Infectious Control Part 1

By Lola Agbetunsin
Lola Agbetunsin, Teacher & Student Mentor
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.
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, Teacher & Student Mentor
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Questions: 27 | Attempts: 221

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Healthcare Quizzes & Trivia

INFECTIOUS CONTROL PART 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When using 10% bleach to disinfect, make the 10% bleach

    • A.

      Hourly

    • B.

      Daily

    • C.

      Weekly

    • D.

      Monthly

    Correct Answer
    B. Daily
    Explanation
    When using 10% bleach to disinfect, it is recommended to make the solution daily. This is because bleach loses its effectiveness over time due to factors like evaporation and exposure to light. By making the solution daily, you ensure that it is fresh and at its maximum disinfecting power.

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  • 2. 

    What is the most important and effective way of preventing the spread of infection?

    • A.

      Hand washing

    • B.

      Face washing

    • C.

      Running controls

    Correct Answer
    A. Hand washing
    Explanation
    Hand washing is the most important and effective way of preventing the spread of infection. This is because our hands come into contact with various surfaces and can easily pick up and transfer harmful bacteria and viruses. Regular hand washing with soap and water helps to remove these pathogens from our hands, reducing the risk of infection. It is a simple and cost-effective measure that can be practiced by everyone to maintain good hygiene and prevent the spread of diseases.

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  • 3. 

    Choose all of the situations that would call for handwashing

    • A.

      Before all procedures

    • B.

      After all procedures

    • C.

      When hands are visibly soiled

    • D.

      Before eating

    • E.

      Before you blink

    • F.

      After you touch your face

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Before all procedures
    B. After all procedures
    C. When hands are visibly soiled
    D. Before eating
    Explanation
    Handwashing is necessary before all procedures to ensure that any potential pathogens or contaminants on the hands are removed, reducing the risk of infection. Similarly, handwashing after all procedures is important to eliminate any remaining pathogens and prevent cross-contamination. When hands are visibly soiled, handwashing is essential to remove dirt, debris, and potentially harmful microorganisms. Before eating, handwashing is crucial to prevent the ingestion of pathogens that may be present on the hands. However, handwashing before blinking or after touching the face is not necessary unless the hands have come into contact with potentially contaminated surfaces.

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  • 4. 

    The type of transmission based precautions can be combined for diseases that have multiple modes of transmission

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Transmission-based precautions are infection control measures that are implemented to prevent the spread of certain diseases. These precautions are categorized into three types: contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions. Each type is used based on the mode of transmission of the disease. Some diseases may have multiple modes of transmission, such as being spread through both contact and droplets. In such cases, a combination of transmission-based precautions may be necessary to effectively control the spread of the disease. Therefore, the statement that the type of transmission-based precautions can be combined for diseases with multiple modes of transmission is true.

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  • 5. 

    During handwashing, hands and wrists should be lathered, and hands should be rubbed vigorously for at least

    • A.

      15 sec

    • B.

      5 sec

    • C.

      2 min

    • D.

      30 sec

    Correct Answer
    A. 15 sec
    Explanation
    During handwashing, it is recommended to lather the hands and wrists and rub them vigorously for at least 15 seconds. This duration allows enough time for the soap to effectively remove dirt, germs, and other contaminants from the hands. Rubbing the hands vigorously helps to create friction, which aids in the removal of microorganisms. Washing for a shorter duration may not provide sufficient cleaning, while washing for a longer duration may not offer any additional benefits. Therefore, 15 seconds is the minimum recommended time for effective handwashing.

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  • 6. 

    Hands should be held in a downward position and rinsed from the arm or wrist towards the tip of fingers

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because holding the hands in a downward position while rinsing ensures that any dirt or contaminants on the hands are washed away from the body, preventing them from being transferred back onto the arms or wrists. Rinsing from the arm or wrist towards the tip of the fingers also helps to ensure that all areas of the hands are thoroughly cleaned. This proper hand washing technique is important for maintaining good hygiene and preventing the spread of germs.

