Systems Of Knowledge Science Quiz

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Systems Of Knowledge Science Quiz - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term "falsifiability" means

    • A.

      The faking of experimental results.

    • B.

      The ability to disprove a particular claim.

    • C.

      The ability to prove a particular claim.

    Correct Answer
    B. The ability to disprove a particular claim.
    Explanation
    Falsifiability refers to the ability to disprove a particular claim. It is a concept in scientific research that states for a hypothesis or theory to be considered valid, it must be possible to conceive of an experiment or observation that could potentially show it to be false. In other words, a claim is only considered scientific if it can be tested and potentially proven wrong. This principle is essential for maintaining the integrity and objectivity of scientific inquiry.

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  • 2. 

    Physics, Psychology and Biology are all examples of natural sciences.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Physics, Psychology, and Biology are not all examples of natural sciences. While Physics and Biology are considered natural sciences as they study the natural world and its phenomena, Psychology is a social science. It focuses on the behavior and mental processes of individuals and is not directly concerned with the natural world. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 3. 

    Strictly speaking, mathematics is not considered to be a science because:

    • A.

      It is not empirical.

    • B.

      It can't be proven.

    • C.

      It is mostly deductive.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is not empirical.
    Explanation
    Mathematics is not considered to be a science because it is not empirical. Unlike scientific disciplines, mathematics does not rely on observation or experimentation to gather data and draw conclusions. Instead, it is a deductive discipline that uses logical reasoning and proofs to establish relationships and patterns. While mathematics provides a foundation for many scientific fields, it is distinct in its approach and methodology.

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  • 4. 

    Galileo Galilei is commonly regarded as the Father of Modern Science because

    • A.

      He championed the idea of relying on experiment above anything else.

    • B.

      He was brave enough to challenge the authority of the time.

    • C.

      He invented the telescope and disproved geocentrism once and for all.

    Correct Answer
    A. He championed the idea of relying on experiment above anything else.
    Explanation
    Galileo Galilei is commonly regarded as the Father of Modern Science because he championed the idea of relying on experiment above anything else. He believed in the importance of conducting empirical investigations to understand the natural world, rather than relying solely on traditional authority or theoretical speculation. Galileo's emphasis on observation and experimentation laid the foundation for the scientific method and greatly influenced the development of modern scientific inquiry. His contributions to the field of science revolutionized the way we approach and understand the world around us.

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  • 5. 

    This famous scientist is

    • A.

      Stephen Hawking

    • B.

      Richard Dawkins

    • C.

      Richard Feynman

    • D.

      Carl Sagan

    Correct Answer
    C. Richard Feynman
    Explanation
    Richard Feynman is a famous scientist known for his contributions to the field of theoretical physics. He was a brilliant physicist and Nobel laureate who made significant advancements in quantum mechanics and particle physics. Feynman's work on quantum electrodynamics, Feynman diagrams, and his approach to problem-solving through his Feynman Lectures on Physics have had a profound impact on the scientific community. His charismatic personality and ability to communicate complex concepts in a relatable manner also made him a popular figure among the general public.

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  • 6. 

    • The transition from classical mechanics to quantum mechanics.
    • The emergence of germ theory to explain diseases.
    • The replacement of geocentrism by heliocentrism.
    These are all examples of ...

    • A.

      Paradigm shifts.

    • B.

      Controlled experiments.

    • C.

      Falsifiability.

    • D.

      Scientific revelations.

    Correct Answer
    A. Paradigm shifts.
    Explanation
    The given examples all involve significant changes in scientific understanding and accepted theories. The transition from classical mechanics to quantum mechanics, the emergence of germ theory, and the replacement of geocentrism by heliocentrism all represent major shifts in scientific paradigms. Paradigm shifts occur when new evidence or theories challenge and ultimately replace existing beliefs and frameworks. This term accurately describes the examples provided, as they all involve fundamental changes in scientific understanding.

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  • 7. 

