First Aid Quiz

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First Aid Quiz - Quiz

First aid is something that we have heard of since we are a child. How well do you know about it? Would you like to play this First Aid quiz to test your knowledge right now? First aid is known as the first and immediate assistance that is given to anyone with either a minor or serious illness or injury. The purpose of first aid is to stop the condition from worsening before one gets to the hospital. Let's see how much you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    You are out having a coffee with a friend when they complain of severe pain in the chest. Your friend is pale, sweaty, and quite distressed. Which of the following is the most appropriate referral:

    • A.

      Contact a local doctor for an appointment.

    • B.

      Phone a taxi to take you both to the hospital.

    • C.

      Call the waiter over and order a strong short black for your friend.

    • D.

      Arrange for an ambulance to attend ASAP.

    Correct Answer
    D. Arrange for an ambulance to attend ASAP.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the friend is experiencing severe chest pain, which could be a sign of a heart attack or another serious medical condition. The friend's pale and sweaty appearance, along with their distress, further indicate the urgency of the situation. Calling for an ambulance is the most appropriate referral because it ensures that professional medical help will arrive quickly and provide the necessary care and treatment.

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  • 2. 

    A heart attack occurs when which of the following occurs:

    • A.

      Because the patient did not take an aspirin a day

    • B.

      When an area of the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen and dies

    • C.

      When the heart stops beating

    • D.

      When the blood becomes too thick from drinking short black coffee, to move through the blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    B. When an area of the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen and dies
  • 3. 

    You suspect a person has had a heart attack. Whilst waiting for an ambulance, the person collapses and becomes unconscious. You should immediately:

    • A.

      Undertake a Secondary Survey.

    • B.

      Follow the principles of the ‘DRSABCD’.

    • C.

      Complete a Vital Signs Survey.

    • D.

      Try to give the person fluids to drink.

    Correct Answer
    B. Follow the principles of the ‘DRSABCD’.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the correct answer is to follow the principles of the 'DRSABCD'. DRSABCD stands for Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, Circulation, and Defibrillation. This is a systematic approach to providing first aid in an emergency situation. By following these principles, you can assess the person's condition, check for any immediate dangers, ensure their airway is clear, check for breathing and circulation, and call for professional medical help. This is the most appropriate action to take when someone collapses and becomes unconscious while waiting for an ambulance.

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  • 4. 

    Respiratory difficulty experienced by asthmatics is associated with:

    • A.

      A dilation of the bronchi coupled with an increase in mucous production.

    • B.

      A sudden constriction of the bronchi coupled with a decrease in mucous production.

    • C.

      Inflammation, swelling and narrowing of the airways.

    • D.

      A sudden dilation of the bronchi coupled with a decrease in mucous production.

    Correct Answer
    C. Inflammation, swelling and narrowing of the airways.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is inflammation, swelling and narrowing of the airways. Asthmatics experience respiratory difficulty due to inflammation and swelling of the airways, which leads to their narrowing. This narrowing restricts the flow of air, making it difficult for asthmatics to breathe. Additionally, the inflammation can also cause an increase in mucous production, further contributing to respiratory difficulties.

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  • 5. 

    How would you assist someone who is conscious and suffering from an asthma attack?

    • A.

      Place in the lateral position.

    • B.

      Call 000

    • C.

      Give 4 puffs from their inhaler, wait 4 minutes then another 4 puffs if little or no improvement call 000.

    • D.

      Give the patient a drink of water.

    Correct Answer
    C. Give 4 puffs from their inhaler, wait 4 minutes then another 4 puffs if little or no improvement call 000.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct answer is to give 4 puffs from the person's inhaler, wait for 4 minutes, and then administer another 4 puffs if there is little or no improvement. This is the appropriate course of action for someone who is conscious and suffering from an asthma attack. Calling emergency services (000) is also recommended if there is little or no improvement after administering the inhaler. Giving the patient a drink of water is not an effective treatment for an asthma attack and may not provide any relief.

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  • 6. 

    Whilst out one evening, a friend who is an asthmatic is feeling a ‘bit wheezy’. They have used their ‘Ventolin’ puffer a number of times without any relief. Over the next 5 minutes your friend has severe difficulty breathing and difficulty speaking. You should:  

    • A.

      Sit with the person for another 10 minutes to see if they get better.

    • B.

      Drive the person to hospital yourself.

    • C.

      Take the person to a local doctor’s clinic.

    • D.

      Call an ambulance immediately.

    Correct Answer
    D. Call an ambulance immediately.
    Explanation
    The friend's severe difficulty breathing and difficulty speaking indicate a potentially life-threatening situation. This could be a severe asthma attack or another serious respiratory problem. Calling an ambulance immediately is the most appropriate action to ensure that the friend receives prompt medical attention and appropriate treatment. Sitting with the person or driving them to the hospital yourself may delay necessary medical intervention, while taking them to a local doctor's clinic may not have the necessary resources to handle such a critical situation.

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  • 7. 

    The first aid management for a person you suspect is suffering from anaphylaxis:

    • A.

      Cover the person with a blanket.

    • B.

      Assist the person with their medication (auto-injector).

    • C.