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  • 7. 

    Hand operated  faucet handles which could have contaminated surfaces should not be touched with the bare hands, but should be turned on and off using a  clean disposable towel

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that hand-operated faucet handles could potentially have contaminated surfaces. To avoid touching these surfaces with bare hands and potentially spreading germs, it is recommended to use a clean disposable towel to turn the faucet on and off. This practice helps maintain hygiene and minimize the risk of contamination. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 8. 

    A location where microorganisms survive in sufficient quantities to cause disease (e.g. hands, blood, body fluids, air)

    • A.

      Source

    • B.

      Susceptibility host

    • C.

      Mode of transmission

    Correct Answer
    A. Source
    Explanation
    The term "source" refers to a location or origin where microorganisms exist in enough quantities to cause disease. This can include various places such as hands, blood, body fluids, and even the air. In the context of disease transmission, identifying the source of the microorganisms is crucial in order to prevent further spread and control the outbreak. By understanding the source, appropriate measures can be taken to minimize the risk of infection and protect susceptible individuals.

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  • 9. 

    A person with the potential to become infected.

    • A.

      Source

    • B.

      Susceptibility host

    • C.

      Mode of transmission

    Correct Answer
    B. Susceptibility host
    Explanation
    The term "susceptibility host" refers to an individual who has the potential to become infected by a particular disease or pathogen. This person may have a weakened immune system, lack of immunity to the specific pathogen, or other factors that make them more vulnerable to infection. The term "susceptibility host" is used in the context of understanding how diseases spread and identifying individuals who are at a higher risk of contracting the infection.

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  • 10. 

    The way a pathogen is transferred from the source to the susceptible host (e.g. touching patients, needle stick injuries, coughing, contaminated food or water)

    • A.

      Source

    • B.

      Susceptibility host

    • C.

      Mode of transmission

    Correct Answer
    C. Mode of transmission
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mode of transmission." The mode of transmission refers to the specific way in which a pathogen is transferred from the source to a susceptible host. This can include various means such as direct contact (touching patients), injuries (needle stick injuries), respiratory droplets (coughing), or contaminated food or water. Understanding the mode of transmission is crucial in preventing the spread of infectious diseases and implementing appropriate control measures.

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  • 11. 

    Infection control procedures are designed to break the chain of infection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control procedures are specifically implemented to prevent the spread of infections and break the chain of infection. These procedures include various measures such as hand hygiene, proper use of personal protective equipment, disinfection and sterilization of equipment, and isolation precautions. By following these procedures, healthcare facilities and professionals can effectively reduce the transmission of infectious agents and protect both patients and healthcare workers from acquiring or spreading infections. Therefore, the statement "Infection control procedures are designed to break the chain of infection" is true.

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  • 12. 

    The current CDC isolation guidelines require health care workers to follow the ________________________  when working with patients  diagnosed or suspected of a specific transmissible disease

    • A.

      Transmission-based precautions

    • B.

      Disease-specific pecautions

    • C.

      Category-specific precautions

    Correct Answer
    A. Transmission-based precautions
    Explanation
    The current CDC isolation guidelines require health care workers to follow transmission-based precautions when working with patients diagnosed or suspected of a specific transmissible disease. These precautions are designed to prevent the spread of the disease through direct contact, droplets, or airborne transmission. They include measures such as wearing personal protective equipment, practicing proper hand hygiene, and implementing appropriate environmental controls. By following these precautions, health care workers can minimize the risk of transmitting the disease to themselves, other patients, and the community.

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  • 13. 

    Which are  true of hepatitis B vaccination?

    • A.

      It is administered in three injections over a period of six months

    • B.

      It must be available at no charge to the phlebotomist

    • C.

      The complete series is effective for 15 or more years

    • D.

      It protects the phlebotomist from contracting the disease or becoming a carrier

    • E.

