Clinical Skeletal SySTEM Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 42 | Total Attempts: 13,563
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Skeletal System Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which type of movement at a joint allows the movement of a limb away from the midline?

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Inversion

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Abduction
    Explanation
    Abduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. This movement occurs in the frontal plane and is commonly seen in actions such as raising the arm or spreading the fingers apart. Adduction, on the other hand, refers to the movement of a limb towards the midline. Inversion and eversion, on the other hand, refer to movements of the foot where the sole is turned inward or outward, respectively.

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  • 2. 

    Which pathology of the spine causes a lateral curvature of the spine?

    • A.

      Lordosis

    • B.

      Kyphosis

    • C.

      Scoliosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Scoliosis
    Explanation
    Scoliosis is the correct answer because it is a pathology of the spine that causes a lateral curvature. Lordosis refers to an excessive inward curvature of the spine, while kyphosis refers to an excessive outward curvature. Therefore, neither lordosis nor kyphosis cause a lateral curvature of the spine.

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  • 3. 

    Which type of arthritis ius characterised by the breakdown of articular cartilage in the joint?

    • A.

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • B.

      Osteoarthritis

    • C.

      Gout

    • D.

      Ankylosing spondylitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteoarthritis
    Explanation
    Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of articular cartilage in the joint. This condition occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones wears down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion in the affected joint. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and damage to the joints, while gout is a form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joint. Ankylosing spondylitis primarily affects the spine and pelvis, causing inflammation and fusion of the vertebrae.

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  • 4. 

    Which bone is located in the upper arm?

    • A.

      Humerus

    • B.

      Patella

    • C.

      Ulna

    • D.

      Fibula

    Correct Answer
    A. Humerus
    Explanation
    The humerus is located in the upper arm. It is the long bone that extends from the shoulder to the elbow and is responsible for connecting the shoulder girdle to the forearm. The humerus is the largest bone in the upper limb and plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the arm. The patella is a bone located in the knee joint, the ulna is a bone in the forearm, and the fibula is a bone in the lower leg.

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  • 5. 

    This facial bone contains the lower teeth

    • A.

      Zygomatic

    • B.

      Occipital

    • C.

      Maxilla

    • D.

      Mandible

    Correct Answer
    D. Mandible
    Explanation
    The mandible is the correct answer because it is the facial bone that contains the lower teeth. The mandible, also known as the jawbone, is the largest and strongest facial bone. It forms the lower jaw and holds the lower teeth in place. The zygomatic bone is responsible for forming the cheekbones, the occipital bone is located at the back of the skull, and the maxilla bone forms the upper jaw and holds the upper teeth.

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  • 6. 

    Which bones form the palm of the hand?

    • A.

      Tarsals

    • B.

      Phalanges

    • C.

      Metacarpals

    • D.

      Bursae

    Correct Answer
    C. Metacarpals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is metacarpals. The metacarpals are the bones that form the palm of the hand. These bones connect the carpals (wrist bones) to the phalanges (finger bones) and play a crucial role in the structure and function of the hand.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is located at the end of a long bone?

    • A.

      Diaphysis

    • B.

      Peristeum

    • C.

      Epiphysis

    • D.

      Medullary cavity

    Correct Answer
    C. Epiphysis
    Explanation
    The epiphysis is located at the end of a long bone. It is the rounded portion of the bone that articulates with another bone to form a joint. The epiphysis is made up of spongy bone and contains red bone marrow, which is responsible for producing blood cells. It also plays a role in the growth and development of the bone.

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  • 8. 

    Cancellous refers to

    • A.

      Spongy bone

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Soft bone

    • D.

      Osteons

    Correct Answer
    A. Spongy bone
    Explanation
    Cancellous bone, also known as spongy bone, is a type of bone tissue that has a lattice-like structure with open spaces filled with marrow. It is found at the ends of long bones, in the vertebrae, and in the pelvis. Unlike compact bone, cancellous bone is not as dense and is more porous. It provides support and strength to the bone while also allowing for the storage of red bone marrow, which produces blood cells. Therefore, the correct answer is spongy bone.

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  • 9. 

    This part refers to the shaft of a long bone

    • A.

      Diaphysis

    • B.

      Epiphysis

    • C.

      Peristeum

    • D.

      Bursa

    Correct Answer
    A. Diaphysis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is diaphysis. The diaphysis refers to the shaft of a long bone. It is the long, cylindrical, main portion of the bone that provides support and stability. The diaphysis is composed mainly of compact bone tissue and contains the medullary cavity, which is filled with bone marrow. The epiphysis, on the other hand, refers to the rounded ends of the long bone, while the periosteum is the tough outer covering of the bone. A bursa, on the other hand, is a fluid-filled sac that helps to reduce friction between tissues.

