New South Test

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New South Test - Quiz

Test your knowledge of the New South era!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Political leaders who dominated Georgia during and after Reconstruction, supported new industry, and wanted white supremacy were called ____.    

    • A.

      Radical Republicans

    • B.

      Populists

    • C.

      The Bourbon Triumvirate

    • D.

      Alliance Democrats

    Correct Answer
    C. The Bourbon Triumvirate
    Explanation
    The Bourbon Triumvirate refers to the three political leaders in Georgia who held power during and after Reconstruction. They were known for their support of industrial development and their desire to maintain white supremacy. The term "Bourbon" is used to represent their conservative and elitist views. This group consisted of Joseph E. Brown, Alfred H. Colquitt, and John B. Gordon.

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  • 2. 

     Agriculture is to the Old South, as Industry is to the _____.     

    • A.

      New North

    • B.

      Manifest Destiny

    • C.

      New South

    • D.

      Gold Rush

    Correct Answer
    C. New South
    Explanation
    The analogy is comparing agriculture to the Old South and industry to the New South. This suggests that just as agriculture was a defining characteristic of the Old South, industry played a similar role in the development and identity of the New South. The New South refers to the period after the Civil War when the southern states began to industrialize and modernize their economies.

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  • 3. 

    The New South, envisioned by Henry Grady, through his speeches and newspaper articles would ________.   

    • A.

      Provide separate facilities for different races

    • B.

      Maintain its southern heritage

    • C.

      Rival industry up north

    • D.

      Promote tourism

    Correct Answer
    C. Rival industry up north
    Explanation
    Henry Grady's vision for the New South was to rival the industry in the North. He believed that the South needed to industrialize and modernize in order to compete with the North economically. Grady advocated for the development of industries such as textiles, steel, and manufacturing in the South to create jobs and stimulate economic growth. He saw the North as a model to emulate and believed that by rivaling their industry, the South could regain its economic strength and prosperity.

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  • 4. 

     How did Henry Grady promote the New South? (read all options)      

    • A.

      Passionate speeches about the New South

    • B.

      Writing editorials for northern newspapers

    • C.

      Planning and developing the International Cotton Exposition

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Henry Grady promoted the New South through passionate speeches about the New South, writing editorials for northern newspapers, and planning and developing the International Cotton Exposition.

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  • 5. 

     What event would have been attended by a person making this statement?   “The park was full of the latest technology, new businesses for investment opportunities, and speakers from around the world. What a sight to see the progression the south was making.”       

    • A.

      Atlanta Race Riot

    • B.

      Leo Frank court case

    • C.

      Henry Grady’s editing room

    • D.

      International Cotton Exposition

    Correct Answer
    D. International Cotton Exposition
    Explanation
    The person making this statement would have attended the International Cotton Exposition. They mention that the park was full of the latest technology, new businesses for investment opportunities, and speakers from around the world. This suggests that the event was a gathering of various industries and experts from different countries, which aligns with the International Cotton Exposition.

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  • 6. 

    Who was the leader of the Populist Party in Georgia that created the Rural Free Delivery?    

    • A.

      John B. Gordon

    • B.

      Alonzo Herndon

    • C.

      Tom Watson

    • D.

      Booker T. Washington

    Correct Answer
    C. Tom Watson
    Explanation
    Tom Watson was the leader of the Populist Party in Georgia that created the Rural Free Delivery.

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  • 7. 

    What group of people  below supported Tom Watson?     

    • A.

      Industrialists

    • B.

      Small town farmers

    • C.

      Textile mill workers

    • D.

      Railroad workers

    Correct Answer
    B. Small town farmers
    Explanation
    Tom Watson was a politician who was known for his support of agrarian interests and small farmers. He advocated for policies that would benefit rural communities and agricultural workers. Therefore, it is likely that small town farmers would have been the group of people who supported him.

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  • 8. 

    1.      Rebecca Felton was a supporter of the temperance movement (the banning of alcohol).    2.      Rebecca Felton fought to bring changes to Georgia’s convict lease system.   3.       ???   Which BEST completes the chart above?     

    • A.

      Rebecca Felton was a supporter of the Bourbon Triumvirate.

    • B.

      Rebecca Felton fought against women’s suffrage

    • C.

      Rebecca Felton urged Georgia leaders to end their practice of white supremacy.

