Infection Control Quiz: MCQ Trivia!

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| By Dirk Ruthrauff
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Dirk Ruthrauff
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,966
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 702

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Infection Control Quiz: MCQ Trivia! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Standard precautions apply to all patients regardless of their diagnosis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Standard precautions are a set of infection control measures that are applied to all patients in healthcare settings, regardless of their diagnosis. These precautions include hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment (such as gloves and masks), safe injection practices, and proper handling and disposal of sharps and waste. By applying standard precautions to all patients, healthcare workers can minimize the risk of transmitting infections and ensure the safety of both patients and healthcare providers. Therefore, the statement that standard precautions apply to all patients regardless of their diagnosis is true.

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  • 2. 

    Standard precautions requires that which of the following be treated as potentially infectious:

    • A.

      Blood and body fluids

    • B.

      Sweat

    • C.

      Finger nail clippings

    • D.

      Hair

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood and body fluids
    Explanation
    Standard precautions require that blood and body fluids be treated as potentially infectious. This is because blood and body fluids can contain pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that can be transmitted from one person to another. It is important to take precautions when handling these substances to prevent the spread of infections. Sweat, finger nail clippings, and hair are not typically considered to be as high risk for transmitting infectious pathogens as blood and body fluids.

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  • 3. 

    Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette includes:

    • A.

      Posting visual alerts about signs and symptoms of infection

    • B.

      Re-using tissues to help keep costs down

    • C.

      Frequent hand hygiene, especially after contact with respiratory secretions

    • D.

      Using an N-95 respirator when in the presence of individuals with colds

    • E.

      Offering masks to persons who are coughing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Posting visual alerts about signs and symptoms of infection
    C. Frequent hand hygiene, especially after contact with respiratory secretions
    E. Offering masks to persons who are coughing
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes posting visual alerts about signs and symptoms of infection, frequent hand hygiene, especially after contact with respiratory secretions, and offering masks to persons who are coughing. These measures are part of respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette, which aims to prevent the spread of respiratory infections. Visual alerts can help raise awareness about the signs and symptoms of infection, promoting early recognition and appropriate actions. Frequent hand hygiene is essential to reduce the transmission of pathogens. Offering masks to persons who are coughing can help contain respiratory droplets and minimize the risk of spreading infections to others.

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  • 4. 

    If hands are not visibly soiled or contaminated with blood or body fluids, use an alcohol-based hand rub for routinely cleaning your hands in the following situations:

    • A.

      After removing gloves

    • B.

      After touching equipment or furniture near the patient

    • C.

      After having contact with a patient known to have C. difficile

    • D.

      Before having direct contact with one patient after having direct contact with another patient’s skin

    • E.

      A, B & D only

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B & D only
    Explanation
    An alcohol-based hand rub is recommended for routine hand cleaning when hands are not visibly soiled or contaminated with blood or body fluids. Option A states that it should be used after removing gloves, which is correct because gloves can harbor bacteria and should be removed before cleaning hands. Option B states that it should be used after touching equipment or furniture near the patient, which is also correct because these surfaces can be contaminated. Option D states that it should be used before having direct contact with one patient after having direct contact with another patient's skin, which is correct because it helps prevent cross-contamination. Therefore, options A, B, and D are the correct choices.

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  • 5. 

    Personal glasses are a suitable substitute for goggles.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Personal glasses are not a suitable substitute for goggles. Goggles provide a higher level of protection by covering the entire eye area, including the sides. Personal glasses may not provide the same level of coverage and protection against hazards such as flying debris or chemicals. It is important to use the appropriate safety equipment, such as goggles, in situations that require eye protection.

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  • 6. 

    PPE stands for:

    • A.

      Personal Property Equipment

    • B.

      Personal Protective Equipment

    • C.

      Personal Privacy Equipment

    • D.

      Personal Proactive Equipment

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal Protective Equipment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Personal Protective Equipment" because PPE refers to the gear or equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards that can cause serious injuries or illnesses. This includes items such as gloves, masks, goggles, helmets, and protective clothing, which are used to protect individuals from physical, chemical, or biological hazards in the workplace or other environments.

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  • 7. 

    Where is PPE located at UHPS?

    • A.

      Inside the isolation room

    • B.

      You have to request it from the Pharmacy

    • C.

      In the storage room and in each exam room

    • D.

      It’s available at the front desk

    Correct Answer
    C. In the storage room and in each exam room
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "In the storage room and in each exam room." This means that the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is located in both the storage room and each exam room at UHPS. This ensures that the necessary protective gear is easily accessible and readily available for use in both areas.

