Chapter 14 Economics: Taxes And Government Spending Trivia

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Dpennington
D
Dpennington
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 3,741
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 838

SettingsSettingsSettings
Chapter 14 Economics: Taxes And Government Spending Trivia - Quiz

The quiz below is based on chapter 14 from economics on Taxes and government spending. We know that the major way in which a government obtains revenue from its citizens is through taxation and this being said there are a set of laws that govern how things are taxed and how the tax should be used. Take this test and see how well you understood the topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    (of persons) freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability (as e.g. taxes) to which others or other things are subject

    • A.

      Allowances

    • B.

      Benfits

    • C.

      Deductions

    • D.

      Exempt

    Correct Answer
    D. Exempt
    Explanation
    Exempt means that a person is freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability, such as taxes, to which others or other things are subject. This means that the person is not required to pay the taxes that others are obligated to pay.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A unique nine digit number issued by the federal government that is required for all workers

    • A.

      Social Security #

    • B.

      Merchandising #

    • C.

      Federal Identification #

    • D.

      Employee #

    Correct Answer
    A. Social Security #
    Explanation
    A unique nine-digit number issued by the federal government that is required for all workers is known as a Social Security number. It is used for various purposes, including identification, tracking of earnings, and eligibility for social security benefits.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    (of persons) freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability (as e.g. taxes) to which others or other things are subject

    • A.

      Deductions

    • B.

      Allowances

    • C.

      Exempt

    • D.

      W4

    Correct Answer
    C. Exempt
    Explanation
    The term "exempt" refers to a person who is freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability, such as taxes, which others or other things are subject to. In this context, it means that the person is not required to pay taxes or fulfill certain obligations that others are obligated to. The other options, "deductions," "allowances," and "W4," do not have the same meaning as "exempt" in relation to being freed from obligations or liabilities.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A unique nine digit number issued by the federal government that is required for all workers

    • A.

      Inmate #

    • B.

      Social Security #

    • C.

      Employee Identification #

    • D.

      Federal Tax #

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Security #
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Social Security #. A unique nine-digit number issued by the federal government that is required for all workers is commonly known as a Social Security number. This number is used for various purposes, such as tracking an individual's earnings and determining their eligibility for social security benefits. It is a crucial identification number for individuals working in the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health

    • A.

      Social Security

    • B.

      Pension Plan

    • C.

      Sales Tax

    • D.

      Income Tax

    Correct Answer
    A. Social Security
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Social Security. In 1935, the Social Security Act was passed, which established a federal-state system of unemployment insurance and provided retirement payments for enrolled workers starting at age 65. It also extended benefits to dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health. The Social Security program continues to provide financial support to retirees, disabled individuals, and surviving family members.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    A statement of an individual's annual wages and taxes provided by an employer that must be included with the employee's federal, state, and city income tax returns.

    • A.

      1040EZ

    • B.

      W4

    • C.

      1099

    • D.

      W2

    Correct Answer
    D. W2
    Explanation
    A W2 is a statement of an individual's annual wages and taxes provided by an employer that must be included with the employee's federal, state, and city income tax returns. It is a form that summarizes the employee's earnings and withholdings for the year, including information such as wages, tips, and other compensation, as well as federal and state income tax withheld. This form is essential for accurately reporting and filing income taxes.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    W-2 form should be given to all employees before what date each year?

    • A.

      Jan. 31st

    • B.

      Feb 15th

    • C.

      April 15

    • D.

      March 31st

    Correct Answer
    A. Jan. 31st
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Jan. 31st because according to IRS regulations, employers are required to provide their employees with their W-2 forms by this date each year. This form contains information about the employee's wages and taxes withheld during the previous year, which is necessary for individuals to file their income tax returns accurately and on time. Failing to provide the W-2 form by Jan. 31st can result in penalties for the employer.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

    • A.

      Jan. 31st

    • B.

      Feb 15th

    • C.

      April 15

    • D.

