Chapter 12 Maintenance Of Order: Making The Worldview Real

22 Questions

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Chapter 12 Maintenance Of Order: Making The Worldview Real

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Interprets humans and their universe

    • B. 

      Provides motives for human actions

    • C. 

      Is the origin of a society's world view

    • D. 

      Provides a validation for human existence

  • 2. 
    All religions have in common, by definition:
    • A. 

      Belief in a god

    • B. 

      Full-time specialists who direct religious activities

    • C. 

      Rituals usually in the form of group prayer

    • D. 

      Belief in some form of the supernatural

  • 3. 
    Religion is an example of:
    • A. 

      Scientific knowledge

    • B. 

      A belief system

    • C. 

      a pseudoscience

    • D. 

      A simple legal system

  • 4. 
    The "biological basis" of religion is:
    • A. 

      In our genes

    • B. 

      Inherited from our primitive ancestors

    • C. 

      Similar to that of marriage and the incest taboo, that is, a biological theme

    • D. 

      A function of our big, complex brains

  • 5. 
    Whether a society practices a monotheistic or polytheistic religion is most directly related to:
    • A. 

      The evolutionary level of the society

    • B. 

      A people's relation with and degree of control over their environment

    • C. 

      Whether the society has a written language or not

    • D. 

      Geographical location

  • 6. 
    Christianity is an example of:
    • A. 

      A truly monotheistic religion

    • B. 

      A polytheistic religion with several deities of equal importance

    • C. 

      A polytheistic religion with a hierarchically arranged set of supernatural beings

    • D. 

      A religion with many similarities to those of foraging societies

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      A crystal carried because it is thought to focus energy

    • B. 

      A crucifix worn around the neck

    • C. 

      Sacred stones worshiped by the Dani of New Guinea

    • D. 

      A physician with extensive knowledge about medicine and healing

  • 8. 
    Christianity recognizes which kinds of supernatural entities?
    • A. 

      Only those with mana

    • B. 

      Only those of nonhuman origin

    • C. 

      Only those of human origin and nonhuman origin

    • D. 

      All three types

  • 9. 
    The personality of supernatural beings seems most closely related to:
    • A. 

      The personality types of the people of the society

    • B. 

      How warlike or peaceful the society is

    • C. 

      How a group of people sees their environment

    • D. 

      Subsistence pattern

  • 10. 
    Generally, the degree to which the supernatural intervenes directly in the daily affairs of people corresponds to:
    • A. 

      The power of the supernatural

    • B. 

      The degree of scientific knowledge possessed by the society

    • C. 

      The number of supernatural beings

    • D. 

      The hierarchical arrangement of the supernatural beings

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Part time religious specialist

    • B. 

      Is chosen for the job by the supernatural

    • C. 

      Performs only when needed for tasks like curing

    • D. 

      Generally found in more complex societies

  • 12. 
    A religious specialist who is full-time, trains for their profession, and possesses knowledge rather than power is a:
    • A. 

      Shaman

    • B. 

      Sorcerer

    • C. 

      Priest

    • D. 

      Magician

  • 13. 
    Prayer, eating, sacrifice, music, transcendent states, and physical abuse all have what function in the context of religion?
    • A. 

      To organize people behind a particular religious movement

    • B. 

      To remind people of their proper place in the social and religious hierarchy

    • C. 

      To redistribute goods and services

    • D. 

      To help get in touch with the supernatural

  • 14. 
    In an anthropological context, magic refers to:
    • A. 

      What David Copperfield and Seigfried and Roy do in their acts

    • B. 

      Phony supernatural deeds performed by people to demonstrate their powers

    • C. 

      Evil supernatural deeds performed by one human against another

    • D. 

      Acts performed to try to control the supernatural

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      From the invention of a whole new religion by an outcast group

    • B. 

      As a result of oppression by the Jews against a small group of non-Jews

    • C. 

      In Rome as a result of Roman persecution of the Jews

    • D. 

      As an offshoot of the Jewish messianic tradition

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Their communist political views

    • B. 

      The lifestyle of the early Christian communities

    • C. 

      Persecution of Anabaptists

    • D. 

      The fact that most of the early Hutterites were skilled artisans and craftspersons

  • 17. 
    In broad historical/anthropological perspective, the Anabaptists were persecuted because:
    • A. 

      They were not real Christians

    • B. 

      They started interpreting the Bible on their own

    • C. 

      They believed in adult baptism

    • D. 

      They posed a threat to the power and authority of the groups in charge

  • 18. 
    From an anthropological perspective, people in the Holiness Church handle snakes, speak in tongues, and drink poison because:
    • A. 

      Jesus said to in the book of Mark

    • B. 

      They have some sort of "death wish"

    • C. 

      It provides them with a sense of control over some aspect of their lives

    • D. 

      It's fun

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      There are no socioeconomic differences among the members

    • B. 

      The people are generally simply foragers or horticulturalists

    • C. 

      Collections are taken at the services and redistributed equally among members

    • D. 

      There is no formal leader, and belief and activity are personal and individual

  • 20. 
    In a sense, each person who has received the Holy Ghost might be considered a:
    • A. 

      Shaman

    • B. 

      Priest

    • C. 

      Sorcerer

    • D. 

      Magician

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Services are a prelude to sexual activity

    • B. 

      The serpents are actually a sexual symbol as they are in many cultures

    • C. 

      Services are an opportunity to express sexual identity and for social interaction

    • D. 

      Loud music and convulsive dancing are sexually stimulating

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Both perform many of the same functions

    • B. 

      In complex cultures, law completely replaces religion as a basis for behavior

    • C. 

      Some basic ideals of a legal system derive from religious beliefs

    • D. 

      They ideally operate in harmony with one another within a cultural system