Human Geography Final Practice Quiz

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Human Geography Quizzes & Trivia


Practice quiz for John Harty's Human Geography 1020 class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Does America have a gendered landscape? Explain

  • 2. 

    How is the world "shrinking"?

  • 3. 

    Is globalization a good idea? Explain.

  • 4. 

    What did Sauer propose about the domestication of plants?

  • 5. 

    What is the ideal number for zero population growth?

    • A.

      1.1

    • B.

      2.1

    • C.

      3.4

    • D.

      6.5

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.1
    Explanation
    The ideal number for zero population growth is 2.1. This is because in order for a population to remain stable, each couple needs to have an average of 2.1 children. This accounts for factors such as infant mortality and individuals who do not reproduce. If the average number of children per couple is below 2.1, the population will decline over time, while if it is above 2.1, the population will continue to grow.

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  • 6. 

    Which countries are major population clusters?

    • A.

      West Africa

    • B.

      East Asia

    • C.

      South Asia

    • D.

      Europe

    • E.

      Northeast North America

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. East Asia
    C. South Asia
    D. Europe
    Explanation
    The major population clusters are East Asia, South Asia, and Europe. These regions have a high concentration of people living in relatively small areas. East Asia includes countries like China, Japan, and South Korea, which have large populations and urban centers. South Asia includes countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, which also have dense populations and major cities. Europe is home to many highly populated countries like Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. These regions have a combination of factors such as favorable climate, fertile land, economic opportunities, and historical factors that have led to high population densities.

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  • 7. 

    What countries are minor population clusters?

    • A.

      Northeast North America

    • B.

      East Asia

    • C.

      West Africa

    • D.

      Southeast Asia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Northeast North America
    C. West Africa
    D. Southeast Asia
    Explanation
    The countries that are considered minor population clusters are Northeast North America, West Africa, and Southeast Asia. These regions have relatively smaller populations compared to other major population clusters around the world. They may have lower population densities and fewer overall inhabitants, but they still play significant roles in their respective continents and have unique cultural, economic, and social characteristics.

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  • 8. 

    Infant Mortality Rate is every infant death in every 1000 birth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is indeed calculated as the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. It is a commonly used indicator to measure the health and well-being of a population, particularly in terms of the quality of healthcare and socioeconomic conditions. A higher IMR indicates poorer health outcomes for infants and suggests a need for improvements in healthcare services and social support systems.

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  • 9. 

    What developed nation has the highest infant mortality rate?

    • A.

      Singapore

    • B.

      USA

    • C.

      Sweden

    • D.

      Canada

    Correct Answer
    B. USA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is USA. The United States, despite being a developed nation, has a higher infant mortality rate compared to other developed countries. This can be attributed to various factors such as disparities in healthcare access, socioeconomic inequalities, and a higher prevalence of certain risk factors like premature births and low birth weight.

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  • 10. 

    Why is the infant mortality rate so high in America?

    Correct Answer
    Many people are not close to hospitals
    Explanation
    The high infant mortality rate in America can be attributed to the fact that many people are not close to hospitals. This lack of proximity to healthcare facilities can result in delayed medical attention for infants, leading to higher mortality rates. Access to timely and quality healthcare is crucial for ensuring the well-being and survival of infants, and the lack thereof can contribute to the high infant mortality rate in the country.

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  • 11. 

    What country has the highest life expectancy rate?

    • A.

      Canada

    • B.

      Korea

    • C.

      America

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    D. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan has the highest life expectancy rate among the given options. This can be attributed to various factors such as a healthy diet, universal healthcare system, high standard of living, and a strong emphasis on preventive healthcare. Additionally, Japan has a well-developed healthcare infrastructure and a culture that promotes healthy habits and longevity. These factors contribute to the overall well-being and longer life expectancy of the population in Japan.

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  • 12. 

    Why is Russia's life expectancy only 65 and one half years?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      War

    • C.

      Poverty

    • D.

