Navedtra 14295b, Hospital Corpsman: Chapter 18 Pharmacy

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Hospital Corpsman Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the study of poisons, their actions, their detection, and the treatment of the conditions produced by them called? (18-1)

    • A.

      Pharmocognosy

    • B.

      Toxicology

    • C.

      Posology

    • D.

      Therapeutics

    Correct Answer
    B. Toxicology
    Explanation
    Toxicology is the study of poisons, their actions, their detection, and the treatment of the conditions produced by them. It involves examining the effects of toxic substances on living organisms, understanding their mechanisms of action, and developing methods to detect and treat poisoning cases. This field is crucial in assessing the safety of chemicals, drugs, and environmental pollutants, and plays a vital role in public health and forensic investigations.

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  • 2. 

    Pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the study of which specialty? 18-1

    • A.

      Drugs

    • B.

      Diseases

    • C.

      Compounds

    • D.

      Pharmacy

    Correct Answer
    A. Drugs
    Explanation
    Pharmacology is the study of drugs, their properties, uses, and effects on living organisms. It involves the study of how drugs interact with the body, how they are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated. Pharmacology is an essential discipline in medicine as it helps in understanding the therapeutic effects and potential side effects of drugs, which is crucial in the treatment and prevention of diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is "Drugs".

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  • 3. 

    What is the study of the action or effects of medications on living organisms? 18-1

    • A.

      Toxicology

    • B.

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C.

      Posology

    • D.

      Pharmacodynamics

    Correct Answer
    D. Pharmacodynamics
    Explanation
    Pharmacodynamics is the study of the action or effects of medications on living organisms. It focuses on understanding the relationship between the drug concentration and its pharmacological effects, including the mechanisms of drug action, therapeutic and toxic effects, and the variability in response among individuals. This field of study helps in determining the optimal dosage, duration, and frequency of drug administration to achieve the desired therapeutic outcomes while minimizing adverse effects.

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  • 4. 

    The branch of pharmacology that deals with the preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications is? 18-1

    • A.

      Toxicology

    • B.

      Pharmacy

    • C.

      Pharmacognosy

    • D.

      Therapeutics

    Correct Answer
    B. Pharmacy
    Explanation
    Keyword: Dispensing

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  • 5. 

    What is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease? 18-1

    • A.

      Pharmacotherapeutics

    • B.

      Toxicology

    • C.

      Therapeutics

    • D.

      Pharmacy

    Correct Answer
    A. Pharmacotherapeutics
    Explanation
    Pharmacotherapeutics is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease. It involves understanding how drugs interact with the body to produce therapeutic effects and how they can be used to manage and cure various diseases. This field focuses on the effectiveness and safety of different medications, as well as the optimal dosage and administration methods. Pharmacotherapeutics plays a crucial role in the development and improvement of drug therapies, ensuring that patients receive the most appropriate and beneficial treatments for their specific conditions.

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  • 6. 

    The actual title of the "blue bible" of pharmacology is? 18-2

    • A.

      Drug Information Handbook

    • B.

      U.S. Pharmacopedia and National Formulary (USP-NF)

    • C.

      HM Manual

    • D.

      Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
    Explanation
    Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy is commonly referred to as the "blue bible" of pharmacology. It is a comprehensive textbook that covers various aspects of pharmacy practice, including the science behind drug formulation and the practical application of pharmacy principles. The book is widely used by pharmacy students and professionals as a trusted source of information on pharmaceutical sciences and practice.

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  • 7. 

    What is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease? 18-1

    • A.

      Pharmacotherapeutics

    • B.

      Posology

    • C.

      Therapeutics

    • D.

      Pharmacodynamics

    Correct Answer
    A. Pharmacotherapeutics
    Explanation
    Pharmacotherapeutics is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease. It involves understanding how different drugs interact with the body to produce therapeutic effects and how to optimize their use for specific diseases or conditions. This field focuses on selecting the most appropriate medications, determining the correct dosage, and monitoring their effectiveness and safety in patients.

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  • 8. 

    What is the branch of pharmacology that deals with biological, biochemical, and economic features of natural medications and their constituents? 18-1

    • A.

      Pharmacognosy

    • B.

      Pharmacy

    • C.

      Posology

    • D.

