General Orientation, Protective Behaviors And Concussion Quiz

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General Orientation, Protective Behaviors And Concussion Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Does Special Olympics stress the recreational, social or competition approach to sports? 

    • A.

      Recreational

    • B.

      Social

    • C.

      Competition

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition
    Explanation
    The correct answer is competition. Special Olympics emphasizes a competitive approach to sports rather than a recreational or social approach. This means that athletes participating in Special Olympics are encouraged to compete against each other and strive for personal excellence in their chosen sport. The focus is on achieving goals, improving skills, and challenging oneself in a competitive environment.

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  • 2. 

    An individual is eligible to participate in Special Olympics competition if they have been identified by an agency or professional as having an intellectual disability; are registered with Special Olympics Minnesota; and:

    • A.

      Is between ages of 8 and 21

    • B.

      Is a minimum of 8 years of age or older

    • C.

      Is a minimum of 6 years of age or older

    Correct Answer
    B. Is a minimum of 8 years of age or older
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Is a minimum of 8 years of age or older." This means that to participate in Special Olympics competition, an individual must be at least 8 years old or older. This requirement ensures that participants are of a certain age and maturity level to safely and effectively participate in the events.

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  • 3. 

    What is the minimum amount of time (week/hours) required within a sport season that Special Olympics athletes need to train to compete?

    • A.

      10 weeks/8 hours

    • B.

      10 weeks/10 hours

    • C.

      8 weeks/10 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. 8 weeks/10 hours
    Explanation
    Special Olympics athletes need a minimum of 8 weeks of training, with each training session lasting for 10 hours, in order to compete. This duration allows them to develop the necessary skills and physical fitness required for the sport season.

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  • 4. 

    Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both:

    • A.

      Adaptive behaviors and physical abilities

    • B.

      Intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors

    • C.

      Intellectual functioning and physical abilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors
    Explanation
    Intellectual disability is a disability that is characterized by limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors. Intellectual functioning refers to a person's ability to learn, reason, and problem solve, while adaptive behaviors refer to a person's ability to effectively function in everyday life, such as communication, self-care, and social skills. Therefore, the correct answer is "Intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors." This answer accurately reflects the two main areas in which individuals with intellectual disability experience significant limitations.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is a criteria used to determine advancement to higher levels of Special Olympics competitions?

    • A.

      The athlete must have completed the minimum training and competition requirements with certified Special Olympics Coach

    • B.

      An athlete must not have previously competed at the level of competition for which athletes are being selected

    • C.

      There are no requirements, advancement is based on random draw of all interested athletes

    Correct Answer
    A. The athlete must have completed the minimum training and competition requirements with certified Special Olympics Coach
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the athlete must have completed the minimum training and competition requirements with a certified Special Olympics Coach. This means that in order to advance to higher levels of Special Olympics competitions, the athlete must have met certain criteria set by the organization. This ensures that the athlete has received proper training and is prepared for the higher level of competition. It also emphasizes the importance of having a certified coach who can provide the necessary guidance and support to the athlete.

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  • 6. 

    What is Special Olympics Unified Sports?

    • A.

      A program where a proportionate number of athletes with an intellectual disability compete together with athletes without an intellectual disability on the same team

    • B.

      A program where athletes from multiple Special Olympics delegations compete together on the same team

    • C.

      A program where all athletes are either female or male competing on the same team.

    Correct Answer
    A. A program where a proportionate number of athletes with an intellectual disability compete together with athletes without an intellectual disability on the same team
    Explanation
    Special Olympics Unified Sports is a program that promotes inclusion and diversity by allowing athletes with and without intellectual disabilities to compete together on the same team. This program aims to break down barriers and create opportunities for individuals with intellectual disabilities to participate in sports alongside their peers without disabilities. By creating inclusive teams, Special Olympics Unified Sports fosters social interaction, friendship, and mutual support among athletes of all abilities.

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  • 7. 

    Which program is available to Special Olympics athletes who want to be involved with Special Olympics without participating in sports?

    • A.

      Summer Sports Camp

    • B.

      Athlete Leadership Program (ALPs)

    • C.

      Regional Games

    Correct Answer
    B. Athlete Leadership Program (ALPs)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Athlete Leadership Program (ALPs). This program is available to Special Olympics athletes who want to be involved with Special Olympics without participating in sports. ALPs provides opportunities for athletes to develop leadership skills, gain confidence, and contribute to the Special Olympics movement through roles such as coaches, officials, spokespeople, and administrators. It allows athletes to make a difference in their communities and advocate for inclusion and acceptance.

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  • 8. 

    The Healthy Athletes program:

    • A.

      Has five disciplines in which we do screenings

    • B.

      Is designed to help Special Olympics athletes improve their health and fitness

    • C.