      Stalin and Hitler

    Correct Answer
    A. Alcohol
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Alcohol," suggests that Russia's low life expectancy of 65 and one half years is attributed to the high consumption of alcohol in the country. Excessive alcohol consumption has been a major public health issue in Russia for decades, leading to various health problems such as liver disease, cardiovascular diseases, and accidents. This has significantly contributed to the low life expectancy in the country.

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  • 13. 

    What does HDI stand for?

    Correct Answer
    Human Development Index
    Explanation
    HDI stands for Human Development Index. The Human Development Index is a statistical measure used to rank countries based on their level of human development. It takes into account factors such as life expectancy, education, and income to provide a comprehensive assessment of a country's development. The higher the HDI value, the higher the level of human development in that country. This index is widely used by policymakers and researchers to compare and analyze the development progress of different countries.

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  • 14. 

    Which country has the best HDI and has earned it the most?

    • A.

      Afghanistan

    • B.

      Australia

    • C.

      Norway

    • D.

      New Zealand

    Correct Answer
    C. Norway
    Explanation
    Norway has the best HDI (Human Development Index) and has earned it the most. The HDI is a measure of a country's overall development, including factors such as life expectancy, education, and income. Norway consistently ranks high in these areas, with a high life expectancy, high levels of education, and a strong economy. This has led to Norway achieving a high HDI score, making it the country with the best HDI.

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  • 15. 

    The higher the GNI the better.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The higher the GNI the better" is incorrect. GNI stands for Gross National Income, which is the total income generated by a country's residents, including income earned abroad. While a higher GNI can indicate a stronger economy, it does not necessarily mean that the country is better in all aspects. The well-being of a country's citizens depends on various factors such as income distribution, social welfare, and quality of life, which cannot be solely determined by GNI. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 16. 

    Which country has the lowest GNI?

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      Sweden

    • C.

      UK

    • D.

      Canada

    Correct Answer
    B. Sweden
    Explanation
    Sweden has the lowest Gross National Income (GNI) among the given countries. This means that Sweden has the lowest total income generated by all its residents, including income from both domestic and foreign sources. GNI is an important economic indicator that reflects the overall economic performance and standard of living in a country.

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  • 17. 

    Which place has the highest male: female inequality?

    • A.

      Punjab State, India

    • B.

      China

    Correct Answer
    A. Punjab State, India
    Explanation
    Punjab is 127:100 and China is 121:100

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  • 18. 

    List four stereo-types associated with males?

    Correct Answer
    Sports
    Facial Hair
    Meat
    Dirty
    Opening jars
    Sports
    Money
    Video Games
    Explanation
    The given answer lists four stereotypes associated with males: Sports, Facial Hair, Meat, and Dirty. These stereotypes suggest that males are often seen as being interested in sports, having facial hair, enjoying meat, and being messy or unclean. Additionally, the answer includes Opening jars, Money, and Video Games as additional stereotypes associated with males. These stereotypes imply that males are expected to be strong enough to open jars, focused on making money, and interested in playing video games.

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  • 19. 

    What are some advantages of UK healthcare?

    • A.

      Lower infant mortality

    • B.

      No co-pay

    • C.

      Fairly good healthcare

    • D.

      80% of hospitals are private

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lower infant mortality
    B. No co-pay
    C. Fairly good healthcare
    Explanation
    80% of Japans hospitals are private. In the UK, the government owns the hospitals.

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  • 20. 

    What are the disadvantages of UK health care?

    • A.

      Insurance companies cannot charge for healthcare.

    • B.

      Citizens pay very high taxes.

    • C.

      One must see a "gate-keeper" before they go to the hospital.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Citizens pay very high taxes.
    C. One must see a "gate-keeper" before they go to the hospital.
    Explanation
    Insurance companies cannot charge in Japan

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  • 21. 

    How does Switzerland view healthcare?

    Correct Answer(s)
    As a basic human right.
    Explanation
    Switzerland views healthcare as a basic human right, implying that every individual should have access to healthcare services without discrimination or financial burden. This perspective suggests that the Swiss government recognizes the importance of providing healthcare as a fundamental necessity, ensuring that all citizens have the opportunity to receive necessary medical care and support. This viewpoint aligns with the belief that healthcare should be universally accessible and prioritizes the well-being and equality of all individuals in Switzerland.

