Chapter 6 Public Opinion And Political Action

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Chapter 6 Public Opinion And Political Action - Quiz

AP US Government


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Most Americans view cultural diversity as one of the most appealing aspects of their society

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cultural diversity is often seen as a positive aspect of society as it brings different perspectives, traditions, and experiences together. It allows for a more inclusive and enriching environment where people can learn from one another and celebrate their differences. Many Americans appreciate the diverse range of cultures present in their society and value the opportunities it provides for personal growth and understanding.

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  • 2. 

    Demography is the

    • A.

      Historical analysis of political participation

    • B.

      Study of public opinion

    • C.

      Science of human populations

    • D.

      Enumeration of a population

    Correct Answer
    C. Science of human populations
    Explanation
    Demography refers to the scientific study of human populations. It involves analyzing various aspects of populations such as their size, structure, distribution, and changes over time. Demographers use statistical methods and data to understand population dynamics, including birth rates, death rates, migration patterns, and factors influencing population growth. By studying human populations, demography provides insights into social, economic, and political trends, which can inform policymaking and planning at various levels.

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  • 3. 

    The enumeration of a population is called

    • A.

      An opinion poll

    • B.

      Demography

    • C.

      A census

    • D.

      Cartography

    Correct Answer
    C. A census
    Explanation
    A census is the correct answer because it refers to the enumeration or counting of a population. It is a systematic process of collecting, analyzing, and publishing demographic, social, and economic data about all individuals in a specific geographic area. Unlike an opinion poll which gathers opinions on specific topics, a census aims to provide a comprehensive and accurate picture of the entire population. Demography is the study of population characteristics, while cartography is the science of map-making. Therefore, a census best fits the description of enumerating a population.

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  • 4. 

    The Constitution requires and actual enumeration of the population

    • A.

      Annually

    • B.

      Every ten years

    • C.

      Every 25 years

    • D.

      Never

    Correct Answer
    B. Every ten years
    Explanation
    The Constitution requires an actual enumeration of the population every ten years. This is known as the decennial census. It is conducted to gather accurate and up-to-date information about the population, which is crucial for various purposes such as determining representation in Congress, allocating government resources, and making informed policy decisions. By conducting the census every ten years, the government ensures that it has the most recent data to effectively serve the needs of the population.

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  • 5. 

    The census is basically a procedural requirement that creates very little controversy

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the census is a procedural requirement that creates very little controversy. However, the correct answer is False. This implies that the statement is incorrect, and the census does create controversy. The explanation could be that the census involves collecting data on various aspects of a population, such as demographics and socioeconomic factors. This data can be used for various purposes, including resource allocation, policy-making, and research. However, the census can be controversial due to concerns about privacy, accuracy, and potential misuse of the data. Additionally, issues such as undercounting certain populations or the inclusion of specific questions can also generate controversy.

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  • 6. 

    The third great wave of immigration, after World War II, consisted primarily of

    • A.

      Northwestern Europeans

    • B.

      Southern and Easter Europeans

    • C.

      Africans

    • D.

      Hispanics and Asians

    Correct Answer
    D. Hispanics and Asians
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hispanics and Asians. The third great wave of immigration after World War II refers to the period between the 1960s and 1990s, during which there was a significant increase in immigration to the United States. This wave was characterized by a shift in the origins of immigrants, with a larger proportion coming from Latin American countries, particularly Mexico, and Asian countries such as China, India, and the Philippines. This wave of immigration had a profound impact on the demographic and cultural landscape of the United States.

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  • 7. 

    Th American "metling pot" refers to the mix of

    • A.

      Cultures

    • B.

      Ideas

    • C.

      People

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The American "melting pot" refers to the mix of cultures, ideas, and people in the United States. This concept highlights the diverse and multicultural nature of American society, where people from different backgrounds come together, bringing their unique cultures and ideas, and contributing to the overall fabric of the nation. The phrase "all of the above" accurately captures the essence of the American melting pot, as it encompasses the mixture of cultures, ideas, and people that define the United States.