    The word "Cosmos" comes from the greek term meaning

    • A.

      "universe".

    • B.

      "order".

    • C.

      "law".

    • D.

      "infinite".

    Correct Answer
    B. "order".
    Explanation
    The word "Cosmos" comes from the Greek term meaning "order". This is because in Greek philosophy, the cosmos was believed to be an ordered and harmonious universe. The term "cosmos" refers to the idea that the universe operates according to a set of laws and principles, and that there is an inherent order and organization to the world. This understanding of the cosmos as orderly and structured has influenced scientific and philosophical thinking throughout history.

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  • 8. 

    • Genetic Engineering
    • Computer Science
    • Medicine
    These are all examples of

    • A.

      Pure sciences.

    • B.

      Applied sciences.

    • C.

      Natural sciences.

    • D.

      Social sciences.

    Correct Answer
    B. Applied sciences.
    Explanation
    Genetic engineering, computer science, and medicine are all fields that apply scientific knowledge and principles to practical applications. They involve the use of scientific principles and techniques to develop new technologies, improve human health, and solve real-world problems. Therefore, they can be categorized as applied sciences.

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  • 9. 

    • Galileo's Ship
    • Einstein's Light Beam
    • Schrodinger's Cat
    These are all examples of

    • A.

      Experiments.

    • B.

      Models.

    • C.

      Thought experiments.

    • D.

      Hypotheses.

    Correct Answer
    C. Thought experiments.
    Explanation
    Galileo's Ship, Einstein's Light Beam, and Schrodinger's Cat are all examples of thought experiments. Thought experiments are hypothetical scenarios that are used to explore and test ideas or theories. They are conducted in the mind rather than in a physical laboratory setting. These experiments allow scientists to think through complex concepts, test different possibilities, and gain insights into the nature of reality. Thought experiments are valuable tools in scientific inquiry and have been used by many famous scientists throughout history, including Galileo, Einstein, and Schrodinger.

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  • 10. 

    "Science" comes from the latin word "Scientia" meaning

    • A.

      Truth

    • B.

      Knowledge

    • C.

      Wisdom

    • D.

      Certainty

    Correct Answer
    B. Knowledge
    Explanation
    The word "Science" comes from the Latin word "Scientia," which means "Knowledge." This suggests that the term "Science" is derived from the concept of acquiring knowledge through systematic study and experimentation. It implies that science is a discipline that aims to understand and explain the natural world based on evidence and logical reasoning.

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  • 11. 

    A good hypothesis can be best described as

    • A.

      A set of observations.

    • B.

      A theory that has not been proved yet.

    • C.

      An educated guess that accounts for all observations whilst predicting future ones.

    Correct Answer
    C. An educated guess that accounts for all observations whilst predicting future ones.
    Explanation
    A good hypothesis can be best described as an educated guess that accounts for all observations whilst predicting future ones. This means that a hypothesis is not just a random guess, but rather a logical and informed explanation that takes into consideration all the available data. It should also have the ability to make predictions about future observations, allowing for further testing and validation.

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  • 12. 

    The difference between a law and a theory is that a law is completely proven whilst a theory is not.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Possibly one of the most common misunderstandings. Nothing can ever be completely proven in science - scientific "conclusions" are always tentative. Instead, an idea can be said to have withstood repeated attempts at disproof, thus gaining confidence in its reliability.

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  • 13. 

    A "law" can be best described as

    • A.

      A fact which has been completely proven.

    • B.

      A relationship which is repeatedly observed.

    • C.

      A dogmatic statement which cannot change.

    Correct Answer
    B. A relationship which is repeatedly observed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a relationship which is repeatedly observed." This is because a law in the context of science refers to a statement or principle that describes the relationship between different phenomena, which has been consistently observed and verified through repeated experiments and observations. Laws are based on empirical evidence and are considered to be reliable and predictable descriptions of natural phenomena.

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  • 14. 

