ITEC A&p (Skeletal) Q&a

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| By Wayne Duggan
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Wayne Duggan
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Quizzes Created: 17 | Total Attempts: 15,586
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ITEC A&p (Skeletal) Q&a - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    what type of bone is a sternum

    • A.

      Flat

    • B.

      Long

    • C.

      Short

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    A. Flat
    Explanation
    The sternum is a flat bone. It is a long, flat bone located in the center of the chest. It connects to the ribs and forms the front part of the rib cage. The flat shape of the sternum provides protection to vital organs such as the heart and lungs.

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  • 2. 

    what is another name for scapula  

    • A.

      Cheek bone

    • B.

      Collar bone

    • C.

      Shoulder blade

    • D.

      Breast bone

    Correct Answer
    C. Shoulder blade
    Explanation
    The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. It is a triangular-shaped bone located on the upper back that connects the upper arm bone to the collarbone. It plays a vital role in the movement and stability of the shoulder joint. The other options listed, such as cheek bone, collar bone, and breast bone, are all different bones in the body and do not serve the same function as the scapula.

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  • 3. 

    name a bone in the foot  

    • A.

      Tibia

    • B.

      Talus

    • C.

      Hamate

    • D.

      Radius

    Correct Answer
    B. Talus
    Explanation
    The talus is a bone in the foot that is located between the tibia and the calcaneus. It plays a crucial role in the movement of the foot and ankle, as it allows for the articulation between the leg and the foot. The talus is responsible for transmitting the weight of the body from the tibia to the foot, and it also helps to absorb shock during activities such as walking and running.

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  • 4. 

    another name for clavicle  

    • A.

      Breast bone

    • B.

      Collar bone

    • C.

      Shoulder blade

    • D.

      Lower jaw

    Correct Answer
    B. Collar bone
    Explanation
    The clavicle is commonly known as the collar bone. It is a long bone that connects the shoulder blade to the breastbone. The clavicle is easily visible and palpable, forming the prominence of the shoulder. It plays a crucial role in supporting the shoulder and arm movements. The other options, such as breast bone, shoulder blade, and lower jaw, are not alternate names for the clavicle.

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  • 5. 

    The functions of the skeletal system include to:  

    • A.

      Receive messages, protect

    • B.

      Store calcium, formed blood cells

    • C.

      Form vitamin D, maintain homeostasis

    • D.

      Stimulate and reproduce muscles

    Correct Answer
    B. Store calcium, formed blood cells
    Explanation
    The skeletal system functions to store calcium and form blood cells. Calcium is stored in the bones and released into the bloodstream when needed for various bodily functions. The bones also house bone marrow, where red and white blood cells are produced. These blood cells are essential for carrying oxygen, fighting infections, and maintaining overall health. Therefore, the skeletal system plays a crucial role in both calcium storage and blood cell formation.

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  • 6. 

    . The coomon name for the zygomatic bone is:  

    • A.

      Jawbone

    • B.

      Cheekbone

    • C.

      Forehead

    • D.

      Skull bone

    Correct Answer
    B. Cheekbone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cheekbone." The zygomatic bone is commonly known as the cheekbone because it forms the prominence of the cheek. It is a paired bone that connects the skull to the maxilla and temporal bone, contributing to the structure of the face. The zygomatic bone plays a crucial role in facial symmetry and provides support for the soft tissues of the cheek.

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  • 7. 

    The innominate bones are:  

    • A.

      Sacrum and coccyx

    • B.

      Femur, patella and tibia

    • C.

      Ilium, ishium and pubis

    • D.

      Clavicle and scapula

    Correct Answer
    C. Ilium, ishium and pubis
    Explanation
    The innominate bones refer to the hip bones, which consist of the ilium, ischium, and pubis. These three bones come together to form the pelvis and provide stability and support to the body. The sacrum and coccyx are part of the vertebral column, while the femur, patella, and tibia are bones of the leg. The clavicle and scapula are bones of the shoulder girdle. Therefore, the correct answer is the ilium, ischium, and pubis.

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  • 8. 

    The bones of the cranium include:  

    • A.

      Parietal, occipital

    • B.

      Palatine, nasal

    • C.

      Maxilla, zygomatic

    • D.

      Lacrimal, vomer

    Correct Answer
    A. Parietal, occipital
    Explanation
    The bones of the cranium include the parietal and occipital bones. The parietal bones form the sides and roof of the cranium, while the occipital bone forms the back of the skull. These bones help protect the brain and provide attachment points for muscles and ligaments.