      Determines what food is provided at State Games

    Correct Answer
    B. Is designed to help Special Olympics athletes improve their health and fitness
    Explanation
    The Healthy Athletes program is designed to help Special Olympics athletes improve their health and fitness. This program aims to provide screenings and support in five different disciplines to ensure the athletes' overall well-being. It does not determine the food provided at State Games, but rather focuses on enhancing the athletes' physical health and fitness levels.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is one way in which Special Olympics competition differs from other sports competitions?

    • A.

      Only those athletes who finish first, second or third receive awards

    • B.

      Athletes are ideally separated into divisions based on their ability, age and/or gender

    • C.

      Special Olympics sports do not follow recognized sports rules

    Correct Answer
    B. Athletes are ideally separated into divisions based on their ability, age and/or gender
    Explanation
    Special Olympics competitions differ from other sports competitions because athletes are ideally separated into divisions based on their ability, age, and/or gender. This allows for fair and inclusive competition, ensuring that athletes are competing against others who are similar in skill level and age. This approach promotes equal opportunities and creates a supportive environment for athletes with intellectual disabilities to showcase their abilities and compete at their best.

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  • 10. 

    Is a Unified Partner subject to volunteer screening policies in the U.S.?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    A Unified Partner is subject to volunteer screening policies in the U.S. This means that they are required to undergo a screening process to ensure their suitability for volunteering. This screening may include background checks, reference checks, and other measures to ensure the safety and well-being of the individuals they will be working with. By subjecting Unified Partners to these screening policies, organizations can maintain a safe and secure environment for all participants.

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  • 11. 

    When assigning rooms for an overnight stay, what should you consider?

    • A.

      Athletes of the same community oftentimes prefer to room together

    • B.

      What to consider? Go through your list and group the athletes alphabetically by last name

    • C.

      Try to put athletes who are friends together

    • D.

      Separate sleeping room by gender and assign roommates based on similar age, maturity and size

    Correct Answer
    D. Separate sleeping room by gender and assign roommates based on similar age, maturity and size
    Explanation
    When assigning rooms for an overnight stay, it is important to consider the comfort and safety of the athletes. Separating the sleeping rooms by gender ensures privacy and avoids any potential issues. Assigning roommates based on similar age, maturity, and size helps to create a harmonious environment where athletes can feel comfortable and get along well. This approach also takes into account the potential for compatibility and reduces the likelihood of conflicts arising during the stay.

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  • 12. 

    When is it appropriate to withhold water from an athlete?

    • A.

      When the weather is cool and water isn't really needed

    • B.

      Never

    • C.

      Only when the athlete is unprepared or uncooperative

    • D.

      When the athlete is underachieving and could us a "water break" as motivation

    Correct Answer
    B. Never
    Explanation
    It is never appropriate to withhold water from an athlete. Hydration is crucial for athletes to perform at their best and to prevent dehydration, heat stroke, and other heat-related illnesses. Water helps regulate body temperature, maintain blood volume, and transport nutrients to muscles. Even in cool weather, athletes still need to stay hydrated as they can still sweat and lose fluids. Withholding water can have serious consequences on an athlete's health and performance, so it should never be done.

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  • 13. 

    Have you checked to see if you are a mandatory reporter in your state?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Yes." This implies that the person has indeed checked to see if they are a mandatory reporter in their state. It suggests that they have taken the necessary steps to determine their legal obligations and responsibilities in reporting certain types of abuse or neglect. By affirming that they have checked, it indicates that they are aware of their role as a mandatory reporter and are prepared to fulfill their obligations if necessary.

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  • 14. 

    What is the rule about what areas of the body to avoid touching?

    • A.

      Avoid all areas; don't make yourself vulnerable to an accusation!

    • B.

      Avoid areas where he/she doesn't like to be touched

    • C.

      Avoid areas a traditional swimsuit would cover

    • D.

      Set some ground rules early on, so you know where your athlete is okay with being touched

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoid areas a traditional swimsuit would cover
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to avoid areas a traditional swimsuit would cover. This rule is commonly followed in many professional and recreational settings to ensure appropriate boundaries and respect for personal space. By avoiding touching areas that would typically be covered by a swimsuit, individuals can help maintain a level of comfort and prevent any potential discomfort or inappropriate behavior.

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  • 15. 

    Concussions are traumatic brain injuries.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Concussions are considered traumatic brain injuries because they result from a forceful impact to the head or body, causing the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. This movement can lead to various symptoms and impairments, such as headaches, dizziness, memory problems, and changes in mood or behavior. The classification of concussions as traumatic brain injuries highlights the potential seriousness and long-term effects of these injuries, emphasizing the need for proper diagnosis, treatment, and management.

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  • 16. 