    • D.

      Rebecca Felton traveled the state encouraging white supremacy

    Correct Answer
    B. Rebecca Felton fought against women’s suffrage
  • 9. 

    Rebecca Felton is most known as the first woman to become ______________ due to her lifetime efforts to fight for women's rights.    

    • A.

      A Governor

    • B.

      A U.S. Senator

    • C.

      A U.S. Representative

    • D.

      A Lieutenant Governor

    Correct Answer
    B. A U.S. Senator
    Explanation
    Rebecca Felton is most known as the first woman to become a U.S. Senator due to her lifetime efforts to fight for women's rights.

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  • 10. 

     Which statement below is associated with the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot?     

    • A.

      Booker T. Washington gives speeches calling for blacks to fight whites.

    • B.

      W.E.B Debois’ publishes books informing black citizens of their rights.

    • C.

      Atlanta newspapers publish false reports of black violence against whites.

    • D.

      Rebecca Felton gives speeches and publishes writings promoting white supremacy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Atlanta newspapers publish false reports of black violence against whites.
    Explanation
    The 1906 Atlanta Race Riot was characterized by widespread violence and racial tensions between the white and black communities in Atlanta. One of the contributing factors to the riot was the publication of false reports by Atlanta newspapers, which exaggerated incidents of black violence against whites. These false reports fueled racial animosity and led to further violence and the targeting of black individuals and communities.

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  • 11. 

     During the Atlanta race riot many black owned businesses and homes were destroyed.  Which of the following had a barber shop and Life insurance company that became a target of white violence during the race riot?   

    • A.

      Henry Grady

    • B.

      John Hope

    • C.

      W.E.B. Dubois

    • D.

      Alonzo Herndon

    Correct Answer
    D. Alonzo Herndon
    Explanation
    During the Atlanta race riot, Alonzo Herndon's barber shop and life insurance company became a target of white violence. This suggests that his businesses were specifically targeted because they were black-owned.

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  • 12. 

     Which of the following events was an example of anti-Semitism (hatred toward Jews) during the New South period?     

    • A.

      Creation of the Coca-Cola Company

    • B.

      The Atlanta Race Riot

    • C.

      The International Cotton Exposition

    • D.

      The Leo Frank Case

    Correct Answer
    D. The Leo Frank Case
    Explanation
    The Leo Frank Case was an example of anti-Semitism during the New South period. Leo Frank, a Jewish factory manager, was wrongfully accused and convicted of the murder of a young girl in Atlanta in 1913. The case gained widespread attention and highlighted the deep-seated anti-Semitic sentiment in the region. Frank's trial and subsequent lynching demonstrated the prejudice and discrimination faced by Jews during this time.

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  • 13. 

    Leo Frank was convicted of murdering young Mary Phagan. Which of the following would be an explanation of why he did not receive a fair trial?      

    • A.

      He was a well-known Populist leader

    • B.

      He was a leader of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia

    • C.

      He was a Jewish immigrant, successful businessman, employee of young children in his factory, and a yankee from the north

    • D.

      He was associated with the Bourbon Triumvirate.

    Correct Answer
    C. He was a Jewish immigrant, successful businessman, employee of young children in his factory, and a yankee from the north
  • 14. 

     Which of the following was an effect of the County Unit System?   

    • A.

      Densely (heavily) populated areas had more voting power.

    • B.

      Most of the voting power was in the metro Atlanta area

    • C.

      African Americans had more voting power

    • D.

      Rural areas had the most voting power

    Correct Answer
    D. Rural areas had the most voting power
    Explanation
    The County Unit System was a voting system used in Georgia from 1917 to 1962. Under this system, each county was assigned a specific number of unit votes, regardless of its population. This meant that rural areas, which typically had fewer counties but larger land areas, had more voting power compared to densely populated urban areas. Therefore, the effect of the County Unit System was that rural areas had the most voting power.

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  • 15. 

    Separate restrooms, lunch counters, drinking fountains, and bus station waiting rooms are examples of ____.      

    • A.

      Segregation

    • B.

      Jim Crow laws

    • C.

      The Southern attempt at “Separate but Equal”

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all the options mentioned - segregation, Jim Crow laws, and the Southern attempt at "Separate but Equal" - are examples of separate restrooms, lunch counters, drinking fountains, and bus station waiting rooms. These examples illustrate the systemic discrimination and racial segregation that was prevalent in the United States, particularly in the South, during the Jim Crow era.