      Give the person a sweet drink.

    • D.

      Give the person a sugar based lolly such as barley sugar.

    Correct Answer
    B. Assist the person with their medication (auto-injector).
    Explanation
    Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. The correct first aid management for a person suspected of suffering from anaphylaxis is to assist them with their medication, specifically an auto-injector. Auto-injectors, such as an EpiPen, contain epinephrine, which helps to counteract the allergic reaction and can potentially save their life. Covering the person with a blanket, giving them a sweet drink, or providing a sugar-based lolly may not address the underlying allergic reaction and are not the recommended first aid measures for anaphylaxis.

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  • 8. 

    What symptoms would indicate a person is having a ‘severe’ anaphylactic reaction?

    • A.

      Difficulty breathing and swelling of the tongue

    • B.

      Rash to the limbs

    • C.

      Swelling of the limbs

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A person experiencing a severe anaphylactic reaction may exhibit symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the tongue, rash to the limbs, and swelling of the limbs. These symptoms indicate a severe reaction as they involve both respiratory and physical manifestations.

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  • 9. 

    Internal bleeding can be either :

    • A.

      Direct or Indirect

    • B.

      Superficial or Deep

    • C.

      Caused by internal injuries or a medical condition

    • D.

      Major or Minor

    Correct Answer
    C. Caused by internal injuries or a medical condition
    Explanation
    Internal bleeding can occur due to either internal injuries or a medical condition. Internal injuries can result from trauma, such as a car accident or a fall, causing damage to blood vessels and leading to bleeding inside the body. On the other hand, certain medical conditions like ulcers, ruptured blood vessels, or diseases affecting the blood clotting process can also cause internal bleeding. Therefore, internal bleeding can be caused by either an external injury or an underlying medical condition.

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  • 10. 

    In an emergency situation when you need to move a patient you should ...?

    • A.

      Have your back bent, legs straight and feet together.

    • B.

      Take care, handle the unconscious casualty carefully and avoid twisting or forward movement of their head and spine.

    • C.

      Move the patient as quickly as you can by dragging them along by the shoulders.

    • D.

      Move the patient as quickly as you can by dragging them along by the feet

    Correct Answer
    B. Take care, handle the unconscious casualty carefully and avoid twisting or forward movement of their head and spine.
    Explanation
    In an emergency situation when you need to move a patient, it is important to prioritize their safety and well-being. Having your back bent, legs straight, and feet together is not the correct approach as it can strain your back and lead to injury. Dragging the patient along by the shoulders or feet is also not recommended as it can cause further harm to the patient. The correct answer is to take care, handle the unconscious casualty carefully, and avoid twisting or forward movement of their head and spine. This ensures that the patient's neck and spine are protected during the movement, reducing the risk of additional injuries.

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  • 11. 

    A young man trips over the bottom draw of a filing cabinet that has been left open and suffers a deep laceration to the front of his right leg, which is bleeding heavily. Your initial first aid response will be:

    • A.

      Clean it quickly with diluted antiseptic and bandage firmly.

    • B.

      Apply firm pressure directly onto the bleeding wound and elevate the leg.

    • C.

      Apply a tourniquet and call an ambulance.

    • D.

      Run it under cool water until the bleeding stops.

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply firm pressure directly onto the bleeding wound and elevate the leg.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to apply firm pressure directly onto the bleeding wound and elevate the leg. This is the appropriate first aid response for a deep laceration that is bleeding heavily. Applying firm pressure helps to control the bleeding, while elevating the leg helps to reduce blood flow to the area. This can help to minimize blood loss and promote clotting. Cleaning the wound quickly with diluted antiseptic and bandaging firmly may be done after the bleeding is controlled. Applying a tourniquet and calling an ambulance would be necessary only if the bleeding cannot be controlled by direct pressure. Running the wound under cool water until the bleeding stops is not recommended as it may not effectively control the bleeding.

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  • 12. 

    When recording an incident on an injury report form you should:

    • A.

      Write in pencil so that any mistakes can be erased.

    • B.

      Not record how the accident occurred (i.e. history).

    • C.

      Throw away the form after one month if there is no insurance claim.

    • D.

      Keep the contents strictly confident.

    Correct Answer
    D. Keep the contents strictly confident.
    Explanation
    When recording an incident on an injury report form, it is important to keep the contents strictly confidential. This means that the information should not be shared with anyone who is not directly involved in the incident or responsible for handling the report. Confidentiality is crucial to protect the privacy and sensitive information of the individuals involved. It ensures that the information does not get into the wrong hands or used for any unauthorized purposes.

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  • 13. 

    A single sting from a bee, wasp or ant is painful but not usually dangerous unless the casualty has an allergy to the specific venom. When should you call 000? 

    • A.

      If the casualty has localised swelling around the bite or sting.

    • B.

      If casualty has difficulty breathing or signs of any severe allergic reaction or multiple stings, stings around their face or airways

    • C.

      The casualty is a child and is crying

    • D.