      March 31st

    Correct Answer
    C. April 15
    Explanation
    The last day you can send in federal income tax forms is April 15th. This is the deadline set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for individuals to file their tax returns and pay any taxes owed. Failing to meet this deadline may result in penalties and interest on any unpaid taxes.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Regulates wages and hours by entitling covered employees to (1) a specified minimum wage whose amount changes over time, and (2) time-and-a half rate for work exceeding 40 hours per week.

    • A.

      SOCIAL SECURITY ACT

    • B.

      EMPLOYMENT ACT

    • C.

      FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT

    • D.

      THE MR PENNINGTON ACT

    Correct Answer
    C. FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Fair Labor Standards Act. This act regulates wages and hours by setting a minimum wage that can change over time and requiring employers to pay overtime at a rate of one and a half times the regular pay for any hours worked over 40 in a week. The Social Security Act is unrelated to wages and hours, as it primarily focuses on providing benefits to retired and disabled individuals. The Employment Act is also unrelated, as it primarily focuses on promoting maximum employment, production, and purchasing power. The MR Pennington Act is not a real act and does not exist.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The Social Security act was adopted in what year?

    • A.

      1945

    • B.

      1938

    • C.

      1935

    • D.

      1920

    Correct Answer
    C. 1935
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1935. The Social Security Act was adopted in 1935 as a response to the Great Depression. It was signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and aimed to provide financial support to retired workers, the unemployed, and people with disabilities. The Act established the Social Security Administration and introduced the Social Security program, which is still in effect today.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Who Signed the Social Security Act into law?

    • A.

      President Regan

    • B.

      President Bush

    • C.

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • D.

      John F Kennedy

    Correct Answer
    C. Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Explanation
    Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law. This act was a key part of Roosevelt's New Deal reforms during the Great Depression. It established a system of social insurance, providing benefits to retired workers and the unemployed. Roosevelt's signing of this act demonstrated his commitment to addressing the economic hardships faced by many Americans at the time and his belief in the government's role in providing social welfare programs.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Government payments to those who recently lost their jobs through no fault of their own.

    • A.

      Pension

    • B.

      Unemployment Compensation

    • C.

      Social Security

    • D.

      Medicare

    Correct Answer
    B. Unemployment Compensation
    Explanation
    Unemployment Compensation is the correct answer because it refers to government payments provided to individuals who have lost their jobs involuntarily and are actively seeking employment. This financial assistance is designed to support individuals during their period of unemployment and help them meet their basic needs until they secure new employment. It is specifically intended for individuals who have lost their jobs through no fault of their own, such as due to layoffs or business closures.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    A minimum price that an employer can pay a worker for an hour of labor

    • A.

      Low Wages

    • B.

      Overtime

    • C.

      Minimum Wage

    • D.

      Salary

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimum Wage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Minimum Wage". The explanation for this answer is that the minimum wage is the lowest amount that an employer is legally required to pay to their workers for an hour of labor. It is set by the government to ensure that workers receive a fair and minimum level of compensation for their work. This helps to prevent exploitation and ensure a basic standard of living for workers.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    How many hours is standard work week

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      35

    • C.

      38

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    D. 40
    Explanation
    The standard work week typically consists of 40 hours. This is a common practice in many industries and countries, where employees are expected to work for 40 hours per week. It is important to note that some industries or countries may have different standards for the work week, but 40 hours is generally considered the standard.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Additional compensation based on hours worked in excess of a maximum during a given period. In the U.S., it is usually awarded for time worked in excess of 40 hours per week, and usually at a rate equivalent to 1 ½ times the regular wage.

    • A.

      Overtime

    • B.

      Bonus

    • C.

      Salary

    • D.

      Minimum Wage

    Correct Answer
    A. Overtime
    Explanation
    Overtime refers to the additional compensation that is given to employees for working more hours than the maximum set for a given period. In the U.S., it is typically awarded when an employee works more than 40 hours per week, and the rate of compensation is usually 1 ½ times the regular wage. This additional pay is meant to incentivize employees to work longer hours and compensate them for the extra time and effort put into their work.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A legal term that imposes responsibility for damages regardless of the existence of negligence.

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Liability without Fault

    • C.

      Disability

    • D.

      Workers Comp.

