Studio Craft; Supports And Grounds

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| By Mkinsey
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Mkinsey
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,770
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 204

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Studio Craft; Supports And Grounds - Quiz

Test your knowledge of canvas, panels, sizes and primers. Learn more about the materials you use every day!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In canvas, how are "warp" and "weft" yarns aligned?

    • A.

      Warp yarns are at the edges; weft are in the middle.

    • B.

      Warp yarns are aligned with the long dimension of the loom, and weft go across.

    • C.

      Warp yarns go across the fabric, and weft are aligned with the long dimension of the loom.

    • D.

      Warp yarns are wrapped around the finished roll, and the cloth is actually made from the weft.

    Correct Answer
    B. Warp yarns are aligned with the long dimension of the loom, and weft go across.
    Explanation
    Weft yarns go across the warp, from "weft to right".

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  • 2. 

    Snail slime and fig juice have been used on canvas to protect against damage from oil paint.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It was discovered early in the craft of painting that drying oils induced "rotting" when applied to unprotected canvas. Before animal glue was established as the standard sizing for canvas, painters tried all sorts of things to protect fabric, including snail slime and fig juice!

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of a size/sizing?

    • A.

      Provide absorbency

    • B.

      Prevent direct contact between the support and the paint vehicle

    • C.

      Stiffen fabric to maintain a flat surface

    • D.

      Prevent discoloration of the painting ground from the support

    Correct Answer
    A. Provide absorbency
    Explanation
    Size is applied to prevent the support from absorbing the paint vehicle.

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  • 4. 

    Acrylic Gesso is:

    • A.

      A size, but not a primer

    • B.

      A primer, but not a size

    • C.

      Both size and primer

    • D.

      Neither size nor primer

    Correct Answer
    C. Both size and primer
    Explanation
    Acrylic gesso (acrylic dispersion painting ground) is both size and primer in one product!

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  • 5. 

    Traditional glue-based gesso is a hard painting ground that can be used on stretched canvas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Traditional glue-based gesso is too hard and brittle for use on flexible supports like canvas. This type of gesso should only be used on rigid (panel) supports.

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  • 6. 

    Hardboard is:

    • A.

      A plywood panel made of hardwood

    • B.

      A manufactured board made from wood, cane or other fibers

    • C.

      One particular brand of masonite

    • D.

      A type of paperboard

    Correct Answer
    B. A manufactured board made from wood, cane or other fibers
    Explanation
    Hardboard is a smooth, manufactured panel made of wood or other fibers. Masonite is a retired brand of hardboard.

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  • 7. 

    Oil priming can be applied directly to raw linen canvas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cotton or linen canvas must be sized prior to application of an oil priming to protect the fabric from damage from the drying oil vehicle.

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  • 8. 

    Acrylic-primed canvas can only accept acrylic paint.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Acrylic priming can accept oil, acrylic or alkyd-based paints.

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  • 9. 

    Oil-primed canvas cannot accept acrylics.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Canvas that has been oil primed can only be used with oil or oil-modified alkyd paints.

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  • 10. 

    "Gesso" is:

    • A.

      A generic trademark for acrylic dispersion painting ground

    • B.

      A traditional glue/chalk preparation for panels

    • C.

      Italian for "chalk"

    • D.

      Italian for "plaster"

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This is because "Gesso" is a term that can refer to various things. It can be a generic trademark for acrylic dispersion painting ground, which is used as a preparation for painting on various surfaces. It can also be a traditional glue/chalk preparation for panels, used to create a smooth and stable surface for painting. Additionally, "Gesso" is the Italian word for both "chalk" and "plaster," further adding to its versatility and multiple meanings.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 06, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Mkinsey
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