      The pain is describe as intense 10 out of 10 pain

    Correct Answer
    B. If casualty has difficulty breathing or signs of any severe allergic reaction or multiple stings, stings around their face or airways
    Explanation
    Call 000 if the casualty has difficulty breathing or shows signs of a severe allergic reaction or multiple stings, especially around their face or airways. This is because these symptoms indicate a potentially life-threatening situation that requires immediate medical attention.

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  • 14. 

    The National Poisons Information Centre is best contacted on:

    • A.

      131 126

    • B.

      131 911

    • C.

      000

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. 131 126
    Explanation
    The National Poisons Information Centre can be best contacted on the number 131 126. This number is specifically designated for emergencies related to poisonings and provides immediate assistance and guidance. It is important to have this number readily available in case of any poisoning incidents, as prompt action can be crucial in such situations.

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  • 15. 

    MSDS stands for?

    • A.

      Safety Detail Systems

    • B.

      Standard Description Sheets

    • C.

      Material Safety Data Sheets

    • D.

      System Data Sheets

    Correct Answer
    C. Material Safety Data Sheets
    Explanation
    MSDS stands for Material Safety Data Sheets. These sheets provide detailed information about potentially hazardous substances, including their properties, handling procedures, and emergency response measures. They are used to ensure the safe handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals, and are an essential resource for workers and emergency responders.

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  • 16. 

    You are at home having a window replaced by a tradesperson, when he slips whilst carrying glass. You respond to calls for help and find him with a large piece of glass embedded in his left arm. There is blood flowing freely from the wound. You should:

    • A.

      Elevate and rest the arm without applying pressure and call an ambulance.

    • B.

      Leave the wound alone to prevent further damage. Reassure the patient

    • C.

      Elevate the arm, apply pressure around the glass, build up dressings around the wound and call an ambulance. Reassure the patient.

    • D.

      Remove the glass and then apply pressure to the wound. Reassure the patient.

    Correct Answer
    C. Elevate the arm, apply pressure around the glass, build up dressings around the wound and call an ambulance. Reassure the patient.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the correct course of action is to elevate the arm to help reduce blood flow, apply pressure around the glass to control bleeding, build up dressings around the wound to protect it, and call an ambulance for professional medical assistance. Reassuring the patient is also important to help keep them calm and provide emotional support. Removing the glass without proper medical equipment and expertise could cause further damage and should be avoided.

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  • 17. 

    If the casualty require CPR and you are unwilling or unable to give rescue breaths what can you do? 

    • A.

      Call a friend who is a Doctor

    • B.

      Commence continuous chest compressions at rate of 100 per minute (almost 2 per second)

    • C.

      Place them in the recovery position

    • D.

      Wait for the ambulance to arrive

    Correct Answer
    B. Commence continuous chest compressions at rate of 100 per minute (almost 2 per second)
    Explanation
    If the casualty requires CPR and you are unwilling or unable to give rescue breaths, you can commence continuous chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute (almost 2 per second). This is because chest compressions alone can still help circulate oxygenated blood to the vital organs, providing some level of assistance until professional help arrives.

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  • 18. 

    A machine operator severs their hand below the wrist. The bleeding from the stump has been controlled and the hand is retrievable. You should:

    • A.

      Pack the severed hand directly into ice and take the patient to the closest hospital.

    • B.

      Rinse the amputated part, then wrap it in a towel and take the patient and amputated part to the closest hospital.

    • C.

      Place the amputated hand in an airtight plastic bag and keep afloat in icy cold water. Arrange for an ambulance to take the patient and amputated hand to hospital.

    • D.

      Wash the amputated part in antiseptic, before placing it in ice and transport with the patient to hospital.

    Correct Answer
    C. Place the amputated hand in an airtight plastic bag and keep afloat in icy cold water. Arrange for an ambulance to take the patient and amputated hand to hospital.
    Explanation
    Placing the amputated hand in an airtight plastic bag and keeping it afloat in icy cold water helps to preserve the hand and prevent further damage. The cold temperature slows down the metabolic rate of the tissue, reducing the risk of tissue death. The airtight bag helps to maintain the moisture level of the hand, preventing it from drying out. Arranging for an ambulance ensures that the patient and the amputated hand can be transported to the hospital quickly and safely for possible reattachment.

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  • 19. 

    What is the best way to manage a bleeding laceration on a patient’s arm 

    • A.

      Apply and maintain firm direct pressure to stop bleeding

    • B.

      Call an ambulance.

    • C.

      Apply a tourniquet immediately above the elbow.

    • D.

      Lay the patient down with their feet elevated.

    Correct Answer
    A. Apply and maintain firm direct pressure to stop bleeding
    Explanation
    The best way to manage a bleeding laceration on a patient's arm is to apply and maintain firm direct pressure to stop the bleeding. This is because direct pressure helps to control the bleeding by compressing the blood vessels and promoting clotting. It is a simple and effective method that can be done immediately before seeking further medical assistance if necessary. Calling an ambulance may be required in severe cases, but applying direct pressure should be the first step. Applying a tourniquet immediately above the elbow is generally not recommended unless the bleeding cannot be controlled by other means. Laying the patient down with their feet elevated is not the most effective method for managing a bleeding laceration on the arm.

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  • 20. 

    When recording a set of vital signs on a patient, what information is required?

