Ncm 102 Online Pretest #1 (Midterms)

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| By Ataquino
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Ataquino
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 755
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 395

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Pretest Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Constipation causes abdominal obstruction.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Constipation refers to a condition where a person has difficulty passing stools or has infrequent bowel movements. When this occurs, the stool can become hard and dry, leading to a blockage in the intestines. This blockage can cause abdominal obstruction, characterized by symptoms such as bloating, cramping, and discomfort. Therefore, it is true that constipation can cause abdominal obstruction.

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  • 2. 

    Abdominal obstruction causes constipation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Abdominal obstruction can cause constipation because it blocks the normal flow of stool through the intestines. When the intestines are obstructed, the stool cannot pass through, leading to difficulty or inability to have regular bowel movements. This can result in constipation, which is characterized by infrequent bowel movements, hard stools, and straining during bowel movements. Therefore, it is true that abdominal obstruction can cause constipation.

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  • 3. 

    Abdominal distention causes abdominal obstruction.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Abdominal distention does not cause abdominal obstruction. Abdominal distention refers to the swelling or bloating of the abdomen, which can be caused by various factors such as gas, fluid accumulation, or organ enlargement. On the other hand, abdominal obstruction refers to a blockage in the intestines that prevents the normal flow of food, fluids, and gas. While abdominal distention can sometimes be a symptom of abdominal obstruction, it is not the cause of it. Abdominal obstruction can be caused by factors such as tumors, hernias, or adhesions. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 4. 

    Abdominal obstruction causes abdominal distention.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Abdominal obstruction refers to a blockage in the intestines or other parts of the digestive system, which prevents the normal passage of food and waste. This blockage can lead to a buildup of gas and fluid in the abdomen, causing it to become distended or swollen. Therefore, it is true that abdominal obstruction causes abdominal distention.

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  • 5. 

    The best time to administer iron supplements is when the stomach is empty.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Administering iron supplements on an empty stomach can cause gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and stomach cramps. Therefore, it is recommended to take iron supplements with food to minimize these side effects.

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  • 6. 

    The most active portion of the gastrointestinal tract is the point where the small intestines and large intestines meet.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The small intestines and large intestines meet at a point called the cecum, which is located in the lower right side of the abdomen. This is the area where the most active digestion and absorption of nutrients takes place. The small intestines are responsible for breaking down food and absorbing nutrients, while the large intestines mainly absorb water and electrolytes, and form and store feces. Therefore, it is true that the most active portion of the gastrointestinal tract is where the small intestines and large intestines meet.

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  • 7. 

    When a person say that he is in pain, then the nurse have to believe it even if the verbal cues are incongruent with nonverbal cues.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that pain is a subjective experience and can vary greatly from person to person. Verbal cues, such as someone saying they are in pain, should be taken seriously and believed by the nurse, even if their nonverbal cues do not align with what is typically associated with pain. This is because individuals may express pain differently or may be trying to hide their discomfort. It is important for healthcare professionals to trust and validate the patient's self-report of pain in order to provide appropriate care and support.

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  • 8. 

    Abdominal assessment is the in the following order, inspection, auscultation, palpation and percussion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct order for abdominal assessment is inspection, auscultation, palpation, and percussion. This is because inspection allows the healthcare provider to visually assess the abdomen for any abnormalities or distention. Auscultation involves listening to bowel sounds using a stethoscope to assess the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Palpation is the next step, where the healthcare provider gently feels the abdomen to assess for tenderness, masses, or organ enlargement. Lastly, percussion involves tapping the abdomen to assess the density of underlying organs. Therefore, the given answer is false.

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  • 9. 

    For optimum absorption, iron should be administered with vitamin B12.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Iron should be administered with vitamin C, not vitamin B12, for optimum absorption. Vitamin C helps to enhance the absorption of iron in the body, while vitamin B12 is not directly involved in the absorption process. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 10. 

    Areas of tenderness in the abdomen should be palpated first.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because areas of tenderness in the abdomen should be palpated last, not first. Palpating tender areas first may cause discomfort or pain to the patient and can potentially interfere with the accuracy of the examination. It is recommended to begin with gentle palpation in non-tender areas and gradually move towards the areas of tenderness, if any, towards the end of the examination.

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