Cell Organelles And Cell Division

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 87

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Cell Organelles And Cell Division

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Choose two body systems and identify cellular organelles that perform analogous (which means “similar”) functions.  INCLUDE A BRIEF BUT CONVINCING EXPLANATION for each analogy (2 pts each).Body system #1:  
  • 2. 
    Body system #2
  • 3. 
    • microfilament
    • microtubule
    • vesicle
    • nucleus
    • nucleolus
    • rough endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER)
    • ribosome
    • peroxisome
    • smooth endoplasmic reticulum (smooth ER)
    • cell membrane
    • Golgi apparatus
    • mitochondrion
    • vacuole
    • lysosome
    • centriole
    • cell wall
    • chloroplast
    • cytoplasm
  • 4. 
    Which of the following is NOT a principle of the cell theory?
    • A. 

      Cells are the basic units of life.

    • B. 

      All living things are made up of cells.

    • C. 

      Very few cells reproduce.

    • D. 

      All cells come from existing cells.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following contain a nucleus?
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      Organelles

  • 6. 
    Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animals cells?  
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a function of the nucleus?  
    • A. 

      Stores DNA

    • B. 

      Directs the activities of the cell

    • C. 

      Contains the information needed to make protein

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which organelle makes protein using instructions from the nucleus?
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 9. 
    Which structure can act as a railroad track to move through the cell?  
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Microtubules

    • D. 

      Lysosome

  • 10. 
    Which sequence correctly traces the path of an insulin protein produced by a human cell?  
    • A. 

      Ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from cell

    • B. 

      Ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplast

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Chloroplast, vacuole, lysosome, mitochondrion, ribosome

  • 11. 
    Which organelle fuses with food vesicles and breaks down large food molecules into particles the cell can use?  
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

  • 12. 
    If a cell needed to enlarge its membrane, it would have to make more lipids and build new membrane for them.  Which organelle would be put to work to do this?  
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Microfilament

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

  • 13. 
    Which structure cause the cell itself to move?  
    • A. 

      Ribosomes

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Microfilaments

    • D. 

      Chromosomes

  • 14. 
    Name the organelles in the picture.  Spelling counts.  Capitalization counts.  Use only acceptable abbreviations.   (1)  a thin, permeable covering to the cell
  • 15. 
    (2) looks like a kidney bean with a folded membrane inside
  • 16. 
    (3) a rigid yet flexible outer covering found in plant (but not animal) cells
  • 17. 
    (4)  Green is the actual color of this organelle unlike the rest of the ones pictured here.  Conducts photosynthesis
  • 18. 
    (5)  just a little membranous sac getting pinched off of organelle #7
  • 19. 
    (7)  analogous to a post office (even if that is a quaint, pre-internet analogy)
  • 20. 
    (8)  all the fluid between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
  • 21. 
    (9)  command center to the cell
  • 22. 
    (10)  contains parts for making ribosomes
  • 23. 
    (11)  covered with ribosomes
  • 24. 
    (12)  lipid maker
  • 25. 
    (6) acts like a storage tank
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