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  • 8. 

    The largest minority group in the United States today is

    • A.

      African Americans

    • B.

      Hispanics

    • C.

      Asians

    • D.

      American Indians

    Correct Answer
    B. Hispanics
    Explanation
    Hispanics are considered the largest minority group in the United States today. This is due to the significant growth in the Hispanic population over the years. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Hispanics accounted for about 18.5% of the total U.S. population in 2020, making them the largest minority group. This can be attributed to factors such as immigration, higher birth rates, and the overall increase in the Hispanic population.

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  • 9. 

    The HIspanics in the United STates tend to be concentrated in the cities

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Hispanics in the United States are indeed concentrated in cities. This is due to various factors such as economic opportunities, cultural ties, and the presence of established Hispanic communities in urban areas. Cities often offer more job prospects, social support networks, and cultural amenities that attract Hispanic individuals and families. Additionally, cities tend to have larger populations and more diverse communities, making them attractive destinations for immigrants and minority groups. As a result, the concentration of Hispanics in cities is a well-documented demographic trend in the United States.

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  • 10. 

    The Simpson-Mazzoli Act

    • A.

      Allowed employers to employ illegal immigrants

    • B.

      Required documentation of the citizenship of all employees

    • C.

      Provided for legal discrimination against minority workers

    • D.

      Put an end to all immigration from mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Required documentation of the citizenship of all employees
    Explanation
    The Simpson-Mazzoli Act required employers to document the citizenship of all employees. This means that employers were obligated to verify the legal status of their workers and ensure that they were citizens or had legal authorization to work in the country. This measure aimed to address the issue of illegal immigration by holding employers accountable for hiring undocumented immigrants. By requiring documentation of citizenship, the act aimed to create a more controlled and regulated workforce.

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  • 11. 

    The most highly skilled immigrant group in American history is

    • A.

      African Americans

    • B.

      Hispanic Americans

    • C.

      Asian Americans

    • D.

      Eastern European Americans

    Correct Answer
    C. Asian Americans
    Explanation
    Asian Americans are considered the most highly skilled immigrant group in American history due to various reasons. Firstly, Asian immigrants have a strong emphasis on education and have a higher rate of college degrees compared to other immigrant groups. Additionally, they often come from countries with highly competitive education systems, which prepares them well for success in the American job market. Moreover, Asian immigrants have made significant contributions to various industries such as technology, medicine, and finance, further highlighting their high skill levels. Overall, their educational achievements, work ethic, and contributions to the American economy make Asian Americans the most highly skilled immigrant group in American history.

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  • 12. 

    Over the last 50 years, much of America's population growth has been concentrated

    • A.

      North of the Mason-Dixon line

    • B.

      East of the Mississippi river

    • C.

      In the West and South

    • D.

      In the Midwest

    Correct Answer
    C. In the West and South
    Explanation
    Over the last 50 years, America's population growth has been concentrated in the West and South. This can be attributed to several factors such as favorable climate, economic opportunities, and a lower cost of living compared to other regions. The West and South have experienced significant development and urbanization, attracting people from other parts of the country. Additionally, these regions have seen a rise in job opportunities, particularly in industries like technology, energy, and healthcare, which has further fueled population growth.

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  • 13. 

    Reapportionment can lead to 

    • A.

      An increase in the number of members of the House of Representatives

    • B.

      Power shifts among the states

    • C.

      An increase or decrease in the number of senators from each state

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Power shifts among the states
    Explanation
    Reapportionment refers to the redistribution of seats in the House of Representatives based on changes in population. As population shifts occur, some states may gain or lose seats in the House, leading to a power shift among the states. This means that certain states may have more or less influence in the legislative process depending on their population changes. Therefore, the correct answer is that reapportionment can lead to power shifts among the states.

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  • 14. 

    The biggest reapportionment winner in the most recent census has been

    • A.

      California

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Florida

    • D.