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  • 22. 

    What are some advantages to Japan's healthcare?

    • A.

      80% of hospitals are private.

    • B.

      Healthcare cannot turn a patient down for any reason.

    • C.

      There is no waiting list.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 80% of hospitals are private.
    B. Healthcare cannot turn a patient down for any reason.
    C. There is no waiting list.
    Explanation
    Japan's healthcare system has several advantages. Firstly, with 80% of hospitals being private, there is a wide range of healthcare options available to patients. This promotes competition and potentially leads to better quality care. Additionally, the fact that healthcare cannot turn a patient down for any reason ensures that everyone has access to necessary medical treatment. Lastly, the absence of waiting lists means that patients can receive prompt care without delays, contributing to better health outcomes. These advantages highlight the efficiency and inclusivity of Japan's healthcare system.

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  • 23. 

    Doctor's pay is the biggest disadvantage to German healthcare.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the biggest disadvantage of German healthcare is the pay of doctors. This implies that doctors in Germany are not adequately compensated for their services, which can lead to various negative consequences. For example, it may result in a shortage of doctors, lower quality of care, or difficulties in attracting and retaining skilled medical professionals. Therefore, the statement is true as it highlights a significant drawback of the German healthcare system.

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  • 24. 

    What is the biggest problem the United States healthcare?

    Correct Answer
    Cost
    Price
    Money
    insurance
    Explanation
    The biggest problem in the United States healthcare system is the high cost of medical services. This includes the price of healthcare procedures, medications, and insurance premiums. The cost of healthcare in the US is significantly higher compared to other countries, making it unaffordable for many individuals and leading to financial strain. Additionally, the complexity of the insurance system further exacerbates the problem, as people struggle to navigate through various plans and coverage options. Overall, the high cost of healthcare is a major obstacle in ensuring access to quality healthcare for all Americans.

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  • 25. 

    Check all that apply to the healthcare in Tiwan.

    • A.

      Free choice of doctors.

    • B.

      Everyone pays

    • C.

      Low waiting time

    • D.

      No one can opt out.

    • E.

      Clinics are open on the weekends.

    • F.

      Citizens are highly satisfied .

    • G.

      There is no bankruptcy because of healthcare.

    • H.

      The is not enough money to pay for the healthcare.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Free choice of doctors.
    B. Everyone pays
    C. Low waiting time
    D. No one can opt out.
    E. Clinics are open on the weekends.
    F. Citizens are highly satisfied .
    G. There is no bankruptcy because of healthcare.
    H. The is not enough money to pay for the healthcare.
    Explanation
    The healthcare system in Taiwan includes several features. Firstly, there is a free choice of doctors, allowing individuals to select their preferred healthcare providers. Secondly, everyone pays into the system, ensuring that healthcare is accessible to all. Additionally, the waiting time for medical services is low, reducing delays in receiving necessary care. Furthermore, no one can opt out of the healthcare system, ensuring universal coverage. Clinics are also open on weekends, providing convenient access to healthcare services. Citizens in Taiwan are highly satisfied with the healthcare system, as it prevents bankruptcy due to medical expenses. However, there may be a lack of sufficient funds to fully support the healthcare system.

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  • 26. 

    Where is nomadic herding found? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      The Arabian Peninsula

    • C.

      Interior of Eurasia

    • D.

      Arctic lands

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Africa
    B. The Arabian Peninsula
    C. Interior of Eurasia
    D. Arctic lands
    Explanation
    Nomadic herding is found in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the interior of Eurasia, and Arctic lands. This means that these regions have a tradition of raising livestock and moving from one place to another in search of grazing land. Nomadic herding is a common practice in these areas due to their vast open spaces, availability of grazing land, and the need to adapt to harsh climates and limited resources.

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  • 27. 

    Why was the Great Wall originally built?

    • A.

      To keep people out

    • B.

      To keep people in

    • C.