      Pharmacodynamics

    Correct Answer
    A. Pharmacognosy
    Explanation
    Pharmacognosy is the branch of pharmacology that focuses on the study of natural medications and their constituents. It involves the examination of biological, biochemical, and economic aspects of these natural substances. Pharmacognosy plays a crucial role in identifying and understanding the therapeutic properties of medicinal plants and other natural sources, which can be used in the development of new drugs. It also involves the analysis of the chemical composition and quality control of natural medications.

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  • 9. 

    What provides tests for medication identity, quality, strength, and purity? 18-1

    • A.

      Drug Information Handbook

    • B.

      United States Pharmacopedia and National Formulary (USP-NF)

    • C.

      Drug Facts and Comparisons

    • D.

      FDA

    Correct Answer
    B. United States Pharmacopedia and National Formulary (USP-NF)
    Explanation
    The United States Pharmacopedia and National Formulary (USP-NF) provides tests for medication identity, quality, strength, and purity. It is a comprehensive reference book that contains standards for the quality of medicines, dietary supplements, and other healthcare products. The USP-NF ensures that medications meet certain standards and are safe and effective for use. It is widely used by healthcare professionals and regulatory agencies to ensure the quality and integrity of medications in the United States.

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  • 10. 

    What is the science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure diseases and infections, or prolong life called? 18-1

    • A.

      Pharmacotherapeutics

    • B.

      Toxicology

    • C.

      Therapeutics

    • D.

      Posology

    Correct Answer
    C. Therapeutics
    Explanation
    Therapeutics is the science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure diseases and infections, or prolong life. This field focuses on the study of various treatment options and interventions to improve the health and well-being of individuals. Pharmacotherapeutics is a branch of therapeutics that specifically deals with the use of drugs for treating diseases. Toxicology, on the other hand, is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. Posology is the study of the dosage and administration of drugs.

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  • 11. 

    What did the U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act designate as the official reference for medications marketed in the United States? 18-1

    • A.

      USP-NF

    • B.

      MANMED

    • C.

      FDA

    • D.

      BUMED

    Correct Answer
    A. USP-NF
    Explanation
    The U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act designated USP-NF as the official reference for medications marketed in the United States. USP-NF stands for United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary, which is a compendium of drug information and standards for the quality, purity, and strength of medications. It is used by healthcare professionals, regulatory agencies, and manufacturers to ensure the safety and efficacy of medications in the United States.

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  • 12. 

    What is the most widely used text/reference in American pharmacies? 18-2

    • A.

      Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy

    • B.

      USP-NF

    • C.

      Drug Facts and Comparisons

    • D.

      Drug Information Handbook

    Correct Answer
    A. Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
    Explanation
    Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy is the most widely used text/reference in American pharmacies. This book is considered a comprehensive resource for pharmacists, providing detailed information on various aspects of pharmacy practice, including pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacy law, patient care, and drug therapy. It is widely recognized and trusted for its accuracy and relevance in the field of pharmacy.

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  • 13. 

    The amount of medication administered is referred to as which of the following? 18-2

    • A.

      Pill

    • B.

      Dose

    • C.

      Unit amount

    • D.

      Average amount

    Correct Answer
    B. Dose
    Explanation
    The amount of medication administered is commonly referred to as the "dose". This term is used to describe the specific quantity of medication that is prescribed or given to a patient. It is important to administer the correct dose to ensure the medication is effective and safe for the individual.

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  • 14. 

    What is the most common factor that influences the amount of medication to be given? 18-2

    • A.

      Weight

    • B.

      Gender

    • C.

      Age

    • D.

      Route of administration

    Correct Answer
    C. Age
    Explanation
    The most common factor that influences the amount of medication to be given is age. This is because a person's age can affect their metabolism, organ function, and overall health, which can impact how their body processes and responds to medications. Different age groups may require different dosages or adjustments in medication administration to ensure safety and effectiveness.

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  • 15. 

    What two primary factors, if any, determine a dose? 18-2

    • A.

      Sex and age

    • B.

      Age and weight

    • C.

      Weight and sex

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Age and weight
    Explanation
    The two primary factors that determine a dose are age and weight. Age is an important factor as it can affect the metabolism and clearance of drugs from the body. Younger individuals may require different dosages compared to older individuals due to differences in their body's ability to process medications. Weight is also crucial as it can impact the distribution and elimination of drugs. Heavier individuals may require higher doses to achieve the desired therapeutic effect. Sex is not mentioned as a determining factor in this context, and the option "None" is not a valid choice as age and weight are indeed important factors in determining a dose.