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  • 9. 

    The elbow joint is a:  

    • A.

      Pivot joint

    • B.

      Fixed joint

    • C.

      Hinge joint

    • D.

      Gliding joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinge joint
    Explanation
    The elbow joint is a hinge joint because it allows movement in only one plane, similar to a hinge on a door. This joint primarily allows for flexion and extension, allowing the forearm to move towards and away from the upper arm. The structure of the elbow joint, with the humerus, radius, and ulna bones, and the presence of ligaments that stabilize the joint in a hinge-like manner, further supports the classification of the elbow joint as a hinge joint.

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  • 10. 

    What is the common name for the zygomatic bone?  

    • A.

      The jawbone

    • B.

      The cheekbone

    • C.

      The forehead

    • D.

      The skull bone

    Correct Answer
    B. The cheekbone
    Explanation
    The zygomatic bone is commonly referred to as the cheekbone. It is a facial bone that forms the prominence of the cheek and contributes to the structure of the eye socket. The zygomatic bone connects with other facial bones, such as the maxilla and frontal bone, to provide support and shape to the face.

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  • 11. 

    What type of bone is the nasal bone?

    • A.

      Sesamoid

    • B.

      Long

    • C.

      Round

    • D.

      Flat

    Correct Answer
    D. Flat
    Explanation
    The nasal bone is classified as flat because it is a thin, flat bone that forms the bridge of the nose. Flat bones are typically thin and provide protection and support to vital organs, such as the skull. They also serve as attachment points for muscles. The nasal bone fits this description as it is a thin, flat bone that protects the nasal cavity and provides structure to the nose.

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  • 12. 

    Where would you find an example of a pivot joint?  

    • A.

      In the joint between phalanges of the fingers and toes

    • B.

      In the sacroiliac joint

    • C.

      Between the tarsals and carpals

    • D.

      Between the atlas and axis bones

    Correct Answer
    D. Between the atlas and axis bones
    Explanation
    An example of a pivot joint can be found between the atlas and axis bones. This joint allows for rotation of the head, as the atlas bone pivots around the axis bone.

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  • 13. 

    What is the cause of rheumatoid arthritis?  

    • A.

      An autoimmune disease that attacks the synovial membrane

    • B.

      A deficiency of calcium

    • C.

      A deposition of uric acid crystals within the joint capsule and cartilage

    • D.

      An injury to the joint

    Correct Answer
    A. An autoimmune disease that attacks the synovial membrane
    Explanation
    Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an autoimmune response in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the synovial membrane, which lines the joints. This leads to inflammation, pain, and damage to the joint. Unlike other forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, which can be caused by factors like injury or wear and tear, rheumatoid arthritis is primarily driven by an autoimmune reaction.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is an example of a short bone?  

    • A.

      Trapezoid

    • B.

      Zygomatic

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Hyoid

    Correct Answer
    A. Trapezoid
    Explanation
    The trapezoid is an example of a short bone because it is a small, irregularly shaped bone found in the wrist. Short bones are typically cube-shaped or have a similar irregular shape, and they provide stability and support to the body. They are found in areas where limited movement is required, such as the wrist and ankle. The zygomatic, temporal, and hyoid bones are not examples of short bones as they have different shapes and functions in the body.

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  • 15. 

    What type of bone is the mandible?  

    • A.

      Moveable

    • B.

      Partially moveable

    • C.

      Immovable

    • D.

      Floating

    Correct Answer
    A. Moveable
    Explanation
    The mandible is the lower jawbone, which is the only movable bone in the skull. It is connected to the temporal bone by the temporomandibular joint, allowing for movements such as chewing and talking. Unlike other bones in the skull, the mandible is not fused to any other bones, making it the only bone that can move freely.

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  • 16. 

    How many bones form the sacrum?  

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    B. 5
    Explanation
    The sacrum is a triangular bone located at the base of the spine. It is formed by the fusion of five sacral vertebrae, which are individual bones that fuse together during development. Therefore, the correct answer is 5, as there are five bones that form the sacrum.

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  • 17. 

    What is lordosis?  

    • A.

      An exaggerated outward curve of the spine

    • B.

      A sidewards curvature of the spine

    • C.

      An exaggerated inward curve of the spine

    • D.