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  • 8. 

    Re-capping needles:

    • A.

      Is a great way to prevent injury

    • B.

      Prevents the needle from bending

    • C.

      Is a necessary step before sharps disposal

    • D.

      Should never be done

    Correct Answer
    D. Should never be done
    Explanation
    Re-capping needles should never be done because it increases the risk of needlestick injuries. When a needle is re-capped, there is a higher chance of accidentally pricking oneself or others. It is safer to dispose of needles in a sharps container without re-capping them. This helps to prevent injuries and the spread of infections.

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  • 9. 

    High risk activities associated with risk of a sharps injury include:

    • A.

      Handling or passing sharps

    • B.

      Cleaning up after a procedure

    • C.

      Sharps left on floors, tables, mayo stands, beds or waste containers

    • D.

      Recapping a used needle

    • E.

      A, C, & D only

    • F.

      A, B, C, and D

    Correct Answer
    F. A, B, C, and D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A, B, C, and D. This means that all of the options listed in the question are high risk activities associated with the risk of a sharps injury. These activities include handling or passing sharps, cleaning up after a procedure, finding sharps left on various surfaces, and recapping a used needle. All of these actions have the potential to result in a sharps injury, which can be dangerous and may transmit infections or diseases.

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  • 10. 

    What activities below would help to DECREASE sharps injuries?

    • A.

      Work in low lighted areas

    • B.

      Use sharps safety devices before being properly in-serviced/trained on their use

    • C.

      Before handling sharps, assess any hazards; get help if needed

    • D.

      Be prepared

    • E.

      Avoid hand-passing sharps and use verbal alerts when moving sharps

    • F.

      B, D, and E above

    • G.

      C, D and E above

    Correct Answer
    G. C, D and E above
    Explanation
    Activities that would help to decrease sharps injuries include assessing hazards before handling sharps and getting help if needed (C), being prepared (D), and avoiding hand-passing sharps and using verbal alerts when moving sharps (E). Working in low lighted areas (A) and using sharps safety devices before being properly trained on their use (B) would not contribute to decreasing sharps injuries and may actually increase the risk. Therefore, the correct answer is C, D, and E above.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following are potential reasons why handwashing compliance is so poor among health care workers:

    • A.

      Hand don't look dirty

    • B.

      Hand washing takes too long

    • C.

      Heavy workloads (too busy)

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the Above." This means that all of the given reasons can potentially explain why handwashing compliance is poor among healthcare workers. The statement "Hand don't look dirty" suggests that healthcare workers may not see the need to wash their hands if they appear clean. "Hand washing takes too long" implies that healthcare workers may avoid handwashing due to time constraints. "Heavy workloads (too busy)" suggests that healthcare workers may prioritize other tasks over handwashing. All of these reasons contribute to poor handwashing compliance among healthcare workers.

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  • 12. 

    When compared to traditional soap and water hand washing, alcohol hand rubs have the following advantages:

    • A.

      Takes less time

    • B.

      Causes MORE skin irritation and dryness

    • C.

      Improved hand hygeine compliance

    • D.

      Can be more accessible

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Takes less time
    C. Improved hand hygeine compliance
    D. Can be more accessible
    Explanation
    Alcohol hand rubs are more advantageous than traditional soap and water hand washing because they take less time, improve hand hygiene compliance, and can be more accessible. Using alcohol hand rubs requires less time as they do not require water or rinsing. They also improve hand hygiene compliance as they are more convenient and can be easily carried around. Additionally, alcohol hand rubs can be more accessible in situations where water and soap are not readily available, such as in outdoor settings or during emergencies.

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  • 13. 

    In what year did the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act become law?

    • A.

      2010

    • B.

      1999

    • C.

      2005

    • D.

      2000

    Correct Answer
    D. 2000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2000. The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act became law in the year 2000. This act was established to protect healthcare workers from needlestick injuries and to ensure the use of safer medical devices. It required healthcare facilities to implement safety measures such as using needleless systems and sharps containers. The act aimed to reduce the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and promote a safer working environment for healthcare professionals.

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  • 14. 

    Safe sharps disposal includes:

    • A.

      Conveniently placed sharps containers, placed at the correct height, that are tamper resistant, and not overfilled

    • B.

      Placed on the floor, that is not locked or tamper resistant, and puncture resistant and leak proof

    • C.

      Conveniently placed sharps container, not locked, not labeled and overfilled

    • D.