      To keep animals out (and in)

    Correct Answer
    C. To keep animals out (and in)
    Explanation
    The Great Wall was originally built to serve as a defensive structure to protect the Chinese empire from invasions and attacks by nomadic tribes. It was primarily constructed to keep people out and prevent their entry into Chinese territory. While the wall may have also served the purpose of keeping animals out of the empire, it was not the primary reason for its construction. Therefore, the answer "To keep animals out (and in)" is not accurate.

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  • 28. 

    A domesticated plant is a plant that was deliberately planted, protected, and cared for by humans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A domesticated plant refers to a plant that has been intentionally cultivated and nurtured by humans. This involves the deliberate act of planting the plant, providing protection from external threats, and taking care of its needs such as watering, fertilizing, and pruning. Domestication of plants has been a significant development in human history, as it allowed for the cultivation of crops for food, medicine, and other purposes. Therefore, the statement "A domesticated plant is a plant that was deliberately planted, protected, and cared for by humans" is true.

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  • 29. 

    What region was the first to domesticate both plants and animals?

    • A.

      Southwest America

    • B.

      Eastern Asia

    • C.

      Northern Ireland

    • D.

      Fertile Crescent

    Correct Answer
    D. Fertile Crescent
    Explanation
    The Fertile Crescent is the correct answer because it is widely recognized as the region where agriculture first developed around 10,000 years ago. This region, located in the Middle East, includes parts of modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine. The Fertile Crescent's unique geographical features, including a mild climate and fertile soil, allowed early humans to domesticate both plants and animals, leading to the rise of agriculture and the development of settled societies. This agricultural revolution was a crucial turning point in human history and laid the foundation for the development of civilizations.

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  • 30. 

    Why is "location, location, location" so important?

    • A.

      Access to Natural Resources

    • B.

      Access to Human Resources

    • C.

      Access to the Market

    • D.

      Access to Obama-Care

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Access to Natural Resources
    B. Access to Human Resources
    C. Access to the Market
    Explanation
    "Location, location, location" is important because it determines the accessibility to key resources and markets. Access to natural resources allows businesses to obtain raw materials necessary for production. Access to human resources refers to the availability of skilled labor in a particular area, which is crucial for a company's success. Access to the market means being strategically located near potential customers, increasing the likelihood of sales and profitability. The given answer highlights these three key factors that contribute to the importance of location in business.

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  • 31. 

    The primary sector of industry involves ONLY extracting natural resources.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The primary sector also includes products that would be considered raw materials in other industries (Natural resources).

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  • 32. 

    Regional specialization has to do with what Industry sector?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      2nd

    • C.

      3rd

    Correct Answer
    B. 2nd
    Explanation
    Regional specialization has to do with the second industry sector. This implies that there are different industry sectors in a region and the second industry sector is the one that is specifically associated with regional specialization.

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  • 33. 

    What is the highest sector of industry?

    • A.

      Services

    • B.

      Pure Services

    • C.

      Natural Resources

    • D.

      Research

    Correct Answer
    D. Research
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Research. This is because research is a sector of industry that involves the systematic investigation and study of materials, sources, or phenomena in order to discover new knowledge or improve existing knowledge. It is considered the highest sector as it involves innovation, development, and advancement in various fields, such as science, technology, medicine, and more.

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  • 34. 

    What is this the definition of? The phenomena of increased interconnected dramatically.

    • A.

      TFR

    • B.

      Globalization

    • C.

      Population Boom

    Correct Answer
    B. Globalization
    Explanation
    The given definition refers to the phenomena of increased interconnectedness, which is a key characteristic of globalization. Globalization refers to the process of integration and interaction among countries, economies, and people worldwide. It involves the exchange of goods, services, information, and ideas across borders, leading to increased interconnectedness and interdependence among nations. Therefore, the correct answer is globalization.

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  • 35. 

    Check all that apply to globalization.

    • A.

      Culture & Society

    • B.

      Politics

    • C.

