Period 5 Work Practice Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Storyphysics
S
Storyphysics
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 2,167
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 206

SettingsSettingsSettings
Period Quizzes & Trivia

Covers work and energy transfers in grade 11 physics


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Work....

    • A.

      Changes the amount of mechanical energy an object has.

    • B.

      Can only ever effect how fast an object is moving.

    • C.

      Can only be caused by friction.

    • D.

      Just means energy transfers from kinetic to potential energy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Changes the amount of mechanical energy an object has.
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because work is defined as the transfer of energy to or from an object, resulting in a change in its mechanical energy. It can either increase or decrease the amount of mechanical energy an object possesses. This can happen through various means such as applying a force, lifting an object against gravity, or transferring energy between different forms (kinetic to potential or vice versa). Work is not limited to only affecting the speed of an object or being caused by friction.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    An object has mechanical energy. This object could.... (CHECK ALL THAT APPLY!)

    • A.

      ...have kinetic energy

    • B.

      ...have potential energy

    • C.

      ...have both kinetic and potential energy.

    • D.

      ...be at rest on the ground.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. ...have kinetic energy
    B. ...have potential energy
    C. ...have both kinetic and potential energy.
    Explanation
    An object with mechanical energy can have kinetic energy if it is in motion, potential energy if it is at a position where it can potentially move due to gravity or other forces, or both kinetic and potential energy if it is both in motion and at a position where it can potentially move. It is not necessary for the object to be at rest on the ground to have mechanical energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A car hits  a patch of ice while going downhill. All  of it's potential energy turns into kinetic energy. Assume there is no friction and you can neglect air resistance. In this situation, the car is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Conservation of Mechanical Energy
    Explanation
    In this situation, the car is experiencing Conservation of Mechanical Energy. Conservation of Mechanical Energy states that the total amount of mechanical energy in a system remains constant as long as no external forces are acting on it. In this case, the car's potential energy due to its position on the hill is converted into kinetic energy as it starts moving downhill. Since there is no friction or air resistance, no external forces are acting on the car, and therefore the total mechanical energy of the car remains constant throughout the process.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A trick pilot puts her plane into a nosedive. All  of the plane's potential energy turns into kinetic energy. Assume there is no friction and you can neglect air resistance. In this situation, the plane is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Conservation of Mechanical Energy
    Explanation
    When the trick pilot puts her plane into a nosedive, the potential energy of the plane is converted into kinetic energy. This means that the total mechanical energy of the plane remains constant. Conservation of Mechanical Energy states that in the absence of external forces like friction or air resistance, the total mechanical energy of a system remains constant. Therefore, the correct answer is Conservation of Mechanical Energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    You lift a box over your head at a constant velocity.  In this situation, the box is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive Work
    Explanation
    When you lift a box over your head at a constant velocity, the box is experiencing positive work. This is because work is defined as the product of the force applied on an object and the displacement of the object in the direction of the force. In this case, you are applying an upward force on the box, and the displacement of the box is also in the upward direction. Therefore, the work done on the box is positive.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    A child drags a sled up a hill.  In this situation, the sled is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive Work
    Explanation
    When a child drags a sled up a hill, the sled is moving in the same direction as the applied force. According to the definition of work, work is done when a force is applied to an object and the object moves in the direction of the force. Therefore, the sled is experiencing positive work.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A large man is sliding down a slip-n-slide when he hits the grass and comes quickly to a stop  In this situation, the man is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Negative Work
    Explanation
    In this situation, the man is experiencing negative work. Negative work occurs when the force applied on an object is in the opposite direction of its displacement. As the man slides down the slip-n-slide, the force of friction between his body and the slide is acting in the opposite direction of his motion, causing him to slow down and eventually come to a stop on the grass. This means that the work done by the frictional force is negative, as it is acting against the direction of motion.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A futuristic astronaut is floating, still and abandoned, in space. Then an alien tractor beam locks on to her and accelerates her forward. She is experiencing:

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive Work
    Explanation
    The astronaut is experiencing positive work because the alien tractor beam is applying a force on her in the direction of her motion, causing her to accelerate forward. Work is defined as the product of the force applied on an object and the displacement of the object in the direction of the force. In this case, the force applied by the tractor beam is in the same direction as the displacement of the astronaut, resulting in positive work being done on her.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The brakes of a car are applied.  In this situation, the car is experiencing: 

    • A.

      Positive Work

    • B.

      Negative Work

    • C.

      Conservation of Mechanical Energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Negative Work
    Explanation
    When the brakes of a car are applied, the car comes to a stop or slows down. In this situation, the force applied by the brakes is opposite to the direction of motion of the car. As a result, the work done by the brakes is negative because work is defined as the product of force and displacement in the direction of the force. Therefore, the correct answer is negative work.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Your friend is sitting in a shopping car. You rush up and push the cart forward. Your friend's mechanical energy...

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Was Conserved

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased
    Explanation
    When you push the shopping cart forward, you are adding kinetic energy to the system. This increase in kinetic energy results in an increase in your friend's mechanical energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "Increased."

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Your crush comes flying toward you on the ice skating rink, out of control. You grab on to them and bring them to a stop. Your crush's mechanical energy...

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Was Conserved

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreased
    Explanation
    When you grab your crush and bring them to a stop, you are exerting a force on them to reduce their kinetic energy. As a result, their mechanical energy, which is the sum of their kinetic and potential energy, decreases. Therefore, the correct answer is decreased.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    You accelerate the motorcycle you are riding by giving it a little gas. Your mechanical energy...

