Systems Of Knowledge Science Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 296

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Knowledge Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A good hypothesis can be best described as
    • A. 

      A set of observations.

    • B. 

      A theory that has not been proved yet.

    • C. 

      An educated guess that accounts for all observations whilst predicting future ones.

  • 2. 
    The term "falsifiability" means
    • A. 

      The faking of experimental results.

    • B. 

      The ability to disprove a particular claim.

    • C. 

      The ability to prove a particular claim.

  • 3. 
    "Science" comes from the latin word "Scientia" meaning
    • A. 

      Truth

    • B. 

      Knowledge

    • C. 

      Wisdom

    • D. 

      Certainty

  • 4. 
    A "law" can be best described as
    • A. 

      A fact which has been completely proven.

    • B. 

      A relationship which is repeatedly observed.

    • C. 

      A dogmatic statement which cannot change.

  • 5. 
    The difference between a law and a theory is that a law is completely proven whilst a theory is not.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Physics, Psychology and Biology are all examples of natural sciences.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Strictly speaking, mathematics is not considered to be a science because:
    • A. 

      It is not empirical.

    • B. 

      It can't be proven.

    • C. 

      It is mostly deductive.

  • 8. 
    Extraordinary claims require extraordinary ______________.
  • 9. 
    Galileo Galilei is commonly regarded as the Father of Modern Science because
    • A. 

      He championed the idea of relying on experiment above anything else.

    • B. 

      He was brave enough to challenge the authority of the time.

    • C. 

      He invented the telescope and disproved geocentrism once and for all.

  • 10. 
    This famous scientist is
    • A. 

      Stephen Hawking

    • B. 

      Richard Dawkins

    • C. 

      Richard Feynman

    • D. 

      Carl Sagan

  • 11. 
    He won the Nobel prize in 1965 for his work on
    • A. 

      Concentrated dark matter.

    • B. 

      A new understanding of gravity.

    • C. 

      The big bang theory.

    • D. 

      Quantum mechanics.

  • 12. 
    Albert Einstein developed a modern understanding of gravity, called
    • A. 

      Gravitational theory.

    • B. 

      Special relativity.

    • C. 

      General relativity

    • D. 

      Relative generality.

  • 13. 
    For science to be possible, the following assumption must be made:
    • A. 

      Human beings are intelligent enough to understand the way nature works.

    • B. 

      Nature has order and works according to fixed laws.

    • C. 

      Scientists only publish accurate and honest results.

  • 14. 
    In a scientific experiment, the function of a control is to
    • A. 

      Ensure that the results obtained are the ones that were hypothesized.

    • B. 

      Increase the overall accuracy of the measurements taken in the experiment.

    • C. 

      Minimize the effects all the variables except the one being investigated.

  • 15. 
    The structure of the atom. The periodic table of elements. Heliocentrism. These are all examples of:
    • A. 

      Hypotheses.

    • B. 

      Laws.

    • C. 

      Models.

  • 16. 
    • The transition from classical mechanics to quantum mechanics.
    • The emergence of germ theory to explain diseases.
    • The replacement of geocentrism by heliocentrism.
    These are all examples of ...
    • A. 

      Paradigm shifts.

    • B. 

      Controlled experiments.

    • C. 

      Falsifiability.

    • D. 

      Scientific revelations.

  • 17. 
    Science pertains only to phenomena that are observable by the senses.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The word "Cosmos" comes from the greek term meaning
    • A. 

      "universe".

    • B. 

      "order".

    • C. 

      "law".

    • D. 

      "infinite".

  • 19. 
    • Genetic Engineering
    • Computer Science
    • Medicine
    These are all examples of
    • A. 

      Pure sciences.

    • B. 

      Applied sciences.

    • C. 

      Natural sciences.

    • D. 

      Social sciences.

  • 20. 
    • Galileo's Ship
    • Einstein's Light Beam
    • Schrodinger's Cat
    These are all examples of
    • A. 

      Experiments.

    • B. 

      Models.

    • C. 

      Thought experiments.

    • D. 

      Hypotheses.

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