      Porosity and brittleness of a bone

    Correct Answer
    C. An exaggerated inward curve of the spine
    Explanation
    Lordosis is an exaggerated inward curve of the spine. This condition is characterized by the excessive curvature of the lower back, causing the buttocks to protrude. It can be caused by various factors such as poor posture, obesity, pregnancy, or certain medical conditions. Lordosis can lead to back pain, muscle imbalances, and difficulty in maintaining proper posture. Treatment options include physical therapy, exercises to strengthen the core muscles, and in severe cases, surgery may be required.

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  • 18. 

    Where would you find an example of a hinge joint?  

    • A.

      Between the phalanges of the fingers and toes

    • B.

      Between the tarsal and carpals

    • C.

      Between the phalanges of the thumb and its metacarpal

    • D.

      Between the humerus and the scapula

    Correct Answer
    A. Between the phalanges of the fingers and toes
    Explanation
    A hinge joint allows movement in only one plane, similar to a door hinge. The phalanges of the fingers and toes are connected by hinge joints, allowing them to flex and extend. This type of joint is responsible for the bending and straightening movements of the fingers and toes.

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  • 19. 

    What is the name of the bone that forms the upper arm?

    • A.

      The humerus

    • B.

      The femur

    • C.

      The radius

    • D.

      The ulna

    Correct Answer
    A. The humerus
    Explanation
    The bone that forms the upper arm is called the humerus. It is the longest bone in the human body and connects the shoulder to the elbow. The humerus is located on the upper part of the arm, between the shoulder joint and the elbow joint. It plays a crucial role in allowing for movement and flexibility in the arm, as well as providing support and structure.

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  • 20. 

    Where would you find an example of a slightly moveable joint in an adult?

    • A.

      Between the vertebrae

    • B.

      Between the talus and tibia

    • C.

      Between the radius and ulna

    • D.

      Between the occipital and parietal bones

    Correct Answer
    A. Between the vertebrae
    Explanation
    The slightly moveable joint between the vertebrae can be found in an adult. This joint allows for limited movement and flexibility in the spine, facilitating actions such as bending and twisting. The vertebrae are the individual bones that make up the spinal column, and the joints between them are known as intervertebral joints. These joints are made up of intervertebral discs, which act as shock absorbers and allow for slight movement between the vertebrae.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following membranes lubricates the ends of bones?

    • A.

      Mucous membrane

    • B.

      Synovial membrane

    • C.

      Serous membrane

    • D.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    B. Synovial membrane
    Explanation
    The synovial membrane is responsible for lubricating the ends of bones. This membrane lines the joint cavities and produces synovial fluid, which acts as a lubricant and shock absorber within the joint. It helps reduce friction between the bones, allowing for smooth and pain-free movement. The other membranes listed (mucous membrane, serous membrane, and cell membrane) do not have this specific function of lubricating the ends of bones.

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  • 22. 

    What is osteoporosis?

    • A.

      The degeneration of one or more joints

    • B.

      An inflammation of many joints

    • C.

      A disease where the bones become porous and brittle

    • D.

      An inflammation of the synovial fluid in a joint

    Correct Answer
    C. A disease where the bones become porous and brittle
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis is a disease where the bones become porous and brittle. This condition is characterized by a decrease in bone density, making the bones weak and more prone to fractures. It is not related to joint degeneration or inflammation, but rather affects the overall structure and strength of the bones. Osteoporosis is more commonly seen in older individuals, especially women after menopause, and can be caused by various factors such as hormonal changes, lack of calcium and vitamin D, and certain medications. Treatment usually involves lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, and medications to slow down bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures.

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  • 23. 

    which of the following is an example of a short bone?

    • A.

      Trapezoid

    • B.

      Zygomatic

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Hyoid

    Correct Answer
    A. Trapezoid
    Explanation
    The trapezoid is an example of a short bone because it is one of the small, cube-shaped bones found in the wrist. Short bones are typically found in areas where there is limited space, such as the hands and feet. They provide stability and support, as well as allow for fine movements and flexibility. The zygomatic, temporal, and hyoid bones are not examples of short bones as they have different shapes and functions.

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  • 24. 

    which of the following is an example of a flat bone?

    • A.

      Scapula

    • B.

      Patella

    • C.

      Clavicle

    • D.

      Capitate

    Correct Answer
    A. Scapula
    Explanation
    The scapula is an example of a flat bone because it is thin, flat, and curved, resembling a triangular shape. Flat bones provide protection and serve as attachment sites for muscles. The scapula is located on the upper back and forms part of the shoulder girdle. It helps to stabilize and move the arm, and also protects important structures like the lungs and heart.

