PSI - Political Sciences

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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia

This is meant for study purposes only, it will not guarantee a mark of any sort.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A constitution is a set of fundamental rules that govern political life in a particular territory. Canada's constitution was formed by The Constitution Act, ______ and was previously the ______, ______. 

    • A.

      1982, British North American Act, 1982

    • B.

      1982, Magna Carta, 1982

    • C.

      1867, British North American Act, 1867

    • D.

      1867, Magna Carta, 1867

    Correct Answer
    C. 1867, British North American Act, 1867
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1867, British North American Act, 1867. This act, also known as the Constitution Act, 1867, established Canada as a federal dominion and outlined the distribution of powers between the federal government and the provinces. It served as Canada's constitution until 1982 when the Constitution Act, 1982 was enacted, which included the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Magna Carta, on the other hand, is an important historical document that influenced the development of constitutional law, but it does not pertain to Canada's constitution.

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  • 2. 

    A(n) ________ is "a set of interrelated values and beliefs about how society is organized and how it ought to function."

    • A.

      Ideology

    • B.

      Political agenda

    • C.

      Conservative concept

    • D.

      Interconnected spectrum

    • E.

      Liberalism concept

    Correct Answer
    A. Ideology
    Explanation
    An ideology refers to a set of interconnected values and beliefs that outline how a society is structured and how it should operate. It encompasses a comprehensive framework that guides individuals' understanding of social organization and functioning.

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  • 3. 

    _________ is "an ideology based on the belief that transitions and social order are important, and that gradual change is best."

    • A.

      Multiculturalism

    • B.

      Socialism

    • C.

      Liberalism

    • D.

      Conservatism

    Correct Answer
    D. Conservatism
    Explanation
    Some of the concepts associated with Conservatism include; Social stability, family values, Continuity, right-wing politics, and maintaing social and religious institutions.

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  • 4. 

    Liberalism is an ideology "based on the belief that the state must protect individual liberty, personal choice, and the right to private property."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some of the concepts associated with Liberalism include; Inalienable rights, individualism, constitutional protection for rights and freedoms, protection of private property, and liberal democracy.

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  • 5. 

    Conservatism is "an ideology based on the collective or state ownership of the means of production and the belief in the states ability to provide social justice, redistributive wealth, and fix social problems."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This is actually the ideology known as Socialism. It is part of the trio of ideologies including; Democratic socialism, Liberalism, and Conservatism.

    Some of the concepts associated with socialism include; equality, redistribution of wealth, left-wing politics, complete or partial ownership of the means of production, and social programs and bigger government.

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  • 6. 

    - Social Order - Protection of private property - Economic freedom - Support for capitalism  These are examples of _____ values. 

    • A.

      Right wing

    • B.

      Left wing

    • C.

      Centre

    • D.

      External

    Correct Answer
    A. Right wing
    Explanation
    Right wing and left wing are labels often used to classify the political ideas that lie behind an action, opinion, or statement.

    Left refers to collectivist and social justice ideas and ideologies, and political parties that advocate social reform; whereas right refers to ideas and ideologies that advocate social order, protection of private property, economic freedom, and support for capitalism.

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  • 7. 

    - Collectivist and social justice issues - Ideologies and political parties that advocate social reform These are examples of _____ values.

    • A.

      Right wing

    • B.

      Left wing

    • C.

      Centre

    • D.

      External

    Correct Answer
    B. Left wing
    Explanation
    Right wing and left wing are labels often used to classify the political ideas that lie behind an action, opinion, or statement.

    Left refers to collectivist and social justice ideas and ideologies, and political parties that advocate social reform; whereas right refers to ideas and ideologies that advocate social order, protection of private property, economic freedom, and support for capitalism.

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  • 8. 

    Canada's constitution establishes two levels of government - national and provincial - both with important law-making and taxation powers. This system of divided jurisdiction is known as ______

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Federalism

    • C.

      Responsible government

    • D.

      Rule of law

    • E.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Federalism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Federalism. Canada's constitution establishes two levels of government - national and provincial - with separate law-making and taxation powers. This system of divided jurisdiction is known as federalism, where power is shared between the central government and regional governments. This allows for a balance of power and allows each level of government to make decisions and policies that are specific to their jurisdiction.

