Native Americans/Early Explorers, Attempted Colonies

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Native Americans/Early Explorers, Attempted Colonies - Quiz

Please read the questions carefully and select the best answer from the choices given.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What reasons motivated the Europeans to come explore in the New World?

    • A.

      Riches

    • B.

      Resources

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Routes

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Europeans were motivated to explore the New World for various reasons. One reason was the desire for riches, as they believed that the New World held vast amounts of gold, silver, and other valuable resources. Another motivation was the abundance of resources, including land, timber, and fertile soil, which could be exploited for economic gain. Religion also played a significant role, as Europeans sought to spread Christianity to indigenous populations and establish colonies for religious freedom. Additionally, the exploration of new routes to Asia was a driving force, as Europeans sought to bypass the Ottoman Empire and establish direct trade connections. Therefore, all of these factors motivated the Europeans to come explore in the New World.

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  • 2. 

    After what event did the Columbian Exchange begin?

    • A.

      Columbus arrives in the New World

    • B.

      Spanish missionaries come to the New World

    • C.

      English attempt to plant colonies in NC

    • D.

      Queen Elizabeth asked the seadogs to raid Spanish ships

    Correct Answer
    A. Columbus arrives in the New World
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange began after Columbus arrived in the New World. This event marked the beginning of widespread contact between the Old World and the New World, leading to the exchange of goods, ideas, and diseases between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Columbus's voyages opened up new trade routes and sparked exploration and colonization by European powers in the Americas, ultimately shaping the course of history.

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  • 3. 

    How did the Native Americans benefit from the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Sharing of cultural ideas and beliefs

    • B.

      Exchange of animals- like horses, cattle and sheep and plants-grains, sugar cane, citrus fruits

    • C.

      Disease and slavery

    • D.

      Tobacco, corn, potatoes were given as new crops for Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    B. Exchange of animals- like horses, cattle and sheep and plants-grains, sugar cane, citrus fruits
    Explanation
    The Native Americans benefited from the Columbian Exchange through the exchange of animals such as horses, cattle, and sheep, as well as the exchange of plants like grains, sugar cane, and citrus fruits. These new animals and crops provided the Native Americans with new sources of food, transportation, and resources for trade. This exchange also allowed for the expansion of their agricultural practices and increased their overall quality of life.

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  • 4. 

    Columbus journey to the New World was sponsored by the nation of Spain. Which of the following describes Columbus voyage to the New World.

    • A.

      Columbus thought that he had traveled to India and called the Native people Indians

    • B.

      Columbus was searching for a new trade route to Asia

    • C.

      Columbus was disliked by his crew and they plotted an overthrow of Columbus

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options describe Columbus' voyage to the New World. Columbus believed that he had reached India and referred to the Native people as Indians. He was indeed searching for a new trade route to Asia. Additionally, there were instances where Columbus faced opposition from his crew, and they even plotted to overthrow him.

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  • 5. 

     What viewpoint were the Native Americans different from the Europeans?

    • A.

      Land ownership

    • B.

      One god or creator

    • C.

      Use of food

    • D.

      Hunting and trapping

    Correct Answer
    A. Land ownership
    Explanation
    The Native Americans had a different viewpoint from the Europeans regarding land ownership. Unlike the Europeans, who believed in the concept of private property and individual ownership of land, Native Americans had a more communal approach to land. They viewed land as a common resource that belonged to the entire community rather than being owned by individuals. This difference in perspective led to conflicts and misunderstandings between Native Americans and Europeans during colonization.

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  • 6. 

    The man who devoted most of his life trying to plant a successful English colony in the New World for Queen Elizabeth I was?

    • A.

      Sir Francis Drake

    • B.

      Sir Richard Grenville

    • C.

      Sir Walter Raleigh

    • D.

      Ralph Lane

    Correct Answer
    C. Sir Walter Raleigh
    Explanation
    Sir Walter Raleigh is the correct answer because he was a prominent figure in the colonization efforts during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. He made several attempts to establish colonies in the New World, including the famous Roanoke Island colony. Raleigh's dedication and persistence in trying to plant a successful English colony in the New World make him the man who devoted most of his life to this cause.

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  • 7. 

    The artist who painted some of the first images of North Carolina and made early maps was?

    • A.

      John White

    • B.

      Ralph Lane

    • C.

      Thomas Harriot

    • D.

      Walter Raleigh

    Correct Answer
    A. John White
    Explanation
    John White is the correct answer because he was an English artist who accompanied the Roanoke Colony expedition to present-day North Carolina in the late 16th century. He is known for his detailed paintings and maps of the region, which provided valuable visual documentation of the area's indigenous people, flora, and fauna. White's artwork and maps played a significant role in shaping early European perceptions of North Carolina and its inhabitants.

