Neuro Final Essay And Multiple Choice Questions

85 Questions | Total Attempts: 114

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Multiple Choice Questions Quizzes & Trivia

Possible final multiple choice, essay short and longer essay questions questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    List 3 behavioral/cognitive symptoms that can be used to distinguish vascular dementia from Alzheimer’s Dementia (not neuroanatomical).
  • 2. 
    List 3 cognitive finding in schizophrenia (not neuroanatomical).
  • 3. 
      List 2 neurological findings in schizophrenia (not behavioral/ not cognitive).
  • 4. 
    What is diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and why does it occur?
  • 5. 
    Give a brief definition of dementia
  • 6. 
    Why do 7-year-olds typically have worse outcomes following brain injuries than 3-year-olds (assuming similar injuries).
  • 7. 
    List 3 cognitive/behavioral changes commonly associated with HIV dementia (not nueroanatomical)
  • 8. 
    When would you refer for a neuropsychological evaluation?
  • 9. 
    List the 2 defining symptoms of a pervasive developmental disorder
  • 10. 
    List 3 Neurobiological symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 11. 
    Define coup and contrecoup
  • 12. 
    List 3 neurobiological changes associated with eating disorders (not cog or behav.)
  • 13. 
    What is the Kennard Principle?
  • 14. 
    Define Cerebral Palsy.  List 2 common causes of it.
  • 15. 
    List 3 neuropathological features associated with Conduct disordered children (not cog or behav)
  • 16. 
    List 3 pre-injury factors believed to affect outcomes following a traumatic brain injury.
  • 17. 
    List 3 potential neuroanatomical changes in Herpes Encephalitis (not cog or behav)
  • 18. 
    List 3 disorders that can occur due to problems in the migration phase of embryogenesis
  • 19. 
    Define “crowding” with respect to a child’s recovery from traumatic injury.
  • 20. 
    Describe the primary and secondary effects of traumatic brain injury
  • 21. 
    List 2 symptoms of a nonverbal learning disability
  • 22. 
    List 3 neuropsychological symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 23. 
    List three advantages of the fixed battery approach to neuropsychological assessment.
  • 24. 
      ______ type of brain injury/event typically has the worst rehab outcome (group data)
    • A. 

      Focal injuries

    • B. 

      Viral infections

    • C. 

      Anoxic encephalopathy

    • D. 

      stroke

  • 25. 
    List 3 causes of epilepsy.
  • 26. 
    List 3 advantages of using a process approach in neuropsychological evaluations.
  • 27. 
    Please describe the interface of neuropsychology (or neurological principles of understanding behavior) with differential diagnosis of psychiatric illness.  Please also describe how understanding neurological functioning may be useful for understanding psychological treatment.  Provide your opinion (and please support your opinion) as to whether or not the study of neurological/neuropsychological findings in psychological conditions may be useful.
  • 28. 
    List three types of infections.
  • 29. 
    Describe how brain function is restored following traumatic brain injury through cognitive remediation.  Be sure to include several of the nueroanatomical mechanisms which underlie recovery.
  • 30. 
  • 31. 
    _____ and _____ are types of structural imaging techniques.
    • A. 

      MRI, CT

    • B. 

      SPECT, MRI (f, s)

    • C. 

      SPECT, PET (f,f)

    • D. 

      PET, CT (f, s)

  • 32. 
    Which of the following cognitive skills is usually preserved in chronic alcoholics?
    • A. 

      Visual Spatial—rt hemi

    • B. 

      Problem Solving—frontal

    • C. 

      Executive functions—frontal

    • D. 

      Verbal

  • 33. 
    Most primary brain tumors occur in the neurons
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Petit Mal and Grand Mal seizures are forms of generalized seizures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery is an example of a _______ testing approach.
    • A. 

      Fixed battery

    • B. 

      Process

    • C. 

      Developmental

    • D. 

      Lurian

  • 36. 
    The production of __ is commonly reported to be reduced in Alzheimer's disease
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      GABA

  • 37. 
    Which one the following is not considered a symptom of children with nonverbal disabilties
    • A. 

      Poor reading decoding

    • B. 

      Poor math skills

    • C. 

      Poor social skills

    • D. 

      Poor visual spatial functioning

  • 38. 
    A stroke in which there is excessive bleeding is called a ___ stroke
    • A. 

      Anoxic-no O2

    • B. 

      Ischemic-thrombosis, emboli

    • C. 

      Diffuse

    • D. 

      Hemorrhagic

  • 39. 
    The __ lobe is responsible for processing vision
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Occipital

  • 40. 
    A GCS score of 8 (at the scene of an accident woud be indicative of a __ injury
    • A. 

      Mild

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Severe

    • D. 

      Profound

  • 41. 
    Neural proliferations occurs at __ during embryogenisis
    • A. 

      3-7 weeks

    • B. 

      5-6 weeks

    • C. 