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  • 9. 

    Political sovereignty is understood to mean "the ability of a person or entity to act independently without outside interference." In 1931 the ________ proclaims that Canada is a sovereign country. 

    • A.

      Charter of Rights and Freedoms

    • B.

      The Constitution Act

    • C.

      British North American Act

    • D.

      Statue of Westminster

    • E.

      Charlottetown Accord

    Correct Answer
    D. Statue of Westminster
    Explanation
    In 1931, the Statue of Westminster was enacted, which proclaimed that Canada is a sovereign country. The Statue of Westminster was an act passed by the British Parliament that granted full legal independence to the self-governing dominions within the British Empire, including Canada. This act symbolized the end of British control over Canada's legislative affairs and recognized Canada's ability to act independently without outside interference. Therefore, the correct answer is the Statue of Westminster.

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  • 10. 

    A _____ is a set of institutions that manage power and conflict for a society within a geographically defined territory. 

    • A.

      State

    • B.

      Government

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Sovereignty

    Correct Answer
    A. State
    Explanation
    A state is a political entity that consists of institutions responsible for governing and maintaining order within a specific territory. These institutions manage power and resolve conflicts within society. The state has the authority to make and enforce laws, collect taxes, provide public services, and represent the interests of its citizens both domestically and internationally. It is a sovereign entity that exercises control over its territory and has the power to make decisions that affect its people and their lives.

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  • 11. 

    ________ is organization of the state and the system of institutions and agencies used to exercise its authority. It can also refer to those who have been elected into power. 

    • A.

      Ideology

    • B.

      Liberalism

    • C.

      Government

    • D.

      Federalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Government
    Explanation
    Government is the correct answer because it refers to the organization of the state and the system of institutions and agencies used to exercise its authority. It also includes those who have been elected into power. Government is responsible for making and enforcing laws, providing public services, and maintaining order within a society. It plays a crucial role in governing a country and ensuring the well-being of its citizens.

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  • 12. 

    Charter rights (are/are not) absolute and are subject to (set/reasonable) limits. Critics say it provides lawyers and judges with too (little/too much) power. 

    • A.

      Are not, reasonable, too much

    • B.

      Are, set, too little

    • C.

      Are not, reasonable, to little

    • D.

      Are, set, too much

    • E.

      Are not, set, to much

    • F.

      Are, reasonable, to little

    Correct Answer
    A. Are not, reasonable, too much
    Explanation
    Charter rights are not absolute and are subject to reasonable limits. Critics argue that this provision gives lawyers and judges too much power.

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  • 13. 

    The "__________" clause, provided the basis for our system of government and gave us three key features. 1. A system of political parties. 2. Free election. 3. A prime minister and a cabinet. 

    • A.

      Gaurentee

    • B.

      Santa

    • C.

      Similar in principle

    • D.

      Westminster

    • E.

      Charter

    Correct Answer
    C. Similar in principle
    Explanation
    The "similar in principle" clause is likely referring to a clause or provision in a document or agreement that shares the same fundamental ideas or concepts. This clause is important because it served as the foundation for our system of government and led to the development of three key features: a system of political parties, free elections, and the establishment of a prime minister and a cabinet. It suggests that these features were inspired or modeled after the principles outlined in the clause.

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  • 14. 

    Which 3 of the following are required to agree for a law to be made?    (Parts of Parliament) 1. Queen 2. Prime Minister. 3. Senate 4. House of Commons 5. The voters (of Canadian citizenship) 6. The state

    • A.

      4, 5, 6

    • B.

      1, 3, 5

    • C.

      1, 2, 4

    • D.

      1, 3, 4

    • E.

      2, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    D. 1, 3, 4
    Explanation
    In order for a law to be made, the Queen, the Senate, and the House of Commons must agree. The Queen represents the monarchy and her agreement is necessary for the law to have royal assent. The Senate and the House of Commons are the two houses of Parliament in Canada, and their agreement is required for the law to pass through the legislative process and be enacted. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 3, 4.