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  • 16. 

    A therapeutic dose is calculated on an average adult male of 24 years who weighs approximately how many pounds? 18-2

    • A.

      150

    • B.

      165

    • C.

      185

    • D.

      210

    Correct Answer
    A. 150
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 150 pounds because the question asks for the weight of an average adult male of 24 years, and the therapeutic dose is calculated based on this average weight.

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  • 17. 

    What is the proper dose in ml of ampicillin for an 8-year old child if the adult dose is 15ml?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    C. 6
    Explanation
    Young's Rule

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  • 18. 

    What is the name of the rule used to determine appropriate dosage of medication based on a child's weight? 18-3

    • A.

      Clark's Rule

    • B.

      Young's Rule

    • C.

      Rule of Nines

    • D.

      Fried's Rule

    Correct Answer
    A. Clark's Rule
    Explanation
    Clark's Rule is used to determine appropriate dosage of medication based on a child's weight. This rule takes into account the weight of the child and provides a calculation to determine the correct dosage. It is commonly used in pediatric medicine to ensure that medications are administered safely and effectively to children.

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  • 19. 

    Determine the appropriate dose in milligrams of medication for a child weighing 30 LBs if the average dose for an adult is 600mg.

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      100

    • C.

      120

    • D.

      150

    Correct Answer
    C. 120
    Explanation
    Clark's Rule

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  • 20. 

    In computing the amount of drug to be given to an underweight female, what adjustments to the normal dosage would ordinarily be made? 18-3

    • A.

      Increase the dosage because of her weight and sex

    • B.

      Increase the dosage because of her weight but decrease because of her sex

    • C.

      Decrease the dosage because of her sex and further decrease because of her weight

    • D.

      Decrease the dosage because of her sex but an increase because of her weight

    Correct Answer
    C. Decrease the dosage because of her sex and further decrease because of her weight
  • 21. 

    The most common method of administering medications is______? 18-4

    • A.

      Orally

    • B.

      Parentally

    • C.

      Topically

    • D.

      Intravenously

    Correct Answer
    A. Orally
    Explanation
    The most common method of administering medications is orally. This means that the medication is taken by mouth, usually in the form of a pill or liquid. Oral administration is preferred because it is convenient, non-invasive, and allows for easy absorption of the medication into the bloodstream through the digestive system. Other methods such as parenteral administration (injection), topical application (on the skin), and intravenous administration (directly into the veins) are less common and usually reserved for specific situations or conditions.

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  • 22. 

    What term is used to define a medication that is placed under the tongue? 18-4

    • A.

      Suboral

    • B.

      Submandibular

    • C.

      Subcavity

    • D.

      Sublingual

    Correct Answer
    D. Sublingual
    Explanation
    The term "sublingual" is used to define a medication that is placed under the tongue. This method of administration allows the medication to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the rich network of blood vessels under the tongue. It is commonly used for medications that need to be rapidly absorbed or bypass the digestive system.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is an example of a drug injected intradermally? 18-5

    • A.

      Insulin

    • B.

      Procaine Hydrochloride

    • C.

      Purified protein derivative

    • D.

      Testosterone

    Correct Answer
    C. Purified protein derivative
    Explanation
    Purified protein derivative is an example of a drug injected intradermally. Intradermal injection involves injecting medication into the dermis, which is the layer of skin just below the epidermis. Purified protein derivative is commonly used in the tuberculin skin test to diagnose tuberculosis. It is injected into the skin and a reaction is observed to determine if the person has been exposed to the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.

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  • 24. 

    What type of medications are introduced by injection? 18-4

    • A.

      Intravenous

    • B.

      Intradermal

    • C.

      Parenteral

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Parenteral
    Explanation
    Parenteral medications are introduced by injection. This route of administration bypasses the digestive system and delivers the medication directly into the bloodstream or tissues. Intravenous, intradermal, and subcutaneous injections are all examples of parenteral routes. Intravenous injections are administered directly into a vein, intradermal injections are given just below the skin surface, and subcutaneous injections are administered into the fatty layer of tissue just beneath the skin. These routes are used when medications need to be rapidly absorbed or when the medication cannot be taken orally.

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  • 25. 

    What is the type of medication injected just below the skin's cutaneous layers? 18-5

    • A.