    You have to be hit on the head to have a concussion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A concussion can occur without being hit directly on the head. It can happen when there is a sudden jolt or impact to the body that causes the brain to move back and forth rapidly within the skull. This can result in temporary changes in brain function, leading to symptoms such as headache, dizziness, confusion, and memory problems. Therefore, it is not necessary to be hit on the head to experience a concussion.

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  • 17. 

    A concussion must involve a loss of consciousness or being knocked out for at least a few seconds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A concussion does not necessarily involve a loss of consciousness or being knocked out. In fact, most concussions occur without a person losing consciousness. Concussions can result from a blow to the head or body that causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. Symptoms of a concussion can vary and may include headache, dizziness, confusion, memory problems, and sensitivity to light or noise. It is important to seek medical attention if a concussion is suspected, regardless of whether or not there was a loss of consciousness.

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  • 18. 

    When can a concussion occur?

    • A.

      Only when playing full contact sports

    • B.

      Only when the individual who was hit loses conciousness

    • C.

      In any organized or unorganized recreational sport or activity

    Correct Answer
    C. In any organized or unorganized recreational sport or activity
    Explanation
    A concussion can occur in any organized or unorganized recreational sport or activity, not just in full contact sports or when the individual loses consciousness after being hit. Concussions can happen when there is a forceful blow to the head or body, causing the brain to move rapidly back and forth inside the skull. This can result in temporary changes in brain function, leading to symptoms such as headache, dizziness, confusion, and memory problems. It is important to be aware of the risk of concussions in all types of physical activities and take appropriate precautions to prevent them.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are signs of a concussion that you, as a coach, may identify?

    • A.

      The athlete follows the rules for safety and the rules of the sport, practices good sportsmanship, and uses the proper equipment for the sport

    • B.

      The athlete appears stunned, is unsure of the game, score or opponent, is confused about their assignment or position, or is answering questions slowly

    • C.

      The athlete is behaving normally

    Correct Answer
    B. The athlete appears stunned, is unsure of the game, score or opponent, is confused about their assignment or position, or is answering questions slowly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The athlete appears stunned, is unsure of the game, score or opponent, is confused about their assignment or position, or is answering questions slowly." This answer is correct because these signs are commonly associated with a concussion. When an athlete appears stunned, is unsure of the game, score, or opponent, or is confused about their assignment or position, it may indicate that they have suffered a head injury. Additionally, if the athlete is answering questions slowly, it may suggest that they are experiencing cognitive difficulties as a result of a concussion.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following are symptoms of a concussion that an athlete may describe?

    • A.

      The athlete complains of dizziness and says they have balance problems

    • B.

      The athlete states the light hurts their eyes, and complains of a headache

    • C.

      The athlete says they're hungry and are feeling weak

    • D.

      Both the first and second statements

    Correct Answer
    D. Both the first and second statements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Both the first and second statements." This is because dizziness, balance problems, sensitivity to light, and headaches are common symptoms of a concussion that an athlete may describe. The third statement about hunger and weakness is not typically associated with concussions, so it is not a symptom that an athlete may describe.

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  • 21. 

    What is the first thing you should do as a coach if one of your athletes has been jolted, sustained a bump or blow to the head or body?

    • A.

      Allow the athlete to finish out the quarter, inning, etc. and then take the athlete for a medical examination

    • B.

      Remove the athlete from play and look for signs or symptoms of a concussion

    • C.

      Immediately rush the athlete to the hospital, even if none of the danger signs are present

    Correct Answer
    B. Remove the athlete from play and look for signs or symptoms of a concussion
    Explanation
    The first thing a coach should do if one of their athletes has been jolted or sustained a bump or blow to the head or body is to remove the athlete from play. This is important to ensure the safety and well-being of the athlete. After removing the athlete from play, the coach should then look for signs or symptoms of a concussion. This is necessary as concussions can have serious consequences and require proper medical attention. Rushing the athlete to the hospital immediately, even if none of the danger signs are present, may not be necessary unless the coach suspects a severe injury.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following would indicate a medical emergency of a severe concussion and require rushing an athlete to the hospital emergency department?

    • A.

      The athlete loses consciousness, is persistently vomiting or seems to become increasingly more confused and restless

    • B.

      The athlete seems slightly off balance and isn't feeling quite right

    • C.

      The athlete complains of having neck pain and a headache

    Correct Answer
    A. The athlete loses consciousness, is persistently vomiting or seems to become increasingly more confused and restless
    Explanation
    If an athlete loses consciousness, is persistently vomiting, or seems to become increasingly more confused and restless after a severe concussion, it indicates a medical emergency. These symptoms suggest that the athlete's condition is deteriorating rapidly and requires immediate medical attention. This could be indicative of a more severe brain injury or internal bleeding, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Rushing the athlete to the hospital emergency department is crucial in order to provide the necessary medical interventions and ensure their safety.

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  • 23. 