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  • 15. 

    The three key features of the "similar in principle clause"  are 1. A system of government. 2. Free election. 3. A prime minister and a cabinet. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the "similar in principle clause" does indeed have three key features. These features include a system of government, free elections, and the presence of a prime minister and a cabinet. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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  • 16. 

    Since Confederation government has taken on less responsibilities for helping citizens. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the government has taken on fewer responsibilities for helping citizens since Confederation. The correct answer is False because it contradicts the historical fact that the government's responsibilities have actually increased since Confederation. With the establishment of a centralized government, various social programs and services have been introduced to support and assist citizens in areas such as healthcare, education, social welfare, and infrastructure development.

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  • 17. 

    The _________ Accord (1987), was an attempt to bring Quebec back into the Constitutional fold, but it failed to get unanimous approval. 

    • A.

      Charlottetown

    • B.

      Meech Lake

    • C.

      Honda

    • D.

      Quebec

    Correct Answer
    B. Meech Lake
    Explanation
    The Meech Lake Accord was a constitutional agreement proposed in 1987 to address Quebec's demands for increased autonomy within Canada. It aimed to bring Quebec back into the constitutional fold by recognizing it as a distinct society and giving it more control over immigration, language, and culture. However, the accord failed to gain unanimous approval from all provinces, leading to its ultimate demise.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following would be examples of exclusive powers of provincial legislatures. (Section 92 of the Constitution Act 1867) (more than one)

    • A.

      The establishment, maintenance, and management of public and reformatory prisons in and for the province.

    • B.

      The establishment, maintenance, and management of penitentaries.

    • C.

      The establishment, maintenance, and management of hospitals, asylums.

    • D.

      Navigation and shipping

    • E.

      Postal Service

    • F.

      Banking, incorporation of banks, and the issue of paper money.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The establishment, maintenance, and management of public and reformatory prisons in and for the province.
    C. The establishment, maintenance, and management of hospitals, asylums.
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the establishment, maintenance, and management of public and reformatory prisons in and for the province, as well as the establishment, maintenance, and management of hospitals and asylums. These are examples of exclusive powers of provincial legislatures as outlined in Section 92 of the Constitution Act 1867. These powers are granted solely to provincial governments and are not within the jurisdiction of the federal government.

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  • 19. 

    The annual federal budget deficit is the amount that our federal government borrows each year whereas the national ____ is is the net accumulated borrowing by the federal government.

    Correct Answer(s)
    debt
    Explanation
    The annual federal budget deficit refers to the amount of money that the federal government borrows each year to cover its expenses. On the other hand, the national debt refers to the total amount of money that the federal government has borrowed over time and still owes. Therefore, the correct answer is "debt" because it accurately represents the net accumulated borrowing by the federal government.

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  • 20. 

    Which province did not sign the Charter?

    • A.

      Quebec

    • B.

      Ontario

    • C.

      Nunavut

    • D.

      British Columbia

    • E.

      Prince Edward Island

    Correct Answer
    A. Quebec
    Explanation
    Quebec did not sign the Charter.

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  • 21. 

    There are two provisions of the Charter that were intended to restrain the courts authority: the reasonable limits clause (s.1) and the notwithstanding clause (s.33).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in Canada includes two provisions that were specifically designed to limit the authority of the courts. The reasonable limits clause, also known as section 1, allows for certain rights and freedoms to be limited as long as the limitations are considered reasonable and justified. The notwithstanding clause, also known as section 33, gives the federal and provincial governments the power to override certain rights and freedoms protected by the Charter for a specific period of time. These provisions were included to strike a balance between protecting individual rights and allowing for some limitations in certain circumstances.

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  • 22. 

    What is beyond a doubt is that constitutional supremacy has been replaced in Canada by parliamentary supremacy. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    What is beyond a doubt is that parliamentary supremacy has been replaced in Canada by constitutional supremacy.

    The constitution act, 1982 makes this very clear. Section 32 declares that the Charter applies to both the federal and provincial governments and to all matters under their authority.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 07, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Chris_Moher
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