      Economics

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Culture & Society
    B. Politics
    C. Economics
    Explanation
    Globalization encompasses various aspects, including culture and society, politics, and economics. Culture and society are influenced by globalization as ideas, values, and practices are shared and spread across different countries and regions. Political systems and interactions between nations are also impacted by globalization, as it leads to increased interdependence and cooperation among countries. Additionally, globalization has a significant impact on the global economy, facilitating the flow of goods, services, capital, and labor across borders. Therefore, all three options - culture and society, politics, and economics - apply to globalization.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following are Global Centers.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      Edinburgh

    • C.

      Paris

    • D.

      Kansas City

    • E.

      Shanghai

    • F.

      Tokyo

    • G.

      London

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. New York
    C. Paris
    F. Tokyo
    G. London
    Explanation
    New York, Paris, Tokyo, and London are considered global centers because they are major cities with significant economic, political, and cultural influence on a global scale. These cities are key players in various industries such as finance, fashion, technology, and tourism, attracting international businesses and visitors. They serve as hubs for international trade and commerce, hosting numerous multinational corporations, stock exchanges, and global organizations. Additionally, these cities have a rich history and are renowned for their iconic landmarks, cultural diversity, and global connectivity through transportation networks.

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  • 37. 

    What is the main reason that cites are global centers?

    • A.

      Location, location, location

    • B.

      The Stock Market

    • C.

      Time Zone

    Correct Answer
    B. The Stock Market
    Explanation
    The main reason that cities are global centers is the presence of the stock market. The stock market is a crucial element of the global economy, and cities with major stock exchanges attract significant financial activity and investment. These cities become hubs for international business, finance, and trade, as they offer opportunities for companies to raise capital, trade stocks, and access financial services. The stock market's presence in a city often leads to the development of a robust financial sector, attracting businesses, professionals, and infrastructure that further contribute to the city's global significance.

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  • 38. 

    How might a global center change?

    Correct Answer
    The population may move.
    Explanation
    A global center may change as a result of population movement. This means that the concentration of people in a particular area may shift, causing the global center to relocate. This could happen due to various factors such as economic opportunities, political stability, or environmental changes. As people move to different regions, the dynamics of the global center may change, leading to a shift in power, influence, and economic activity.

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  • 39. 

    Give an example of interconnectedness.

    Correct Answer
    Italian Cuisine
    Irish Potato Famine
    Johnny Appleseed
    Explanation
    The given answer includes three examples of interconnectedness. Italian Cuisine is an example of interconnectedness as it is influenced by various cultures and regions, such as Greek, Arab, and Spanish. The Irish Potato Famine is another example as it had far-reaching consequences not only for Ireland but also for the United States and other countries due to mass emigration and the impact on global food markets. Johnny Appleseed is also interconnected as he spread apple seeds across the United States, contributing to the growth of the apple industry and the development of American agriculture.

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  • 40. 

    What is Geography? (2 answers)

    Correct Answer
    The study of the earth as the world of man
    Writing of the earth
    Explanation
    Geography is the study of the earth as the world of man, which involves examining the physical features, climate, populations, and cultures of different regions. It focuses on understanding the relationship between humans and their environment, including how human activities impact the earth and how the earth's natural resources and physical processes shape human societies. Additionally, geography also involves the writing of the earth, which refers to the documentation and representation of the earth's features, such as maps, charts, and other forms of spatial data.

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  • 41. 

    What are the 5 themes of Geography?

    Correct Answer
    Location, Movement, Human/environment interaction, place, region
    Explanation
    The 5 themes of Geography are Location, Movement, Human/Environment Interaction, Place, and Region. These themes provide a framework for understanding and analyzing various aspects of the Earth's physical and human characteristics. Location refers to the specific position of a place on the Earth's surface. Movement involves the transportation of people, goods, and ideas across the planet. Human/Environment Interaction explores the relationship between humans and their environment. Place refers to the unique characteristics and qualities of a specific location. Region examines the similarities and differences between various areas based on physical and human features.

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  • 42. 

    What is a vernacular region?

    • A.

      A political boundary

    • B.

      Perceived view of a region

    • C.

