NCCT Law And Ethics

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NCCT Quizzes & Trivia

Helps you prepare for the NCCT cetification test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Right and wrong conduct is known as what?

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Ethics

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics refers to the principles and values that guide individuals or groups in determining what is right and wrong conduct. It involves making moral judgments and decisions based on moral reasoning and understanding the consequences of one's actions. Empathy, criminal law, and licensure are not synonymous with the concept of right and wrong conduct, making ethics the correct answer.

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  • 2. 

    2.The most common type of medical tort liability is?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of contract

    • C.

      Breach of confidence

    • D.

      Fraud and deceit

    Correct Answer
    A. Negligence
    Explanation
    The most common type of medical tort liability is negligence. Negligence refers to the failure of a healthcare professional to provide the standard level of care expected in their field, resulting in harm or injury to a patient. This can include errors in diagnosis, treatment, or surgical procedures. Negligence is the most common type of medical tort liability because it encompasses a wide range of actions or omissions that can lead to patient harm, and it is often easier to prove compared to other types of liability such as breach of contract or breach of confidence.

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  • 3. 

    3.A person being sued is called the?

    • A.

      Plaintiff

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Criminal law

    Correct Answer
    C. Defendant
    Explanation
    A person being sued is called the defendant. In a legal case, the defendant is the party against whom the lawsuit is filed. They are the one being accused or held responsible for the alleged wrongdoing or harm caused. The plaintiff, on the other hand, is the party who initiates the lawsuit and brings the case to court. The term "tort" refers to a civil wrong that causes harm or injury, which can be the basis for a lawsuit. Criminal law, on the other hand, deals with offenses committed against society as a whole, rather than individual lawsuits.

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  • 4. 

    4.The withdrawal of a physician from the care of a patient without reasonable notice of such discharge from the case by the patient is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Negligence

    • D.

      Abandonment

    Correct Answer
    D. Abandonment
    Explanation
    Abandonment refers to the act of a physician withdrawing from the care of a patient without providing reasonable notice or without the patient's consent. This action is considered unethical and can have serious consequences for the patient's well-being. It is important for physicians to fulfill their duty of care and ensure proper communication and transition of care when discontinuing treatment. Abandonment can lead to legal implications and is a breach of the physician-patient relationship.

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  • 5. 

    5.An unlawful threat or attempt to do bodily injury to another is?

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Assault

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      Libel

    Correct Answer
    B. Assault
    Explanation
    Assault is the correct answer because it refers to an unlawful threat or attempt to physically harm someone. It involves the intentional act of causing fear or apprehension of immediate bodily harm. This can be through actions such as physical attacks, gestures, or even verbal threats. Assault is considered a crime and can result in legal consequences for the perpetrator.

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  • 6. 

    6.The health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted reasonable as compared with fellow workers. This is called?

    • A.

      Respondeat superior

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Duty of care

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasonable care
    Explanation
    The term "reasonable care" refers to the legal standard that determines whether a health worker acted responsibly in comparison to their peers. If it can be established that the health worker's actions were reasonable and aligned with the actions that other workers in the same profession would have taken in a similar situation, they are protected by law. This standard helps to ensure that health workers are held accountable for their actions, but also provides them with legal protection if they acted reasonably.

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  • 7. 

    7.Negligence by a professional person is called?

    • A.

      Invasionof privacy

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      Malpractice

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    C. Malpractice
    Explanation
    Malpractice refers to the negligence or misconduct by a professional person, such as a doctor, lawyer, or accountant, in which they fail to perform their duties competently, resulting in harm or injury to their client or patient. This term specifically relates to professional negligence and is commonly used in the legal and medical fields. The other options listed, invasion of privacy, slander, and tort, do not specifically refer to negligence by a professional person.

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  • 8. 

    8.An act that violates criminallaw is called?

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Libel

    • D.

      Slander

    Correct Answer
    B. Crime
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "crime" because an act that violates criminal law is commonly referred to as a crime. Crimes are actions or behaviors that are prohibited by law and are punishable by the legal system. Defamation, libel, and slander are not specific terms for acts that violate criminal law, but rather refer to different types of harmful statements or false information that can lead to civil lawsuits.

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  • 9. 

    9.The breaking of a law, promise, or duty is called?