    Extraordinary claims require extraordinary ______________.

    Correct Answer
    evidence
    Explanation
    Extraordinary claims are statements that go against common knowledge or beliefs and are therefore unlikely to be accepted without strong supporting evidence. The phrase "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence" emphasizes the need for evidence that is substantial, compelling, and beyond what would be expected for ordinary claims. This principle suggests that the burden of proof is higher for extraordinary claims, as they challenge established understanding and demand more convincing evidence to be considered credible.

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  • 15. 

    He won the Nobel prize in 1965 for his work on

    • A.

      Concentrated dark matter.

    • B.

      A new understanding of gravity.

    • C.

      The big bang theory.

    • D.

      Quantum mechanics.

    Correct Answer
    D. Quantum mechanics.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanics is a branch of physics that deals with the behavior of particles at the atomic and subatomic levels. It provides a mathematical framework for understanding the wave-particle duality of matter and energy, as well as the probabilistic nature of quantum phenomena. Winning the Nobel prize in 1965 for his work on quantum mechanics suggests that the individual made significant contributions to advancing our understanding of this field.

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  • 16. 

    Albert Einstein developed a modern understanding of gravity, called

    • A.

      Gravitational theory.

    • B.

      Special relativity.

    • C.

      General relativity

    • D.

      Relative generality.

    Correct Answer
    C. General relativity
    Explanation
    Albert Einstein developed the theory of general relativity, which is a modern understanding of gravity. This theory explains gravity as the curvature of spacetime caused by the presence of mass and energy. It is a more comprehensive and accurate explanation of gravity compared to the previous Newtonian theory. Special relativity, on the other hand, deals with the behavior of objects moving at high speeds and does not specifically address gravity. Relative generality is not a recognized scientific concept.

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  • 17. 

    For science to be possible, the following assumption must be made:

    • A.

      Human beings are intelligent enough to understand the way nature works.

    • B.

      Nature has order and works according to fixed laws.

    • C.

      Scientists only publish accurate and honest results.

    Correct Answer
    B. Nature has order and works according to fixed laws.
    Explanation
    The assumption that nature has order and works according to fixed laws is crucial for the possibility of science. This assumption implies that there are consistent patterns and regularities in the natural world that can be observed, measured, and understood. Without this assumption, scientific inquiry would be futile, as there would be no predictable cause-and-effect relationships or principles to investigate. The belief in the orderliness of nature allows scientists to formulate hypotheses, conduct experiments, and make reliable predictions, forming the foundation of scientific knowledge and progress.

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  • 18. 

    In a scientific experiment, the function of a control is to

    • A.

      Ensure that the results obtained are the ones that were hypothesized.

    • B.

      Increase the overall accuracy of the measurements taken in the experiment.

    • C.

      Minimize the effects all the variables except the one being investigated.

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimize the effects all the variables except the one being investigated.
    Explanation
    The function of a control in a scientific experiment is to minimize the effects of all variables except the one being investigated. This is important because it allows researchers to isolate and understand the specific impact of the variable they are studying. By keeping all other variables constant, the control group provides a baseline against which the experimental group can be compared. This helps ensure that any observed changes or effects can be attributed to the variable being investigated rather than other factors.

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  • 19. 

    The structure of the atom. The periodic table of elements. Heliocentrism. These are all examples of:

    • A.

      Hypotheses.

    • B.

      Laws.

    • C.

      Models.

    Correct Answer
    C. Models.
    Explanation
    The given examples of "The structure of the atom," "The periodic table of elements," and "Heliocentrism" are all representations or representations of reality. They are not definitive truths or proven facts, but rather simplified explanations or frameworks that help us understand and make predictions about the natural world. Therefore, they can be categorized as models.

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  • 20. 

    Science pertains only to phenomena that are observable by the senses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The senses are extremely poor at receiving accurate information about the world - that is why we use instruments - indirect observation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 02, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Bchetdls
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