    When can an athlete return to play after a concussion?

    • A.

      As soon as they are feeling better

    • B.

      When the parent, guardian or care provider says it's okay for the athlete to return to play

    • C.

      After being cleared by a health provider, and after showing no additional signs/symptoms of a concussion

    Correct Answer
    C. After being cleared by a health provider, and after showing no additional signs/symptoms of a concussion
    Explanation
    An athlete can return to play after a concussion only when they have been cleared by a health provider and have shown no additional signs or symptoms of a concussion. This is because concussions can have serious consequences and it is important to ensure that the athlete has fully recovered before allowing them to participate in physical activities again.

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  • 24. 

    How many athletes does Special Olympics Minnesota currently serve?

    • A.

      7,000+

    • B.

      8,000+

    • C.

      10,000+

    Correct Answer
    B. 8,000+
    Explanation
    Special Olympics Minnesota currently serves over 8,000 athletes. This indicates that the organization provides services and support to more than 8,000 individuals who participate in various sports and activities. The "+" sign suggests that the actual number of athletes served may be even higher than 8,000, but the exact number is not specified.

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  • 25. 

    Is it permissible for a volunteer in an authority position over an athlete to date that athlete?

    • A.

      No

    • B.

      Depends on the circumstances

    • C.

      Yes

    Correct Answer
    A. No
    Explanation
    It is not permissible for a volunteer in an authority position over an athlete to date that athlete. This is because there is a power imbalance in such a relationship, which can lead to conflicts of interest, favoritism, and unfair treatment. It is important to maintain professionalism and ensure a level playing field for all athletes.

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  • 26. 

    Who determines the punishment for violating a Special Olympics Code of Conduct?

    • A.

      The Coach with guidance from Special Olympics staff

    • B.

      Any Special Olympics staff member in a position of authority

    • C.

      Society

    • D.

      The Program

    Correct Answer
    A. The Coach with guidance from Special Olympics staff
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Coach with guidance from Special Olympics staff." The coach, who is responsible for overseeing the athletes and their behavior, determines the punishment for violating the Special Olympics Code of Conduct. However, they do so with guidance and support from the Special Olympics staff, who provide expertise and ensure that the punishment is fair and in line with the organization's policies. This collaborative approach ensures consistency and fairness in enforcing the Code of Conduct.

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  • 27. 

    When is a private meeting with an athlete appropriate?

    • A.

      When that athlete is misbehaving and needs to be reprimanded

    • B.

      When you have something personal to tell the athlete and you want to be out of earshot of his/her teammates

    • C.

      When it is within sight of others who are aware of the conversation

    • D.

      A private meeting with an athlete is never appropriate

    Correct Answer
    C. When it is within sight of others who are aware of the conversation
    Explanation
    A private meeting with an athlete is appropriate when it is within sight of others who are aware of the conversation because this allows for privacy while also ensuring transparency and accountability. It allows for a confidential discussion to take place without completely isolating the athlete or creating an atmosphere of secrecy. This approach promotes open communication and can be helpful in addressing personal matters or providing constructive feedback while still maintaining a level of visibility and professionalism.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is NOT an indicator of potential inappropriate behavior?

    • A.

      Two Class A volunteers assisting with changing, showering, or toileting

    • B.

      Questionable injuries such as bruises or lacerations in soft tissue areas of an athlete's body

    • C.

      Relationships between volunteers and athletes that become private or secretive

    • D.

      Unusual or inappropriate gifts from a volunteer

    Correct Answer
    A. Two Class A volunteers assisting with changing, showering, or toileting
    Explanation
    Two Class A volunteers assisting with changing, showering, or toileting is not an indicator of potential inappropriate behavior because it is a common practice in situations where assistance is required, such as in healthcare or caregiving settings. However, the other options listed are indicators of potential inappropriate behavior, such as questionable injuries, secretive relationships, and unusual or inappropriate gifts, which may suggest abuse, manipulation, or boundary violations.

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  • 29. 

    As a coach, how can you help prevent concussions?

    • A.

      By working with parents, athletes and coaches to spread awareness about concussions all year, including pre-season, during the season and post-season

    • B.

      By teaching the athletes to always play hard and win at all costs

    • C.

      By ensuring all athletes wear properly fitted protective equipment, practice good sportsmanship at all times, and follow the rules of play

    • D.

      Both the first and third statements

    Correct Answer
    D. Both the first and third statements
    Explanation
    By working with parents, athletes, and coaches to spread awareness about concussions all year, including pre-season, during the season, and post-season, and by ensuring all athletes wear properly fitted protective equipment, practice good sportsmanship at all times, and follow the rules of play, a coach can help prevent concussions. This comprehensive approach addresses both education and safety measures, promoting a culture of concussion prevention and reducing the risk of head injuries among athletes.

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