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  • 8. 

    Who was the Native American who ultimately remained the friend of the English during the attempts at an English colony in NC?

    • A.

      Wanchese

    • B.

      Wingina

    • C.

      Manteo

    • D.

      Tameok

    Correct Answer
    C. Manteo
    Explanation
    Manteo was the Native American who ultimately remained a friend of the English during the attempts at an English colony in NC. He was a member of the Roanoke tribe and served as a liaison between his people and the English settlers. Manteo was baptized and given the title of Lord of Roanoke by the English, which further solidified their friendship. Despite the challenges and conflicts that arose during the establishment of the colony, Manteo maintained a positive relationship with the English and played a crucial role in their interactions with the Native American tribes in the area.

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  • 9. 

    According to Queen Elizabeth I the main purpose of the sea dogs was?

    • A.

      To raid and plunder French ships in the New World

    • B.

      To make friends with the French as they tried to colonize in the New World

    • C.

      To raid and plunder the Italian ships in the New World

    • D.

      To raid and plunder Spanish ships in the New World and claim the cargo for the Queen

    Correct Answer
    D. To raid and plunder Spanish ships in the New World and claim the cargo for the Queen
    Explanation
    During Queen Elizabeth I's reign, the sea dogs were authorized to raid and plunder Spanish ships in the New World. Their main purpose was to seize Spanish ships and claim the cargo for the Queen. This was part of England's strategy to weaken Spain's dominance in the region and assert their own power. By targeting Spanish ships, the sea dogs aimed to disrupt Spanish trade and enrich England through the spoils of their plunder.

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  • 10. 

    I was the scientist and learned the Native American languages in NC on the Raleigh voyages to the New World.

    • A.

      John White

    • B.

      Thomas Harriot

    • C.

      Ralph Lane

    • D.

      Walter Raleigh

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Harriot
    Explanation
    Thomas Harriot was an English scientist and mathematician who was part of the Raleigh voyages to the New World. He is known for his extensive study of Native American languages, particularly those spoken in North Carolina. Harriot's work in documenting and understanding these languages contributed to the early understanding of Native American cultures and their languages. Therefore, it is plausible that Thomas Harriot was the scientist mentioned in the statement who learned Native American languages on the Raleigh voyages.

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  • 11. 

    Eliminate the person who caused conflict for the English in the first attempt at a successful colony in NC 

    • A.

      Ralph Lane

    • B.

      John White

    • C.

      Walter Raleigh

    • D.

      Thomas Harriot

    Correct Answer
    A. Ralph Lane
    Explanation
    Ralph Lane should be eliminated because he caused conflict for the English in the first attempt at a successful colony in North Carolina.

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  • 12. 

    What was a main reason why the Lane Colony had issues with food supply?

    • A.

      They gave all food to the Native Americans as a sign of friendship and peace to keep from having a war

    • B.

      The soil was unsuitable for farming

    • C.

      They arrived too late to plant crops

    • D.

      Native Americans stole their food

    Correct Answer
    C. They arrived too late to plant crops
    Explanation
    The main reason why the Lane Colony had issues with food supply was because they arrived too late to plant crops. Since they arrived late, they missed the optimal planting season and were unable to grow enough food to sustain themselves.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following would not be a problem that the English encountered during the first attempts at trying to establish a colony in the New World?

    • A.

      Stable food supply

    • B.

      Trouble with Native Americans

    • C.

      Poor leadership

    • D.

      Spanish raids upon the fort

    Correct Answer
    D. Spanish raids upon the fort
    Explanation
    During the first attempts at trying to establish a colony in the New World, the English encountered several problems such as trouble with Native Americans, poor leadership, and the need for a stable food supply. However, Spanish raids upon the fort would not be a problem that the English encountered. This suggests that the Spanish did not pose a significant threat or engage in direct attacks on the English colony during its establishment.

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  • 14. 

    Where did the English attempt to plant a colony in NC?

    • A.

      Cape Lookout

    • B.

      Cape Fear

    • C.

      Roanoke Island

    • D.

      Bath

    Correct Answer
    C. Roanoke Island
    Explanation
    The English attempted to plant a colony in Roanoke Island. Roanoke Island, located off the coast of present-day North Carolina, was the site of the famous "Lost Colony" settlement. In 1587, a group of English settlers led by John White established the colony, but when White returned to England for supplies, he found the colony abandoned upon his return. The fate of the colonists remains a mystery, making Roanoke Island a significant historical site in early American colonization.

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  • 15. 

    Identify the true statement about Virginia Dare.

    • A.

      She was the granddaughter of John White and was the first English child born in the New World

    • B.

      She escaped a Native American raid upon the fort

    • C.

      She survived the Lost Colony

    • D.