      Ohio

    Correct Answer
    A. California
    Explanation
    California has been the biggest reapportionment winner in the most recent census because it has experienced a significant increase in population compared to other states. This population growth has resulted in California gaining more seats in the House of Representatives, which is determined by the census data. The increase in representation allows California to have a larger voice and influence in national politics and decision-making.

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  • 15. 

    The fastest-growing age group in AMerica is composed of citizens

    • A.

      Over the age of 65

    • B.

      Under the age of 18

    • C.

      Between the ages of 19 and 35

    • D.

      Between the ages of 36 and 35

    Correct Answer
    A. Over the age of 65
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Over the age of 65." This is because the question is asking about the fastest-growing age group in America, and the age group that is growing the fastest is the one composed of citizens who are over the age of 65. This means that the number of individuals in this age group is increasing at a faster rate compared to other age groups.

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  • 16. 

    By the year 2040, the Social Security system will be solvent and self-sufficient

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the Social Security system will be solvent and self-sufficient by the year 2040. However, the correct answer is false. This is because multiple studies and reports have indicated that the Social Security system will face financial challenges in the future due to factors such as an aging population and decreasing birth rates. Without necessary reforms, the system may not be able to sustain itself by 2040.

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  • 17. 

    The process of acquiring politicals orientations is called political socialization

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Political socialization refers to the process through which individuals develop their political beliefs, attitudes, and values. It involves the transmission of political knowledge, ideologies, and behaviors from one generation to another, as well as the influence of various social institutions such as family, education, media, and peers. This process plays a crucial role in shaping individuals' political orientations and their understanding of political systems and issues. Therefore, the given statement that the process of acquiring political orientations is called political socialization is true.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following statements regarding political socialization is FALSE?

    • A.

      Only a small portion of Americans' political learning is formal

    • B.

      Most of what Americans learn about politics is acquired from high school civics courses

    • C.

      As one becomes more socialized with age, one's political orientations grow firmer

    • D.

      Governments largely aim their socialization efforts at the young

    Correct Answer
    B. Most of what Americans learn about politics is acquired from high school civics courses
    Explanation
    The statement that most of what Americans learn about politics is acquired from high school civics courses is FALSE. Political socialization is a lifelong process that involves various sources such as family, peers, media, and personal experiences. While high school civics courses may contribute to political learning, they are not the primary or sole source of political knowledge for Americans.

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  • 19. 

    Formal learning about politics is far more important than informal learning

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Formal learning about politics is not necessarily more important than informal learning. While formal education can provide a structured and comprehensive understanding of political systems, informal learning through personal experiences, discussions, and observations can also contribute significantly to one's understanding of politics. Informal learning allows individuals to gain practical knowledge, diverse perspectives, and critical thinking skills that may not be covered in formal education. Therefore, both formal and informal learning have their own merits and are equally important in developing a well-rounded understanding of politics.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following statements about political socialization and the family is FALSE?

    • A.

      The influence of families is central to socialization because of time and emotional commitment

    • B.

      One can predict how the majority of young people will vote simply by knowing the political leanings of their parents

    • C.

      Family influence on socialization if mostly informal

    • D.

      The generation gap is a well-proven phenomenon

    Correct Answer
    D. The generation gap is a well-proven phenomenon
    Explanation
    The given statement that "The generation gap is a well-proven phenomenon" is false. The generation gap refers to the differences in beliefs, values, and attitudes between different generations, particularly between older and younger individuals. While there may be some differences between generations, it is not accurate to say that the generation gap is a well-proven phenomenon. Different individuals within the same generation can have varying political beliefs and attitudes, and it is not solely determined by their age or generation. Political socialization is influenced by various factors, including family, education, peers, and media.

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  • 21. 

    According to many observes, the "new parents" are

    • A.

      The mass media

    • B.

      Peer groups

    • C.

      Schools

    • D.

      Government agencies

    Correct Answer
    A. The mass media
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the mass media. This is because the mass media, such as television, radio, and newspapers, have a significant influence on shaping the opinions, beliefs, and behaviors of individuals in society. They have the power to disseminate information, promote certain values and norms, and shape public opinion. As new parents navigate the challenges of raising a child, the mass media can provide them with information, advice, and support, making it an important source of guidance and influence for them.

