Ncfe Review- Most Commonly Missed Questions

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Michelle BYRD
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Ncfe Review- Most Commonly Missed Questions - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the main function of the vomiting reflex? 

    • A.

      Rid the body of wastes 

    • B.

      Expel food that has no nutritional value

    • C.

      Empty stomach when it has too much food 

    • D.

      Remove toxic material from the stomach before it is absorbed

    Correct Answer
    D. Remove toxic material from the stomach before it is absorbed
    Explanation
    The main function of the vomiting reflex is to remove toxic material from the stomach before it is absorbed. When the body detects harmful substances or toxins in the stomach, it triggers the vomiting reflex to expel them and prevent their absorption into the bloodstream. This is an important defense mechanism to protect the body from ingesting harmful substances and to maintain overall health and well-being.

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  • 2. 

    How do the digestive and the circulatory system work together within the human body?

    • A.

      Digestive system send electrical messages, while the circulatory system responds to the messages

    • B.

      Digestive system provides structure for the body, while the circulatory system directs the movement

    • C.

      Digestive system removes liquid toxins from body, while the circulatory system removes the solid waste

    • D.

      Digestive system extracts nutrients from food, while the circulatory system transports those nutrients

    Correct Answer
    D. Digestive system extracts nutrients from food, while the circulatory system transports those nutrients
    Explanation
    The digestive system extracts nutrients from the food we eat through the process of digestion. These nutrients are then absorbed into the bloodstream. The circulatory system, which consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, is responsible for transporting these nutrients to different parts of the body. This allows the nutrients to be delivered to cells and tissues where they are needed for growth, repair, and energy production. Therefore, the digestive system and the circulatory system work together to ensure that the body receives the necessary nutrients for its proper functioning.

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  • 3. 

    Use the diagram- Which body system would include the movement and works in coordination with the skeletal system?

    • A.

      Muscular

    • B.

      Digestive

    • C.

      Circulatory

    • D.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Muscular. The muscular system is responsible for movement and works in coordination with the skeletal system to allow for voluntary and involuntary movements. The muscles attach to the bones of the skeletal system and contract to create movement. Without the muscular system, the skeletal system would not be able to function properly.

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  • 4. 

    What is blood clotting made possible by?

    • A.

      White blood cells

    • B.

      Red blood cells

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    C. Platelets
    Explanation
    Blood clotting is made possible by platelets. Platelets are small, irregularly shaped cell fragments that play a crucial role in the clotting process. When there is an injury or damage to blood vessels, platelets are activated and form a plug at the site of injury. They release chemicals that attract more platelets and help in the formation of a stable clot. This clot prevents excessive bleeding and allows for the healing process to begin. Without platelets, blood clotting would be impaired, leading to prolonged bleeding and increased risk of complications.

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  • 5. 

    _________________ : soldiers  within the circulatory system

    • A.

      White blood cells

    • B.

      Red blood cells

    • C.

      Plasma

    • D.

      Platelets

    Correct Answer
    A. White blood cells
    Explanation
    White blood cells are the correct answer because they are a type of blood cell that plays a vital role in the immune system. They help to fight off infections and diseases by identifying and destroying harmful pathogens. Unlike red blood cells, white blood cells have a nucleus and are able to move independently within the circulatory system. They are responsible for detecting and eliminating foreign substances and abnormal cells, making them an essential component of the body's defense mechanism.

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  • 6. 

    The major function or purpose of B-cells within the body would be to.... 

    • A.

      Produce antibodies 

    • B.

      Kill off invading threats 

    • C.

      They are dangerous to your body and as a result can kill you 

    • D.

      None of the above 

    Correct Answer
    A. Produce antibodies 
    Explanation
    B-cells are a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in the immune response. Their main function is to produce antibodies, which are proteins that help identify and neutralize foreign substances, such as bacteria or viruses, in the body. These antibodies bind to specific antigens on the surface of the invading threats, marking them for destruction by other immune cells. Therefore, the correct answer is "produce antibodies."

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  • 7. 

    In the human body, the primary function of this body system is the movement of bones, body fluids, and food....

    • A.

      Digestive 

    • B.

      Skeletal 

    • C.

      Circulatory

    • D.

      Muscular

    Correct Answer
    D. Muscular
    Explanation
    The muscular system is responsible for the movement of bones, body fluids, and food in the human body. Muscles work together to contract and relax, allowing for voluntary and involuntary movements. Skeletal muscles move bones, while smooth muscles move body fluids and food through the digestive and circulatory systems. Therefore, the muscular system is the correct answer as it directly relates to the primary function mentioned in the question.

