Bone And Skeletal Tissues And Ch. 8 Joint

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 114

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Tissue Quizzes & Trivia

Bone and skeletal tissues form part of the anatomy. How interesting is it to learn about them and discover their numerous functions? Find out much more on these through the test below and increase your knowledge. Enjoy.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function is
    • A. 

      Osteoporosis

    • B. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • C. 

      Osteitis

    • D. 

      Osteopenia

    • E. 

      Osteomalacia

  • 2. 
    Which of the following factors would NOT affect bone growth?
    • A. 

      Exercise and gravity

    • B. 

      Genetic factors

    • C. 

      Increased intake of protein

    • D. 

      Diet deficiencies in vitamins D and C, and minerals such as calcium

    • E. 

      Stimulation by hormones such as growth hormone, testosterone, thyroid hormone and estrogen

  • 3. 
    Elevated levels of calcium ions in the blood stimulate the secretion of the hormone
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Calcitonin

    • D. 

      Thyroxine

    • E. 

      Testosterone

  • 4. 
    How would increasing the proportion of organic molecules to inorganic components in the bony matrix affect the physical characteristics of bone?
    • A. 

      The bones would be less compressible

    • B. 

      The bones would be stronger

    • C. 

      The bones would be less flexible

    • D. 

      The bones would be more brittle

    • E. 

      The bones would be more flexible

  • 5. 
    During a checkup of a 50 year old woman, a bone scan reveals that portions of her skeleton show signs of osteoporosis. Her physican suggests hormone therapy after reviewing the test results. What hormone is prescribed for the patient?
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Thyroid hormone

    • E. 

      Calcitonin

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements concerning the periosteum of a bone is NOT true?
    • A. 

      The periosteum provides strong attachment and continuity from tendon to bone

    • B. 

      The periosteum consists of an outer dense connective tissue layer and an inner osteogenic layer

    • C. 

      All bone in the body is covered by periosteum

    • D. 

      Blood vessels enter bone through periosteum

    • E. 

      Periosteum is important for bone growth in width

  • 7. 
    Bone forming cells originate from
    • A. 

      Osteocytes

    • B. 

      Osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Osteoprogenitor cells

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts

  • 8. 
    In month three of endochondral ossification, the first structure to be formed is a collection of elements known as the ______ that invades the bone cavities present at this time.
    • A. 

      Periosteal bud

    • B. 

      Bone collar

    • C. 

      Primary ossification center

    • D. 

      Secondary ossification center

  • 9. 
    Which of the following hormones primary function is to regular bone density?
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      PTH

    • D. 

      Leptin

  • 10. 
    Decreased levels of calcium ion in the blood stimulate the secretion of the hormone
    • A. 

      Calcitonin

    • B. 

      PTH

    • C. 

      Leptin

    • D. 

      Acetylcholine

  • 11. 
    The bones of the skeleton store energy reserves as lipids in areas of
    • A. 

      Red marrow

    • B. 

      Yellow marrow

    • C. 

      The matrix of bone tissue

    • D. 

      The ground substance

  • 12. 
    Maintenance of mature compact bone is accomplished by the function of
    • A. 

      Lacunae

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Chondrocytes

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts

    • E. 

      Osteoclasts

  • 13. 
    The process of bone growth at the epiphyseal plate is similar to
    • A. 

      Endochondral ossification

    • B. 

      The process of osteopenia

    • C. 

      Intramembranous ossification

    • D. 

      The process of healing a bone fracture

  • 14. 
    Stem cells in periosteum and endosteum give rise to soteoblasts
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Havesian canal contains blood vessels and nerves
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Which of the following movements would cause the distal end of the radius to cross over the ulna to form an X?
    • A. 

      Flexion at the elbow joint

    • B. 

      Extension at the wrist

    • C. 

      Supination

    • D. 

      Pronation

  • 17. 
    Which of the following factors would not provide stability to a synovial joint?
    • A. 

      Good muscle tone in those muscles that cross the joint

    • B. 

      Ligaments binding the bones together

    • C. 

      The presence of tendon shealths and bursae

    • D. 

      Well fitting articular surfaces between the bones involved in the synovial joint

  • 18. 
    Plantar flexion of the foot corresponds to _____ of the wrist
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Extension

    • C. 

      Adduction

    • D. 

      Flexion

  • 19. 
    All of the following statements about condyloid joints are true except:
    • A. 

      They are formed when the oval articular surface of one bone fits into a complementary depression of another bone

    • B. 

      An important characteristic is that both articular surfaces are oval

    • C. 

      They have a limited range of movement

    • D. 

      Examples include the wrist joint and the knuckles

  • 20. 
    An immovable joint is a (an)
    • A. 

      Syndesmosis

    • B. 

      Diathrosis

    • C. 

      Symphysis

    • D. 

      Synarthrosis

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of synovial fluid?
    • A. 

      Increases osmotic pressure within joint

    • B. 

      Shock absorption

    • C. 

      Lubrication

    • D. 

      Protects articular cartilages

  • 22. 
    The epiphyseal growth plate is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Synchondrosis

    • B. 

      Amphiarthrosis

    • C. 

      Symphysis

    • D. 

      Gomphosis

  • 23. 
    Bursae may be located in all but which of the following areas?
    • A. 

      Around most synovial joints

    • B. 

      Around blood vessels

    • C. 

      Within connective tissue exposed to friction or pressure

    • D. 

      Beneath the skin covering a bone

    • E. 

      Tendon sheaths

  • 24. 
    Rheumatoid Arthritis is
    • A. 

      Treated with moderate activity, mild pain relievers, capsaicin creams, glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate

    • B. 

      Related to the normal aging process

    • C. 

      A chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of unknown cause

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 25. 
    When a bone is forced out of alignment
    • A. 

      It is accompanied by sprains, inflammation, and joint immobilization

    • B. 

      It is called a luxation

    • C. 

      It is called a subluxation

    • D. 

      Both A and B apply

    • E. 

      Both A and C apply

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