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Was Conserved

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased
    Explanation
    When you give the motorcycle a little gas, you are adding energy to the system. This increases the mechanical energy of the motorcycle. The gas provides fuel for the engine, which converts it into kinetic energy, increasing the speed and therefore the mechanical energy of the motorcycle.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Mechanical energy is made of:

    • A.

      Potential and kinetic energy

    • B.

      Thermal and friction energy

    • C.

      Joule and Newton energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Potential and kinetic energy
    Explanation
    Mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy. Potential energy is the energy stored in an object due to its position or condition, while kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. Therefore, mechanical energy is composed of both potential and kinetic energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    An object's mechanical energy increased. That means...

    • A.

      Negative Work was done on the object

    • B.

      Positive work was done on the object

    • C.

      No work was done on the object

    • D.

      It's mechanical energy was conserved

    Correct Answer
    B. Positive work was done on the object
    Explanation
    When an object's mechanical energy increases, it means that work has been done on the object. In this case, the correct answer is "Positive work was done on the object." This means that an external force acted on the object in the direction of its displacement, resulting in an increase in its mechanical energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    A child is resting on a sled. Then her big brother pulls her forward, doing 200 J of work. The ground is level. Friction isn't slowing the girl down. What is the girl's final kinetic energy?

    • A.

      100 J

    • B.

      200 J

    • C.

      There is no way to answer this question.

    Correct Answer
    B. 200 J
    Explanation
    When the girl's big brother pulls her forward, he does 200 J of work on her. According to the work-energy principle, the work done on an object is equal to the change in its kinetic energy. Since there is no friction slowing the girl down and the ground is level, the work done by the brother increases the girl's kinetic energy by 200 J. Therefore, the girl's final kinetic energy is 200 J.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A child is resting on a sled. Then her big brother pulls her forward, doing 200 J of work. Meanwhile, friction does -50 J of work on the sled. The ground is level. What is the girl's final kinetic energy?

    • A.

      100 J

    • B.

      150 J

    • C.

      200 J

    • D.

      There is no way to answer this question.

    Correct Answer
    B. 150 J
    Explanation
    The girl's final kinetic energy can be determined by subtracting the work done by friction from the work done by her brother. The work done by her brother is 200 J, and the work done by friction is -50 J (negative because it opposes the motion). Therefore, the girl's final kinetic energy is 200 J - (-50 J) = 250 J. However, since the question asks for the girl's final kinetic energy, we need to consider that the work done by friction is negative, indicating that it reduces the girl's kinetic energy. Therefore, the correct answer is 200 J - 50 J = 150 J.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A child is resting on a sled. Then her big brother pulls her forward, doing 200 J of work. Meanwhile, friction does -50 J of work on the sled. The ground is level. The girl has a mass of 35 kg. What is her final velocity?

    • A.

      8.57 m/s

    • B.

      16.3 m/s

    • C.

      2.93 m/s

    • D.

      2.07 m/s

    Correct Answer
    C. 2.93 m/s
    Explanation
    The work done by the big brother pulling the sled is positive because he is applying a force in the direction of motion, which increases the kinetic energy of the sled and the girl. The work done by friction is negative because it acts in the opposite direction of motion, reducing the kinetic energy. The net work done on the sled is the sum of the work done by the big brother and the work done by friction. The net work is equal to the change in kinetic energy, which can be calculated using the equation: net work = (1/2)mv^2 - (1/2)mv_initial^2. Solving for the final velocity, we find that it is approximately 2.93 m/s.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    You apply 80 J of work to a ball, throwing it straight up in the air. Assume there is no air resistance. At apogee, the ball will have...

    • A.

      80 J of kinetic energy, 0 J of mechanical energy

    • B.

      80 J of potential energy, 0 J of mechanical energy

    • C.

      80 J of kinetic energy, 80 J of mechanical energy

    • D.

      80 J of potential energy, 80 J of mechanical energy

    Correct Answer
    D. 80 J of potential energy, 80 J of mechanical energy
    Explanation
    When you throw the ball straight up in the air, it gains potential energy due to its increased height. This potential energy is equal to the amount of work done on the ball, which in this case is 80 J. Therefore, the ball will have 80 J of potential energy at apogee. Additionally, mechanical energy is the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy. Since the ball is at its highest point and has come to a stop, its kinetic energy is 0 J. However, it still has potential energy, so the ball will have 80 J of mechanical energy at apogee.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    You do 300 J of work on a box as you lift it from the floor up to a shelf. The box has a mass of 20 kg. The box now has...

    • A.

      300 J of kinetic energy

    • B.

      300 J of potential energy

    • C.

      300 J of thermal energy

    • D.

      300 J of friction

    Correct Answer
    B. 300 J of potential energy
    Explanation
    When you lift the box from the floor up to the shelf, you do work on it against the force of gravity. This work is equal to the change in potential energy of the box. Since the work done is 300 J, the box gains 300 J of potential energy. Therefore, the correct answer is 300 J of potential energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    You do 300 J of work on a box as you lift it from the floor up to a shelf. The box has a mass of 20 kg. How high did you lift the box?

    • A.

      3 m

    • B.

      3.01 m

    • C.

      15 m

    • D.

      1.53 m

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.53 m
    Explanation
    The work done on an object is equal to the force applied multiplied by the distance over which the force is applied. In this case, the work done is 300 J. The force applied can be calculated using the formula F = m * g, where m is the mass of the box (20 kg) and g is the acceleration due to gravity (approximately 9.8 m/s^2). So, the force applied is 20 kg * 9.8 m/s^2 = 196 N. To find the distance, we can rearrange the formula for work to solve for distance: distance = work / force = 300 J / 196 N ≈ 1.53 m. Therefore, you lifted the box approximately 1.53 m.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 04, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Storyphysics
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.