      You get hepatitis disease when you get vaccinated

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It is administered in three injections over a period of six months
    B. It must be available at no charge to the phlebotomist
    C. The complete series is effective for 15 or more years
    D. It protects the phlebotomist from contracting the disease or becoming a carrier
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a combination of the following statements: 1) It is administered in three injections over a period of six months, 2) It must be available at no charge to the phlebotomist, 3) The complete series is effective for 15 or more years, and 4) It protects the phlebotomist from contracting the disease or becoming a carrier. These statements accurately describe the key aspects of hepatitis B vaccination, including the dosing schedule, cost, duration of effectiveness, and its ability to provide protection against the disease.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following are PPE

    • A.

      Scrubs

    • B.

      Masks

    • C.

      Respirators

    • D.

      Goggles

    • E.

      Face shield

    • F.

      Gowns

    • G.

      Gloves

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Masks
    C. Respirators
    D. Goggles
    E. Face shield
    F. Gowns
    G. Gloves
    Explanation
    The items listed in the answer (masks, respirators, goggles, face shield, gowns, and gloves) are all considered personal protective equipment (PPE). PPE is worn to protect individuals from potential hazards in their work environment. Masks, respirators, and face shields are used to protect the respiratory system and face from airborne particles or fluids. Goggles provide eye protection, while gowns and gloves protect the body and hands from contamination. Therefore, all of the items listed in the answer are examples of PPE.

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  • 15. 

    In hospitals, patients who require airborne precautions are placed in an AIIR room. what is AIIR

    • A.

      Advanced Innovative Interdisciplinary Research

    • B.

      Airborne Infection Isolation Room

    • C.

      Air Intelligence Information Report

    Correct Answer
    B. Airborne Infection Isolation Room
    Explanation
    AIIR stands for Airborne Infection Isolation Room. In hospitals, patients who require airborne precautions are placed in these rooms. AIIRs are specially designed to prevent the spread of airborne infectious diseases. They have ventilation systems that filter and control the airflow, preventing the contaminated air from spreading to other areas of the hospital. These rooms also have negative air pressure, meaning that air flows into the room but not out, further minimizing the risk of contamination. AIIRs are essential in protecting healthcare workers and other patients from airborne diseases such as tuberculosis, measles, and COVID-19.

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  • 16. 

    CDC requires how at least how many air changes per hour in an AIIR

    • A.

      1-2

    • B.

      2-4

    • C.

      3-5

    • D.

      6-12

    Correct Answer
    D. 6-12
    Explanation
    The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) recommends a minimum of 6-12 air changes per hour in an AIIR (Airborne Infection Isolation Room). This is because AIIRs are designed to prevent the spread of airborne infectious diseases. By increasing the number of air changes per hour, the room's ventilation system can effectively remove and dilute airborne pathogens, reducing the risk of transmission to healthcare workers and other patients. It is important to maintain a high number of air changes to ensure the room's air quality remains safe and clean.

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  • 17. 

    Healthcare personnel transporting patients who are on Airborne Precautions do not need to wear a mask or respirator during transport if the patient is wearing a mask and infectious skin lesions are covered

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Healthcare personnel transporting patients who are on Airborne Precautions do not need to wear a mask or respirator during transport if the patient is wearing a mask and infectious skin lesions are covered. This is true because if the patient is already wearing a mask and their infectious skin lesions are covered, it reduces the risk of spreading airborne pathogens. Therefore, healthcare personnel can safely transport the patient without needing to wear a mask or respirator themselves.

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  • 18. 

    For patients with skin lesions associated with varicella or smallpox or draining skin lesions caused by M. tuberculosis, cover the affected areas to prevent aerosolization or contact with the infectious agent in skin lesions

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because covering the affected areas of skin lesions associated with varicella, smallpox, or draining skin lesions caused by M. tuberculosis can help prevent the aerosolization or contact with the infectious agent present in the lesions. This can reduce the risk of transmission of the disease to others and promote faster healing of the lesions.