      Conveniently placed sharps container, tamper resistant, not closable or labeled

    Correct Answer
    A. Conveniently placed sharps containers, placed at the correct height, that are tamper resistant, and not overfilled
    Explanation
    Safe sharps disposal includes conveniently placed sharps containers that are placed at the correct height, tamper resistant, and not overfilled. This ensures that sharps can be easily and safely disposed of without the risk of tampering or spillage. Placing the containers at the correct height allows for easy access and prevents the need for reaching or bending, reducing the risk of injury. Tamper resistance ensures that the contents of the container cannot be accessed by unauthorized individuals. Lastly, not overfilling the containers prevents spillage and potential exposure to hazardous materials.

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  • 15. 

    Organizations that value safety have fewer sharps injuries:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Organizations that prioritize safety are more likely to have fewer sharps injuries. This is because these organizations invest in proper training, provide necessary safety equipment, and enforce strict safety protocols. By creating a culture of safety and emphasizing the importance of following safety guidelines, employees are more likely to take precautions, reducing the risk of sharps injuries. Consequently, organizations that value safety are likely to see a decrease in sharps-related accidents and injuries.

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  • 16. 

    If you sustain a sharps injury, you should:

    • A.

      Ask the patient if they have AIDS or Hepatitis

    • B.

      Tell your spouse

    • C.

      Report the incident to your supervisor or designee immediately

    • D.

      Not worry about it because your immunizations are current

    Correct Answer
    C. Report the incident to your supervisor or designee immediately
    Explanation
    If you sustain a sharps injury, it is important to report the incident to your supervisor or designee immediately. This is necessary because they need to be aware of the situation and take appropriate action. Prompt reporting can help in assessing the risk of infection, implementing necessary preventive measures, and providing appropriate medical treatment if required. It is crucial to ensure the safety and well-being of both the healthcare worker and the patient involved. Asking the patient about their medical condition or informing one's spouse is not the immediate action to be taken in such a situation.

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  • 17. 

    Contaminated wastes and filled sharps containers may be placed in the regular trash:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Contaminated wastes and filled sharps containers should not be placed in the regular trash because they pose a risk of spreading infections or causing injuries. These items should be disposed of in designated biohazard waste containers to ensure proper handling and disposal.

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  • 18. 

    Expired, unused, and/or waste prescriptions and pharmaceutical waste should be disposed of:

    • A.

      In the sharps container

    • B.

      Taken to the pharmacy for proper disposal in the white with blue lid container

    • C.

      In the hazardous waste bin with the red trash bag located in each exam room

    • D.

      In the garbage can

    Correct Answer
    B. Taken to the pharmacy for proper disposal in the white with blue lid container
    Explanation
    Expired, unused, and/or waste prescriptions and pharmaceutical waste should be taken to the pharmacy for proper disposal in the white with blue lid container. This is the correct answer because pharmacies have specific protocols and procedures in place for the safe disposal of pharmaceutical waste. By taking the waste to the pharmacy, it ensures that it will be disposed of in an appropriate and environmentally friendly manner, reducing the risk of contamination or harm to individuals and the environment.

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  • 19. 

    The Exposure Control Plan can be found:

    • A.

      By looking on the Health Center intranet page.

    • B.

      By requesting a copy from the Administration Office at the Health Center

    • C.

      Both B and D

    • D.

      By Googling Fresno State Exposure Control

    Correct Answer
    C. Both B and D
    Explanation
    The Exposure Control Plan can be found by looking on the Health Center intranet page and by requesting a copy from the Administration Office at the Health Center. Both options B and D provide access to the plan, making them both correct answers.

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  • 20. 

    In which instance below should you wash your hands with soap and water instead of an alcohol-based hand rub:

    • A.

      Before eating, when hands are visibly soiled, after using the restroom

    • B.

      After using the restroom.

    • C.

      After providing care to a patient with C. difficile or norovirus

    • D.

      A and B only

    • E.

      A, B, and C

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B, and C
    Explanation
    You should wash your hands with soap and water instead of an alcohol-based hand rub before eating, when hands are visibly soiled, and after providing care to a patient with C. difficile or norovirus. This is because soap and water are more effective in removing visible dirt, grease, and contaminants, while alcohol-based hand rubs are more suitable for situations where hands are not visibly soiled. Additionally, soap and water are necessary when dealing with certain infectious agents like C. difficile or norovirus, as they are not effectively killed by alcohol-based hand rubs.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 29, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Dirk Ruthrauff
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