US History Chapter 12 Section 3

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US History Quizzes & Trivia

Taking us to Chapter 12 of the US History this quiz focuses on basically this. Take up the quiz to verse yourself with this knowledge and more of its impacts both positive and negative to the country. Enjoy!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When Jackson took office in 1829, the country was being pulled apart by conflicts among its three main sections. What are the three main sections?

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      West

    • E.

      Northeast

    • F.

      Southeast

    • G.

      Northwest

    • H.

      Southwest

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. South
    D. West
    E. Northeast
    Explanation
    During Jackson's presidency, the country was experiencing tensions and conflicts among its three main sections. The South, West, and Northeast were the three sections that were causing divisions within the nation. These regions had different economic interests, political ideologies, and social structures, which led to disagreements and disputes. The South relied heavily on agriculture and slavery, the West was characterized by expansion and land disputes, while the Northeast was industrialized and had a different economic base. These regional differences ultimately contributed to the growing divide and eventually led to the outbreak of the Civil War.

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  • 2. 

    Legislators were arguing over which three major economic issues?

    • A.

      Internal improvements

    • B.

      External improvements

    • C.

      Tariffs

    • D.

      Sales of private land

    • E.

      Sales of public land

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Internal improvements
    C. Tariffs
    E. Sales of public land
    Explanation
    The legislators were arguing over three major economic issues: internal improvements, tariffs, and sales of public land. Internal improvements refer to investments made by the government in infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, and canals. Tariffs are taxes imposed on imported goods, which can affect domestic industries and international trade. Sales of public land involve the government selling off land to individuals or companies, which can have implications for property ownership and development.

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  • 3. 

    Why did the Westerners want low land prices?

    • A.

      To save money

    • B.

      To encourage settlement

    • C.

      To buy factories

    • D.

      They were poor

    Correct Answer
    B. To encourage settlement
    Explanation
    The Westerners wanted low land prices to encourage settlement. By keeping land prices low, more people would be able to afford to buy land and settle in the Western territories. This would help to increase the population and stimulate economic growth in the region. Additionally, encouraging settlement would also help to establish a stronger presence of Westerners in the area, which could potentially lead to further expansion and development of the territories.

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  • 4. 

    The Northeast and West regions backed government spending on internal improvements. Select two of these improvements:

    • A.

      Airplanes

    • B.

      Buggies

    • C.

      New roads

    • D.

      Canals

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. New roads
    D. Canals
    Explanation
    The Northeast and West regions supported government spending on internal improvements such as new roads and canals. These improvements were crucial for transportation and trade in these regions. New roads would provide better connectivity and facilitate the movement of goods and people, while canals would allow for efficient water transportation, further boosting trade and economic growth. Both of these improvements would contribute to the development and progress of the Northeast and West regions.

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  • 5. 

    Which two did Southerners oppose?

    • A.

      Tariffs

    • B.

      Settlements

    • C.

      New roads

    • D.

      Federal spending on internal improvements

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tariffs
    D. Federal spending on internal improvements
    Explanation
    Southerners opposed tariffs because they believed that high tariffs would harm their agricultural economy by making imported goods more expensive. They also opposed federal spending on internal improvements because they believed that it would primarily benefit the northern states and not the southern states. Southerners wanted to maintain their agrarian way of life and did not see the need for new roads or settlements that would encourage industrialization and urbanization.

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  • 6. 

    What are tariffs?

    • A.

      Taxes added to the cost of good moved within the United States

    • B.

      Sales tax

    • C.

      Taxes added to the cost of goods imported from another country

    • D.

      Shipping and handling

    Correct Answer
    C. Taxes added to the cost of goods imported from another country
    Explanation
    Tariffs are taxes that are imposed on goods imported from another country. These taxes are added to the cost of the imported goods, making them more expensive for consumers. Tariffs are often used as a means of protecting domestic industries by making imported goods less competitive in the market. They can also be used as a tool for regulating trade and addressing trade imbalances between countries.