    • A.

      Pulse rate per minute, conscious state, skin condition and pupil size.

    • B.

      Conscious state, skin condition and pupil size

    • C.

      Pulse and breathing rate, conscious state and skin condition and eyes.

    • D.

      Respiratory rate per minute, conscious state, skin condition, pupil size and the amount of medication they take each day.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulse and breathing rate, conscious state and skin condition and eyes.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pulse and breathing rate, conscious state and skin condition and eyes." When recording vital signs on a patient, it is important to monitor their pulse and breathing rate as these indicate the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Conscious state is assessed to determine the level of alertness and responsiveness of the patient. Skin condition is observed to check for any abnormalities or signs of infection. Eyes are examined to assess pupil size, which can provide information about neurological function.

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  • 21. 

    When conducting a secondary survey which of the following would not be part of your routine:

    • A.

      Reassuring the patient.

    • B.

      Being gentle and respectful at all times.

    • C.

      Squeezing an injured area in order to check for any pain.

    • D.

      Advising the patient what you are doing.

    Correct Answer
    C. Squeezing an injured area in order to check for any pain.
    Explanation
    When conducting a secondary survey, it is important to be gentle and respectful at all times, reassure the patient, and advise them of what you are doing. However, squeezing an injured area to check for pain would not be part of the routine. This action could potentially cause further harm or discomfort to the patient. It is best to use other methods, such as asking the patient about their pain level or observing their reaction to movement, to assess for pain in an injured area.

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  • 22. 

    Your casualty has a weak rapid pulse, pale skin, is cold and clammy. What do you suspect?

    • A.

      Shock

    • B.

      Allergic Reaction

    • C.

      Angina

    • D.

      Carbon-Monoxide Poisoning

    Correct Answer
    A. Shock
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described, such as weak rapid pulse, pale skin, and cold and clammy skin, it is likely that the casualty is experiencing shock. Shock occurs when there is a lack of blood flow and oxygen to the body's organs and tissues. This can be caused by various factors such as severe bleeding, trauma, or a severe allergic reaction. Therefore, shock is the most suitable explanation for the given symptoms.

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  • 23. 

    A co-worker collapses unconscious in front of you. After assessing for Dangers, and checking for a Response and Sending for Help - your next action would be to:

    • A.

      Check the patient’s airway, look for regular movement of chest, listen for normal breath sounds, feel for regular, rhythmic movement of chest or upper abdomen.

    • B.

      Check for a pulse and see if the patient is breathing. blood loss and slow shock

    • C.

      Commence Expired Air Resuscitation.

    • D.

      Place Defibrillator pads on the patient’s chest ready to go.

    Correct Answer
    A. Check the patient’s airway, look for regular movement of chest, listen for normal breath sounds, feel for regular, rhythmic movement of chest or upper abdomen.
    Explanation
    After assessing for dangers and checking for a response and sending for help, the next action would be to check the patient's airway, look for regular movement of the chest, listen for normal breath sounds, and feel for regular, rhythmic movement of the chest or upper abdomen. This is important to determine if the patient is breathing and if their airway is clear. It helps in assessing the patient's condition and providing appropriate medical assistance.

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  • 24. 

    If a patient is unconscious their muscles are relaxed and will require assistance to prevent harm from regurgitation by placing the patient in the recovery position.  This will help to establish and maintain a clear airway, assist to drain any fluids from their mouth and reduce the risk of them inhaling foreign material. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When a patient is unconscious, their muscles are relaxed, including the muscles that control the opening and closing of the airway. This can lead to regurgitation, where stomach contents flow back up into the mouth. Placing the patient in the recovery position helps to prevent harm from regurgitation by allowing any fluids or vomit to drain out of the mouth, reducing the risk of choking or inhaling the material. This position also helps to establish and maintain a clear airway, ensuring that the patient can breathe properly. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 25. 

    What is the correct treatment for Choking – Partial airway obstruction. 

    • A.

      Reassure casualty and try to keep them calm

    • B.

      Encourage them to breathe in slowly then cough

    • C.

      If obstruction cannot be cleared call 000

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct treatment for choking with partial airway obstruction includes reassuring the casualty and keeping them calm, encouraging them to breathe in slowly then cough, and calling emergency services if the obstruction cannot be cleared. All of these actions are important in managing the situation and ensuring the safety of the casualty.

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  • 26. 

    When performing Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation by yourself on an adult, the correct ratio of compressions to breaths is:

    • A.

      20 Compressions and 5 Breaths.

    • B.

      30 Compressions and 2 Breaths.

    • C.

      15 Compressions and 5 Breaths.

    • D.

      25 Compressions and 2 Breaths.

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 Compressions and 2 Breaths.
    Explanation
    When performing Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) on an adult by yourself, the correct ratio of compressions to breaths is 30 compressions and 2 breaths. This ratio is based on the current guidelines for CPR, which recommend a compression-to-ventilation ratio of 30:2 for a single rescuer. The compressions help to circulate oxygenated blood to vital organs, while the breaths provide oxygen to the lungs. This ratio ensures an effective balance between chest compressions and ventilation during CPR.

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  • 27. 