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  • 10. 

    Which word(s) best reflects the function of the epiphyseal disc?

    • A.

      Blood cell formation

    • B.

      Phagocytosis

    • C.

      Secretion of synovial fluid

    • D.

      Growth

    Correct Answer
    D. Growth
    Explanation
    The function of the epiphyseal disc is best reflected by the word "growth". The epiphyseal disc is a cartilaginous region located at the ends of long bones in children and adolescents. It is responsible for bone growth and lengthening, as it allows for the proliferation of new bone cells. This process is crucial during the growth and development stages of an individual.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following bones is NOT located in the lower limbs?

    • A.

      Femur

    • B.

      Tibia

    • C.

      Ulna

    • D.

      Tarsals

    Correct Answer
    C. Ulna
    Explanation
    The ulna is not located in the lower limbs. It is actually a bone in the forearm, specifically on the side opposite to the thumb. The other options, femur, tibia, and tarsals, are all bones that are found in the lower limbs. The femur is the thigh bone, the tibia is the shin bone, and the tarsals are a group of bones in the ankle.

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  • 12. 

    At which joint do the femur and tibia meet?

    • A.

      Hip

    • B.

      Knee

    • C.

      Ankle

    • D.

      Wrist

    Correct Answer
    B. Knee
    Explanation
    The femur and tibia meet at the knee joint. The knee joint is a hinge joint that allows for flexion and extension of the leg. It is a weight-bearing joint and plays a crucial role in walking, running, and other lower body movements. The femur, which is the thigh bone, forms the upper part of the knee joint, while the tibia, which is the shin bone, forms the lower part. The knee joint is supported by ligaments, tendons, and muscles, providing stability and allowing for a wide range of motion.

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  • 13. 

    Injury to the epiphyseal disc may

    • A.

      Stunt the growth of the injured leg

    • B.

      Stimulate the bone to become cancerous

    • C.

      Inhibit blood cell formation

    • D.

      Cause paralysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Stunt the growth of the injured leg
    Explanation
    Injury to the epiphyseal disc may stunt the growth of the injured leg because the epiphyseal disc is responsible for longitudinal bone growth. It is located at the ends of long bones and is made up of cartilage cells that divide and multiply, allowing the bone to lengthen. If the epiphyseal disc is injured, it can disrupt this process and result in a shorter or stunted leg.

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  • 14. 

    Which bone structure is most concerned with hematopoiesis?

    • A.

      Diaphysis

    • B.

      Bone marrow

    • C.

      Articular cartilage

    • D.

      Epiphyseal disc

    Correct Answer
    B. Bone marrow
    Explanation
    The bone structure that is most concerned with hematopoiesis, the production of blood cells, is the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found inside the bones. It contains stem cells that give rise to different types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Hematopoiesis is a vital process for the maintenance of a healthy blood supply and immune system. The other options, diaphysis, articular cartilage, and epiphyseal disc, are not directly involved in hematopoiesis.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following refers to an exaggerated thoracic curvature of the spine (hunchback)?

    • A.

      Kyphosis

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Scoliosis

    • D.

      Lordosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Kyphosis
    Explanation
    Kyphosis refers to an exaggerated thoracic curvature of the spine, commonly known as hunchback. It is characterized by an abnormal forward rounding of the upper back, leading to a hunched posture. This condition can be caused by various factors such as poor posture, osteoporosis, spinal fractures, or developmental issues. Kyphosis can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty in breathing or moving. Treatment options include physical therapy, exercises, bracing, and in severe cases, surgery.

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  • 16. 

    What is the outer lining of connective tissue that surrounds the diaphysis of a long bone and contains the blood vessels that supply the bone?

    • A.

      Periosteum

    • B.

      Endosteum

    • C.

      Diaphysis

    • D.

      Medullary cavity

    Correct Answer
    A. Periosteum
    Explanation
    The periosteum is the outer lining of connective tissue that surrounds the diaphysis of a long bone and contains the blood vessels that supply the bone. It is a dense, fibrous membrane that covers the entire surface of the bone, except for the articular surfaces. The periosteum plays a crucial role in bone growth, repair, and nutrition, as it contains osteoblasts, which are responsible for bone formation, and blood vessels that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the bone. Additionally, the periosteum also serves as an attachment point for tendons and ligaments, contributing to the stability and movement of the bone.

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  • 17. 

    What is the term that refers to the replacement of cartilage by bone?

    • A.

      Osteoporosis

    • B.

      Osteoarthritis

    • C.

      Ossification

    • D.

      Diarthrosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Ossification
    Explanation
    Ossification refers to the process of cartilage being replaced by bone. During ossification, new bone tissue is formed, leading to the hardening and development of bones. Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, not the replacement of cartilage by bone. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects the cartilage in joints. Diarthrosis refers to a type of joint that allows for free movement.