      PPD

    • B.

      Insulin

    • C.

      Penicillin G

    • D.

      I.V.

    Correct Answer
    A. PPD
    Explanation
    Subcutaneous

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  • 26. 

    In what form are medications introduced in to the body through inhalation? 18-5

    • A.

      Gas

    • B.

      Oral

    • C.

      Topical

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Gas
    Explanation
    Medications introduced into the body through inhalation are in the form of gas. When inhaled, the medication is converted into a gas or vapor, which is then inhaled into the lungs. This allows the medication to be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs' large surface area and provides a direct route to the target area, such as the respiratory system. Inhaled medications are commonly used to treat respiratory conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

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  • 27. 

    Normally how many names do medications have? 18-7

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    Medications typically have three names. The first name is the chemical or generic name, which describes the drug's composition. The second name is the brand or trade name, which is given by the pharmaceutical company marketing the drug. The third name is the International Nonproprietary Name (INN), which is assigned by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is used globally to ensure consistency in drug names. Therefore, medications commonly have three names to identify them.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is NOT a way in which drugs are grouped? 18-7

    • A.

      By chemical characteristics

    • B.

      By their brand names

    • C.

      By their source

    • D.

      By their action on the body

    Correct Answer
    B. By their brand names
    Explanation
    Drugs are typically grouped based on various factors such as their chemical characteristics, source, and their action on the body. However, drugs are not typically grouped by their brand names. Brand names are specific names given to drugs by pharmaceutical companies for marketing purposes and do not provide any information about the drug's chemical composition, source, or action on the body. Therefore, grouping drugs by their brand names is not a common practice.

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  • 29. 

    Aluminum acetate, an astringent, is often used to treat which of the following conditions? 18-8

    • A.

      Athlete's foot

    • B.

      External otitis

    • C.

      Poison ivy

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Athlete's foot
    Explanation
    (Burow's Solution, Domeboro) Astringent

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  • 30. 

    How many important steps to follow are there when administering medication to a patient to prevent errors? 18-6

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    D. 6
    Explanation
    Right Patient, Route, Time, Medication, Dose, Documentation

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  • 31. 

    What is the the process called by which a medication is converted into a "fine spray" by the use of compressed gas? 18-5

    • A.

      Emolliation

    • B.

      Compression

    • C.

      Nebulization

    • D.

      Aerolization

    Correct Answer
    C. Nebulization
    Explanation
    Nebulization is the process by which a medication is converted into a "fine spray" by the use of compressed gas. This method is commonly used to administer medication directly into the lungs, as the fine spray allows for better absorption and effectiveness.

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  • 32. 

    What is any chemical substance called that has an effect on living tissue but is not used as a food? 18-7

    • A.

      Antitussives

    • B.

      Emollients

    • C.

      Astringents

    • D.

      Medication

    Correct Answer
    D. Medication
    Explanation
    Medication refers to any chemical substance that is used to treat, cure, or prevent a disease or medical condition. It can have an effect on living tissue by interacting with biological processes or systems, but it is not used as a food source. Antitussives, emollients, and astringents are all types of medications that have specific effects on the body, but they are not the general term for any chemical substance used in medical treatment.

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  • 33. 

    Medications are classified according to set criteria and fall into three specific areas: general, chemical, and what else? 18-7

    • A.

      Emollients

    • B.

      Astringents

    • C.

      Therapeutic

    • D.

      Biological

    Correct Answer
    C. Therapeutic
    Explanation
    Medications are classified according to set criteria, including their purpose or therapeutic use. This classification helps in organizing and understanding different medications based on their intended therapeutic effects. Therefore, "Therapeutic" is the correct answer as it represents one of the specific areas in which medications are classified. It refers to medications that are used to treat or alleviate symptoms of a specific disease or condition.

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  • 34. 

    What are medications called that cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes? 18-8

    • A.

      Astringents

    • B.

      Emollients

    • C.

      Histamines

    • D.

      Antitusives

    Correct Answer
    A. Astringents
    Explanation
    Astringents are medications that cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes. They work by constricting blood vessels and reducing inflammation, leading to a tightening effect on the tissues. This can be beneficial in treating conditions such as acne, hemorrhoids, and minor skin irritations. Astringents are commonly used topically and can be found in various forms such as toners, lotions, and creams. They are not to be confused with emollients, which are moisturizers that help soften and soothe the skin. Histamines are substances released by the body during allergic reactions, and antitussives are medications used to suppress coughing.

