Darwin's Theory Of Natural Selection! Trivia Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jeff.helbig
J
Jeff.helbig
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 305
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 192

SettingsSettingsSettings
Charles Darwin Quizzes & Trivia

Test Your Knowledge About Darwin's Theory Of Natural Selection! The environment we live in changes due to many factors, and for living things to survive, they need to change with the environment. Do you think you know enough about the theory put forth by Darwin on the changes? How about you refresh your memory by taking this test?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Charles Darwin was a(n) _______________ , a person who studies plants and animals by observing them.

    Explanation
    Charles Darwin was a naturalist, which means he was a person who studied plants and animals by observing them. As a naturalist, Darwin spent a significant amount of time in nature, carefully observing and documenting various species. His observations and studies eventually led him to develop the theory of evolution through natural selection, which revolutionized our understanding of the natural world. Darwin's work as a naturalist laid the foundation for modern biology and his contributions continue to be highly influential in the field.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Darwin was not the first to develop a theory of _______________, but his theory is the one best supported by evidence today.

    Explanation
    Darwin was not the first to develop a theory of evolution, but his theory is the one best supported by evidence today. This means that although there were earlier theories proposed, Darwin's theory has been extensively researched and validated over time, making it the most widely accepted and scientifically supported explanation for the process of evolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The type of tortoise, mockingbird, and finch that live on each of the Galápagos Islands was slightly different; Darwin later figured out that some varieties were different enough to be classified as different _______________.

    Explanation
    Darwin discovered that the tortoise, mockingbird, and finch species on each of the Galápagos Islands varied slightly from one another. These variations were significant enough for Darwin to classify them as different species.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Darwin noticed that there was a relationship between each _______________ and the food sources of the island it lived on.

    Explanation
    Darwin observed that each species had a specific relationship with the food sources available on the island it inhabited. This suggests that different species have adapted and evolved in response to the specific resources and environmental conditions of their respective habitats. By studying these relationships, Darwin was able to develop his theory of natural selection, which explains how species change over time in order to better survive and reproduce in their particular ecological niche.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The species of tortoise that lived on an island with tall cacti had _______________ necks; the species of tortoise that lived on an island with lots of short grass had short necks.

    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the species of tortoise that lived on an island with tall cacti had long necks, while the species of tortoise that lived on an island with lots of short grass had short necks. This implies that the tortoises adapted to their respective environments by developing neck lengths that were advantageous for their survival. The tortoises on the island with tall cacti likely needed long necks to reach the cacti for food, while the tortoises on the island with short grass did not require long necks as their food was easily accessible.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Darwin thought all the Galápagos tortoises shared a common _______________ that came to one of the islands millions of years ago.

    Explanation
    Darwin believed that all the Galápagos tortoises had a common ancestor that had arrived on one of the islands millions of years ago. This means that all the different species of tortoises found on the different islands had descended from a single ancestral species. This idea of a common ancestor supports Darwin's theory of evolution, which suggests that species change over time through the process of natural selection.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Darwin knew that in any species, members of the same species each have slight differences, called _______________ .

    Explanation
    Darwin understood that within a species, there are slight differences or variations among its members. These variations can be seen in physical traits, behavior, or genetic makeup. These variations are important because they provide the raw material for natural selection to act upon, allowing certain traits to become more prevalent in a population over time. By studying and documenting these variations, Darwin was able to develop his theory of evolution through natural selection.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Darwin didn’t know about _______________, but he realized that variations in populations could help explain how the different species of Galápagos tortoises and other organisms evolved.

    Explanation
    Darwin didn't know about genes, but he realized that variations in populations could help explain how the different species of Galápagos tortoises and other organisms evolved. Genes are the units of heredity that are responsible for passing on traits from one generation to the next. Variations in genes can lead to differences in physical characteristics and behaviors, which can then be selected for or against by the environment. This process, known as natural selection, is a key mechanism in the evolution of species. Therefore, Darwin's understanding of variations in populations aligns with the role of genes in evolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Darwin knew that food is a(n) _______________ resource, so members of a species that live in the same area compete for food.