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  • 16. 

      What was the outcome of the Supreme Court ruling in Plessy V. Ferguson?     

    • A.

      Legalizing the prohibition of alcohol

    • B.

      Abolition of Slavery

    • C.

      Jim Crow laws spread throughout the south

    • D.

      Equal rights for blacks

    Correct Answer
    C. Jim Crow laws spread throughout the south
    Explanation
    The outcome of the Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson was the spread of Jim Crow laws throughout the south. This ruling established the "separate but equal" doctrine, which allowed for racial segregation in public facilities and institutions. Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans, leading to separate facilities, services, and opportunities for black and white individuals. This ruling had a significant impact on the civil rights movement and the fight for equal rights for African Americans.

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  • 17. 

     Jim Crow laws were laws that...?     

    • A.

      Integrated races

    • B.

      Segregated races

    • C.

      Degradated races

    • D.

      Litigated races

    Correct Answer
    B. Segregated races
    Explanation
    Jim Crow laws were laws that enforced racial segregation in the United States. These laws mandated separate facilities, such as schools, restaurants, and public transportation, for white and black people. They also imposed restrictions on voting rights and other civil liberties for African Americans. These laws were prevalent in the Southern states from the late 19th century until the mid-20th century, perpetuating racial discrimination and inequality.

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  • 18. 

    What is being represented by the cartoon to the left?         

    • A.

      The path women took to get the right to vote.

    • B.

      The ways in which African Americans were disenfranchised.

    • C.

      Law enforcement officials upheld the 15th amendment rights for African Americans.

    • D.

      Many women had their voting rights taken away.

    Correct Answer
    B. The ways in which African Americans were disenfranchised.
  • 19. 

      What was W.E. B. DeBois’ belief on how African Americans could gain equality with whites?     

    • A.

      DuBois believed that black Americans could participate in non-violent protests to get what they wanted

    • B.

      DuBois believed that black Americans should react to white violence with more violence

    • C.

      He believed that economic freedom would eventually lead to social change

    • D.

      He believed that a “Talented Tenth” of black Americans would lead to social change

    Correct Answer
    D. He believed that a “Talented Tenth” of black Americans would lead to social change
    Explanation
    DuBois believed that a “Talented Tenth” of black Americans would lead to social change. This means that he believed that a small group of educated and influential black individuals, representing approximately 10% of the population, could bring about social change and equality for African Americans. He believed that this group would be able to use their education, skills, and influence to challenge racial discrimination and advocate for equal rights.

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  • 20. 

       How did the views of Booker T. Washington differ from those of W.E.B DuBois?    

    • A.

      Washington felt equality would be achieved gradually while DuBois felt equality should be immediate.

    • B.

      Washington felt equality would be achieved through education while DuBois felt equality would be achieved through economic independence.

    • C.

      Washington felt equality should be immediate while DuBois felt equality would be achieved gradually.

    • D.

      Washington supported integration while DuBois supported racial separatism.

    Correct Answer
    A. Washington felt equality would be achieved gradually while DuBois felt equality should be immediate.
    Explanation
    Booker T. Washington believed that African Americans should focus on improving their economic conditions and gaining vocational skills in order to gradually achieve equality. He emphasized the importance of education and economic independence as a means to uplift the African American community. On the other hand, W.E.B DuBois believed in immediate equality and advocated for political and social rights for African Americans. He argued that African Americans should have equal rights and opportunities without any delay or gradual progress.

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  • 21. 

    Who is represented by the following traits? ·         1st black president of Morehouse College   ·         Helped DuBois create the NAACP ·         Wife, Lugenia, started the Neighborhood Union      

    • A.

      W.E.B. DuBois

    • B.

      John Hope

    • C.

      Alonzo Herndon

    • D.

      Henry Grady

    Correct Answer
    B. John Hope
    Explanation
    John Hope is represented by the traits mentioned in the question. He was the first black president of Morehouse College and played a role in helping W.E.B. DuBois create the NAACP. His wife, Lugenia, also started the Neighborhood Union.

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  • 22. 

    Booker T. Washington gave a famous speech at the International Cotton Exposition regarding race relations.  What was the name of the speech?     

    • A.

