Chapter 1 - US Healthcare System Issues

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Chapter 1 - US Healthcare System Issues - Quiz


Chapter 1 - Overview of Major Issues in the US Healthcare System

Copyright 2013 Global Health Options, Inc. DBA Riczo & Co. And Steve Riczo


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    American spend approximately the following amount on healthcare each year:

    • A.

      $500 million

    • B.

      $500 billion

    • C.

      $1.5 trillion

    • D.

      $2.7 trillion

    Correct Answer
    D. $2.7 trillion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $2.7 trillion. This amount represents the approximate annual healthcare expenditure of Americans. It is the highest value among the given options, indicating that Americans spend a significant amount of money on healthcare each year.

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  • 2. 

    The number one reason for personal bankruptcy in America is:

    • A.

      Cost of higher education

    • B.

      Price of gasoline

    • C.

      Medical and hospital bills

    • D.

      Cost of health insurance

    Correct Answer
    C. Medical and hospital bills
    Explanation
    Medical and hospital bills are the number one reason for personal bankruptcy in America because healthcare costs in the country are extremely high. Many people struggle to afford necessary medical treatments and procedures, leading to significant debt. Even with health insurance, individuals often face high deductibles, copayments, and out-of-pocket expenses. Additionally, unexpected medical emergencies or chronic illnesses can quickly accumulate substantial bills that individuals are unable to pay, resulting in bankruptcy.

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  • 3. 

    Americans spend more on health care each year than the entire gross domestic product of all 191 countries on earth except for ____ of them:

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      20

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    Americans spend more on healthcare each year than the entire gross domestic product (GDP) of all but four countries on earth. This means that only four countries have a GDP higher than the amount spent on healthcare by Americans. The answer choice "4" indicates that there are only four countries with a higher GDP than the healthcare spending in the United States.

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  • 4. 

    The US healthcare system generally produces very high quality especially for those patients who have:

    • A.

      A hospital far from where they live

    • B.

      A good exercise routine

    • C.

      Health insurance

    • D.

      A proper diet

    Correct Answer
    C. Health insurance
    Explanation
    Having health insurance is crucial for patients who have a hospital far from where they live, a good exercise routine, and a proper diet because it ensures access to necessary medical services and treatments. Health insurance provides financial protection, allowing individuals to afford healthcare expenses and receive timely and appropriate care. It helps cover the costs of hospital visits, doctor consultations, medications, and preventive services, ensuring that patients can receive high-quality healthcare without facing significant financial burdens. Therefore, health insurance plays a vital role in ensuring that patients can access and afford the high-quality healthcare they need, regardless of their location or lifestyle choices.

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  • 5. 

    The US Justice Department estimates that approximately _____ % of all healthcare billing is fraud and abuse:

    • A.

      2%

    • B.

      4%

    • C.

      7%

    • D.

      10%

    Correct Answer
    C. 7%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7%. The US Justice Department estimates that around 7% of all healthcare billing is fraudulent or abusive. This suggests that a significant portion of healthcare billing involves unethical practices, such as overcharging or billing for services not rendered. This highlights the need for stringent measures to prevent and detect healthcare fraud and abuse, in order to protect both patients and the integrity of the healthcare system.

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  • 6. 

    The National Institutes of Health estimates that ____ % of everything done for patients in the US healthcare system is unnecessary:

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      15%

    • C.

      30%

    • D.

      40%

    Correct Answer
    C. 30%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30%. According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 30% of everything done for patients in the US healthcare system is unnecessary. This means that a significant portion of medical procedures, tests, and treatments are not providing any real benefit to patients. This could be due to various reasons such as overdiagnosis, overtreatment, or unnecessary procedures being performed. This statistic highlights the need for more efficient and evidence-based healthcare practices to reduce unnecessary interventions and improve patient outcomes.

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  • 7. 

    "Upcoding" is a widespread practice in the United States used by hospitals and physicians to overcharge patients by exaggerating:

    • A.

      Diagnosis and procedure (CPT) codes from which third-party payers pay them

    • B.

      the length of stay in the hospital

    • C.

      The number of visits made to their doctor

    • D.

      the number of hospitalizations by any given patient in one year

    Correct Answer
    A. Diagnosis and procedure (CPT) codes from which third-party payers pay them
    Explanation
    Upcoding refers to the practice of using higher-level diagnosis and procedure codes than what is actually performed or diagnosed in order to receive higher reimbursement from third-party payers. By exaggerating the codes, hospitals and physicians can overcharge patients and receive more money from insurance companies or government programs. This practice is considered fraudulent and can lead to higher healthcare costs for patients and payers.

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  • 8. 

    Strategies to get control of US healthcare costs include:

    • A.

      improved payment systems to healthcare providers and national spending targets

    • B.

      Reducing fraud and abuse

    • C.

      A renewed emphasis on wellness and prevention

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The strategies mentioned in the options, including improved payment systems, national spending targets, reducing fraud and abuse, and a renewed emphasis on wellness and prevention, are all effective ways to control healthcare costs in the US. By implementing these measures, healthcare providers can be incentivized to provide cost-effective care, while also ensuring that resources are allocated efficiently. Additionally, reducing fraud and abuse helps eliminate unnecessary expenses, while focusing on wellness and prevention can help prevent costly diseases and conditions. Therefore, all of the options mentioned are valid strategies to control US healthcare costs.