    Whilst walking down the street early one morning in an area that you know has a lot of nightclubs and bars and you see a person collapsed in the gutter. Your first action as a First Aider would be to:

    • A.

      Check for dangers.

    • B.

      Check their conscious state.

    • C.

      Check for a pulse.

    • D.

      Check their breathing.

    Correct Answer
    A. Check for dangers.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct first action as a First Aider would be to check for dangers. This is important because the safety of both the victim and the first aider should be prioritized. By assessing the surroundings for any potential hazards, such as oncoming traffic or broken glass, the first aider can ensure a safe environment before proceeding with further assessments or providing assistance.

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  • 28. 

    When performing Compression only Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation on an adult the correct rate of compressions is:

    • A.

      85 Compressions per minute.

    • B.

      100 Compressions per minute.

    • C.

      160 Compressions every 2 minutes.

    • D.

      30 Compressions per minute

    Correct Answer
    B. 100 Compressions per minute.
    Explanation
    When performing Compression only Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) on an adult, the correct rate of compressions is 100 compressions per minute. This means that the rescuer should deliver 100 compressions in one minute, which equates to approximately 1.67 compressions per second. This rate is recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) and other CPR guidelines as it ensures adequate blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain and other vital organs during cardiac arrest.

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  • 29. 

    An elderly neighbour calls to you for assistance because her husband has had a ‘funny turn’. On examination you find the patient conscious, unable to talk and unable to lift their right arm. You suspect this person is having a:

    • A.

      Hypoglycaemia attack.

    • B.

      Bad reaction to food.

    • C.

      Heart attack.

    • D.

      Stroke (CVA).

    Correct Answer
    D. Stroke (CVA).
    Explanation
    The patient's inability to talk and lift their right arm, along with their conscious state, suggests a neurological deficit. These symptoms are consistent with a stroke (CVA), which is a sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain. Hypoglycemia attack and bad reaction to food would not typically cause these specific symptoms, while a heart attack would present with different symptoms such as chest pain and shortness of breath. Therefore, the most likely explanation for the patient's condition is a stroke (CVA).

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  • 30. 

    The management of a person who is feeling faint includes:

    • A.

      Using smelling salts, sitting the person up with their head between their knees.

    • B.

      Laying the person flat, elevating their feet.

    • C.

      Sit the person up placing their head between their legs.

    • D.

      Placing the person on their side.

    Correct Answer
    B. Laying the person flat, elevating their feet.
    Explanation
    Laying the person flat and elevating their feet is the correct management for a person who is feeling faint. This position helps to improve blood flow to the brain by increasing venous return and reducing pooling of blood in the lower extremities. By lying flat, the person's body is in a horizontal position, allowing blood to flow more easily to the brain. Elevating their feet further assists in redirecting blood flow towards the brain, helping to alleviate the symptoms of fainting. This position is recommended over the other options mentioned as it is the most effective in preventing the person from losing consciousness and promoting their recovery.

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  • 31. 

    Your responsibility as a first aider requires you to:

    • A.

      Always be aware of casualty’s feelings and feelings of any bystanders or family members

    • B.

      Assess for dangers, hazards and perform your duty of care

    • C.

      Do not make assumptions – ask questions if you are not sure of anything

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because as a first aider, it is important to always be aware of the casualty's feelings and the feelings of any bystanders or family members. This helps in providing emotional support and reassurance during the emergency situation. Additionally, it is crucial to assess for dangers and hazards to ensure the safety of everyone involved and to perform your duty of care. Lastly, it is important not to make assumptions and to ask questions if there is any uncertainty, as this helps in gathering accurate information and making informed decisions.

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  • 32. 

    The management of the unconscious person with a foreign body which is blocking their airway is:

    • A.

      Give up to 10 Chest Thrust using appropriate technique then commence CPR and call and ambulance.

    • B.

      Applying the Heimlich Manoeuvre and call an ambulance.

    • C.

      Applying the Half Nelson Manoeuvre and call an ambulance.

    • D.

      Send for help (Call 000) and commence CPR.

    Correct Answer
    D. Send for help (Call 000) and commence CPR.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to send for help (Call 000) and commence CPR. This is the appropriate management for an unconscious person with a foreign body blocking their airway. Calling for emergency help is important to ensure professional assistance arrives as soon as possible. Commencing CPR is crucial to maintain blood circulation and provide oxygen to the body until help arrives. The other options, such as performing chest thrusts, applying the Heimlich maneuver, or applying the Half Nelson maneuver, may be appropriate in certain situations but are not the recommended initial management for an unconscious person with a foreign body blocking their airway.

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  • 33. 

    How would you care for a patient who has a foreign body embedded in the surface of their eye:

    • A.

      Cover eye, careful to avoid the object (if protruding) and arrange transport to hospital.

    • B.

      Attempt to dislodge the foreign body by running water over the eye.

    • C.

      Wipe the eye with a piece of moistened gauze.

    • D.