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  • 18. 

    What are the bones of the fingers called?

    • A.

      Carpals

    • B.

      Tarsals

    • C.

      Vertebrae

    • D.

      Metacarpals

    • E.

      Phalanges

    Correct Answer
    E. Phalanges
    Explanation
    The bones of the fingers are called phalanges. The term "phalanges" refers to the individual bones that make up the fingers, and there are three phalanges in each finger (except for the thumb, which only has two). These bones are responsible for providing structure and support to the fingers, allowing for movement and dexterity.

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  • 19. 

    The scapula would be an example of what type of bone?

    • A.

      Long

    • B.

      Short

    • C.

      Flat

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    C. Flat
    Explanation
    The scapula is a large, triangular, flat bone located in the back of the shoulder. It is thin and broad, providing a large surface area for muscle attachment. Flat bones, like the scapula, are typically thin and curved, serving as a protective covering for organs or providing a surface for muscle attachment. Examples of other flat bones in the body include the sternum, ribs, and certain bones of the skull.

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  • 20. 

    What is the longest, strongest, and heaviest bone of the human body?

    • A.

      Cranium

    • B.

      Femur

    • C.

      Humerus

    • D.

      Sternum

    • E.

      Tibia

    Correct Answer
    B. Femur
    Explanation
    The femur is the longest, strongest, and heaviest bone in the human body. It is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the body's weight and facilitating movement. The femur is designed to withstand significant amounts of force and is crucial for activities such as walking, running, and jumping. Its length and strength make it an essential bone for maintaining proper posture and mobility.

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  • 21. 

    What's the patella?

    • A.

      Fingertip

    • B.

      Eyesocket

    • C.

      Kneecap

    • D.

      Tailbone

    Correct Answer
    C. Kneecap
    Explanation
    The patella is commonly known as the kneecap. It is a small bone located in front of the knee joint. The patella plays a crucial role in protecting the knee joint and aiding in the movement of the leg. It acts as a fulcrum for the quadriceps muscles, allowing for efficient extension of the leg. The patella also provides stability to the knee joint and helps distribute forces during activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 22. 

    Name the vertebrae in the human spine starting at the base of the skull and ending with the buttocks.

    • A.

      Coccyx, lumbar, cervical, thoracic, sacrum

    • B.

      Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx

    • C.

      Thoracic, cervical, sacrum, lumbar, coccyx

    • D.

      Cervical, coccyx, lumbar, thoracic, sacrum

    Correct Answer
    B. Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
    Explanation
    The correct answer lists the vertebrae in the correct order, starting from the base of the skull and ending with the buttocks. The cervical vertebrae are located in the neck region, followed by the thoracic vertebrae in the upper back, the lumbar vertebrae in the lower back, the sacrum in the pelvis, and finally the coccyx at the very bottom of the spine.

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  • 23. 

    Gout is caused by a build up of which acid?

    • A.

      Lactic

    • B.

      Uric

    • C.

      Hydrochloric

    • D.

      Amino

    Correct Answer
    B. Uric
    Explanation
    Gout is caused by a build up of uric acid. Uric acid is a waste product that is produced when the body breaks down purines, which are found in certain foods and drinks. When there is an excess of uric acid in the body, it can form crystals that accumulate in the joints, leading to inflammation and pain characteristic of gout. Managing gout often involves reducing the intake of purine-rich foods and drinks, as well as medications to lower uric acid levels in the body.

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  • 24. 

    The femur would be an example of what type of bone?

    • A.

      Long

    • B.

      Short

    • C.

      Flat

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    A. Long
    Explanation
    The femur is the longest and largest bone in the human body, making it an example of a long bone. Long bones are characterized by their elongated shape, with a shaft (diaphysis) and two ends (epiphyses). They provide support, mobility, and strength to the body. The femur, located in the thigh, serves as a major weight-bearing bone and plays a crucial role in walking, running, and other lower body movements.

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  • 25. 

    The phalanges would be an example of what type of bone?

    • A.

      Long

    • B.

      Short

    • C.

      Flat

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    B. Short
    Explanation
    The phalanges are the bones in our fingers and toes, and they are considered short bones. Short bones are generally cube-shaped and provide stability and support to the body. They have a spongy interior and a thin layer of compact bone on the outside. The phalanges fit this description as they are small, cube-shaped bones that provide support and allow for precise movements in our fingers and toes.

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  • 26. 

    The vertebrae would be an example of what type of bone?

    • A.

      Long

    • B.

      Short

    • C.