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  • 9. 

    The federal healthcare reform law that was passed in March, 2010 is known as

    • A.

      The Healthcare Reform Act

    • B.

      The Affordable Care Act

    • C.

      The Healthcare Cost Reduction Act

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The Affordable Care Act
    Explanation
    The federal healthcare reform law that was passed in March, 2010 is known as The Affordable Care Act. This law, also commonly referred to as Obamacare, aimed to expand access to healthcare coverage, regulate insurance practices, and reduce healthcare costs. It introduced various provisions such as the individual mandate, the establishment of health insurance marketplaces, and the expansion of Medicaid eligibility. The Affordable Care Act has had a significant impact on the healthcare system in the United States and has been a topic of ongoing debate and discussion.

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  • 10. 

    Healthcare costs in the United States have increased from about 5% of the gross domestic product in the mid-1960s to approximately ______ % today:  

    • A.

      8%

    • B.

      11%

    • C.

      14%

    • D.

      18%

    Correct Answer
    D. 18%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 18%. Healthcare costs in the United States have significantly increased over the years, going from about 5% of the gross domestic product in the mid-1960s to approximately 18% today. This rise can be attributed to various factors such as advances in medical technology, an aging population, increased demand for healthcare services, and rising prescription drug prices. The increasing cost of healthcare has become a major concern for individuals, businesses, and the government in the United States.

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  • 11. 

    In the United States, federal, state and local governmenst collectively pay for approximately ____ % of total health care costs for programs such as Medicare, Medicaid and the Veterans Administration Health System:

    • A.

      15%

    • B.

      25%

    • C.

      35%

    • D.

      60%

    Correct Answer
    D. 60%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 60%. In the United States, the federal, state, and local governments collectively pay for a significant portion of total healthcare costs through programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and the Veterans Administration Health System. These government-funded programs help provide healthcare coverage and services to specific populations, such as the elderly, low-income individuals, and veterans. This substantial contribution from the government demonstrates the importance of public funding in ensuring access to healthcare for a large portion of the population.

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  • 12. 

    Every industrialized nation on earth provides health insurance for all of its citizens except for:

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      Great Britain

    • D.

      The United States

    Correct Answer
    D. The United States
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the United States because unlike other industrialized nations such as Germany, Japan, and Great Britain, the United States does not provide health insurance for all of its citizens. In the United States, healthcare is primarily provided through private insurance companies, employer-sponsored plans, or government programs like Medicaid and Medicare. This lack of universal healthcare coverage sets the United States apart from other industrialized nations.

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  • 13. 

    Certain health risk factors increase among people who are relatively poor including:

    • A.

      Drug abuse

    • B.

      teenage pregnancy

    • C.

      Alcoholism

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    People who are relatively poor are more likely to experience certain health risk factors such as drug abuse, teenage pregnancy, and alcoholism. This can be attributed to various socio-economic factors such as limited access to education, healthcare, and resources, as well as higher levels of stress and limited opportunities for personal and social development. These risk factors can have detrimental effects on individuals' physical and mental well-being, leading to long-term health issues and challenges.

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  • 14. 

    The health insurance payment system contributes significantly to high health care costs as does:

    • A.

      the aging population

    • B.

      High-technology care and high cost of labor in the medical field

    • C.

      Poor health habits such as overeating and lack of exercise

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The health insurance payment system contributes significantly to high health care costs because it often involves complex billing procedures and administrative costs, which add to the overall expenses. Additionally, the aging population is a factor as it requires more medical services and treatments, leading to increased costs. High-technology care and the high cost of labor in the medical field also contribute to the high expenses. Lastly, poor health habits such as overeating and lack of exercise can result in chronic conditions that require extensive medical care, further driving up costs. Therefore, all of the mentioned factors contribute to high health care costs.

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  • 15. 

    Most Americans today who have health insurance are in some form of managed care product or health plan such as:

    • A.

      Preferred provider organization plan (PPO)

    • B.

      health maintenance organization plan (HMO)

    • C.

      Point of service plan (POS)

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because most Americans today who have health insurance are indeed in some form of managed care product or health plan, which includes preferred provider organization plans (PPOs), health maintenance organization plans (HMOs), and point of service plans (POS). These types of plans offer different levels of coverage and provider networks, allowing individuals to choose the option that best suits their needs. Therefore, it is accurate to say that most Americans with health insurance are enrolled in one of these three types of managed care products.

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  • 16. 

    A good strategy to reduce pharmaceutical costs is:

    • A.

      reduce the over-prescribing of prescription drugs

    • B.

      Increased use of generic drugs

    • C.

      Improved health habits of Americans to reduce illness in the first place

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer, "all of the above," is correct because it suggests that a combination of reducing over-prescribing of prescription drugs, increasing the use of generic drugs, and improving health habits of Americans to reduce illness in the first place can effectively reduce pharmaceutical costs. By addressing these factors, unnecessary prescriptions can be avoided, cheaper alternatives can be utilized, and overall healthcare costs can be minimized. This comprehensive approach tackles different aspects of pharmaceutical costs and offers a more holistic solution.

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  • Current Version
  • May 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 05, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Steveric1
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