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  • 8. 

    Homeostasis helps to regulate which of the following...

    • A.

      Blood pressure

    • B.

      Blood sugar

    • C.

      Heat/cold (body temperature)

    • D.

      Amount of water/salts body has taken in

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Blood pressure
    B. Blood sugar
    C. Heat/cold (body temperature)
    D. Amount of water/salts body has taken in
    Explanation
    Homeostasis is the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment. It regulates various factors including blood pressure, blood sugar levels, body temperature, and the amount of water and salts in the body. By constantly monitoring and adjusting these variables, the body ensures that they remain within a narrow range necessary for optimal functioning.

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  • 9. 

    All of the following are cell characteristics, identify which type of cell it would be? - Cell Membrane -Cytoplasm -Ribosomes -DNA

    • A.

      Prokaryotic Cells

    • B.

      Eukaryotic Cells

    • C.

      Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes." This is because all of the listed cell characteristics (cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, and DNA) are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are simpler and lack a nucleus, while eukaryotic cells are more complex and have a nucleus, but both types of cells share these common characteristics.

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  • 10. 

    In which way are a euglena and a volvox different?

    • A.

      A euglena is an individual cell, while a volvox is a colony of cells.

    • B.

      A euglena uses cilia to move, while a volvox uses flagella to move.

    • C.

      A euglena can make its own food, while a volvox must capture its food.

    • D.

      A euglena only reproduces sexually, while a volvox only reproduces asexually.

    Correct Answer
    A. A euglena is an individual cell, while a volvox is a colony of cells.
    Explanation
    A euglena is an individual cell, while a volvox is a colony of cells. This means that a euglena exists as a single, independent organism, while a volvox is made up of multiple individual cells that work together as a collective unit.

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  • 11. 

    How do a volvox and an amoeba get their food? 

    • A.

      A volvox uses eyespots, and an amoeba uses cilia to find food.

    • B.

      A volvox uses photosynthesis, and an amoeba surrounds its food.

    • C.

      A volvox surrounds its food, and an amoeba uses cilia to find food.

    • D.

      A volvox uses pseudopods to find food, and an amoeba uses photosynthesis.

    Correct Answer
    B. A volvox uses photosynthesis, and an amoeba surrounds its food.
    Explanation
    A volvox uses photosynthesis to obtain food, as it contains chloroplasts that allow it to convert sunlight into energy. On the other hand, an amoeba surrounds its food by extending pseudopods and engulfing it. This process is known as phagocytosis, where the amoeba forms a temporary membrane around the food particle and brings it into its cell.

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  • 12. 

    Complete the analogy below:  Photosynthesis: Chloroplasts Cellular Respiration: ___________________

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Chloroplasts

    • C.

      ER

    • D.

      Nucleus 

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert glucose into usable energy in the form of ATP. This process occurs in the mitochondria, which are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell. Just as chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis in plant cells, mitochondria play a crucial role in cellular respiration in both plant and animal cells.

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  • 13. 

    A track runner breathing and heart rate increases while running a race. What would be a possible explanation, based on what you have learned about the certain functions of cell organelles?

    • A.

      The mitochondria need more oxygen

    • B.

      The heart is working harder not better during a run

    • C.

      The nucleus can't keep up with the demands of heart/breathing rates during a run

    • D.

      The ribosomes are not producing proteins

    Correct Answer
    A. The mitochondria need more oxygen
    Explanation
    During exercise, the mitochondria in our cells produce energy through aerobic respiration. As the track runner runs a race, their muscles require more energy, leading to an increased need for oxygen. The mitochondria, which are responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP, need more oxygen to carry out this process efficiently. Therefore, the increased breathing and heart rate observed in the runner can be attributed to the mitochondria's need for more oxygen to meet the energy demands of the body.

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  • 14. 

    Complete the following analogy Pizza Hut Delivery Guy: City ______________________: Cell organelles

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      ER

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Ribosomes 

    Correct Answer
    B. ER
    Explanation
    The analogy is comparing the Pizza Hut delivery guy to the ER (Endoplasmic Reticulum) in cell organelles. The ER is responsible for transporting proteins and other molecules within the cell, just like how the delivery guy transports pizzas within the city. Both the ER and the delivery guy play a crucial role in ensuring the smooth functioning and distribution of their respective systems.

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  • 15. 