      Apply eye drops to the eye and refer the patient to a local doctor.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cover eye, careful to avoid the object (if protruding) and arrange transport to hospital.
    Explanation
    If a patient has a foreign body embedded in the surface of their eye, the correct course of action is to cover the eye, being careful to avoid the object if it is protruding, and arrange for transport to the hospital. This is the most appropriate response as attempting to dislodge the foreign body by running water over the eye or wiping the eye with a piece of moistened gauze can potentially cause further damage to the eye. Applying eye drops and referring the patient to a local doctor may not be sufficient for proper care in this situation.

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  • 34. 

    Sign and symptoms of shock include the following: 

    • A.

      Shaking and shivering

    • B.

      Feeling hot and feverish

    • C.

      Feeling hungry

    • D.

      Rapid or weak pulse, pale, cool, sweaty skin, rapid, shallow breathing, feeling dizzy or light-headed feeling anxious or restless, nausea or vomiting, possible pain (due to cause of shock),feeling confused, deteriorating level of consciousness

    Correct Answer
    D. Rapid or weak pulse, pale, cool, sweaty skin, rapid, shallow breathing, feeling dizzy or light-headed feeling anxious or restless, nausea or vomiting, possible pain (due to cause of shock),feeling confused, deteriorating level of consciousness
    Explanation
    The symptoms listed in the answer are commonly associated with shock. A rapid or weak pulse, pale, cool, sweaty skin, rapid, shallow breathing, feeling dizzy or light-headed, feeling anxious or restless, nausea or vomiting, possible pain (due to the cause of shock), feeling confused, and a deteriorating level of consciousness are all indicators of shock. These symptoms occur due to a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the body's organs and tissues, which can be caused by various factors such as severe bleeding, trauma, or infection.

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  • 35. 

    Whilst at work a co-worker burns their arm on the urn in the staff room. Your initial first aid management would include:

    • A.

      Applying ice to the area that is burnt, reassure the patient.

    • B.

      Cooling their arm under running water from the cold-water tap, reassure the patient.

    • C.

      Applying a sterile dressing and bandage the burn, reassure the patient.

    • D.

      Letting them finish making a drink.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cooling their arm under running water from the cold-water tap, reassure the patient.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to cool the burn under running water from the cold-water tap and reassure the patient. This is because cooling the burn helps to reduce the temperature of the skin and prevent further damage. Running water is preferred over ice as it provides a more controlled and gradual cooling effect. Reassuring the patient is also important to provide emotional support and help alleviate any anxiety or distress they may be experiencing. Applying a sterile dressing and bandage may be necessary after the initial cooling, but it is not the first step in first aid management. Letting them finish making a drink is not relevant to the situation and does not address the immediate need for first aid.

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  • 36. 

    Whilst out walking along a roadside in a small country town, a friend with you is bitten on the leg by a brown snake. You have a first aid kit in the car, which is only 15 metres away. When you have the first aid kit you would:

    • A.

      Apply a tourniquet over the snakebite, write the time you applied the tourniquet on the patient’s forehead and arrange ambulance transport.

    • B.

      Immobilise the limb, calm and reassure the patient. Refer the patient to a local doctor.

    • C.

      Apply a cold compress over the snakebite and arrange ambulance transport.

    • D.

      Apply a broad roller bandage over the snakebite then from the toes bandage as high up the leg as possible. Calm and reassure the patient. Immobilise the limb and arrange ambulance transport to hospital.

    Correct Answer
    D. Apply a broad roller bandage over the snakebite then from the toes bandage as high up the leg as possible. Calm and reassure the patient. Immobilise the limb and arrange ambulance transport to hospital.
    Explanation
    In the given scenario, the correct course of action is to apply a broad roller bandage over the snakebite and then bandage from the toes as high up the leg as possible. This helps to restrict the movement of venom in the body. Calming and reassuring the patient is important to keep them relaxed. Immobilizing the limb further prevents the spread of venom. Finally, arranging for ambulance transport to the hospital ensures that the patient receives proper medical treatment as soon as possible.

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  • 37. 

    Management of a person who has a blood nose includes:

    • A.

      Lying quietly with their head back and applying direct pressure to the soft part of the nose by pinching firmly just below the bone.

    • B.

      Sitting with the head forward and applying direct pressure to the soft part of the nose by pinching firmly just below the bone.

    • C.

      Packing the nose with gauze and calling an ambulance.

    • D.

      Sitting there doing nothing and calling an ambulance.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sitting with the head forward and applying direct pressure to the soft part of the nose by pinching firmly just below the bone.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sitting with the head forward and applying direct pressure to the soft part of the nose by pinching firmly just below the bone. This position helps to prevent blood from flowing down the throat, reducing the risk of choking or swallowing blood. Applying direct pressure to the soft part of the nose helps to control the bleeding by compressing the blood vessels. This method is a first aid measure that can be taken before seeking further medical assistance if necessary.

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  • 38. 

    The provision of CPR should continue until:

    • A.

      The spontaneous return of normal breathing

    • B.

      A health professional or trained help arrives

    • C.

      Physically impossible to continue

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The provision of CPR should continue until all of the above conditions are met. This means that CPR should be continued until the person's breathing returns to normal, until a health professional or trained help arrives, or until it becomes physically impossible to continue. By following these guidelines, the person administering CPR can ensure that they are providing the necessary care and support until further help arrives or the person's condition improves.