    Correct Answer
    B. Liability without Fault
    Explanation
    Liability without Fault refers to a legal term that holds someone responsible for damages even if they were not negligent. This means that the person can be held liable for the consequences of their actions or omissions, regardless of whether they intended to cause harm or not. In such cases, the focus is on the fact that the person's actions or behavior led to the damages, rather than on proving negligence. This concept is often applied in strict liability cases, where certain activities or products are inherently dangerous and any resulting harm can lead to liability, regardless of fault.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A form of insurance paid by the employer providing cash benefits to workers injured or disabled in the course of employment.

    • A.

      Disability Income

    • B.

      Unemployment Ins.

    • C.

      Workers Comp Insurance

    • D.

      Social Security

    Correct Answer
    C. Workers Comp Insurance
    Explanation
    Workers Comp Insurance is a form of insurance paid by the employer to provide cash benefits to workers who are injured or disabled while on the job. This insurance is specifically designed to cover medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages for employees who experience work-related injuries or disabilities. It helps to ensure that injured workers receive the necessary financial support and assistance during their recovery process, allowing them to focus on healing and returning to work.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    The total amount of an employee's earnings before deductions are taken out

    • A.

      Gross Pay

    • B.

      Net Pay

    • C.

      Deductions

    • D.

      Benefits

    Correct Answer
    A. Gross Pay
    Explanation
    Gross pay refers to the total amount of an employee's earnings before any deductions are taken out. It includes the employee's salary or wages, as well as any additional income such as bonuses or commissions. Gross pay is important because it serves as the starting point for calculating various deductions and taxes, such as income tax, social security contributions, and health insurance premiums. It is the amount that an employee receives before any withholdings or deductions, providing a clear picture of their total earnings.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Amounts subtracted from your gross pay.

    • A.

      Gross Pay

    • B.

      Net Pay

    • C.

      Deductions

    • D.

      Benefits

    Correct Answer
    C. Deductions
    Explanation
    Deductions are amounts subtracted from your gross pay. This means that when calculating your net pay, deductions are taken into account to determine the final amount you receive. Deductions can include taxes, insurance premiums, retirement contributions, and other withholdings. These deductions reduce your gross pay and affect the overall amount you take home.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Amount of income left after taxes and deductions have been taken out.

    • A.

      Gross Pay

    • B.

      Net Pay

    • C.

      Deductions

    • D.

      Benefits

    Correct Answer
    B. Net Pay
    Explanation
    Net pay refers to the amount of income that an individual receives after taxes and deductions have been taken out. It represents the actual amount of money that an individual takes home from their paycheck. Gross pay, on the other hand, refers to the total amount of income before any deductions are made. Deductions are specific amounts of money that are subtracted from an individual's gross pay to cover taxes, insurance, or other expenses. Benefits, on the other hand, are additional perks or compensation that an individual may receive as part of their employment package. Therefore, net pay is the correct answer as it accurately describes the amount of income left after taxes and deductions have been taken out.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Are sometimes part of compensation packages provided by employers for employees. Human Resources Managers are responsible for managing compensation packages for employees.

    • A.

      Gross Pay

    • B.

      Net Pay

    • C.

      Deductions

    • D.

      Benefits

    Correct Answer
    D. Benefits
    Explanation
    Benefits are sometimes part of compensation packages provided by employers for employees. These benefits can include health insurance, retirement plans, paid time off, and other perks that enhance the overall compensation package. Human Resources Managers are responsible for managing these compensation packages, ensuring that employees receive the benefits they are entitled to.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    A program that allows employees to share in the profits of a company based on the profitability of the company and an allocation formula determining each employee's share.

    • A.

      Pension

    • B.

      Leave of Absence

    • C.

      Perks

    • D.

      Profit Sharing

    Correct Answer
    D. Profit Sharing
    Explanation
    Profit sharing is the correct answer because it aligns with the description given in the question. The program mentioned allows employees to share in the profits of a company based on its profitability and an allocation formula. This means that employees receive a portion of the company's profits as a form of compensation, in addition to their regular salary. Profit sharing is a common practice used by companies to incentivize employees and reward them for their contribution to the company's success.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Extra advantages or benefits of working in a specific job that may or may not be commonplace in that particular profession; a shortened form of perquisites.

