 

      A democracy disguised as an empire

    • D. 

      An oligarchy disguised as a democracy

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