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  • 22. 

    One of the most obvious intrusions of the government into Americans' socialization is

    • A.

      Political parties

    • B.

      Schools

    • C.

      Television

    • D.

      The military

    Correct Answer
    B. Schools
    Explanation
    Schools are a clear example of the government's intrusion into Americans' socialization because they are funded and regulated by the government. The curriculum, teaching methods, and overall environment in schools are influenced by government policies and standards. Through schools, the government has the opportunity to shape the values, beliefs, and knowledge of the younger generation, ultimately influencing their socialization process.

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  • 23. 

    As people grow older

    • A.

      Political party attachment declines

    • B.

      Political participation rises steadily

    • C.

      Voting declines

    • D.

      Political learning ends

    Correct Answer
    B. Political participation rises steadily
    Explanation
    As people grow older, their level of political participation tends to increase steadily. This can be attributed to several factors such as increased civic awareness, a sense of responsibility towards shaping the political landscape, and a desire to have a say in decision-making processes. Older individuals may have more time and resources to dedicate to political activities, such as attending rallies, joining advocacy groups, or running for office. Additionally, as they gain more life experience, they may become more politically engaged and motivated to make a difference in their communities.

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  • 24. 

    The public opinion poll was perfected by 

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      The Literary Digest

    • C.

      George Gallup

    • D.

      Alf Landon

    Correct Answer
    C. George Gallup
    Explanation
    George Gallup is credited with perfecting the public opinion poll. He was an American statistician and the founder of the American Institute of Public Opinion, which later became the Gallup Organization. Gallup developed scientific sampling methods and pioneered the use of surveys to measure public opinion on various topics. His work revolutionized the field of polling and made it a valuable tool for understanding public sentiment and predicting election outcomes.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following statements if FALSE?

    • A.

      As long as a survey is large enough, representativeness is not important.

    • B.

      All surveys have sampling error

    • C.

      A sample of about 1,000 to 1,500 people can represent faithfully the "universe" of potential voters

    • D.

      Random-digit dialing costs about a fifth of the cost of person-to person interviewing

    Correct Answer
    A. As long as a survey is large enough, representativeness is not important.
    Explanation
    The given statement is false because representativeness is always important in a survey, regardless of its size. A survey can only provide accurate and reliable results if the sample is representative of the population it aims to study. Even if a survey is large, if it does not include a diverse and representative sample, the results may be biased and not reflective of the entire population. Therefore, representativeness is crucial for ensuring the validity and generalizability of survey findings.

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  • 26. 

    The key to accuracy of opinino polls is the

    • A.

      Number of people interviewed

    • B.

      Technique of random sampling

    • C.

      Use of telephones for interviewing

    • D.

      Use of computers

    Correct Answer
    B. Technique of random sampling
    Explanation
    The accuracy of opinion polls relies on the technique of random sampling. Random sampling involves selecting a representative sample from the population being studied, ensuring that each individual has an equal chance of being included. This helps to minimize bias and ensure that the sample is truly representative of the population, increasing the accuracy of the poll results. The number of people interviewed, use of telephones or computers may be important factors in conducting the poll, but the key factor that determines accuracy is the use of random sampling technique.

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  • 27. 

    The Literary Digest poll of 1936 wrongly predicted the results of the presidential election because

    • A.

      The did not interview enough people

    • B.

      The used exit polls to predict the election results

    • C.

      Most of the people they interviewed did not vote

    • D.

      The did not interview a random sample of voters

    Correct Answer
    D. The did not interview a random sample of voters
    Explanation
    The Literary Digest poll of 1936 wrongly predicted the results of the presidential election because they did not interview a random sample of voters. By not using a random sample, the poll results could have been biased and not representative of the overall population. This could have led to inaccurate predictions and an incorrect outcome.

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  • 28. 

    Most polling today is done through

    • A.

      Random digit dialing

    • B.

      Door-to-door interviews

    • C.