    • A.

      Pension

    • B.

      Leave of Absence

    • C.

      Perks

    • D.

      Profit Sharing

    Correct Answer
    C. Perks
    Explanation
    Perks refer to additional advantages or benefits that are not commonly found in a particular profession. These can include things like flexible working hours, company-provided meals, gym memberships, or travel opportunities. Perks are often offered by employers as a way to attract and retain talented employees, and they can contribute to job satisfaction and overall well-being. In contrast, pension, leave of absence, and profit sharing are specific benefits or arrangements that may or may not be offered in a job, but they do not necessarily fall under the category of "perks."

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    A fixed sum paid regularly by an employer to an employee after retirement.

    • A.

      Pension

    • B.

      Leave of Absence

    • C.

      Perks

    • D.

      Profit Sharing

    Correct Answer
    A. Pension
    Explanation
    A pension is a fixed sum of money that is paid regularly by an employer to an employee after retirement. It is a form of financial support provided to individuals who have reached the end of their working career and are no longer earning a regular income. This payment is meant to help the retired employee cover their living expenses and maintain a certain standard of living. Pensions are typically based on factors such as the employee's salary, years of service, and contributions made to a pension fund throughout their working years.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    When employee allows you to leave your job, without pay, for a period time and your guaranteed to have your job back.

    • A.

      Pension

    • B.

      Leave of Absence

    • C.

      Perks

    • D.

      Profit Sharing

    Correct Answer
    B. Leave of Absence
    Explanation
    A leave of absence is when an employee is allowed to take time off from work, usually without pay, and is guaranteed to have their job back when they return. This allows employees to take a break from work for personal or professional reasons while ensuring job security. It is different from perks, profit sharing, and pension, as these terms do not specifically refer to time off from work.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Money that wage earners pay the government to run the country. The amount of the tax depends upon how much you earn.

    Correct Answer
    Income Tax
    Explanation
    Income tax is the money that wage earners pay to the government in order to fund the operations and services of the country. The amount of tax paid is determined by the individual's income level. This tax is a way for the government to generate revenue and fund various public services such as healthcare, education, infrastructure, and defense. The income tax system is designed to be progressive, meaning that those who earn more pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes compared to those who earn less.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    A tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes increases as income increases

    Correct Answer
    Progressive Tax
    Explanation
    A progressive tax is a type of tax where the percentage of income paid in taxes increases as income increases. This means that individuals with higher incomes will pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes compared to those with lower incomes. The purpose of a progressive tax system is to promote fairness and redistribute wealth by imposing a greater burden on those who can afford to pay more.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    A tax the employer automatically withholds from a paycheck and sends to the federal government. The amount amount withheld is based on the number of personal allowances claimed.

    Correct Answer
    Federal Income Tax
  • 29. 

    A tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes decreases as income increases

    Correct Answer
    Regressive Tax
    Explanation
    A regressive tax is a type of tax where the percentage of income paid in taxes decreases as income increases. This means that individuals with higher incomes pay a smaller proportion of their income in taxes compared to those with lower incomes. This type of tax system tends to place a greater burden on low-income individuals and families, as they end up paying a larger percentage of their income in taxes.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    A tax on a sale of merchandise or services

    Correct Answer
    Sales Tax
    Explanation
    A sales tax is a form of taxation imposed on the sale of merchandise or services. It is typically a percentage of the purchase price that is added to the total cost of the item or service being sold. This tax is collected by the seller and then remitted to the government. Sales tax is commonly used by governments as a way to generate revenue and fund public services and infrastructure projects. It is often applied at the point of sale and varies by jurisdiction, with different rates and exemptions depending on the location and type of goods or services being sold.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Consumer tax on a specific kind of merchandise, such as tobacco.

    Correct Answer
    Excise Tax
    Explanation
    An excise tax is a consumer tax imposed on a specific type of merchandise, such as tobacco. This tax is typically levied on goods that are considered to be harmful or non-essential. It is designed to discourage the consumption of these goods and generate revenue for the government. In the case of tobacco, an excise tax is imposed to both discourage smoking and to offset the healthcare costs associated with tobacco-related illnesses. Overall, an excise tax is a targeted tax that aims to regulate the consumption of certain goods.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Or flat taxes are taxes for which the rate stays the same.