    • A.

      Statute

    • B.

      Breach

    • C.

      Consent

    • D.

      Incompetent

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach
    Explanation
    The term "breach" refers to the act of breaking or violating a law, promise, or duty. It implies the failure to fulfill an obligation or commitment, resulting in a violation of established rules or expectations.

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  • 10. 

    10.The ability to see things from another person's point of view is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Empathy

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Empathy
    Explanation
    Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. It involves putting oneself in someone else's shoes and seeing things from their perspective. This ability allows individuals to connect with others on a deeper level, showing understanding, compassion, and support. Empathy plays a crucial role in building relationships, resolving conflicts, and promoting understanding and cooperation among individuals. It is an essential quality for effective communication and fostering positive interpersonal connections.

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  • 11. 

    11.The time established for filing law suits is?

    • A.

      Civil law

    • B.

      Statute of limitations

    • C.

      Contract

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Statute of limitations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "statute of limitations." In civil law, there is a specific time period, known as the statute of limitations, within which a lawsuit must be filed. This time limit varies depending on the type of case and jurisdiction. Once the statute of limitations expires, the plaintiff is generally barred from bringing the claim to court. Therefore, understanding and adhering to the statute of limitations is crucial in filing a lawsuit in civil law.

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  • 12. 

    12.A writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony is a(n)?

    • A.

      Habeas corpus

    • B.

      Tort of apperance

    • C.

      Subpoena

    • D.

      Tort et a travers

    Correct Answer
    C. Subpoena
    Explanation
    A subpoena is a writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony. It is a legal document issued by a court or a lawyer, requiring the presence of a person to testify as a witness. This is different from a habeas corpus, which is a writ used to bring a person who has been unlawfully detained before a court, and tort of appearance or tort et a travers, which are not relevant to the given context.

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  • 13. 

    13.A wrong committed against another person or the person's property is a?

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Libel

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Plaintiff

    Correct Answer
    C. Tort
    Explanation
    A tort is a wrongful act or infringement committed against another person or their property. It can include various forms of harm such as physical injury, damage to property, or violation of someone's rights. Defamation and libel are specific types of torts that involve false statements or damaging information about someone's reputation. The term "plaintiff" refers to the party who brings a lawsuit in a civil case, seeking legal remedy for a tort or other wrongdoing. Therefore, the correct answer for the given question is tort, as it encompasses a broader category of wrongful acts against others.

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  • 14. 

    14. Holding or detaining a person against his will is?

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Incompetent

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. False imprisonment
    Explanation
    False imprisonment refers to the act of unlawfully restraining or confining a person against their will, without any legal justification or authority. It involves intentionally restricting someone's freedom of movement, either physically or through threats or coercion. This act is considered a crime because it violates an individual's basic human rights and personal liberty. Therefore, false imprisonment is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 15. 

    15.A violation of a person's right not to have his or her name, photograph, or private affairs exposed of made public without giving consent is?

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Invasion of privacy refers to the act of violating someone's right to keep their personal information, name, photograph, or private matters confidential and not disclosed to the public without their consent. This can include unauthorized publication or dissemination of personal information, intrusion into someone's private life, or unauthorized use of someone's image or likeness. It is a violation of an individual's right to privacy and can have legal consequences. False imprisonment, malpractice, and statute do not directly relate to the violation of privacy in this context.

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  • 16. 

    16. a major crime for which greater punishment is imposed other than a misdemeanor is?

    • A.

      Licensure

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    D. Felony
    Explanation
    A major crime for which greater punishment is imposed other than a misdemeanor is a felony. Felonies are serious offenses that typically involve violence, harm to others, or significant property damage. They are more severe than misdemeanors and usually carry punishments such as imprisonment for more than one year, substantial fines, probation, or even the death penalty in some cases. Unlike misdemeanors, which are less serious offenses, felonies can have long-lasting consequences on an individual's personal and professional life.

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  • 17. 

    17.One who institutes a lawsuit is?

    • A.

      Defendant

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Litigation

    • D.