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  • 7. 

    Which region did not like the tariffs?

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      Northeast

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    The South region did not like the tariffs.

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  • 8. 

    Why did the South dislike tariffs?

    • A.

      They made too much money

    • B.

      It was hard to figure out

    • C.

      Because the North-easterners liked it

    • D.

      Their economy depended on foreign trade

    Correct Answer
    D. Their economy depended on foreign trade
    Explanation
    The South disliked tariffs because their economy heavily relied on foreign trade. Tariffs would increase the cost of imported goods, making them more expensive for the South to purchase and sell. This would negatively impact their ability to engage in international trade and could potentially harm their economy.

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  • 9. 

    What is the definition for revenue tariffs?

    • A.

      Used to persuade consumers to buy goods made in their own country

    • B.

      Used to raise money, like sales taxes

    Correct Answer
    B. Used to raise money, like sales taxes
    Explanation
    Revenue tariffs are a type of tax imposed on imported goods with the purpose of generating income for the government, similar to sales taxes. These tariffs are not intended to protect domestic industries or influence consumer behavior, but rather to generate revenue for the government. They are typically levied as a percentage of the value of the imported goods and are collected at the point of entry into the country.

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  • 10. 

    What is the definition for protective tariffs?

    • A.

      Used to persuade consumers to buy goods made in their own country

    • B.

      Used to raise money, like sales taxes

    Correct Answer
    A. Used to persuade consumers to buy goods made in their own country
    Explanation
    Protective tariffs are taxes imposed on imported goods to make them more expensive than domestically produced goods. The purpose of these tariffs is to protect domestic industries by making foreign products less competitive and encouraging consumers to buy goods made in their own country. By increasing the price of imported goods, protective tariffs aim to stimulate domestic production and support local businesses.

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  • 11. 

    In 1828, Congress passed a bill that significantly raised the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured goods. Who did this anger?Southerners were outraged.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      Northeast

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    The correct answer is South. The passage states that the bill, which raised tariffs, angered the Southerners. This suggests that the South was the region that was affected by the increase in tariffs and therefore, they were the ones who were angered by it.

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  • 12. 

    The Southerns had to sell their cotton at low prices to be competitive. Still, tariffs forced them to pay high prices for manufactured goods. Southerners felt that the economic interests of _______ were determining national policy.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      Northeast

    Correct Answer
    D. Northeast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Northeast. The Southerners felt that the economic interests of the Northeast were determining national policy because they had to sell their cotton at low prices to be competitive, while still having to pay high prices for manufactured goods due to tariffs. This suggests that the Northeast, which was known for its manufacturing industries, had a significant influence on the economic policies of the country.

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  • 13. 

    Some leaders in which state spoke of leaving the Union over the issue of tariffs.

    • A.

      North Carolina

    • B.

      Viriginia

    • C.

      South Carolina

    • D.

      Kentucky

    Correct Answer
    C. South Carolina
    Explanation
    During the 19th century, the issue of tariffs was a major concern for many states in the United States. South Carolina, in particular, was strongly opposed to high tariffs imposed by the federal government, which they believed unfairly benefited Northern industrial states at the expense of Southern agricultural states. This led to the Nullification Crisis in the 1830s, where South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over the issue of tariffs. Therefore, South Carolina is the correct answer as it is the state where leaders spoke of leaving the Union due to tariffs.

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  • 14. 

    Which vice-presidents wanted to keep South Carolina in the union?

    • A.

      Calhoun

    • B.

      Adams

    • C.

      Jackson

    • D.

      Webster

    Correct Answer
    A. Calhoun
    Explanation
    Calhoun is the correct answer because he was a vice-president who wanted to keep South Carolina in the union. Calhoun, who was born in South Carolina, believed in states' rights and advocated for the preservation of slavery. He played a significant role in the Nullification Crisis, where South Carolina threatened to secede from the union over the issue of tariffs. Calhoun's stance on preserving the union aligns with the question's context, making him the correct choice.

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  • 15. 

