Pneumonia By Rnpedia

8 Questions | Total Attempts: 317

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Pneumonia By Rnpedia

Choose the letter of the correct answer.  


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client is diagnosed with methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. What type of isolation is MOST appropriate for this client?
    • A. 

      Reverse isolation

    • B. 

      Respiratory isolation

    • C. 

      Standard precautions

    • D. 

      Contact isolation

  • 2. 
    A male client with pneumococcal pneumonia is admitted to an acute care facility. The client in the next room is being treated for mycoplasmal pneumonia. Despite the different causes of the various types of pneumonia, all of them share which feature?  
    • A. 

      Inflamed lung tissue

    • B. 

      Sudden onset

    • C. 

      Responsiveness to penicillin.

    • D. 

      Elevated white blood cell (WBC) count

  • 3. 
    A male client admitted to an acute care facility with pneumonia is receiving supplemental oxygen, 2 L/minute via nasal cannula. The client’s history includes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary artery disease. Because of these history findings, the nurse closely monitors the oxygen flow and the client’s respiratory status. Which complication may arise if the client receives a high oxygen concentration? 
    • A. 

      Apnea

    • B. 

      Anginal pain

    • C. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis

  • 4. 
    A male elderly client is admitted to an acute care facility with influenza. The nurse monitors the client closely for complications. What is the most common complication of influenza?
    • A. 

      Septicemia

    • B. 

      Pneumonia

    • C. 

      Meningitis

    • D. 

      Pulmonary edema

  • 5. 
    A male client with pneumonia develops respiratory failure and has a partial pressure of arterial oxygen of 55 mm Hg. He’s placed on mechanical ventilation with a fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) of 0.9. The nursing goal should be to reduce the FIO2 to no greater than:  
    • A. 

      0.21

    • B. 

      0.35

    • C. 

      0.5

    • D. 

      0.7

  • 6. 
    A 20-year-old patient is being treated for pneumonia. He has a persistent cough and complains of severe pain on coughing. What could you tell him to help him reduce his discomfort?   
    • A. 

      "Hold your cough as much as possible."

    • B. 

      "Place the head of your bed flat to help with coughing."

    • C. 

      "Restrict fluids to help decrease the amount of sputum."

    • D. 

      "Splint your chest wall with a pillow for comfort."

  • 7. 
    A firefighter who was involved in extinguishing a house fire is being treated for smoke inhalation. He develops severe hypoxia 48 hours after the incident, requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Which of the following conditions has he most likely developed?  
    • A. 

      Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

    • B. 

      Atelectasis.

    • C. 

      Bronchitis.

    • D. 

      Pneumonia.

  • 8. 
    An 80-year-old male client is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of pneumonia. Nurse Oliver learns that the client lives alone and hasn’t been eating or drinking. When assessing him for dehydration, nurse Oliver would expect to find: 
    • A. 

      Hypothermia

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Distended neck veins

    • D. 

      Tachycardia