      Exit polls

    • D.

      Mail surveys

    Correct Answer
    A. Random digit dialing
    Explanation
    Random digit dialing is the most common method of polling today because it allows for a random selection of participants, ensuring a representative sample of the population. This method involves using a computer to generate random phone numbers and calling them to conduct surveys. It is considered more efficient and cost-effective compared to door-to-door interviews or mail surveys. Exit polls, on the other hand, are conducted specifically at polling locations to gather data on voter preferences and behavior.

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  • 29. 

    Public opinion pollig is almost exclusively an American phenomenon

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Public opinion polling is not exclusively an American phenomenon. It is conducted in many countries around the world to gauge the views and preferences of the public on various issues. Polling helps in understanding public sentiment, shaping policies, and making informed decisions. While the United States has a long history of conducting public opinion polls, it is not limited to America alone. Polling is a widely used tool in democratic societies globally.

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  • 30. 

    Exit polls allow television networks to project all but very close races before the polls close

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Exit polls are surveys conducted with voters as they leave the polling stations. These polls provide an early indication of the voting patterns and trends before the official results are announced. Television networks use exit polls to project the outcomes of elections, especially in races that are not too close. By analyzing the data collected from these polls, networks can make accurate predictions and projections about the winners of various races before the polls have officially closed. Therefore, the statement that exit polls allow television networks to project all but very close races before the polls close is true.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following statements is NOT a criticism of public opinion polling?

    • A.

      Public opinion polling makes politicians more concerned with following than leading

    • B.

      Polls can weakened democracy by distorting the election process

    • C.

      Polling is a fad that should not be taken seriously

    • D.

      Pollsters can often get the results they want by altering the wording of questions

    Correct Answer
    C. Polling is a fad that should not be taken seriously
    Explanation
    The given statement that "Polling is a fad that should not be taken seriously" is not a criticism of public opinion polling. It suggests that polling is a temporary trend or fashion that should not be given importance or considered seriously. However, the other options provide criticisms of public opinion polling, such as politicians becoming followers instead of leaders, the potential weakening of democracy through distorted election processes, and the manipulation of results by altering question wording.

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  • 32. 

    Thomas Jefferson believed that

    • A.

      Education is irrelevant to good citizenship

    • B.

      The people are "a great beast."

    • C.

      A majority of people will exercise good sense

    • D.

      People lack a capacity for self-government

    Correct Answer
    C. A majority of people will exercise good sense
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson believed that a majority of people will exercise good sense. This suggests that Jefferson had a positive view of the general public's ability to make wise decisions and govern themselves. He believed that most individuals would use their judgment and act in the best interest of society, highlighting his faith in the collective wisdom and rationality of the people.

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  • 33. 

    Who said, "Your people, sir, are a great beast"?

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C.

      Alexander Hamilton

    • D.

      Winston Churchill

    Correct Answer
    C. Alexander Hamilton
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton said, "Your people, sir, are a great beast."

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  • 34. 

    One thing that public opinion polls have shown is that the 

    • A.

      United states is becoming more liberal

    • B.

      Level of public knowledge about politics is dismally low

    • C.

      American people have strong opinions about political issues

    • D.

      American people are becoming more ideologically oriented

    Correct Answer
    B. Level of public knowledge about politics is dismally low
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Level of public knowledge about politics is dismally low." This answer is supported by the statement that public opinion polls have shown that one thing is the level of public knowledge about politics is dismally low. This suggests that the American people lack adequate knowledge and understanding of political issues.

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  • 35. 

    Public opinion polls have shown that the majority of Americans

    • A.

      Can name the chief justice of the Supreme Court

    • B.

      Can explain their opinion of major political issues

    • C.

      Can locate Bosnia on a map

    • D.

      Recognize commercial slogans better than the names of political figures

    Correct Answer
    D. Recognize commercial slogans better than the names of political figures
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that public opinion polls have indicated that the majority of Americans are more likely to recognize commercial slogans better than the names of political figures. This implies that Americans have a higher level of familiarity with commercial advertising than with political figures.