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  • 25. 

    the movement of a saddle joint include:

    • A.

      Circumduction

    • B.

      Pronation

    • C.

      Supination

    • D.

      Plantarflexion

    Correct Answer
    A. Circumduction
    Explanation
    Circumduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement in which a joint moves in a circular motion, such as the shoulder or hip joint. This type of movement allows for a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction. Pronation and supination refer to movements of the forearm, while plantarflexion refers to the movement of the foot.

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  • 26. 

    protraction, retraction, elevation and depression are movements that occur at which joint?

    • A.

      Knee

    • B.

      Hip

    • C.

      Elbow

    • D.

      Shoulder girdle

    Correct Answer
    D. Shoulder girdle
    Explanation
    Protraction, retraction, elevation, and depression are movements that occur at the shoulder girdle joint. The shoulder girdle consists of the scapula (shoulder blade) and clavicle (collarbone) and is responsible for various movements of the upper limb. Protraction refers to moving the shoulder girdle forward, retraction is pulling it back, elevation is raising it upward, and depression is lowering it downward. These movements are important for activities such as reaching, lifting, and shrugging the shoulders.

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  • 27. 

    How many bones form the spinal column?

    • A.

      27

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      33

    • D.

      36

    Correct Answer
    C. 33
    Explanation
    The spinal column, also known as the vertebral column, is made up of 33 bones. These bones, called vertebrae, are stacked on top of each other and form the main structure of the spine. Each vertebra is connected to the one above and below it, allowing for flexibility and movement. The spinal column plays a crucial role in protecting the spinal cord and supporting the body's weight.

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  • 28. 

    How many bones form the spinal column?

    • A.

      27

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      33

    • D.

      36

    Correct Answer
    C. 33
    Explanation
    The spinal column, also known as the vertebral column, is made up of 33 bones. These bones are called vertebrae and they are stacked on top of each other to form the backbone. Each vertebra has a specific shape and function, and they are connected by joints and cushioned by discs. The spinal column provides support for the body, protects the spinal cord, and allows for movement and flexibility.

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  • 29. 

    What type of joint do the phalanges and metacarpals form?

    • A.

      Gliding

    • B.

      Hinge

    • C.

      Sesamoid

    • D.

      Saddle

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinge
    Explanation
    The phalanges and metacarpals form a hinge joint. A hinge joint allows movement in only one direction, similar to a door hinge. This type of joint is found in the fingers and allows for flexion and extension movements.

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  • 30. 

    What type of bone is the nasal bone?

    • A.

      Sesamoid

    • B.

      Long

    • C.

      Round

    • D.

      Flat

    Correct Answer
    D. Flat
    Explanation
    The nasal bone is a flat bone. Flat bones are thin and usually curved, providing protection and serving as a site for muscle attachment. The nasal bone is located in the upper part of the face, forming the bridge of the nose. Its flat shape helps to provide structure and support to the nose.

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  • 31. 

    What is the cause of rheumatoid arthritis?

    • A.

      An autoimmune disease that attacks the synovial membrane

    • B.

      A deficiency of calcium

    • C.

      A deposition of uric acid crystals within the joint capsule and cartilage

    • D.

      An injury to the joint

    Correct Answer
    A. An autoimmune disease that attacks the synovial membrane
    Explanation
    Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an autoimmune disease that leads to the attack on the synovial membrane. In this condition, the immune system mistakenly targets the synovial membrane, which lines the joints, leading to inflammation and damage. This autoimmune response results in pain, swelling, and stiffness in the affected joints. Unlike other types of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is not caused by a deficiency of calcium, deposition of uric acid crystals, or an injury to the joint.

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  • 32. 

    What is the skeletal system?

    • A.

      All the bones in the body

    • B.

      All the muscles and tendons

    • C.

      All the body's organs, both soft and hard tissue

    • D.

      All the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them

    Correct Answer
    D. All the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them
    Explanation
    The skeletal system refers to all the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them. This includes ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. The skeletal system provides support, protection, and movement for the body. It also plays a role in blood cell production and mineral storage.

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  • 33. 

    How many bones are there in the average person's body?

    • A.

      33

    • B.

      206

    • C.

      639

    • D.