      She was the only child who traveled across the ocean and made it to safety to the New World

    Correct Answer
    A. She was the granddaughter of John White and was the first English child born in the New World
    Explanation
    Virginia Dare was indeed the granddaughter of John White and the first English child born in the New World. This statement is true because Virginia Dare was born on August 18, 1587, in the Roanoke Colony, which was located in what is now present-day North Carolina. Her parents were Ananias Dare and Eleanor White, and her grandfather, John White, was the governor of the colony. Virginia Dare's birth represents an important historical event as she was the first child of English descent to be born in the Americas.

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  • 16. 

    In what ways were the Lane and Lost Colony similar?

    • A.

      Colonies arrived too late to plant crops

    • B.

      Both colonies lacked key supplies needed from England and needed to be resupplied for assistance

    • C.

      Colonies encountered problems with Native Americans

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Lane and Lost Colony were similar in multiple ways. Firstly, both colonies arrived too late to plant crops, which resulted in food shortages and difficulties in sustaining themselves. Secondly, both colonies lacked key supplies needed from England and had to be resupplied for assistance. Lastly, both colonies encountered problems with Native Americans, which further added to their challenges and struggles. Overall, all of the above factors contributed to the similarities between the Lane and Lost Colony.

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  • 17. 

    What event kept John White from returning back to his colony in 1587?

    • A.

      War with Spain

    • B.

      Queen Elizabeth refused to give money for trip and send supplies

    • C.

      Raleigh was unhappy with the location of the colony and he refused to send supplies

    • D.

      He was attacked by the French who were at war with Spanish

    Correct Answer
    A. War with Spain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "War with Spain." This event prevented John White from returning to his colony in 1587. The war likely disrupted travel and made it unsafe for White to make the journey back to the colony.

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  • 18. 

    When John White arrived back on the island in 1590, what did he find?

    • A.

      The island was deserted, the buildings had been taken down, CRO, CROATOAN carved in tree and post

    • B.

      The Native Americans told him that the colonists had moved to live the Croatoan tribe

    • C.

      The colony left and moved to Jamestown

    • D.

      A huge storm had demolished the island and killed the colonists

    Correct Answer
    A. The island was deserted, the buildings had been taken down, CRO, CROATOAN carved in tree and post
    Explanation
    When John White arrived back on the island in 1590, he found that the island was deserted and the buildings had been taken down. Additionally, he discovered the letters CRO and CROATOAN carved in a tree and a post.

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  • 19. 

    What was the main purpose of the Amadas Barlowe expedition?

    • A.

      Begin a colony in NC

    • B.

      Raid Spanish ships

    • C.

      Trade with Native Americans

    • D.

      Scout out the perfect location for a colony in the New World

    Correct Answer
    D. Scout out the perfect location for a colony in the New World
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the Amadas Barlowe expedition was to scout out the perfect location for a colony in the New World. This means that their primary objective was to explore and assess different areas to find a suitable place to establish a settlement. The expedition aimed to gather information about the land, resources, and potential challenges in order to make an informed decision about where to start a colony.

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  • 20. 

    For what main reason did Wingina dislike the English?

    • A.

      His father the chief was killed due to disease

    • B.

      He was disliked by Ralph Lane because he did not cooperate with his wishes all the time

    • C.

      The English stole all the gold from Wingina's tribe

    • D.

      The English did not give him a fancy title of a noble, so he was angry and upset

    Correct Answer
    A. His father the chief was killed due to disease
    Explanation
    Wingina disliked the English because his father, who was the chief, was killed due to disease. This suggests that Wingina harbored resentment towards the English for the death of his father, which likely led to his dislike for them.

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  • 21. 

    What was the primary reason why the English selected Roanoke Island as a suitable location for the first English colony?

    • A.

      The island is off the coast of NC and would not be clearly visible to Spanish ships

    • B.

      The island had friendly Natives

    • C.

      The island had the best soil, plants, animals and longest growing season

    • D.

      The Queen suggested they settle and explore there for wealth reasons

    Correct Answer
    A. The island is off the coast of NC and would not be clearly visible to Spanish ships
    Explanation
    The primary reason why the English selected Roanoke Island as a suitable location for the first English colony was that the island is off the coast of NC and would not be clearly visible to Spanish ships. By choosing a location that was not easily visible to Spanish ships, the English hoped to establish a colony without interference or attacks from the Spanish. This strategic decision was made to increase the chances of success and ensure the safety of the colony.

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  • 22. 

    After Native Americans came into contact with the early explorers, the impact was often deadly. Tribes that came into contact with the early explorers were reduced as much as what percent?

    • A.

      90%

    • B.