      A group of people

    Correct Answer
    B. Perceived view of a region
    Explanation
    A vernacular region refers to a perceived view of a region. It is a concept used in geography to describe a region that is defined by the beliefs, attitudes, and cultural characteristics of the people who live there. Unlike political boundaries, which are determined by governments, vernacular regions are shaped by the shared experiences and perspectives of the local population. This term helps to understand how people perceive and identify with a particular area, based on their cultural and social connections.

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  • 43. 

    What is a nation?

    Correct Answer
    A group of people--Lakota.
  • 44. 

    What is a state?

    Correct Answer
    A political boundary--Wyoming
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that a state is a political boundary, specifically referring to Wyoming. This suggests that a state is a defined territory with its own government and laws. In this context, Wyoming is being used as an example of a state, implying that it is a political entity with its own borders and governing system.

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  • 45. 

    What is Gerrymandering?

    Correct Answer
    Re-drawing a political boundary
    Explanation
    Gerrymandering refers to the act of re-drawing a political boundary. This practice is often carried out by politicians to manipulate the boundaries of electoral districts in order to gain an advantage in elections. By strategically dividing and rearranging the boundaries, politicians can create districts that are more likely to favor their own party or candidate. This can lead to unfair and unrepresentative outcomes, as it undermines the principle of equal representation and can result in a distortion of the democratic process.

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  • 46. 

    Check all that apply to Republicans. (Include stereo types)

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Blue

    • C.

      Urban

    • D.

      Rural

    • E.

      Rocky Mountains

    • F.

      Southern States

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Red
    D. Rural
    E. Rocky Mountains
    F. Southern States
    Explanation
    The given answer options are all associated with Republicans. The color red is commonly associated with the Republican party, while blue is associated with the Democratic party. Republicans are often associated with rural areas, as they tend to have more conservative values and a focus on traditional values. The Rocky Mountains and Southern states are also associated with Republicans, as these regions have historically leaned more conservative in their political preferences.

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  • 47. 

    Check all that apply to Democrats

    • A.

      Blue

    • B.

      Great Lakes

    • C.

      West Coast

    • D.

      Educated

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Blue
    B. Great Lakes
    C. West Coast
    D. Educated
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because Democrats are commonly associated with the color blue, as opposed to Republicans who are associated with red. The Great Lakes and West Coast regions in the United States are known for having a higher concentration of Democratic voters. Additionally, Democrats are often seen as more educated, as they tend to have higher levels of formal education compared to Republicans.

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  • 48. 

    Who came up with the "Population Explosion" theory? and what was this theory?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Thomas Malthus, The world would not be able to support the population if it continued to grow so rapidly.
    Explanation
    Thomas Malthus came up with the theory of "Population Explosion." According to this theory, the world would not be able to sustain the population if it continued to grow at a rapid pace. Malthus believed that population growth would outpace the availability of resources, leading to famine, poverty, and other social problems. He argued that population control measures, such as delayed marriages and abstinence, were necessary to prevent these negative consequences. Malthus' theory has been widely debated and criticized, but it remains influential in discussions about population growth and resource scarcity.

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  • 49. 

    Population Explosion is the dramatic increase since 1900.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because there has been a significant increase in the global population since 1900. This can be attributed to various factors such as advancements in healthcare, improved sanitation, and increased agricultural productivity. These factors have led to longer life expectancies and lower infant mortality rates, resulting in a higher population growth rate. Additionally, technological advancements have made it easier for people to connect and communicate, leading to increased migration and urbanization. Overall, the statement accurately reflects the phenomenon of population explosion that has occurred since 1900.

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  • 50. 

    What is a demographic transition?

    • A.

      When a location goes from a high birth and death rate to a low birth and death rate.

    • B.

      The re-drawing of political boundaries.

    • C.

      The process of domesticating plants.

    Correct Answer
    A. When a location goes from a high birth and death rate to a low birth and death rate.
    Explanation
    A demographic transition refers to the shift that occurs in a location's population when it transitions from having high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates. This transition is often associated with economic and social development, improved healthcare, and increased access to education and family planning services. It signifies a change in the population's structure and can have significant implications for the overall growth and development of a society.

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