      2-4 months

    • D. 

      6 months

  • 42. 
    At 9 months of age an infant should be able to do all of the following except
    • A. 

      Creep

    • B. 

      Say mama and dada

    • C. 

      Make a pincer movement with thumb and finger

    • D. 

      Stand alone/without support

  • 43. 
    Dyslexia has been associated with abnormal symmetry of the __ area
    • A. 

      Insular cortex

    • B. 

      Broca's area

    • C. 

      Planum Temporale

    • D. 

      Postcentral gyrus

  • 44. 
    The __ area of the brain continue the myelination process into the 2nd and 3rd decades of life
    • A. 

      Prefrontal

    • B. 

      Limbic

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Precentral gyrus

  • 45. 
    HIV is known as a ___.
    • A. 

      Demylinating disease

    • B. 

      Slow virus

    • C. 

      Retro virus

    • D. 

      Herpes simplex virus

  • 46. 
    Which subtest on the WAIS-III is most sensitive to brain impairment
    • A. 

      Vocab

    • B. 

      Information

    • C. 

      Block design

    • D. 

      Digit symbol coding

  • 47. 
    In the __ phase of embryogenesis the neural place folds over itself to form the neural tube
    • A. 

      Dorsal induction

    • B. 

      Ventral induction

    • C. 

      Migration

    • D. 

      Mylenation

  • 48. 
    You would expect dysfunction in the __ in Parkinson's disease
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Caudate nucleus

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

  • 49. 
    Depression is typically associated with __ functioning of the __ area of the brain
    • A. 

      Reduced, left frontal

    • B. 

      Reduced, right frontal

    • C. 

      Increased, left frontal

    • D. 

      Increased, right frontal

  • 50. 
    Which on the following biological changes has not been found in patients with an eating disordeR?
    • A. 

      Decrease in dopamine

    • B. 

      Decrease in norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Hypercortisolism

    • D. 

      Reduced left basal ganglia functioning

  • 51. 
    Which neuroradiological test is most useful in diagnosing seizure
    • A. 

      EMG

    • B. 

      MRI

    • C. 

      SPECT

    • D. 

      EEG

  • 52. 
    A ___ sezure is one in which there is a bilateral symmetrical attack without local onset.
    • A. 

      Generalized

    • B. 

      Complex partial

    • C. 

      Focal

    • D. 

      Lurian

  • 53. 
    Korsajoff's syndrome is a result of a ___ deficiency combined ( in some cases) with the excessive use of alchol
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Vitamin B1

    • C. 

      Vitamin B12

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 54. 
      A 75-year-old woman enters your office complaining of visual hallucinations, which started 6 months ago.  She has no previous psychological/psychiatric history and never had hallucinations before.  She worked successfully for many years and raised a family.  Which one of the following diagnosis would not likely be responsible for her symptoms?
    • A. 

      Vascular disease

    • B. 

      Temporal lobe epilepsy

    • C. 

      Temporal lobe tumor

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 55. 
    Depression is associated with hypoperfusion (reduced metabolic activity) in which areas of the brain?
    • A. 

      Left frontal and left caudate nucleus

    • B. 

      Left frontal and left parietal lobe

    • C. 

      Left frontal and right caudate nucleus

    • D. 

      Right partial and right caudate nucleus

  • 56. 
    The primary function of the thalamus is ___
    • A. 

      Memory

    • B. 

      Maintaining body homeostasis

    • C. 

      Arousal

    • D. 

      Relaying info to/from the body from/to the brain

  • 57. 
    Which on e of the following symptoms would you not expect in HIV dementia?
    • A. 

      Slow processing speed

    • B. 

      Personality changes

    • C. 

      Receptive language problems

    • D. 

      Motor disturbances

  • 58. 
    If a patient looks at a picture of a beaver and says that it is an animal that cuts down trees with his teeth.  This is an example of a ___ paraphasic error found in patients with  ___ Dementia.
    • A. 

      Semantic, vascular

    • B. 

      Literal, alzheimer's

    • C. 

      Literal, vascular

    • D. 

      Semantic, alzheimers

  • 59. 
    Schizophrenia is a associated with hyperfunctionality (inc. function) of the ___ lobe in PET imaging
    • A. 

      Temporal

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 60. 
    Which type of dopamine receptor has been found to be hypersensitive in schizophrenia and amenable to change with a majority of antipsychotic medications
    • A. 

      D1

    • B. 

      D2

    • C. 

      D3

    • D. 

      D4

  • 61. 
    Which one of the following is not a stage in a generalized seizure?
    • A. 

      Tonic

    • B. 

      Clonic

    • C. 

      Postical

    • D. 

      Epilecticus

  • 62. 
    Which two areas of the brain are typically most affected in traumatic brain injury resulting from motor vehicle accidents
    • A. 

      Frontal and occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal and parietal

    • C. 

      Frontal and mesial temporal

    • D. 