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  • 19. 

     If transport or movement outside an AIIR is necessary

    • A.

      instruct patients to wear a surgical mask,

    • B.

      Instruct the patient to observe Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette

    • C.

      Instruct the patient to cough quietly with mouth open wide

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. instruct patients to wear a surgical mask,
    B. Instruct the patient to observe Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette
    Explanation
    When transport or movement outside an AIIR (Airborne Infection Isolation Room) is necessary, it is important to instruct patients to wear a surgical mask. This is because wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of respiratory droplets that may contain infectious agents. Additionally, instructing the patient to observe Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette is important to minimize the risk of transmission. This includes covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow when coughing or sneezing, and disposing of tissues properly. The instruction to cough quietly with the mouth open wide is not accurate and may not effectively prevent the spread of respiratory droplets.

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  • 20. 

    Wear a ________________respiratory protection when entering the room or home of a patient with diseases transmitted by airborne route

    • A.

      Fit-tested NIOSH-approved N95

    • B.

      A CLSI approved surgical mask

    • C.

      Faceshield

    Correct Answer
    A. Fit-tested NIOSH-approved N95
    Explanation
    When entering the room or home of a patient with diseases transmitted by airborne route, it is important to wear a fit-tested NIOSH-approved N95 respiratory protection. This type of mask is specifically designed to filter out airborne particles and provide a high level of protection against infectious diseases. It is important for the mask to be fit-tested to ensure a proper seal and maximum effectiveness. A CLSI approved surgical mask may not provide the same level of protection against airborne diseases, and a faceshield alone may not provide adequate respiratory protection.

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  • 21. 

    In acute care hospitals and long-term care and other residential settings, limit transport and movement of patients outside of the room to 

    • A.

      Medically-necessary purposes.

    • B.

      Cafeteria

    • C.

      Tanning

    Correct Answer
    A. Medically-necessary purposes.
    Explanation
    In acute care hospitals and long-term care and other residential settings, it is important to limit the transport and movement of patients outside of their rooms to medically-necessary purposes. This is because patients in these settings are often vulnerable to infections and other health risks, and unnecessary movement can increase the chances of exposure to harmful pathogens. By restricting patient transport to only medically-necessary purposes, healthcare facilities can help minimize the spread of infections and ensure the safety and well-being of their patients.

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  • 22. 

     For patients with skin lesions associated with varicella or smallpox or draining skin lesions caused by M. tuberculosis, __________ to prevent aerosolization or contact with the infectious agent in skin lesions

    • A.

      Cover the affected areas

    • B.

      Lotion the affected areas

    • C.

      Rub the affected areas with your bare hands

    Correct Answer
    A. Cover the affected areas
    Explanation
    To prevent aerosolization or contact with the infectious agent in skin lesions associated with varicella or smallpox or draining skin lesions caused by M. tuberculosis, it is important to cover the affected areas. This helps to contain the infectious agent and prevent its spread through the air or direct contact with the skin. Lotioning the affected areas or rubbing them with bare hands may not provide sufficient protection and can potentially contribute to the spread of the infection.

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  • 23. 

    Wear a__________ whenever anticipating that clothing will have direct contact with the patient or potentially contaminated environmental surfaces or equipment in close proximity to the patient. 

    • A.

      Scrub top

    • B.

      Gown

    • C.

      Scrub bottom

    • D.

      Face shield

    Correct Answer
    B. Gown
    Explanation
    A gown should be worn whenever there is a possibility of direct contact between clothing and the patient or potentially contaminated surfaces or equipment. This is important to prevent the spread of infections and maintain a sterile environment. Wearing a gown provides an additional layer of protection and helps to minimize the risk of cross-contamination.

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Lola Agbetunsin |Teacher & Student Mentor |
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 12, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Lola Agbetunsin
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