Evolution And Natural Selection Quiz! Trivia Questions

34 Questions | Total Attempts: 506

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Evolution And Natural Selection Quiz! Trivia Questions

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The image illustrates what evolutionary concept?
    • A. 

      Embryological similarities

    • B. 

      Variation among species

    • C. 

      Vestigial structures

    • D. 

      Homologous structures

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a component of the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?
    • A. 

      Competition for food and space

    • B. 

      Variation among species

    • C. 

      Inheritance of acquired characteristics

    • D. 

      Survival and reproduction

  • 3. 
    A structure that seems to serve no purpose in an organism is called:
    • A. 

      Homologous

    • B. 

      Vestigial

    • C. 

      Dichotomous

    • D. 

      Fossilized

  • 4. 
    A group of mice becomes separated by the formation of a river. Over time, the northern mice became smaller and whiter, while the southern mice became larger and browner. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Industrial evolution

    • B. 

      Homology

    • C. 

      Convergence

    • D. 

      Divergence

  • 5. 
    Any variation that can help an organism survive in its environment is called a(n):
    • A. 

      Characteristic

    • B. 

      Competition

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Vestigial structure

  • 6. 
    The strongest evidence for change over a long period of time comes from:
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      Fossils

    • C. 

      Embryo studies

    • D. 

      Direct observation of living species

  • 7. 
    Genetic sequence data shows that two alien species (let's call them A and B) share 94% of their DNA with each other, and a third alien species (C) shares only 75% of its DNA sequences with the first two. From this information, you conclude: 
    • A. 

      Species A and B have a common ancestor, but neither has a common ancestor with species C

    • B. 

      Species C evolved more recently than species A and B

    • C. 

      Species A and B share a more recent common ancestry with each other than either shares with C

    • D. 

      Species C is more closely related to species B than it is to species A

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are analogous structures?
    • A. 

      The tibia (lower leg bone) of a tortoise and a monkey

    • B. 

      The spines of a cactus and the "jaws" of a Venus fly trap

    • C. 

      The phalanges (finger bones) of bats and humans

    • D. 

      Wings in birds and bats

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT evidence in support of evolution?
    • A. 

      Paleontology

    • B. 

      Embryology

    • C. 

      Biochemistry

    • D. 

      Mutations

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is an example of microevolution?
    • A. 

      The increase in size, over time, of fossil horses

    • B. 

      The evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria

    • C. 

      The speciation of finches on the Galapagos islands

    • D. 

      The evolution of humans from an ancestral primates

  • 11. 
    The process of biological evolution
    • A. 

      Is not supported by scientific evidence

    • B. 

      Results in changes in allele frequencies over generations

    • C. 

      Requires biological diversity in a population

    • D. 

      Both the second and third choices

  • 12. 
    In many cases, one type of organism puts selection pressure on another, so they evolve together. For example, flowers and their pollinators. This is called
    • A. 

      Artificial selection

    • B. 

      Coevolution

    • C. 

      Random mutation

    • D. 

      Mimicry

  • 13. 
    During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow classmates remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." To correct your friend's misconception, what would you say?
    • A. 

      Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits.

    • B. 

      Only favorable adaptation have survival value

    • C. 

      Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival

    • D. 

      Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are not passed on through genes

  • 14. 
    Natural selection tends to reduce variation in gene pools. What process serves to balance natural selection by creating new alleles?
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Sex

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      Migration

  • 15. 
    The core idea of evolutionary "success" is oriented around reproduction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Which owl was most fit?
    • A. 

      Owl 1 laid 8 eggs, of which 6 hatched and 5 young successfully left the nest

    • B. 

      Owl 2 laid 9 eggs, of which 8 hatched and 3 young successfully left the nest

    • C. 

      Owl 3 laid 12 eggs, of which 10 hatched and all were eaten by a squirrel

    • D. 

      Owl 4 laid 4 eggs, of which all 4 hatched and all 4 young successfully left the nest

  • 17. 
    According to the biological species concept, a species is
    • A. 

      A group of individuals which can interbreed and produce fertile offspring

    • B. 

      A group of individuals which can interbreed and which live close enough together to actually do so

    • C. 

      A group of individuals who look very similar

    • D. 

      A group of individuals who have a common ancestor

  • 18. 
    Which of the following pairs shows convergent evolution?
    • A. 

      A bird wing and an insect wing

    • B. 

      A bird wing and a human arm

    • C. 

      Both pairs

    • D. 

      Neither pair

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a homology shared by all living creatures?
    • A. 

      46 chromosomes

    • B. 

      A common genetic code

    • C. 

      Hair

    • D. 

      Nuclei in cells

  • 20. 
    Fossils are used as evidence to show that microevolution occurred.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    At one stage in their development, human embryos resemble fish embryos in having gill slits in their necks, and tails.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The structural similarities between the flippers of whales and the arms of humans are used to show that:
    • A. 

      The human species began life in the ocean

    • B. 

      Humans and whales have a common ancestor

    • C. 

      Whales evolved from humans

    • D. 

      Whales are older than the human species

  • 23. 
    If two species have descended from the same common ancestor, then
    • A. 

      Those species will be identical

    • B. 

      Those species will have no anatomical features in common

    • C. 

      Those species will have DNA in common

    • D. 

      Those species will still exist on Earth today

  • 24. 
    Which is easy to see occurring around us?
    • A. 

      Microevolution

    • B. 

      Macroevolution

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither

  • 25. 
     Green alga is most closely related to ________?
Back to Top Back to top