      Respondeat superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Plaintiff
    Explanation
    A plaintiff is the correct answer because they are the one who initiates or institutes a lawsuit by filing a legal complaint against another party. They bring the case to court seeking a legal remedy or compensation for a perceived wrong or harm done to them. The defendant, on the other hand, is the party against whom the lawsuit is filed and is required to respond to the allegations made by the plaintiff. Litigation refers to the process of resolving legal disputes through the court system, while respondeat superior is a legal doctrine that holds an employer liable for the actions of their employees.

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  • 18. 

    18. A legal statement of how an individual's property is to be distributed after death is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Judgment

    Correct Answer
    C. Will
    Explanation
    A will is a legal statement that outlines how a person's property and assets should be distributed after their death. It is a document that allows individuals to express their wishes and ensure that their loved ones are taken care of. A will can specify who should inherit specific items or properties, appoint guardians for minor children, and name an executor to carry out the instructions. It is an important legal document that helps to ensure that a person's final wishes are respected and their assets are distributed according to their intentions.

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  • 19. 

    19. Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be discloed without consent of the person who gave it is?

    • A.

      Duty of care

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    D. Privileged communication
    Explanation
    Privileged communication refers to the confidential information shared by a patient with medical personnel, which cannot be disclosed without the patient's consent. This is an important ethical and legal principle that protects the privacy and trust between patients and healthcare providers. It allows patients to freely share sensitive information without fear of it being revealed to others, ensuring their autonomy and promoting open communication for effective healthcare delivery.

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  • 20. 

    20. A rule of conduct mad by a government body is?

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Law

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Contract

    Correct Answer
    B. Law
    Explanation
    A rule of conduct made by a government body is referred to as law. Laws are established by government authorities to regulate and govern the behavior of individuals and society as a whole. They are enforceable and aim to maintain order, protect rights, and provide justice. Laws can cover various aspects such as criminal offenses, civil disputes, property rights, and contractual agreements. They play a crucial role in maintaining social harmony and ensuring fair and just treatment for all individuals.

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  • 21. 

    21. Failure to do something that a reasonable person would do under ordinary circumstances tat ends up causing harm to another person or a person's property is?

    • A.

      Malpractice

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Defamation

    Correct Answer
    B. Negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence refers to the failure to perform an action that a reasonable person would do in normal circumstances, resulting in harm to another person or their property. It implies a lack of care or attention, leading to unintended consequences. Negligence can occur in various situations, such as medical treatment, driving, or maintaining property. It is different from malpractice, which specifically refers to negligence by a professional in their field of expertise. Slander and defamation are unrelated concepts, involving false statements that harm someone's reputation.

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  • 22. 

    22. Permission granted by a person voluntarily and in his right mind is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Breach

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. Consent
    Explanation
    Consent refers to the permission given willingly and with full mental capacity by an individual. It implies that the person has agreed to something voluntarily and is aware of the consequences. This term is commonly used in legal and ethical contexts, such as obtaining consent before medical procedures or engaging in sexual activity. Consent plays a crucial role in ensuring that actions are taken with the individual's full agreement and understanding.

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  • 23. 

    23. Injuring the name and reputation of another person by making false statements to a third person is?

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Defamation
    Explanation
    Defamation refers to the act of damaging someone's name and reputation by spreading false statements to a third party. It involves making false statements about someone that harm their reputation and can lead to negative consequences for the individual being defamed.

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  • 24. 

    24. an agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of some definite thing is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Statute

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract
    Explanation
    A contract is an agreement between two or more parties where they agree to perform or refrain from performing a specific action. It is a legally binding agreement that outlines the rights and obligations of each party involved. Contracts can be written or verbal and are enforceable by law. They are commonly used in business transactions to ensure that all parties involved understand their responsibilities and to provide legal protection in case of a breach of agreement.

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  • 25. 

    25. Lack of physical or mental fitness is known as?

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Abandonment

    • C.

      Competence

    • D.

      Incompetence

    Correct Answer
    D. Incompetence
    Explanation
    Incompetence refers to the lack of physical or mental fitness. It means that a person is not capable or skilled enough to perform a task or fulfill their responsibilities. This term is commonly used to describe someone who is unable to meet the required standards or expectations in a particular area. It can be applied to various contexts, such as professional competence or general ability to perform tasks effectively.

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  • 26. 