    Vice President Calhoun developed the Doctrine of Nullification. What is the Doctrine of Nullification?

    • A.

      A state's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional

    • B.

      The federal's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional

    • C.

      A person's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional

    • D.

      A family's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional

    Correct Answer
    A. A state's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional
    Explanation
    The Doctrine of Nullification refers to a state's right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional. This means that a state can refuse to enforce or comply with a federal law if it believes that the law violates the Constitution. This concept was developed by Vice President Calhoun, who argued that states had the authority to protect their own interests and limit the power of the federal government.

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  • 16. 

    Calhoun’s doctrine was an extreme form of states’ rights. What does this mean? 

    • A.

      The theory that the President has the right to judge whether a law of Congress is unconstitutional.

    • B.

      The theory that states have the right to judge whether a law of the Supreme Court is unconstitutional.

    • C.

      The theory that individuals have the right to judge whether a law of Congress is unconstitutional.

    • D.

      The theory that states have the right to judge whether a law of Congress is unconstitutional.

    Correct Answer
    D. The theory that states have the right to judge whether a law of Congress is unconstitutional.
    Explanation
    Calhoun's doctrine of extreme states' rights means that states have the authority to determine whether a law passed by Congress is unconstitutional. This theory emphasizes the sovereignty and power of individual states in making decisions about the constitutionality of federal laws. It suggests that states should have the ultimate say in interpreting and enforcing the Constitution, rather than relying solely on the federal government or the Supreme Court.

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  • 17. 

    One of the great debates in American history took place in the U.S. Senate over the doctrine of nullification in 1830. This debate was called:

    • A.

      The Webster-Payne debate

    • B.

      The Webster-Wayne debate

    • C.

      The Webster-Hayne debate

    • D.

      The Hebster-Wayne debate

    Correct Answer
    C. The Webster-Hayne debate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Webster-Hayne debate. This debate refers to the famous debate that took place in the U.S. Senate in 1830 between Daniel Webster and Robert Y. Hayne. The debate centered around the doctrine of nullification, which was the idea that states had the right to nullify or reject federal laws they deemed unconstitutional. The Webster-Hayne debate was a significant event in American history as it highlighted the ongoing tension between states' rights and federal power.

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  • 18. 

    Which senator defended states rights and Doctrine of Nullification?

    • A.

      Daniel Webster

    • B.

      Robert Y. Hayne

    Correct Answer
    B. Robert Y. Hayne
    Explanation
    Robert Y. Hayne defended states rights and the Doctrine of Nullification. The Doctrine of Nullification was a theory that allowed states to nullify or reject federal laws that they deemed unconstitutional. Hayne, a senator from South Carolina, argued in favor of states' rights and the ability of states to assert their sovereignty over the federal government. He famously debated with Daniel Webster on this issue during the Webster-Hayne debate in 1830, where Hayne defended the rights of states to nullify federal laws within their borders.

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  • 19. 

    Who argued that it was the people and not the states that made the Union and supported federal government?

    • A.

      Daniel Webster

    • B.

      Robert Y. Hayne

    Correct Answer
    A. Daniel Webster
    Explanation
    Daniel Webster argued that it was the people and not the states that made the Union and supported federal government.

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  • 20. 

    How did President Jackson feel about the Doctrine of Nullification?

    • A.

      Agreed with it

    • B.

      Opposed it

    • C.

      Didn't care either way

    Correct Answer
    B. Opposed it
    Explanation
    President Jackson opposed the Doctrine of Nullification. This can be seen in his response to the Nullification Crisis of 1832-1833, where South Carolina attempted to nullify federal tariffs. Jackson firmly believed in the supremacy of the federal government and the Union, and he saw nullification as a threat to the authority of the federal government. He issued a proclamation denouncing nullification and threatened to use force to uphold federal laws. Jackson's strong opposition to nullification demonstrated his commitment to preserving the unity and power of the federal government.

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  • 21. 

    What happened to the relationship between Jackson and Calhoun?