    The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Law of Conservation of Energy is a fundamental principle in physics that states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed from one form to another. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant over time. This principle is supported by numerous scientific experiments and observations, making the statement "True" the correct answer.

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  • 16. 

    According to the Law of Conservation of Energy, in theory, a bouncy ball will not stop bouncing.  However, we know that it will stop. Where did the energy go?

    • A.

      The energy gets converted into sound energy and escapes into the surroundings

    • B.

      The energy gets converted into thermal energy and escapes into the surroundings

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    According to the Law of Conservation of Energy, energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converted from one form to another. In the case of a bouncy ball, when it hits the ground, some of its energy is converted into sound energy, which is released into the surroundings as sound waves. Additionally, some of the energy is converted into thermal energy, causing the ball and the ground to heat up slightly. Therefore, both options A and B are correct as the energy is converted into sound and thermal energy and escapes into the surroundings.

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  • 17. 

     A rubber ball falling vertically bounces off a concrete floor. Just as the ball begins to bounce up, all of its energy is kinetic. According to the Law of Conservation of Energy, what forms of energy will this kinetic energy convert to?

    • A.

      Thermal, sound , and radiant energy

    • B.

      Chemical potential energy, thermal, radiant 

    • C.

      Gravitational potential energy, thermal, sound

    • D.

      Gravitational potential energy, chemical, sound

    Correct Answer
    C. Gravitational potential energy, thermal, sound
    Explanation
    As the rubber ball falls and bounces off the concrete floor, its initial kinetic energy is converted into gravitational potential energy as it reaches the highest point of the bounce. During the bounce, some of the kinetic energy is also converted into thermal energy due to friction between the ball and the floor, and sound energy is produced as the ball collides with the floor and vibrates. Therefore, the correct answer is gravitational potential energy, thermal, sound.

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  • 18. 

    What forms of energy increases as a rocket blasts off?

    • A.

      Chemical potential & gravitational potential energy

    • B.

       gravitational potential and kinetic

    • C.

      Chemical potential and kinetic energy

    • D.

      Kinetic and thermal 

    Correct Answer
    D. Kinetic and thermal 
    Explanation
    As a rocket blasts off, its chemical potential energy is converted into kinetic energy as the fuel is burned and expelled. Additionally, the rocket gains thermal energy due to the heat generated during the combustion process. Therefore, the forms of energy that increase as a rocket blasts off are kinetic and thermal energy.

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  • 19. 

    What will happen to the gravitational potential energy of a rock as it is moving down the hill during a landslide?

    • A.

      It will decrease

    • B.

      It will increase

    • C.

      It will not change

    • D.

      The mass of the rock will increase

    Correct Answer
    A. It will decrease
    Explanation
    As the rock moves down the hill during a landslide, it is losing height. Gravitational potential energy is directly proportional to the height of an object above the ground. Therefore, as the rock moves down the hill and its height decreases, its gravitational potential energy will also decrease.

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  • 20. 

    Which forms of energy would you find in a jack in the box? (choose more than one answer!)

    • A.

      Sound energy

    • B.

       mechanical energy

    • C.

      Radiant energy

    • D.

      Electrical energy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sound energy
    B.  mechanical energy
    Explanation
    In a jack in the box, you would find sound energy and mechanical energy. Sound energy is produced when the box is opened and the spring mechanism releases, causing a popping sound. Mechanical energy is present in the spring mechanism, which stores potential energy when it is wound up and then converts it to kinetic energy when it is released, causing the jack to pop out.

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  • 21. 

    Kinetic Energy is determined by which two factors

    • A.

      Speed

    • B.

      Mass

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      Direction

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Kinetic energy is determined by both speed and mass. The speed of an object affects its kinetic energy because the faster an object is moving, the more energy it possesses. Similarly, the mass of an object also affects its kinetic energy because the more massive an object is, the more energy it requires to be in motion. Therefore, both speed and mass play a crucial role in determining the kinetic energy of an object.

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  • 22. 

    Which two factors will impact the amount of gravitational potential energy an object will have?

    • A.

      Height 

    • B.

      Mass

    • C.

      Speed

    • D.

      Transformations

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Height 
    B. Mass
    Explanation
    The amount of gravitational potential energy an object will have is determined by two factors: height and mass. Height refers to the distance above the ground or reference point at which the object is located. The higher the object is, the greater its gravitational potential energy. Mass refers to the amount of matter in the object. The greater the mass of the object, the greater its gravitational potential energy. Speed and transformations are not factors that directly impact the amount of gravitational potential energy.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 13, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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