    26. The final decision of a court in an action or suit is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Contract

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Judgment
    Explanation
    In the context of a court action or suit, the final decision is referred to as a judgment. This refers to the formal pronouncement by the court regarding the rights and obligations of the parties involved in the case. A judgment can determine the outcome of the case, such as declaring one party as the winner and the other as the loser, or it can also include specific orders or remedies to be followed. It is the conclusive resolution of the legal dispute and represents the court's final ruling on the matter.

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  • 27. 

    27. Responsibility of an employer for the acts of an employee is?

    • A.

      Libel

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Respondeat superior

    • D.

      Civil aw

    Correct Answer
    C. Respondeat superior
    Explanation
    Respondeat superior is a legal doctrine that holds employers responsible for the actions of their employees while they are acting within the scope of their employment. This means that if an employee commits a wrongful act or causes harm to someone while performing their job duties, the employer can be held liable for the employee's actions. This doctrine is based on the idea that employers have control and authority over their employees and should therefore be responsible for their actions.

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  • 28. 

    28. Alatin term signifying that a person is not sound mind is?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Non compos mentis

    • C.

      Res judicata

    • D.

      Tecum

    Correct Answer
    B. Non compos mentis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "non compos mentis". This term is a Latin phrase that is used to describe someone who is not of sound mind or mentally incapable. It is often used in legal contexts to refer to individuals who lack the mental capacity to make decisions or understand the consequences of their actions.

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  • 29. 

    29. A person who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent is called a(n)?

    • A.

      Emancipated minor

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    A. Emancipated minor
    Explanation
    An emancipated minor refers to a person who is legally recognized as an adult and is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of their parent. This means that they have been granted certain rights and responsibilities that are typically reserved for adults, such as the ability to make decisions about their own healthcare, education, and finances.

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  • 30. 

    30.An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patient's complaints about medical care or excessive fees is called a _______ committee?

    • A.

      Medical ethics

    • B.

      Medical grievance

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Medical grievance
    Explanation
    An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patient's complaints about medical care or excessive fees is called a medical grievance committee. This committee is responsible for addressing and resolving issues related to medical care and fees that patients may have. It provides a platform for patients to voice their concerns and ensures that their complaints are heard and addressed in a fair and unbiased manner.

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  • 31. 

    31. Latin for "things done; deeds"; the facts and circumstances attendant to the act in question would be called?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Locum tenems

    • C.

      Tecum

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. Res gestae
    Explanation
    Res gestae is a Latin term that translates to "things done; deeds." It refers to the facts and circumstances surrounding a particular act or event. In legal contexts, it is often used to describe the spontaneous statements or actions made by a person that are closely connected to the main event and can be considered as evidence. Therefore, res gestae is the most appropriate term to describe the facts and circumstances attendant to the act in question.

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  • 32. 

    32. Testimony of a witness under oath and written down before trial for possible use when the case comes to trial is?

    • A.

      Deposition

    • B.

      Citation

    • C.

      Warrent

    • D.

      Expert testimony

    Correct Answer
    A. Deposition
    Explanation
    A deposition is a testimony given by a witness under oath and recorded in writing before a trial. It is done to preserve the witness's statement for possible use during the trial. This allows both parties to have access to the witness's testimony and prevents any potential changes or inconsistencies in their statement.

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  • 33. 

    33.A statute that enforces private right and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law is called a ?

    • A.

      Statute of limitations

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil law
    Explanation
    A statute that enforces private rights and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law, is called civil law. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or organizations, usually involving issues such as contracts, property, and personal injury. It aims to provide a legal framework for resolving conflicts and compensating individuals for harm caused by others. This is in contrast to criminal law, which focuses on offenses against society as a whole and involves punishment by the government.

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  • 34. 

    34. Violation or omission of a legal or moral duty is called?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of duty

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Malpractice

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach of duty
    Explanation
    Breach of duty refers to the failure to fulfill a legal or moral obligation. It occurs when someone neglects or omits their responsibilities, which can lead to legal consequences. Negligence is a similar concept, but it specifically refers to the failure to exercise reasonable care, whereas breach of duty encompasses a wider range of obligations. Defamation involves making false statements that harm someone's reputation, and malpractice refers to negligence or misconduct by a professional in their field of expertise.

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  • 35. 