      80%

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      25%

    Correct Answer
    A. 90%
    Explanation
    After Native Americans came into contact with the early explorers, their population was significantly reduced. This can be attributed to various factors such as the introduction of diseases to which they had no immunity, violent conflicts, forced displacement, and loss of resources. The impact was so severe that some tribes were reduced by as much as 90% of their original population. This devastating decline in numbers had long-lasting effects on Native American communities and their cultural heritage.

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  • 23. 

    The Columbian Exchange brought deadly diseases to the New World. Select the disease that killed many Native Americans after the Columbian Exchange began.

    • A.

      Chicken Pox

    • B.

      Common Cold which often resulted into worse conditions

    • C.

      Small Pox

    • D.

      Measles

    Correct Answer
    C. Small Pox
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) and the New World (the Americas) after Christopher Columbus's voyages in the late 15th century. One of the diseases that had a devastating impact on the Native Americans after the Columbian Exchange began was Smallpox. Smallpox was a highly contagious and often fatal disease, causing widespread epidemics and decimating Native American populations who had no immunity to it. The introduction of Smallpox through the Columbian Exchange had a catastrophic effect on the indigenous peoples of the Americas.

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  • 24. 

    Which region of NC could be best described by the following:  clay soil, rolling hills, beginnings of waterfalls and rapids, most of the cities are located here

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Piedmont

    • C.

      Coastal Plain

    • D.

      Outer Banks

    Correct Answer
    B. Piedmont
    Explanation
    The given description of clay soil, rolling hills, beginnings of waterfalls and rapids, and the presence of most cities indicates the region of Piedmont in North Carolina. The Piedmont region is characterized by its hilly terrain, fertile clay soil, and numerous rivers and streams, which contribute to the formation of waterfalls and rapids. Additionally, the majority of cities in North Carolina are located in the Piedmont region, further supporting this answer choice.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following do not border NC?

    • A.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      Tennessee

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      Kentucky

    Correct Answer
    D. Kentucky
    Explanation
    Kentucky does not border North Carolina because it is located to the west of North Carolina, while Tennessee is to the west, Virginia is to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean is to the east.

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  • 26. 

    Which region of the state contains a subregion?

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Piedmont

    • C.

      Coastal Plain

    • D.

      Outer Banks

    Correct Answer
    C. Coastal Plain
    Explanation
    The Coastal Plain region of the state contains a subregion. This means that within the larger Coastal Plain region, there is a smaller, more specific area that is considered a subregion. The other options, such as Mountains, Piedmont, and Outer Banks, do not specify that they contain a subregion, so they are not the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    Why is the NC Coast called the "Graveyard of the Atlantic"?

    • A.

      Sailors hated to come to NC because of the lack of ports in the state

    • B.

      The state built a lot of lighthouses along the Outer Banks to welcome ships coming into our state

    • C.

      Ships were attacked off the coast in many wars and conflicts

    • D.

      The geography of NC is unusual- shallow waters, sandbars, inlets and many ships have had issues with navigation off the coast and wrecks often occurred

    Correct Answer
    D. The geography of NC is unusual- shallow waters, sandbars, inlets and many ships have had issues with navigation off the coast and wrecks often occurred
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the geography of NC is unusual, with shallow waters, sandbars, inlets, and navigation issues, leading to frequent shipwrecks. This earned the NC Coast the nickname "Graveyard of the Atlantic" due to the high number of wrecks that occurred in the area.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is not a NC city?

    • A.

      Austin

    • B.

      Winston Salem

    • C.

      Charlotte

    • D.

      Raleigh

    Correct Answer
    A. Austin
    Explanation
    Austin is not a NC city because it is the capital city of Texas, not North Carolina. The other three options, Winston Salem, Charlotte, and Raleigh, are all cities located in North Carolina.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following would be described as the "Triad Cities" in NC

    • A.

      Charlotte, Gastonia, Asheville

    • B.

      Winston Salem, Greensboro, High Point

    • C.

      Raleigh, Durham , Chapel Hill

    • D.

      Wilmington, Bath, New Bern

    Correct Answer
    B. Winston Salem, Greensboro, High Point
    Explanation
    The "Triad Cities" in NC refers to the cities of Winston Salem, Greensboro, and High Point. These three cities are located in close proximity to each other in the central part of the state and are often referred to collectively as the "Triad" due to their geographical arrangement.

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  • 30. 

    Where is the best farmland found in our state?

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Piedmont

    • C.

      Coastal Plain

    • D.

      Outer Banks

    Correct Answer
    C. Coastal Plain
    Explanation
    The best farmland is found in the Coastal Plain because it has fertile soil, a flat landscape, and a moderate climate. The soil in this region is rich in nutrients, allowing for the growth of a variety of crops. The flat terrain makes it easier for farmers to cultivate and harvest their crops. Additionally, the moderate climate provides a longer growing season, which is beneficial for agricultural production.

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