      “Atlanta Compromise” Speech

    • B.

      “I Have A Dream” Speech

    • C.

      “Tear Down This Wall” Speech

    • D.

      “Only Thing We Have to Fear is Fear Itself” Speech

    Correct Answer
    A. “Atlanta Compromise” Speech
    Explanation
    Booker T. Washington gave a famous speech at the International Cotton Exposition regarding race relations. The name of the speech was the "Atlanta Compromise" Speech.

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  • 23. 

    • -Born a slave in 1858
    • -Became a  barber and opened his own barber shop
    • -In 1905, bought a small life insurance company for $140
    Who do the events above represent?    

    • A.

      W.E.B. DuBois

    • B.

      John Hope

    • C.

      Alonzo Herndon

    • D.

      Booker T. Washington

    Correct Answer
    C. Alonzo Herndon
    Explanation
    The events described above, including being born a slave, becoming a barber and opening his own barber shop, and buying a small life insurance company in 1905 for $140, represent the life and achievements of Alonzo Herndon.

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  • 24. 

      From the businesses below, which made Alonzo Herndon a successful businessman?       

    • A.

      Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance Company

    • B.

      Coca-Cola

    • C.

      Georgia Pacific

    • D.

      Home Depot

    Correct Answer
    A. Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance Company
    Explanation
    Alonzo Herndon became a successful businessman through his involvement with Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance Company. This suggests that he played a significant role in the development and success of the company, which contributed to his own success.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following statement best summarizes the impact of Lugenia Hope?    

    • A.

      Through her creation of the “Neighborhood Union”, she offered clubs for boys and girls, and helped improve African American neighborhoods in Atlanta.

    • B.

      She ended disenfranchisement by helping African American communities learn about their first amendment right to sign a petition.

    • C.

      She started an organization called Hope for the Homeless, which cared for orphans in the Atlanta area.

    • D.

      Through her creation of the Atlanta Community Center, she encouraged African American communities to join together and defend themselves against racial violence.

    Correct Answer
    A. Through her creation of the “Neighborhood Union”, she offered clubs for boys and girls, and helped improve African American neighborhoods in Atlanta.
    Explanation
    Lugenia Hope had a significant impact by creating the "Neighborhood Union" which provided clubs for boys and girls and played a role in enhancing African American neighborhoods in Atlanta.

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  • 26. 

       In addition to hiring African American college graduates to run the business, Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance can attribute its success to which of the following?      

    • A.

      Moving the company to a Atlanta.

    • B.

      Only having one employee.

    • C.

      Meeting the growing need for insurance in the African American community.

    • D.

      Spending lots of money on advertising.

    Correct Answer
    C. Meeting the growing need for insurance in the African American community.
    Explanation
    Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance's success can be attributed to meeting the growing need for insurance in the African American community. This suggests that the company recognized a specific market demand and tailored their products and services to meet that need. By doing so, they were able to attract and retain customers from this community, which likely contributed to their overall success.

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  • 27. 

        Which organization did Lugenia Hope start that provided clubs for boys and girls, improve housing, roads, and schools in African American neighborhoods?     

    • A.

      Girl Scouts

    • B.

      Boy Scouts

    • C.

      NAACP

    • D.

      Neighborhood Union

    Correct Answer
    D. Neighborhood Union
    Explanation
    Lugenia Hope started the Neighborhood Union organization, which provided clubs for boys and girls, improved housing, roads, and schools in African American neighborhoods.

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  • 28. 

    Read the following passage and answer question. What is the meaning of the word segregation in paragraph 2?           1 Many people believed that the end of the Civil War would bring great changes to the lives of slaves in the South. They were given freedom from slavery by the President of the United States. They were declared to be citizens of the United States. As citizens, they were guaranteed certain rights by the Constitution. All should have been well. But it wasn't. 2 To be honest, it wasn't just the southern states that had problems with equality. Many northern states also had a tradition of segregation. Blacks and whites lived separately, worked separately, and ate separately. It was just their habit and no one thought much about it. 3 After the Civil War, many whites intended to retain their hold on blacks through the use of laws that became known as Black Codes. These were special rules that blacks were held to. White people didn't have to follow these same rules. Eventually, these Black Codes became known as Jim Crow laws. 4 Jim Crow was the name of a clown character found in minstrel shows. A white actor would blacken his face and perform like a fool. He would sing a song with the words "Wheel about, turn about, dance jest so- Every time I wheel about I shout Jim Crow." Jim Crow came to represent the African-Americans who laughed on the outside, accepting their lot in life. Yet, these same people were hurting on the inside because of the treatment they received.  