    • A.

      They became best friends

    • B.

      Their relationship didn't change

    • C.

      They became political enemies

    Correct Answer
    C. They became political enemies
    Explanation
    Jackson and Calhoun became political enemies. This suggests that their relationship took a negative turn and they were no longer on friendly terms. It implies that they had opposing political views or conflicting interests that caused a rift between them. This change in their relationship indicates a significant shift from their previous association, indicating a strained or hostile dynamic between the two individuals.

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  • 22. 

    President Jackson opposed the Doctrine of Nullification and also:

    • A.

      Didn't want South Carolina to leave the Union

    • B.

      Wanted South Carolina to leave the Union

    • C.

      Didn't want North Carolina to leave the Union

    • D.

      Wanted North Carolina to leave the Union

    Correct Answer
    A. Didn't want South Carolina to leave the Union
    Explanation
    President Jackson opposed the Doctrine of Nullification, which was the belief that states had the right to nullify or reject federal laws they deemed unconstitutional. By opposing this doctrine, Jackson demonstrated his support for a strong federal government and the unity of the Union. Therefore, it can be inferred that he didn't want South Carolina, or any other state, to leave the Union.

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  • 23. 

    What did President Jackson ask Congress to do in 1832?

    • A.

      Raise tariffs

    • B.

      Lower tariffs

    • C.

      Raise minimum wage

    • D.

      Lower minimum wage

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower tariffs
    Explanation
    In 1832, President Jackson asked Congress to lower tariffs. Tariffs are taxes imposed on imported goods, and Jackson believed that high tariffs were hurting the economy by making imported goods more expensive. He argued that lowering tariffs would promote free trade and benefit the American people by making goods more affordable. Jackson's push for lower tariffs was part of his broader economic policy, which aimed to reduce government intervention and promote a laissez-faire approach to the economy.

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  • 24. 

    What was South Carolina's reaction to the reduction of tariffs?

    • A.

      Thought they were too low and threatened to leave the Union if the government didn't try to collect them

    • B.

      Thought they were still too high and left the Union because the government tried to collect them

    • C.

      They paid them

    • D.

      Thought they were still too high and threatened to leave the Union if the government tried to collect them

    Correct Answer
    D. Thought they were still too high and threatened to leave the Union if the government tried to collect them
    Explanation
    South Carolina's reaction to the reduction of tariffs was that they believed the tariffs were still too high and they threatened to leave the Union if the government attempted to collect them.

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  • 25. 

    After reelection with Calhoun as VP, President Jackson made it clear that he would use force to see what?

    • A.

      State laws were obeyed and the Union preserved

    • B.

      Federal laws were obeyed and the tariff preserved

    • C.

      Federal laws were obeyed and the Union preserved

    • D.

      State laws were obeyed and the tariff preserved

    Correct Answer
    C. Federal laws were obeyed and the Union preserved
    Explanation
    President Jackson made it clear that he would use force to ensure that federal laws were obeyed and the Union preserved. This means that he was willing to take action against any state or individual who violated federal laws or threatened the unity of the country. Jackson believed in a strong federal government and wanted to maintain the authority of the national government over the states. He was determined to uphold the supremacy of federal laws and prevent any secession or disintegration of the Union.

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  • 26. 

    Who came up with a compromise tariff in 1833 that convinced South Carolina to stay in the Union?

    • A.

      Andrew Jackson

    • B.

      John Calhoun

    • C.

      Daniel Webster

    • D.

      Henry Clay

    Correct Answer
    D. Henry Clay
    Explanation
    Henry Clay came up with a compromise tariff in 1833 that convinced South Carolina to stay in the Union. This compromise, known as the Tariff of 1833, was a result of the Nullification Crisis, where South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over high tariffs. Clay's compromise gradually reduced the tariffs over a period of ten years, easing tensions and preventing South Carolina's secession. Clay's ability to find a middle ground and negotiate a solution played a crucial role in maintaining the unity of the United States.

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  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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