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  • 39. 

    Hypoglycaemia is associated with Diabetes and is defined as:

    • A.

      A person with high blood sugar.

    • B.

      A person with too much alcohol in their system.

    • C.

      A person with low blood sugar.

    • D.

      A person with not enough red blood cells.

    Correct Answer
    C. A person with low blood sugar.
    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels. It is commonly associated with diabetes, as individuals with diabetes can experience drops in blood sugar due to medication, excessive insulin, or inadequate food intake. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness, confusion, sweating, and weakness. Treating hypoglycemia involves consuming a source of glucose or sugar to raise blood sugar levels back to normal.

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  • 40. 

    A person who you know to be a diabetic appears to be confused but co-operative. What should be your response at this point in time?  

    • A.

      Advise him to seek medical assistance or advice as he appears to be hyperglycaemic.

    • B.

      Give him a sugary drink while he is still conscious and get him to lie down and have a rest as he appears to have symptoms of hypoglycaemia.

    • C.

      Ask him to lie in the recovery position until he feels better.

    • D.

      Get him to drink a large glass of water and eat a piece of fruit as he appears to have symptoms of hyperglycaemia.

    Correct Answer
    B. Give him a sugary drink while he is still conscious and get him to lie down and have a rest as he appears to have symptoms of hypoglycaemia.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to give him a sugary drink while he is still conscious and get him to lie down and have a rest as he appears to have symptoms of hypoglycemia. This response is appropriate because hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can cause confusion and cooperative behavior. Giving the person a sugary drink will help raise their blood sugar levels, while having them lie down and rest can help alleviate their symptoms.

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  • 41. 

    You observe a person fall when playing a casual game of football twisting his ankle and falling heavily on his shoulder. On examination of the ankle you suspect he has sprained it but it appears his shoulder is dislocated. Your advice for each injury would be:

    • A.

      Manage the ankle injury using the R.I.C.E. principles. Apply an ice/cold compress gently to the injured shoulder and then immobilise the limb, and check circulation. Seek medical assistance.

    • B.

      Use a cold spray to relieve the pain in his ankle and shoulder and advise him to go home and rest.

    • C.

      Gently massage the ankle to reduce the swelling and place his arm in a sling. Seek medical assistance.

    • D.

      Apply warm compresses to his ankle and shoulder for 10 minutes then elevate the ankle and apply supportive bandages to both areas.

    Correct Answer
    A. Manage the ankle injury using the R.I.C.E. principles. Apply an ice/cold compress gently to the injured shoulder and then immobilise the limb, and check circulation. Seek medical assistance.
    Explanation
    The correct answer advises managing the ankle injury using the R.I.C.E. principles, which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. This is a common method for treating sprained ankles. Additionally, it suggests applying an ice/cold compress gently to the injured shoulder and immobilizing the limb, as well as checking circulation. Seeking medical assistance is also recommended, indicating the severity of the injuries.

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  • 42. 

    One of the basic principles of fracture management includes:

    • A.

      Cooling the patient’s body temperature via cold drinks and control any bleeding.

    • B.

      Immobilize the joint above and below the fracture and control any severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give the patient sugar to ensure blood sugar levels stay high.

    • D.

      Ensuring the patient has had a drink to take their mind off the pain and call 000.

    Correct Answer
    B. Immobilize the joint above and below the fracture and control any severe bleeding.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to immobilize the joint above and below the fracture and control any severe bleeding. This principle is essential in fracture management because immobilizing the joint helps prevent further damage and promotes proper healing of the fractured bone. By immobilizing the joint, the movement of the fractured bone is restricted, reducing pain and preventing any additional injury. Additionally, controlling severe bleeding is crucial to prevent excessive blood loss, which can lead to complications and further endanger the patient's health.

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  • 43. 

    A neighbour of yours is working on the roof of their house, when you see them slip and fall landing on concrete in the driveway. On examination the person is fully conscious, complaining of severe back pain and a tingling sensation in both legs.Your actions would include:

    • A.

      Assisting them to their feet and helping them inside for a rest.

    • B.

      Lifting them and placing them in a position of comfort.

    • C.

      Placing them in the lateral or recovery position.

    • D.

      Advising the person to keep still and calling an ambulance.

    Correct Answer
    D. Advising the person to keep still and calling an ambulance.
    Explanation
    The person is complaining of severe back pain and a tingling sensation in both legs, which could indicate a spinal injury. Moving them or assisting them to their feet could potentially worsen their condition and cause further damage. Placing them in a position of comfort may also not be appropriate as it could exacerbate their injuries. Therefore, the best course of action would be to advise the person to keep still and call an ambulance. This will ensure that medical professionals can assess the person's condition and provide appropriate treatment for their potential spinal injury.

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  • 44. 

    A crush injury resulting from a heavy object on the body over a period of time can result in not only severe damage to muscles and bones, but also excessive blood loss. Harmful toxins are often released into the body’s blood stream when the crush source is removed as a follow on reaction. What first aid management should be applied if the person is conscious?

    • A.

      Check for Dangers, control any bleeding, immobilise limbs as appropriate

    • B.