      Flat

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    D. Irregular
    Explanation
    The vertebrae would be considered an example of an irregular bone because they do not fit into the categories of long, short, or flat bones. Irregular bones have complex shapes and do not fit into any specific category. The vertebrae have a unique structure with irregularly shaped bodies and processes that allow them to connect and articulate with each other, forming the vertebral column.

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  • 27. 

    What percentage of bone is made of water?

    • A.

      50%

    • B.

      0%

    • C.

      42%

    • D.

      78%

    • E.

      100%

    Correct Answer
    A. 50%
    Explanation
    Bone is made up of both organic and inorganic components. The organic components include cells, collagen, and other proteins, while the inorganic components include minerals like calcium and phosphorus. Water is an essential component of bone, as it helps to provide hydration and maintain the structure and flexibility of the bone. While the exact percentage may vary, it is generally accepted that approximately 50% of bone is made up of water.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following refers to an exaggerated anterior curvature of the lumbar vertebrae (swayback)?

    • A.

      Kyphosis

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Scoliosis

    • D.

      Lordosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Lordosis
    Explanation
    Lordosis refers to an exaggerated anterior curvature of the lumbar vertebrae, commonly known as swayback. This condition causes the lower back to curve inward excessively, leading to a protruding abdomen and buttocks. It can be caused by various factors such as poor posture, obesity, pregnancy, or certain medical conditions. Treatment options for lordosis may include physical therapy, exercises to strengthen the core muscles, and wearing a back brace to support the spine.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following refers to an exaggerated lateral curvature of the spine?

    • A.

      Kyphosis

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Scoliosis

    • D.

      Lordosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Scoliosis
    Explanation
    Scoliosis refers to an exaggerated lateral curvature of the spine. This condition causes the spine to curve sideways, resulting in an "S" or "C" shape. It can occur in both children and adults, and the exact cause is often unknown. Scoliosis can lead to uneven shoulders, hips, or waist, as well as back pain and difficulty breathing in severe cases. Treatment options include observation, bracing, and surgery, depending on the severity of the curvature.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is NOT true of the pelvic girdle?

    • A.

      The female pelvis and male pelvis are approximately the same size, shape and density.

    • B.

      The male pelvis is more dense than the female pelvis.

    • C.

      The female pelvis is wider than the male pelvis.

    • D.

      The female pelvis has a more rounded shape.

    Correct Answer
    A. The female pelvis and male pelvis are approximately the same size, shape and density.
    Explanation
    The statement "The female pelvis and male pelvis are approximately the same size, shape and density" is not true. The female pelvis is generally wider than the male pelvis and has a more rounded shape. Additionally, the male pelvis is typically more dense than the female pelvis.

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  • 31. 

    Which systems does the skeletal system have direct interaction with? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Muscular

    • B.

      Cardiovascular

    • C.

      Integumentary

    • D.

      Endocrine

    • E.

      None

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Muscular
    B. Cardiovascular
    Explanation
    The skeletal system has direct interaction with the muscular and cardiovascular systems. The skeletal system provides support and structure for the muscles, allowing them to move and function properly. Additionally, the cardiovascular system relies on the skeletal system to protect and support vital organs such as the heart and lungs. The skeletal system also plays a role in the production of red and white blood cells in the bone marrow, which are essential for the cardiovascular system.

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  • 32. 

    Which type of fracture is characterized by a crushing of the bone?

    • A.

      Greenstick

    • B.

      Comminuted

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Spiral

    • E.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    B. Comminuted
    Explanation
    Comminuted fractures are characterized by the bone being crushed or shattered into multiple pieces. This type of fracture often occurs due to high-energy trauma or significant force applied to the bone. The bone fragments can be displaced and may require surgical intervention to realign and stabilize the fracture.

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  • 33. 

    Which type of fracture is characterized by a bending of the bone and is more common in young children?

    • A.

      Greenstick

    • B.

      Comminuted

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Spiral

    • E.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    A. Greenstick
    Explanation
    Greenstick fractures are characterized by a bending of the bone, rather than a complete break. These fractures are more common in young children because their bones are still developing and are more flexible. The term "greenstick" comes from the analogy of trying to break a young, green stick, which will bend rather than snap. This type of fracture is often seen in children who have fallen or been involved in sports activities.

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  • 34. 

    Which type of fracture is characterized by a break that goes straight across the bone or multiple bones?

    • A.

      Greenstick

    • B.

      Comminuted

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Spiral

    • E.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    E. Transverse
    Explanation
    A transverse fracture is characterized by a break that goes straight across the bone or multiple bones. This type of fracture occurs when there is a direct force applied to the bone, causing it to break horizontally. The bone is divided into two separate pieces, with a clean break across the width of the bone. Transverse fractures can be caused by trauma, such as a fall or a direct blow to the bone. Treatment for this type of fracture typically involves immobilization with a cast or surgery, depending on the severity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Awest
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