    Explanation
    Darwin understood that food is a limited resource, meaning that there is not an unlimited supply available. As a result, individuals belonging to the same species who inhabit the same area will compete with one another for access to this limited food supply. This competition for food is a driving force in natural selection, as those individuals who are better adapted to obtain and utilize food resources will have a higher chance of survival and reproduction.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    If a variation benefited a tortoise, allowing it to compete for food better than other tortoises, the tortoise lived longer, reproduced more, and passed on its variations to its _______________.

    Explanation
    If a tortoise has a variation that helps it compete for food better than other tortoises, it will have a higher chance of survival and reproduction. This means that it will live longer, have more opportunities to reproduce, and pass on its beneficial variations to its offspring. Therefore, the correct answer is "offspring".

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    _______________ _______________ is the process by which populations of organisms with variations that help them survive in their environments live longer, compete better, and reproduce more than populations that do not have the variations.

    Explanation
    Natural selection is the process by which populations of organisms with variations that help them survive in their environments live longer, compete better, and reproduce more than populations that do not have the variations. This means that individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and pass on their genes to the next generation, while those with less favorable traits are less likely to survive and reproduce. Over time, this leads to the accumulation of beneficial traits in a population, increasing its overall fitness and adaptation to its environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A(n) _______________ is a characteristic of a species that enables the species to survive in its environment.

    Explanation
    An adaptation is a characteristic of a species that enables the species to survive in its environment. Adaptations can be physical, such as the ability to camouflage or the presence of specialized structures, or behavioral, such as migration or the ability to communicate. These traits allow organisms to better compete for resources, avoid predators, and reproduce successfully, increasing their chances of survival and passing on their genes to the next generation. Adaptations are essential for species to thrive and adapt to changes in their environment over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Scientists classify adaptations into _______________ categories.

    Explanation
    Scientists classify adaptations into three categories. This means that adaptations can be grouped into three distinct types or classifications. The question is asking for the number of categories, and the answer is three.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    _______________ adaptations involve shape, size, color, and other physical features; the length of a Galápagos tortoise species’ neck is an example of this type of adaptation.

    Explanation
    Structural adaptations refer to physical features of an organism that enable it to survive and thrive in its environment. These adaptations can include changes in shape, size, color, and other physical characteristics. The length of a Galápagos tortoise species' neck is an example of a structural adaptation because it is a physical feature that helps the tortoise reach food sources, such as vegetation, that may be located at different heights. This adaptation allows the tortoise to access food and survive in its habitat.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    _______________ adaptations involve the way organisms act; hunting at night is an example of this type of adaptation.

    Explanation
    Behavioral adaptations refer to the actions or behaviors that organisms exhibit in response to their environment. These adaptations can include hunting, mating rituals, migration, and communication. In this case, the example given is hunting at night, which is a behavioral adaptation because it involves a specific action or behavior that organisms engage in to increase their chances of survival or reproduction. By hunting at night, organisms may take advantage of reduced competition or better opportunities for prey capture, which can enhance their overall fitness and increase their chances of survival.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    _______________ adaptations involve internal body systems that affect organisms’ biochemistry; expanding blood vessels that cool a jackrabbit’s blood is an example of this type of adaptation.

    Explanation
    Functional adaptations involve internal body systems that affect organisms' biochemistry. Expanding blood vessels that cool a jackrabbit's blood is an example of this type of adaptation. This adaptation helps the jackrabbit regulate its body temperature and prevent overheating. By expanding the blood vessels near the surface of the skin, more blood is able to flow through and dissipate heat, keeping the jackrabbit cool. This is a functional adaptation because it directly affects the functioning of the jackrabbit's body systems.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A structural adaptation that aids members of a species in blending in with their environment is called _______________ .