    35. A deliberate physical attack upon a person is called?

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Battery

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    B. Battery
    Explanation
    Battery is the correct answer because it refers to a deliberate physical attack upon a person. Assault, on the other hand, refers to the threat of physical harm or an attempt to cause physical harm, whereas slander refers to false spoken statements that damage a person's reputation. Contributory negligence is a legal term that refers to the partial responsibility of a person for their own injuries.

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  • 36. 

    36.Latin for " he who acts through another acts for himself" is called?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Qui facit per alium facit per se

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Qui facit per alium facit per se
    Explanation
    The Latin phrase "qui facit per alium facit per se" translates to "he who acts through another acts for himself." This phrase implies that when someone acts on behalf of another person, they are ultimately acting in their own interest as well. It suggests that the actions taken on behalf of someone else can have personal consequences and benefits for the person carrying out those actions.

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  • 37. 

    37.The branch of study of moral issues, questions, and problems arising in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research is called?

    • A.

      Bioethics

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Philosophy

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    A. Bioethics
    Explanation
    Bioethics is the branch of study that deals with moral issues, questions, and problems that arise in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research. It involves examining the ethical dilemmas and decision-making processes related to topics such as patient autonomy, informed consent, end-of-life care, genetic engineering, and human experimentation. Bioethics combines principles from various disciplines, including philosophy, law, medicine, and social sciences, to provide ethical guidance and frameworks for healthcare professionals, researchers, and policymakers.

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  • 38. 

    38.A statement given concerning some scientific, technical, or professinal matter by an expert, such as a physician is called?

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Expert testimony

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      Burden of proof

    Correct Answer
    B. Expert testimony
    Explanation
    Expert testimony refers to a statement given by an expert, such as a physician, regarding a scientific, technical, or professional matter. This type of testimony is often presented in legal proceedings to provide specialized knowledge and opinions that can assist the court or jury in making informed decisions. Expert testimony is considered valuable because it is based on the expert's extensive education, training, and experience in a particular field, making it a reliable source of information.

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  • 39. 

    39. A patient's failure to act prudently and reasonably, or doing that which a reasonable person would not do under similar circumstances is called?

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Assumption of risk

    • C.

      Contributory negligence

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    C. Contributory negligence
    Explanation
    Contributory negligence refers to a situation where a patient fails to act prudently and reasonably, or does something that a reasonable person would not do under similar circumstances. This means that the patient's own actions or behavior contribute to their own injury or harm. In legal terms, contributory negligence can affect the patient's ability to recover damages or compensation in a lawsuit, as their own negligence is considered a factor in the outcome.

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  • 40. 

    40. Consent to treatment based on a full understanding of all possible risks of unpreventable results of that treatment is called?

    • A.

      Contributory negligence

    • B.

      Fraud

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Proximate cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Assumption of risk
    Explanation
    Assumption of risk refers to the consent given by a patient to undergo a medical treatment, fully understanding all the potential risks and unpreventable outcomes associated with it. It implies that the patient acknowledges and accepts these risks, relieving the healthcare provider of liability for any negative consequences that may arise from the treatment. This concept is important in medical ethics and legal considerations, as it ensures that patients are well-informed and have the autonomy to make decisions about their own healthcare.

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  • 41. 

    41. Conduct,courtesy, and manners that are customarily used in a medical office by medical professionals are known as?

    • A.

      Ethics

    • B.

      Moral therapy

    • C.

      Precocity

    • D.

      Medical etiquette

    Correct Answer
    D. Medical etiquette
    Explanation
    Medical etiquette refers to the conduct, courtesy, and manners that are commonly practiced in a medical office by medical professionals. It involves appropriate behavior towards patients, colleagues, and staff, as well as maintaining confidentiality, respecting privacy, and adhering to professional standards. Medical etiquette is essential in creating a positive and respectful environment in healthcare settings.

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  • 42. 

    42.An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of including another in reliance upon it to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right is called?

    • A.

      Fraud

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    A. Fraud
    Explanation
    Fraud refers to the deliberate distortion of the truth with the intention of deceiving someone into giving up something valuable or relinquishing a legal right. It involves intentionally misleading or tricking another person for personal gain. In this context, fraud is the most appropriate term to describe the intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of causing someone to part with their valuable belongings or surrender a legal right.