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  • 36. 

    According to Russell Neuman, the paradox of mass politics is that the American political system works as well as it does goven the

    • A.

      Discomforting lack of public knowledge about politics

    • B.

      High degree of ideologically oriented people in the united States

    • C.

      Lack of opinions on major issues in American politics

    • D.

      Non of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Discomforting lack of public knowledge about politics
  • 37. 

    Political ideology consists of views that are simply "gut reactions"

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Political ideology is not simply a matter of "gut reactions." It is a complex system of beliefs and values that shape an individual's political views and guide their decision-making process. Political ideology is often formed through a combination of personal experiences, education, cultural background, and rational analysis. It involves critical thinking, evaluation of evidence, and consideration of various perspectives. Therefore, it cannot be reduced to mere gut reactions.

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  • 38. 

    A liberal ideology favors 

    • A.

      A strong central government

    • B.

      A greater reliance on the private sector

    • C.

      Smaller government

    • D.

      Passive government

    Correct Answer
    A. A strong central government
    Explanation
    A liberal ideology favors a strong central government because it believes that the government should play an active role in addressing social and economic issues. Liberals believe that a strong central government can provide necessary regulations and social programs to ensure equality and protect individual rights. They argue that a strong government is needed to promote social justice, provide public goods, and regulate the economy to prevent exploitation and ensure fairness. This ideology stands in contrast to conservative ideologies that advocate for smaller government and a greater reliance on the private sector.

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  • 39. 

    Conservatives would tend to support all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      A strong military

    • B.

      A school prayer

    • C.

      Low taxes

    • D.

      Affirmative action

    Correct Answer
    D. Affirmative action
    Explanation
    Conservatives typically prioritize limited government intervention and believe in individual responsibility and meritocracy. Therefore, they would not support affirmative action, as it involves policies aimed at providing preferential treatment to certain groups based on their race, gender, or other protected characteristics. Conservatives generally argue that such policies undermine the principles of equal opportunity and fairness, and instead advocate for a color-blind society where individuals are judged solely on their abilities and qualifications.

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  • 40. 

    No significant difference has ever been found between the ideological orientations of men and women

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "No significant difference has ever been found between the ideological orientations of men and women" is incorrect. Research has consistently shown that there are indeed differences in ideological orientations between men and women. Studies have found that women tend to be more liberal and supportive of social equality, while men tend to be more conservative and supportive of traditional gender roles. These differences can be attributed to a variety of factors including socialization, biology, and cultural influences.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following statements regarding religion and ideology is FALSE?

    • A.

      Most Jews tend to be more conservative than liberal

    • B.

      The ideological gap between Catholics and Protestants is smaller than the gender gap

    • C.

      Born-again Christians are the most conservative demographic group

    • D.

      People who have no religious affiliation are more liberal that conservative

    Correct Answer
    A. Most Jews tend to be more conservative than liberal
    Explanation
    Most Jews tend to be more liberal than conservative.

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  • 42. 

    Researchers in the 1950s found that the largest share of the electorate consisted of

    • A.

      No issue content voters

    • B.

      Nature of the times voters

    • C.

      Highly ideological voters

    • D.

      Group benefits voters

    Correct Answer
    D. Group benefits voters
    Explanation
    In the 1950s, researchers discovered that the largest portion of the electorate consisted of "Group benefits voters." This means that a significant number of voters were motivated by the benefits and advantages they believed they would receive from a particular political group or party. These voters were likely to support candidates who promised policies that would directly benefit their specific group or community, such as increased social welfare programs or economic incentives.

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  • 43. 

    When identical methods were used to update the analysis of the 1956 study The American Voter in 1988, researchers found

    • A.

      A majority of the people identified as ideologues in 1988

    • B.

      A huge increase in the no issue content group in 1988

    • C.

      Just six percent more ideologues in 1988 than in 1956

    • D.