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  • 35. 

    What can be used to reduce congestion and the swelling of mucous membranes? 18-9

    • A.

      Antiseptics

    • B.

      Nasal Decongestants

    • C.

      Decongestants

    • D.

      Histamines

    Correct Answer
    B. Nasal Decongestants
    Explanation
    Nasal decongestants can be used to reduce congestion and swelling of mucous membranes. These medications work by constricting the blood vessels in the nasal passages, which helps to decrease swelling and congestion. By reducing these symptoms, nasal decongestants can provide relief from nasal congestion and make it easier to breathe.

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  • 36. 

    What substance released by most cells distributed in connective tissues usually near blood vessels promotes some of the reactions associated with inflammation and allergies such as asthma and hay fever? 18-9

    • A.

      Histamines

    • B.

      Antiseptics

    • C.

      Sulfonamides

    • D.

      Disinfectants

    Correct Answer
    A. Histamines
    Explanation
    Histamines are substances released by most cells distributed in connective tissues usually near blood vessels. They promote some of the reactions associated with inflammation and allergies such as asthma and hay fever.

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  • 37. 

    Normally, oral medications should not be taken within how many hours of taking an antacid?.18-10

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    Oral medications should not be taken within 2 hours of taking an antacid. Antacids can interfere with the absorption of certain medications, reducing their effectiveness. Therefore, it is recommended to wait for at least 2 hours after taking an antacid before taking any oral medication to ensure proper absorption and effectiveness of the medication.

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  • 38. 

    What are agents called that inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?18-8

    • A.

      Antitussives

    • B.

      Decongestants

    • C.

      Emollients

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    A. Antitussives
    Explanation
    Antitussives are agents that inhibit or suppress coughing. They work by blocking the cough reflex, reducing the urge to cough. These medications are commonly used to relieve cough symptoms caused by conditions such as colds, flu, allergies, or respiratory infections. Antitussives can be found in various forms, including syrups, lozenges, and tablets. By suppressing coughing, they provide temporary relief and allow the body to heal without the discomfort and irritation caused by frequent coughing.

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  • 39. 

    What suppress the growth of microorganisms?18-10

    • A.

      Antiseptics

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Penicillins

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    A. Antiseptics
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are substances that inhibit the growth and development of microorganisms. They are specifically designed to be used on living tissues, such as skin, to prevent infections. Antiseptics work by either killing the microorganisms or inhibiting their growth. They are commonly used in medical settings, such as hospitals and clinics, to sterilize wounds and prevent the spread of infections. Unlike disinfectants, which are used on surfaces and objects, antiseptics are generally milder and less toxic to human tissues. Therefore, antiseptics are effective in suppressing the growth of microorganisms and preventing infections.

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  • 40. 

    What are agents called that are used to disinfect inanimate objects and are primarily germicidal in their action?18-10

    • A.

      Antiseptics

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Cephalosporins

    • D.

      Sulfonamides

    Correct Answer
    B. Disinfectants
    Explanation
    Disinfectants are agents that are used to disinfect inanimate objects and are primarily germicidal in their action. They are specifically designed to kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces, reducing the risk of infection or contamination. Unlike antiseptics, which are used on living tissues, disinfectants are intended for non-living objects such as countertops, floors, or medical instruments. Cephalosporins and sulfonamides, on the other hand, are types of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections in humans and animals.

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  • 41. 

    What are bland or fatty substances called that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?18-8

    • A.

      Antitussives

    • B.

      Sulfonamides

    • C.

      Phenols

    • D.

      Emollients

    Correct Answer
    D. Emollients
    Explanation
    Emollients are bland or fatty substances that can be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft. They help to moisturize and soothe the skin, preventing dryness and irritation. Emollients are commonly used in skincare products such as lotions, creams, and ointments to improve the texture and appearance of the skin. They work by forming a protective barrier on the skin's surface, trapping moisture and preventing it from evaporating. Emollients are especially beneficial for individuals with dry or sensitive skin, as they help to restore and maintain the skin's natural moisture balance.

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  • 42. 

    What are used to counteract hyperacidity in the stomach?18-10

    • A.

      Antisepotics

    • B.

      Antacids

    • C.

      Cepahlosporins

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    B. