Psychology Trivia Exam Ultimate MCQ: Quiz!

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| By Catherine Antcliff
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Catherine Antcliff
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,245
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 988

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Psychology Trivia Exam Ultimate MCQ: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term pattern analysis refers to 

    • A.

      A. a tool for evaluating eye-to-brain visual perception ability

    • B.

      B. a pattern of test responses indicative of neuropsychological deficit

    • C.

      C. a neuropsychological tool of assessment that entails feeling textures

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    B. B. a pattern of test responses indicative of neuropsychological deficit
    Explanation
    Pattern analysis refers to a pattern of test responses that indicate a neuropsychological deficit. This means that when analyzing the patterns of someone's test responses, certain patterns can suggest the presence of a neuropsychological deficit. This could be helpful in diagnosing and understanding cognitive impairments or neurological conditions. It is not related to evaluating eye-to-brain visual perception ability or feeling textures, as mentioned in the other options.

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  • 2. 

    Neuropsychologists

    • A.

      A. are trained to screen for signs and symptoms of neurological deficit

    • B.

      B. make use of case-study information in the evaluation process

    • C.

      C. may administer a test such as “Trail Making” in the evaluation process

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    Neuropsychologists are professionals who are trained to screen for signs and symptoms of neurological deficit, use case-study information in the evaluation process, and may administer tests such as "Trail Making" in the evaluation process. They have expertise in assessing and diagnosing neurological conditions and deficits, making their evaluation process comprehensive and thorough.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is FALSE regarding the guidelines for record-keeping in the APS Code of Ethics

    • A.

      A. Psychologists must make and keep adequate records

    • B.

      B. Psychologists must keep records for at least 7 years after they began seeing a client

    • C.

      C. If a psychologist is seeing a client under 18 they must keep those records until the client is at least 25 years old

    • D.

      D. If a client makes a reasonable request for a psychologist to amend any inaccuracies in their record, the psychologist is obliged to do so

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Psychologists must keep records for at least 7 years after they began seeing a client
    Explanation
    According to the APS Code of Ethics, psychologists are required to make and keep adequate records (option a). However, the statement in option b is false. Psychologists are actually required to keep records for a minimum of 7 years after the last contact with a client, not 7 years after they began seeing the client. The other options (c and d) are true statements regarding record-keeping guidelines.

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  • 4. 

    A Neuropsychological evaluation

    • A.

      A. will vary as a function of the referral question

    • B.

      B. typically begins with specific neuropsychological tests

    • C.

      C. will vary depending upon the assessee’s insurance

    • D.

      D. typically begins with the administration of the Bender-Gestalt

    Correct Answer
    A. A. will vary as a function of the referral question
    Explanation
    A neuropsychological evaluation will vary as a function of the referral question because the specific tests and assessments conducted during the evaluation will depend on the reason for the referral. Different referral questions may require different measures to assess specific cognitive functions or areas of concern. Therefore, the evaluation process and the tests administered will be tailored to address the specific referral question and provide the most relevant information for the individual being assessed.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is TRUE of the guidelines surrounding confidentiality in the APS Code of Ethics?

    • A.

      A. A psychologist may breach confidentiality under any circumstances

    • B.

      B. A psychologist may breach confidentiality if the feel it is in the best interests of their client

    • C.

      C. A psychologist may not breach confidentiality under any circumstances

    • D.

      D. A psychologist may breach confidentiality if there is a risk of harm to an identifiable person or persons

    Correct Answer
    D. D. A psychologist may breach confidentiality if there is a risk of harm to an identifiable person or persons
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. A psychologist may breach confidentiality if there is a risk of harm to an identifiable person or persons. This means that psychologists have a duty to protect the safety and well-being of individuals, and in certain situations, they may need to disclose confidential information to prevent harm. This guideline recognizes the importance of balancing the ethical obligation of confidentiality with the need to ensure the safety of others.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT one of the general ethical principles of the APS Code of Ethics?

    • A.

      A. Integrity

    • B.

      B. Propriety

    • C.

      C. Honesty

    • D.

      D. Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Honesty
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Honesty. The APS Code of Ethics includes principles such as integrity, propriety, and respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples. While honesty is generally considered an important ethical principle, it is not explicitly mentioned in this particular code.

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  • 7. 

    Most neuropsychologists prefer which of the following when conducting a neuropsychological evaluation?

    • A.

      A. a prepackaged neuropsychological battery

    • B.

      B. a flexible neuropsychological battery

    • C.

      C. the Halstead-Reitan

    • D.

      D. the Luria-Nebraska

    Correct Answer
    B. B. a flexible neuropsychological battery
    Explanation
    Neuropsychologists prefer a flexible neuropsychological battery when conducting a neuropsychological evaluation because it allows them to tailor the assessment to the specific needs and concerns of each individual patient. This approach ensures that all relevant cognitive functions are assessed and allows for the inclusion of additional tests or measures as needed. A flexible battery also allows for the incorporation of new research findings and advancements in the field, ensuring that the evaluation is up-to-date and comprehensive.

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  • 8. 

    Public concern about various aspects of psychological testing reached a peak in

    • A.

      A. the 1940s

    • B.

      B. the 1950s

    • C.

      C. the 1960s

    • D.

      D. the 1970s

    Correct Answer
    C. C. the 1960s
    Explanation
    During the 1960s, there was a significant rise in public concern regarding various aspects of psychological testing. This can be attributed to several factors, including the civil rights movement and the growing awareness of social inequality and discrimination. The 1960s also saw the rise of the anti-establishment counterculture, which questioned and challenged traditional institutions and practices, including psychological testing. Additionally, this period witnessed significant advancements in the field of psychology and an increased focus on ethical considerations, leading to heightened scrutiny and public debate around psychological testing practices.

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  • 9. 

    The study of neuropsychology is BEST characterized as the study of 

    • A.

      A. nervous system/cognitive relationships

    • B.

      B. brain/behavior relationships

    • C.

      C. stimulus/response relationships

    • D.

      D. physical/platonic relationships

    Correct Answer
    B. B. brain/behavior relationships
    Explanation
    Neuropsychology is the study of the relationship between the brain and behavior. It focuses on understanding how brain structures and functions influence and affect human behavior, cognition, emotions, and mental processes. This field explores the connection between brain abnormalities or injuries and the resulting behavioral changes, helping to identify the underlying neural mechanisms behind various cognitive and psychological processes. By studying brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists gain insights into how the brain functions and how it impacts our thoughts, emotions, and actions.

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  • 10. 

    A psychologist is seeing a client who only speaks Vietnamese. The client’s adult son agrees to act as an interpreter for the psychologist. According to the APS Code of Ethics

    • A.

      A. The son can act as an interpreter if he agrees to maintain the client’s confidentiality

    • B.

      B. The son cannot act as an interpreter as he is in a multiple relationship with the client

    • C.

      C. The son cannot act as an interpreter as he is not a trained psychologist

    • D.

      D. The son can act as an interpreter provided the client gives their informed consent

    Correct Answer
    B. B. The son cannot act as an interpreter as he is in a multiple relationship with the client
    Explanation
    According to the APS Code of Ethics, psychologists should avoid multiple relationships with clients, as it can compromise objectivity and the client's well-being. In this case, the son is not only the client's family member but also acting as an interpreter, which creates a multiple relationship. Therefore, the son cannot act as an interpreter according to the APS Code of Ethics.

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  • 11. 

    As mentioned in your text, which of the following is a means of safeguarding test records?

    • A.

      A. storing test records in a locked filling cabinet

    • B.

      B. only allowing security officials to have computer passwords

    • C.

      C. installing and maintaining a special alarm system in the record storage room

    • D.

      D. storing records at an external storage facility away from the office

    Correct Answer
    A. A. storing test records in a locked filling cabinet
    Explanation
    Storing test records in a locked filing cabinet is a means of safeguarding test records because it provides physical security and restricts access to authorized personnel only. By keeping the records in a locked cabinet, it prevents unauthorized individuals from accessing or tampering with the records. This ensures the confidentiality and integrity of the test records, protecting sensitive information and maintaining the accuracy of the data.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is NOT a subspecialty of neuropsychology?

    • A.

      A. forensic neuropsychology

    • B.

      B. school neuropsychology

    • C.

      C. vocational neuropsychology

    • D.

      D. geriatric neuropsychology

    Correct Answer
    C. C. vocational neuropsychology
    Explanation
    Vocational neuropsychology is not a subspecialty of neuropsychology. Neuropsychology focuses on the relationship between brain function and behavior, typically in the assessment and treatment of individuals with neurological conditions or injuries. Forensic neuropsychology involves applying neuropsychological principles to legal cases, school neuropsychology focuses on assessing and supporting students with learning and behavioral difficulties, and geriatric neuropsychology specializes in working with older adults and age-related cognitive changes. However, vocational neuropsychology, which would involve assessing and supporting individuals in their work or occupational settings, is not recognized as a distinct subspecialty within neuropsychology.

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  • 13. 

    The case study approach is extremely valuable in neuropsychological assessments, especially with regard to determinations concerning a patient’s:

    • A.

      A. level of compliance during testing and assessment

    • B.

      B. level of premorbid functioning

    • C.

      C. need for medication and other such medical intervention

    • D.

      D. ability to pay for services on a sliding scale fee basis

    Correct Answer
    B. B. level of premorbid functioning
    Explanation
    The case study approach in neuropsychological assessments is valuable in determining a patient's level of premorbid functioning. This approach involves gathering detailed information about the patient's cognitive and functional abilities prior to the onset of any neurological condition or injury. By examining the patient's pre-existing level of functioning, clinicians can better understand any changes or impairments that have occurred as a result of the neurological condition. This information is crucial for accurately diagnosing and planning appropriate interventions for the patient.

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  • 14. 

    The terms “organicity” and “neurological damage”

    • A.

      A. both refer to damage to the brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system

    • B.

      B. are basically the same diagnostic entities and are unitary in nature

    • C.

      C. were generally used interchangeably from about the time of the world war 1 to the 1950’s

    • D.

      D. both refer to the fact that most brain-damaged children share a similar pattern of cognitive, behavioural, and motor deficits

    Correct Answer
    C. C. were generally used interchangeably from about the time of the world war 1 to the 1950’s
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. were generally used interchangeably from about the time of the world war 1 to the 1950’s. This means that during the time period mentioned, the terms "organicity" and "neurological damage" were often used in place of each other, suggesting that they were considered to have similar meanings or were used to describe similar concepts.

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  • 15. 

    The ethical standard regarding Confidentiality falls under which general principal in the Code of Ethics 

    • A.

      A. Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples

    • B.

      B. Propriety

    • C.

      C. Integrity

    • D.

      D. Confidentiality is not in the code

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples
    Explanation
    The ethical standard regarding Confidentiality falls under the general principle of "Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples." This principle emphasizes the importance of protecting the privacy and confidentiality of individuals and groups. It recognizes that individuals have a right to control their personal information and that professionals should maintain confidentiality unless there is a legal or ethical obligation to disclose information. By upholding this principle, professionals demonstrate respect for the autonomy and dignity of the individuals they serve.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following ethical considerations as outlined in the APS Code of Ethics belongs under the general principle of Propriety

    • A.

      A. When dealing with clients, psychologist must reframe for engaging in multiple relationships that could impair their competence, effectiveness, objectivity, or ability to render psychological services

    • B.

      B. When delegating tasks to an assistant the psychologist must take reasonable steps to ensure that the delegate is not in a multiple relationship that could impair their decision

    • C.

      C. When disclosing confidential information obtained through psychological services psychologists obtain the consent of the client or person with legal authority for their client

    • D.

      D. Advertising by psychologists must not include any statement likely to appeal to a client’s fears, anxieties or emotions concerning the possible results of failure to obtain the offered services.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. When delegating tasks to an assistant the psychologist must take reasonable steps to ensure that the delegate is not in a multiple relationship that could impair their decision
    Explanation
    Option b is the correct answer because it addresses the ethical consideration of avoiding multiple relationships that could impair the delegate's decision-making abilities. This falls under the general principle of Propriety, which emphasizes maintaining appropriate boundaries and avoiding conflicts of interest in professional relationships. By taking reasonable steps to ensure that the delegate is not in a multiple relationship, the psychologist upholds their ethical responsibility to prioritize the client's well-being and ensure competent and objective decision-making.