      A disappearance of the nature of the times voters in 1988

    Correct Answer
    C. Just six percent more ideologues in 1988 than in 1956
    Explanation
    The updated analysis of the 1956 study "The American Voter" in 1988 revealed that there was only a slight increase of six percent in the number of ideologues compared to 1956. This suggests that there was not a significant shift in ideological identification among the population over the span of 32 years.

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  • 44. 

    Election results often indicate the movement of the public either to the left or right

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that election results always indicate a movement of the public either to the left or right. However, this is not necessarily true. Election results can also indicate a shift towards the center or a continuation of the status quo. The outcome of an election depends on various factors such as the political climate, candidate appeal, and voter preferences, which may not always align with a clear left or right movement.

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  • 45. 

    Political participation

    • A.

      Is aimed at influencing the selection of political leaders and the policies they pursue

    • B.

      Is higher in the US than anywhere in the world

    • C.

      Consists exclusively of voting and campaigning

    • D.

      Excludes unconventional political actions such as protests

    Correct Answer
    A. Is aimed at influencing the selection of political leaders and the policies they pursue
    Explanation
    Political participation refers to the active involvement of individuals in the political process with the intention of influencing the selection of political leaders and the policies they implement. It encompasses various activities such as voting, campaigning, and engaging in political discussions. This answer correctly identifies the main objective of political participation, which is to have a say in the decision-making process and shape the direction of governance. It also implies that political participation goes beyond conventional methods like voting and campaigning, acknowledging the potential impact of unconventional actions such as protests in influencing political outcomes.

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  • 46. 

    When it comes to political participation, the common denominator among political activity is

    • A.

      Campaigning

    • B.

      Protesting

    • C.

      Voting

    • D.

      Contacting

    Correct Answer
    C. Voting
    Explanation
    Voting is the correct answer because it is the most fundamental and essential form of political participation in a democratic society. It allows citizens to express their preferences, choose their representatives, and have a say in the decision-making process. While campaigning, protesting, and contacting officials are also forms of political activity, they are often done with the aim of influencing or promoting voting. Therefore, voting serves as the common denominator among these activities as it is the ultimate goal and culmination of political engagement.

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  • 47. 

    Protest is a form of political participation that loses its effectiveness because the media are unwilling to cover unusual activities

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that protest loses its effectiveness due to media unwillingness to cover unusual activities. However, this answer is incorrect. Protest can still be effective even if the media does not cover unusual activities. Protest can raise awareness, mobilize people, and put pressure on those in power. The media's coverage may amplify the impact, but it is not a determining factor in the effectiveness of protest.

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  • 48. 

    The conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and suffer the consequences is called

    • A.

      Protest

    • B.

      Civil disobedience

    • C.

      Political participation

    • D.

      Activation

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil disobedience
    Explanation
    Civil disobedience refers to the deliberate and conscious act of breaking a law that is considered unjust or immoral, with the intention of bringing attention to the issue and promoting change. It involves willingly accepting the consequences, such as legal penalties or punishment, as a form of protest against the unjust law or policy. This nonviolent form of resistance is often used by individuals or groups to challenge authority and advocate for social justice or human rights.

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  • 49. 

    Nearly every study of participation in America has concluded that citizens of higher social and economic status participate more in politics

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that research consistently shows a correlation between higher social and economic status and greater political participation in America. This means that individuals who have higher social and economic standing are more likely to engage in political activities such as voting, attending public meetings, or joining political organizations. This finding highlights the unequal distribution of political power and influence, as it suggests that those with lower social and economic status may have less opportunity or inclination to participate in the political process.

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  • 50. 

    Income and education being equal, African Americans and Hispanics participate in politics

    • A.

      The same as whites

    • B.

      More than whites

    • C.

      Less than whites

    • D.

      None of the time

    Correct Answer
    B. More than whites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "more than whites." This suggests that African Americans and Hispanics, when income and education levels are equal, have a higher level of political participation compared to whites. This could be due to various factors such as a stronger sense of community engagement, higher levels of political awareness, or a greater motivation to address social and racial inequalities through political means.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 18, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Taptapbritt2
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