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  • 43. 

    43. To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention or resumption at a later date, or to ask for a continuance is called a?

    • A.

      Suspension

    • B.

      Judgment

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspension
    Explanation
    To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention of resumption at a later date, or to ask for a continuance, is called suspension. This term refers to the temporary halt of legal proceedings, allowing for a pause or delay in the case. It can be requested by either party involved in the suit and is often granted by the court based on valid reasons such as the need for additional evidence or the unavailability of key individuals. Suspensions are common in legal proceedings to ensure fairness and proper preparation for both parties involved.

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  • 44. 

    44. Latin for "things decided" that is, a matter already decided by judicial authority is called?

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No current answers

    Correct Answer
    A. Res judicata
    Explanation
    Res judicata is a Latin term that refers to a matter that has already been decided by a judicial authority. It is a legal principle that prevents the same case from being re-litigated between the same parties. Once a matter is considered res judicata, it is considered final and conclusive, and the parties involved are bound by the decision. This principle promotes judicial efficiency and prevents the abuse of the legal system by discouraging multiple lawsuits on the same issue. Therefore, res judicata is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 45. 

    45. That which is natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any new independent cause, produces an event, and without which the injury would not have occured is called?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Proximate cause

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Assault

    Correct Answer
    B. Proximate cause
    Explanation
    A proximate cause refers to a natural and continuous sequence that directly leads to an event or injury, without any new independent cause interrupting it. It is the primary cause that sets in motion a chain of events, without which the injury would not have occurred. Negligence refers to a failure to exercise reasonable care, assumption of risk refers to voluntarily accepting the possibility of harm, and assault refers to intentionally causing apprehension of harmful or offensive contact.

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  • 46. 

    46. The presumption or inference of negligence when an accident is otherwise unable to be explained in terms of ordinary and known experience is called?

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Res ipsa loquitur

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      Res gestae

    Correct Answer
    B. Res ipsa loquitur
    Explanation
    Res ipsa loquitur is a legal doctrine that allows a jury to infer negligence based on the circumstances surrounding an accident. It applies when the accident is of a type that would not normally occur without negligence, and the defendant had control over the situation. The phrase "res ipsa loquitur" translates to "the thing speaks for itself," meaning that the accident itself provides evidence of negligence. This doctrine is used when there is no direct evidence of negligence, but the circumstances strongly suggest it.

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  • 47. 

    47. Failure to achieve an agreed upon result, even when the highest degree of skill has been used, is called?

    • A.

      Breach of contract

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Proximate cause

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    A. Breach of contract
    Explanation
    Breach of contract refers to the failure to fulfill the terms and conditions agreed upon in a contract, even when the party has used their utmost skill and effort. This means that despite the highest degree of skill being applied, the agreed upon result has not been achieved, leading to a breach of the contract. Negligence refers to the failure to exercise reasonable care, proximate cause refers to the direct cause of an injury, and ethics refers to moral principles and values.

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  • 48. 

    48. What license must a physician have to dispense, prescribe or administer controlled substances?

    • A.

      Lawyers

    • B.

      Narcotic

    • C.

      Business

    • D.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer
    B. Narcotic
    Explanation
    To dispense, prescribe or administer controlled substances, a physician must have a narcotic license. This license allows them to handle and distribute drugs that are classified as narcotics, which are substances that have the potential for abuse and can cause addiction. Having this license ensures that physicians are knowledgeable and authorized to handle these substances safely and responsibly.

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  • 49. 

    49. Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in?

    • A.

      Civil law liability

    • B.

      Medical liability

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Defamation of character

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in invasion of privacy. This is because invasion of privacy refers to the violation of an individual's right to keep their personal information private. Disclosing patient information without their consent is a breach of their privacy rights and can lead to legal consequences.

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  • 50. 

    50. medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as?

    • A.

      Professional review

    • B.

      Hospital review

    • C.

      Peer review

    • D.

      Promethium review

    Correct Answer
    C. Peer review
    Explanation
    Medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as peer review. This means that the research is reviewed by other experts in the field who assess the quality, validity, and significance of the study before it is published. Peer review helps to ensure that the research is reliable and meets the standards of the scientific community. It also allows for feedback and improvements to be made before the research is made available to the wider medical community.

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