    Correct Answer
    Proportional Tax
    Explanation
    A proportional tax is a type of tax where the rate stays the same regardless of an individual's income or wealth. This means that everyone, regardless of their income level, pays the same percentage of their income in taxes. For example, if the proportional tax rate is 10%, someone who earns $10,000 would pay $1,000 in taxes, while someone who earns $100,000 would pay $10,000 in taxes. Proportional taxes are often seen as fair because everyone is treated equally, but critics argue that they can be regressive and place a heavier burden on low-income individuals.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    A tax based on real estate and other property

    Correct Answer
    Property Tax
    Explanation
    Property tax is a type of tax that is levied on real estate and other types of property. This tax is usually imposed by local governments and is based on the assessed value of the property. Property tax is a significant source of revenue for local governments and is used to fund various public services such as schools, roads, and public safety.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Is a Governmental agency responsible for collecting federal taxes, issuing regulations, and enforcing tax laws

    • A.

      IRS

    • B.

      SS

    • C.

      FDA

    • D.

      USDA

    Correct Answer
    A. IRS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IRS. The IRS, which stands for the Internal Revenue Service, is a governmental agency responsible for collecting federal taxes, issuing regulations, and enforcing tax laws. They play a crucial role in ensuring that individuals and businesses comply with tax obligations and contribute to the funding of government programs and services.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.

    • A.

      Surplus

    • B.

      Deficit

    • C.

      Income Tax

    • D.

      Sales Tax

    Correct Answer
    B. Deficit
    Explanation
    A deficit refers to a situation where federal expenditures exceed federal revenues. This means that the government is spending more money than it is earning through various sources such as taxes. A deficit can occur due to factors like increased government spending, economic downturns, or inadequate tax revenues. It often leads to the government borrowing money to cover the shortfall, which can contribute to national debt.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    A situation in which quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded.

    • A.

      Surplus

    • B.

      Deficit

    • C.

      Income Tax

    • D.

      Sales Tax

    Correct Answer
    A. Surplus
    Explanation
    A surplus occurs when the quantity supplied of a good or service exceeds the quantity demanded. This means that there is an excess supply in the market, leading to a buildup of inventory or unsold goods. In this situation, sellers may need to lower prices or find other ways to stimulate demand in order to sell the excess supply.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    The quick tax form most often used, in paper or online, for thos with uncomplicated tax situations.

    • A.

      1040

    • B.

      1040A

    • C.

      1040EZ

    • D.

      1098

    Correct Answer
    C. 1040EZ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1040EZ because it is the quick tax form that is commonly used for individuals with uncomplicated tax situations. This form is designed for taxpayers who have no dependents, do not itemize deductions, and have a taxable income below a certain threshold. It is simpler and shorter compared to the other forms listed, making it ideal for those with straightforward tax situations.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Benefits are sometimes part of compensation packages provided by employers for employees. Human Resources Managers are responsible for managing compensation packages for employees

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Human Resources Managers are indeed responsible for managing compensation packages for employees, which may include benefits. This means that benefits are indeed part of the compensation packages provided by employers. Therefore, the statement "Benefits are sometimes part of compensation packages provided by employers for employees" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    W4 is a federal tax form filled out by an employee to indicate the amount that should be withheld from his/her paycheck for taxes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Form W4 is indeed a federal tax form that employees fill out to specify the amount of money that should be withheld from their paychecks for taxes. This form helps employers determine the correct amount of federal income tax to withhold from each employee's wages. By accurately completing the W4 form, employees can ensure that the correct amount of taxes is withheld from their pay, preventing any underpayment or overpayment of taxes.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

    Correct Answer
    April 15
    Explanation
    The last day to send in federal income tax forms is April 15. This is the deadline set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for individuals to file their tax returns. Failing to meet this deadline may result in penalties or interest charges. It is important to note that if April 15 falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline may be extended to the following business day.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 25, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Dpennington
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.