    Explanation
    Camouflage is a structural adaptation that helps members of a species to blend in with their environment. This adaptation allows them to avoid being easily seen or detected by predators or prey. By blending in with their surroundings, individuals can increase their chances of survival by remaining hidden and protected. Camouflage can take various forms, such as coloration, patterns, or physical structures, that help organisms to effectively blend in with their specific habitat.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    An adaptation in which one species resembles another species is called _______________ 

    Explanation
    Mimicry is a form of adaptation where one species evolves to resemble another species. This resemblance can be in terms of appearance, behavior, or other characteristics. Mimicry can serve various purposes, such as providing protection from predators or gaining an advantage in obtaining food. By resembling a different species, the mimic can benefit from the other species' traits, such as toxicity or warning signals. This adaptation strategy is commonly seen in nature, where harmless species mimic the appearance of poisonous or dangerous species to deter predators.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The living and the nonliving parts of the _______________ are always changing; species that cannot adapt to such changes will become extinct.

    Explanation
    The environment refers to the surroundings or conditions in which living organisms exist. It includes both living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) factors. The statement suggests that the living and nonliving parts of the environment are constantly changing. This means that the organisms living in this environment need to adapt to these changes in order to survive. If a species is unable to adapt to the changing environment, it will eventually become extinct.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Darwin’s theory of evolution by _______________ _______________ predicts that species will develop adaptations and, therefore, eventually closely match Earth’s changing environments.

    Explanation
    Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection states that species will develop adaptations over time in response to their changing environments. This process of natural selection allows individuals with advantageous traits to survive and reproduce, while those without these traits are less likely to pass on their genes. As a result, species gradually become better adapted to their surroundings, allowing them to closely match Earth's changing environments.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    _______________ _______________ is the breeding of organisms for desired characteristics.

    Explanation
    Selective breeding is the process of intentionally choosing and mating organisms with desirable traits in order to produce offspring with those traits. This practice is commonly used in agriculture and animal husbandry to improve the quality and productivity of crops and livestock. By selecting individuals with desired characteristics such as higher yield, disease resistance, or specific physical traits, breeders can gradually enhance the genetic makeup of a population over time. Selective breeding is a powerful tool that allows humans to manipulate and shape the genetic diversity of organisms to meet specific needs and preferences.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Darwin realized that _______________ _______________ and selective breeding are similar processes.

    Explanation
    Darwin realized that natural selection and selective breeding are similar processes. This is because both involve the selection and propagation of certain traits over others. In natural selection, individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on those traits to future generations. Similarly, in selective breeding, humans intentionally choose individuals with desirable traits to mate and produce offspring with those traits. Both processes involve the idea of selecting and favoring certain traits, leading to changes in populations over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    In natural selection, nature causes the changes in the species; in _______________ _______________ , humans cause the changes in the species.

    Explanation
    In selective breeding, humans intentionally choose certain traits in plants or animals and breed them together to create offspring with those desired traits. This process allows humans to have control over the genetic makeup of the species and determine which traits are passed on to future generations. Unlike natural selection, where changes occur randomly in response to environmental factors, selective breeding is a deliberate and guided process carried out by humans.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    For this reason, Darwin called selective breeding _______________ selection.

    Explanation
    Darwin called selective breeding "artificial" selection because it involves the intentional selection and breeding of certain individuals with desirable traits by humans. This process is different from natural selection, where the environment determines which individuals are more likely to survive and reproduce. In artificial selection, humans play the role of the environment, actively choosing which traits are preferred and selectively breeding individuals that possess those traits. This allows humans to manipulate the genetic composition of a population, leading to the development of new breeds or varieties with specific characteristics.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    _______________ _______________ explains and supports Darwin’s theory.

    Explanation
    Artificial selection is a process where humans intentionally select and breed certain organisms with desired traits, while excluding others. This process mimics the natural selection that occurs in nature, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce. By artificially selecting and breeding organisms with specific traits, humans can demonstrate how certain traits can be passed on to future generations. This supports Darwin's theory of evolution, which states that species evolve over time through the process of natural selection.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.