      Treat for shock and keep the person still and calm.

    • C.

      Seek urgent medical assistance

    • D.

      All of the above apply

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above apply
    Explanation
    If a person has experienced a crush injury resulting in severe damage to muscles and bones, as well as excessive blood loss, it is important to apply multiple first aid measures. Checking for any additional dangers and controlling bleeding are crucial steps to ensure the person's safety. Immobilizing limbs as appropriate can help prevent further damage. Treating for shock and keeping the person still and calm is necessary to stabilize their condition. Lastly, seeking urgent medical assistance is essential for proper evaluation and treatment. Therefore, all of the above apply in this situation.

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  • 45. 

    Whilst out shopping in the supermarket, you witness a man collapse and have an epileptic seizure. Your first aid management of the situation would include:

    • A.

      Getting bystanders to restrain the person. Call 000

    • B.

      Inserting something in man’s mouth to protect his airway.

    • C.

      Do not restrain the man but clear the area so he will not hurt himself further. When the fitting has stopped place him into the recovery position.

    • D.

      Giving the person plenty of fluid as soon as possible.

    Correct Answer
    C. Do not restrain the man but clear the area so he will not hurt himself further. When the fitting has stopped place him into the recovery position.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to not restrain the man but clear the area so he will not hurt himself further and then place him into the recovery position. This is because restraining the person during a seizure can cause injury and is not recommended. Clearing the area around the person helps to prevent any objects from causing harm. Placing the person in the recovery position after the seizure has stopped helps to maintain an open airway and prevent choking.

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  • 46. 

    The recommended first aid management of an infant convulsion should include:

    • A.

      Protect the patient from any immediate dangers, Place child on soft surface or place padding under child’s head protect the airway by turning the patient on their side and try to remain calm. Place child on soft surface or place padding under child’s head after convulsion stops follow Basic Life Support steps.

    • B.

      Seek medical assistance promptly.

    • C.

      Clothing on infant should be minimal to avoid inducing further increase in their body temperature.

    • D.

      All of the mentioned points apply.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the mentioned points apply.
    Explanation
    The recommended first aid management of an infant convulsion includes protecting the patient from immediate dangers, placing the child on a soft surface or padding under their head, protecting the airway by turning the patient on their side, remaining calm, following Basic Life Support steps after the convulsion stops, seeking medical assistance promptly, and ensuring minimal clothing to avoid increasing body temperature. All of these points are necessary for the proper management of an infant convulsion.

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  • 47. 

    A person suffering from heat stroke will have reddish dry skin and be sweating a lot.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A person suffering from heat stroke will have reddish dry skin and will not be sweating. Heat stroke is a severe condition that occurs when the body's temperature regulation system fails. In this condition, the body is unable to cool down through sweating, leading to dry skin. Additionally, the skin may appear flushed or red due to the body's inability to dissipate heat effectively. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 48. 

    A person suffering from Hypothermia may exhibit the following signs:Complaints of coldness followed by unreasonable behaviour including tiredness and lethargy, slurred speech, slow pulse, sudden fits of shivering and possible visual disturbances.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A person suffering from hypothermia may exhibit signs such as complaints of coldness, tiredness, and lethargy, slurred speech, slow pulse, sudden fits of shivering, and possible visual disturbances. These symptoms are commonly associated with hypothermia, which is a condition where the body loses heat faster than it can produce it, leading to a dangerously low body temperature. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 49. 

    First aid management of an unconscious person with Hypothermia would be:

    • A.

      Clear the airway and follow the guidelines of DRSABCD

    • B.

      Prevent further heat loss, and place insulating material (if avail) around & under the person

    • C.

      Remove wet clothes if adequate shelter and insulation is available

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The first aid management of an unconscious person with Hypothermia includes clearing the airway and following the guidelines of DRSABCD, which stands for Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, CPR, and Defibrillation. Additionally, it is important to prevent further heat loss by placing insulating material around and under the person. If adequate shelter and insulation are available, wet clothes should be removed. Therefore, all of the given options are correct and should be followed in the first aid management of an unconscious person with Hypothermia.

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  • 50. 

    You are completing an adventure trek with friends in the outback near Broome when you come across a person who is just conscious walking slowly on the path towards you. She has been walking lost for several hours and the temperature is 38 degrees. She is complaining of severe muscle pain and cramping in the legs and stomach area. She comments that she is starting to feel dizzy and faint. Your response should be: 

    • A.

      Find a shady area and get her to lie down and rest and loosen any clothing, where possible.

    • B.

      Give sips of water and assist the patient to stretch cramped muscles.

    • C.

      Sponge the person with cool water to cool her body temperature.

    • D.

      Seek medical assistance.

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because in this situation, the person is experiencing symptoms of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. It is important to find a shady area and get her to lie down and rest to prevent further exertion. Loosening any clothing will help with heat dissipation. Giving sips of water and assisting with stretching cramped muscles will help with hydration and muscle relaxation. Sponging the person with cool water will help lower her body temperature. Seeking medical assistance is necessary in case her condition worsens or if she needs further treatment. Therefore, all of the mentioned actions are appropriate in this situation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 22, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    ERAonline
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