Chapter 15 Darwins Theory Of Evolution

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 420

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Chapter 15 Darwins Theory Of Evolution - Quiz

Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution is perhaps the most important scientific report known to humankind, given that it’s the basis by which we track how we got to where we are today from a biological standpoint over thousands and thousands of years. What do you know about the theory?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are fossils?
  • 2. 
    What animals did darwin observed?
  • 3. 
    What is natural selection?
  • 4. 
    Describe three observations about animals in South America on the Galapagos islands
  • 5. 
    What is evolution?
    • A. 

      Changes in inherited characteristics of a population that help increase the fitness of a species

    • B. 

      Ability of animal to reproduce

    • C. 

      Change over time where modern organisms have descended from ancient organism

  • 6. 
    A well supported testabloe explaination that have occured in the natural world is a ____________________
  • 7. 
    During his travels, darwin made numerous _________ and collected _________ that led him to propose a revolutionary hypothesis about the way _____ changes over time.
    • A. 

      Experiments, specimens, plants

    • B. 

      Observations, evidence, life

    • C. 

      Observations, species, life

    • D. 

      Hypthesis, evidence, evolution

  • 8. 
    What did lyell and hutton helped scientists recognize?
    • A. 

      Earth is millions years old and the processes that changed earth in the past are still operating

    • B. 

      Human population are growing and we will run out of supplies

    • C. 

      Inheritance of traits could be acquired

  • 9. 
    What did lamarck's evolution hypotheses suggest?
    • A. 

      Animals changed over time because of natural selection

    • B. 

      Organisms are not adapted to their environment

    • C. 

      Selective use or disuse for a body part change lead to change in that organ when its passed on to the offspring

  • 10. 
    Separate answers with a commamalthus reasoned that if the __________  p___________ continued to ________ unchecked, sooner or later there would be ____________ living __________ and __________ for everyone
  • 11. 
    What islands did darwin visited that had the most changes?
  • 12. 
    Nature provided the variation and humans selected the useful ones is called __________ ___________
  • 13. 
    What are the three ideas of evolution?
    • A. 

      Struggle for existence, survival of the fittest, and decent with modification

    • B. 

      Fossil records, survival of the fittest, and geogrpaphic distribution of living things

    • C. 

      Descent with modification , homologous body structures, and similarities in embryology

  • 14. 
    What is fitness
    • A. 

      How healthy an organism is

    • B. 

      The ability to adapt

    • C. 

      The ability to fight

    • D. 

      The ability to reproduce and survive

  • 15. 
    Over time natural selection results in  _____ in the ________ characteristics of a population
  • 16. 
    These changes over time increase the _________ of a species in its environment
  • 17. 
    What are the four indirect evidence of evolution?
  • 18. 
    What book did darwin published with his ideas on evolution?
    • A. 

      Essay on the principle of population

    • B. 

      On the origin of species

    • C. 

      Principles of geology

  • 19. 
    Who is another scientist that presented the idea of evolution around the same time as darwin
    • A. 

      Hutton

    • B. 

      Thomas malthus

    • C. 

      Lamarck

    • D. 

      Alfred wallace

  • 20. 
    What was the name of the name of darwin's voyage called?
  • 21. 
    Differences among individual of a species are referred to as
    • A. 

      Natural variation

    • B. 

      Fitness

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Adaptation

  • 22. 
    What is speciation?
  • 23. 
    Fitness is a result of
    • A. 

      Homologies

    • B. 

      Common descent

    • C. 

      Variation

    • D. 

      Adaptation

  • 24. 
    Structures that have different mature forms but develop from the same embryonic tissue are
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