    • A.

      Mistreated

    • B.

      Separated

    • C.

      Abused

    • D.

      Habit

    Correct Answer
    B. Separated
    Explanation
    The word "segregation" in paragraph 2 refers to the practice of blacks and whites living, working, and eating separately. This was a common and accepted habit in both the southern and northern states, where blacks and whites were physically separated from each other. The passage suggests that this separation was a normal part of life and not questioned by anyone.

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  • 29. 

    Read the following passage and answer question 1 Many people believed that the end of the Civil War would bring great changes to the lives of slaves in the South. They were given freedom from slavery by the President of the United States. They were declared to be citizens of the United States. As citizens, they were guaranteed certain rights by the Constitution. All should have been well. But it wasn't. 2 To be honest, it wasn't just the southern states that had problems with equality. Many northern states also had a tradition of segregation. Blacks and whites lived separately, worked separately, and ate separately. It was just their habit and no one thought much about it. 3 After the Civil War, many whites intended to retain their hold on blacks through the use of laws that became known as Black Codes. These were special rules that blacks were held to. White people didn't have to follow these same rules. Eventually, these Black Codes became known as Jim Crow laws. 4 Jim Crow was the name of a clown character found in minstrel shows. A white actor would blacken his face and perform like a fool. He would sing a song with the words "Wheel about, turn about, dance jest so- Every time I wheel about I shout Jim Crow." Jim Crow came to represent the African-Americans who laughed on the outside, accepting their lot in life. Yet, these same people were hurting on the inside because of the treatment they received.    What can you infer about the song from the minstrel shows?     

    • A.

      Former slaves were happy about their situation.

    • B.

      African-Americans were fighting for their equality.

    • C.

      Even though African Americans struggled in their situation, they would put on a smile and accept their situation.

    • D.

      African Americans loved to dance.

    Correct Answer
    C. Even though African Americans struggled in their situation, they would put on a smile and accept their situation.
    Explanation
    The passage states that Jim Crow, the clown character in minstrel shows, represented African-Americans who appeared to be happy and accepting of their situation on the outside, but were actually hurting on the inside due to the treatment they received. This suggests that even though African-Americans struggled in their situation, they would put on a smile and accept their situation.

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  • 30. 

    Read the following passage and answer question 1 Many people believed that the end of the Civil War would bring great changes to the lives of slaves in the South. They were given freedom from slavery by the President of the United States. They were declared to be citizens of the United States. As citizens, they were guaranteed certain rights by the Constitution. All should have been well. But it wasn't. 2 To be honest, it wasn't just the southern states that had problems with equality. Many northern states also had a tradition of segregation. Blacks and whites lived separately, worked separately, and ate separately. It was just their habit and no one thought much about it. 3 After the Civil War, many whites intended to retain their hold on blacks through the use of laws that became known as Black Codes. These were special rules that blacks were held to. White people didn't have to follow these same rules. Eventually, these Black Codes became known as Jim Crow laws. 4 Jim Crow was the name of a clown character found in minstrel shows. A white actor would blacken his face and perform like a fool. He would sing a song with the words "Wheel about, turn about, dance jest so- Every time I wheel about I shout Jim Crow." Jim Crow came to represent the African-Americans who laughed on the outside, accepting their lot in life. Yet, these same people were hurting on the inside because of the treatment they received.    What is another name for the Jim Crow laws?      

    • A.

      Segregation Laws

    • B.

      Black Codes

    • C.

      Separate but equal laws

    • D.

      Only white laws

    Correct Answer
    C. Separate but equal laws
    Explanation
    The passage explains that after the Civil War, many whites intended to retain control over blacks through the use of laws known as Black Codes, which eventually became known as Jim Crow laws. These laws enforced segregation and discrimination, with blacks being held to different rules and standards than whites. The term "separate but equal" refers to the idea that facilities and services could be segregated as long as they were provided in an equal manner, which was the legal justification for the Jim Crow laws. Therefore, "separate but equal laws" is another name for the Jim Crow laws.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 25, 2014
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