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  • 17. 

    The APS Code of ethics general principle of propriety demands psychologists

    • A.

      A. Provide services to benefit, and not cause harm

    • B.

      B. Ensure they are competent to deliver the psychological services they provide

    • C.

      C. Protect the interests of peoples with whom they work

    • D.

      D. All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The APS Code of ethics general principle of propriety demands psychologists to provide services to benefit, and not cause harm, ensure they are competent to deliver the psychological services they provide, and protect the interests of the people with whom they work. This means that psychologists must prioritize the well-being of their clients, continuously update their knowledge and skills, and act in a way that safeguards the rights and welfare of those they serve. By selecting "All of the above" as the correct answer, it acknowledges that all three options are essential components of the principle of propriety in the APS Code of ethics.

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  • 18. 

    During a session, Annie (a 15 year old girl), discloses to her psychologist that she was planning on having sex with her boyfriend as she felt he was going to leave her for another girl if she does not. She was adamant that she would not reconsider her decision. The psychologist decided not to tell her extremely religious parents out of fear that she would be forced out of home if they found out and instead helped Annie find contraceptive advice from a GP. The psychologist later outright denied to Annie's mother that Annie was considering becoming sexually active.  Which ethical principle appears to have been breached?

    • A.

      A. Competence- in helping the client find contraceptive advice

    • B.

      B. The informed consent of the clients parents

    • C.

      C. The limits of confidentiality that should have been out lined to the client

    • D.

      D. There was no ethical breach; the psychologist did the right thing.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. The limits of confidentiality that should have been out lined to the client
    Explanation
    The ethical principle that appears to have been breached in this scenario is the limits of confidentiality that should have been outlined to the client. The psychologist should have clearly communicated to Annie about the circumstances under which confidentiality may need to be breached, such as when there is a risk of harm to herself or others. By not informing Annie's mother about her decision to become sexually active, the psychologist failed to uphold the duty to disclose information that could potentially affect the client's safety and well-being.

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  • 19. 

    A psychologist’s boss has them score some WPPSI, a task for which the psychologist is not trained. This presents

    • A.

      A. An ethical dilemma

    • B.

      B. A mixed dilemma

    • C.

      C. A moral dilemma

    • D.

      D. Is not a dilemma

    Correct Answer
    B. B. A mixed dilemma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. A mixed dilemma. This is because the psychologist's boss has asked them to score the WPPSI, which is a task they are not trained for. This presents a dilemma for the psychologist as they may feel conflicted about whether to comply with their boss's request or to refuse due to their lack of training and potential ethical concerns. Therefore, it is a mixed dilemma as it involves both ethical and professional considerations.

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  • 20. 

    A client is behaving extremely violently as she believes that her husband is going to leave her. The psychologist knows that the client’s husband is leaving but lies to the client to calm her. A few days later, when the client is behaving rationally, the husband breaks the news to his wife with the psychologist present. The client accepts the situation despite being upset. What type of theoretical ethical approach did this decision follow?

    • A.

      A. Deontological

    • B.

      B. Virtuous

    • C.

      C. Consequentialist

    • D.

      D. Pragmatic

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Consequentialist
    Explanation
    The psychologist's decision to lie to the client was based on the belief that it would lead to a better outcome in the long run, as it would calm the client in the short term. This decision was made with the intention of achieving a positive consequence, which aligns with the consequentialist ethical approach.

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  • 21. 

    The seven first-level principles include; dignity, honesty, equality, prudence, openness, goodwill and 

    • A.

      A. Suffering prevention

    • B.

      B. Propriety

    • C.

      C. Integrity

    • D.

      D. Justice

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Suffering prevention
    Explanation
    The correct answer is suffering prevention. The seven first-level principles are listed as dignity, honesty, equality, prudence, openness, goodwill, and suffering prevention. This suggests that one of the principles is focused on preventing or minimizing suffering.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Antcliff
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