      It varies by the individual

    Correct Answer
    B. 206
    Explanation
    The average person has 206 bones in their body. This is a standard number for adults and includes all the bones in the skeletal system, such as the skull, ribs, spine, and limbs. However, it is important to note that the number of bones can vary slightly from person to person due to factors such as age and development.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following statement is INCORRECT?

    • A.

      Bone is where most blood cells are made.

    • B.

      Bone serves as a storehouse for various minerals.

    • C.

      Bone is a dry and non-living supporting structure.

    • D.

      Bone protects and supports the body and its organs.

    Correct Answer
    C. Bone is a dry and non-living supporting structure.
    Explanation
    The given statement "Bone is a dry and non-living supporting structure" is incorrect because bones are actually living tissues that contain cells, blood vessels, and nerves. They are not dry and non-living. Bones provide support to the body, protect organs, and serve as a storage site for minerals like calcium and phosphorus.

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  • 35. 

    Which bone protects the brain?

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      The cranium

    • C.

      The cerebrum

    • D.

      The cerebellum

    Correct Answer
    B. The cranium
    Explanation
    The cranium is the correct answer because it is the bony structure that surrounds and protects the brain. It is made up of several bones that are fused together to form a strong and sturdy enclosure for the brain. The cranium acts as a protective barrier, shielding the brain from external forces and preventing injury.

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  • 36. 

    Besides the brain, the skull also protects ...

    • A.

      the lungs

    • B.

      The diaphragm

    • C.

      The body's cells

    • D.

      The sense organs

    Correct Answer
    D. The sense organs
    Explanation
    The skull not only protects the brain but also safeguards the sense organs such as the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth. These organs are crucial for receiving and processing sensory information, allowing us to see, hear, smell, taste, and touch. The skull acts as a strong and sturdy structure that surrounds and shields these delicate organs from potential injuries or damage.

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  • 37. 

    The purpose of the rib cage is to...

    • A.

      Protect the stomach

    • B.

      Protect the spinal cord

    • C.

      Protect the heart and lungs

    • D.

      Provide an object to which the lungs can attach

    Correct Answer
    C. Protect the heart and lungs
    Explanation
    The rib cage is a bony structure that surrounds and protects the heart and lungs. It acts as a protective barrier against external forces, such as impact or injury, helping to prevent damage to these vital organs. The rib cage also provides support and structure to the chest cavity, allowing for proper functioning of the heart and lungs. Additionally, the ribs play a role in the mechanics of breathing by expanding and contracting to facilitate the movement of air in and out of the lungs.

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  • 38. 

    What makes bones so strong?

    • A.

      Silica

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Blood and marrow

    • D.

      Calcium and phosphorous

    Correct Answer
    D. Calcium and phosphorous
    Explanation
    Calcium and phosphorous are the main minerals that contribute to the strength of bones. These minerals are essential for the formation and maintenance of the bone structure. Calcium provides rigidity and strength, while phosphorous helps in the formation of the mineral matrix in bones. Together, they form hydroxyapatite crystals, which give bones their hardness and strength. Without an adequate supply of calcium and phosphorous, bones can become weak and brittle, leading to conditions like osteoporosis.

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  • 39. 

    What is the difference between cartilage and bone?

    • A.

      Bone is rubbery, and cartilage is firm.

    • B.

      Cartilage is rubbery, and bone is firm.

    • C.

      Bone is a more primitive tissue than cartilage.

    • D.

      Bone is inside the body, and cartilage is outside.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cartilage is rubbery, and bone is firm.
    Explanation
    Cartilage and bone have different physical properties. Cartilage is described as rubbery because it is flexible and can bend without breaking. On the other hand, bone is described as firm because it is hard and rigid. This difference in texture is due to the composition and structure of the two tissues. Cartilage is made up of cells called chondrocytes and a matrix of collagen fibers, which give it its rubbery texture. Bone, on the other hand, is composed of cells called osteocytes and a matrix of collagen fibers and calcium salts, which make it firm and strong.

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  • 40. 

    The hollow space in the middle of bones is filled with ...

    • A.

      Air

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Bone cells

    • D.

      Bone marrow

    Correct Answer
    D. Bone marrow
    Explanation
    The hollow space in the middle of bones is filled with bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found in the center of bones. It is responsible for producing blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Bone marrow also contains stem cells, which are crucial for the growth and repair of tissues. Therefore, bone marrow plays a vital role in the production of blood cells and maintaining the overall health of the body.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 06, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Wayne Duggan
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