      Frontal and lateral temporal

  • 63. 
    Downs syndrome is throught to be due to a breakdown at which stage of neural development
    • A. 

      Ventral induction

    • B. 

      Migration

    • C. 

      Organization

    • D. 

      Mylenation

  • 64. 
    At which stage of neural development does the brain split into two hemispheres?
    • A. 

      Ventral induction

    • B. 

      Dorsal induction

    • C. 

      Neural proliferation

    • D. 

      Migration

  • 65. 
    A touch to the right knee is first perceived in the ____
    • A. 

      Left postcentral gyrus

    • B. 

      Left precentral gyrus

    • C. 

      Occipital lobe

    • D. 

      Temporal lobe

  • 66. 
    A tumor that starts in the brain is called a ___ tumor
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Metastic

    • D. 

      Meningioma

  • 67. 
    Which area of the brain is relatively spared in Alzheimer's disase
    • A. 

      Frontal lobe

    • B. 

      Temporal lobe

    • C. 

      Parietal lobe

    • D. 

      Occipital lobe

  • 68. 
    Schizophrenia is associated with hypofunctionality (dec. functioning) of the __lobe on PET imaging
    • A. 

      Temporal

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 69. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the top 3 areas of the body that produce metastic brain tumors?
    • A. 

      Breast

    • B. 

      Colon

    • C. 

      Stromach

    • D. 

      Lung

  • 70. 
    Migration of neurons in embryogenesis occurs at ___
    • A. 

      3-7 weeks gestational age

    • B. 

      3-5 months gestational age

    • C. 

      6-8 months gestational age

    • D. 

      8 months gestational age to infancy

  • 71. 
    Neuritic plaqures frond in a the neurons of patient's with Alzheimer's disaeare relted to ___
    • A. 

      Elevated aluminum level

    • B. 

      Cowdry A bodies

    • C. 

      Reduced acetylcholine production

    • D. 

      Increased presence of B-amyloid protein

  • 72. 
    Aricept in a (n) ____.
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine antagonist

    • B. 

      GABA antagonist

    • C. 

      Acytylcholineesterase Inhibitor

    • D. 

      Acytylcholineesterase facilatatator

  • 73. 
    Which of the following is not a risk factor for vascular dementia
    • A. 

      High blood pressure

    • B. 

      Elevated cholesterol

    • C. 

      Alzheimer's disease

    • D. 

      Smoking

  • 74. 
    Which area of the brain is relatively spared in individuals with chronic alcohol abuse?
    • A. 

      Subcortical

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Right hemisphere

  • 75. 
    Which of the following would be considered abnormal in an 18 month old child
    • A. 

      Walking independenly

    • B. 

      Moro response present

    • C. 

      Moro response absent

    • D. 

      6-20 word vocabulary

  • 76. 
    A GCS score of 4 (at the scene of an accident would be indicative a ___ injury.
    • A. 

      Mild

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Severe

    • D. 

      Prfound

  • 77. 
    ____ is when the post synaptic cell develops a heightened sensitivity to a neurotransmitter following a brain injury
    • A. 

      Regeneration

    • B. 

      Sprouting

    • C. 

      Denervation supersensitivity

    • D. 

      Dishinibition of compensatory zone

  • 78. 
    Which of the following is NOT common neuropathological finding in Autism
    • A. 

      Cerebellar atrophy

    • B. 

      Low activitation of fronto-parietal regions

    • C. 

      Increased ventricular size

    • D. 

      Reduced brainstem activity

  • 79. 
    Holopronsencephaly is likely a result of a deviation in which stage of enbryogeneis
    • A. 

      Ventral induction

    • B. 

      Secondary neurolation

    • C. 

      Organization

    • D. 

      Migration

  • 80. 
    Mad Cow disease is known as a ____.
    • A. 

      Bacterial infection

    • B. 

      Mycotic infection

    • C. 

      Retro virus

    • D. 

      Slow virus

  • 81. 
    Kosakoff's Syndrome is associated with a severe reduction of __?
    • A. 

      B1

    • B. 

      B16

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      Vitamin E

  • 82. 
    Mycrotic infections are also known as __.
    • A. 

      Viral infections

    • B. 

      Bascterial infections

    • C. 

      Fungal infections

    • D. 

      Parastitic infections

  • 83. 
    A "girdle response" and optic neuritis are common early signs of ___.
    • A. 

      Alzheimer's Disease

    • B. 

      TBI

    • C. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • D. 

      Mad Cow Disease

  • 84. 
    Which cognitive function generally shows the most decline in normal aging?
    • A. 

      Processing speed

    • B. 

      Vocab

    • C. 

      Reading abilitiy

    • D. 

      Memory

  • 85. 
    Apraxia is _____.
    • A. 

      The inability to carry out purposeful movements despite adequate motor skills

    • B. 

      A language disorder

    • C. 

      A disorder of vision

    • D. 

      A memory disorder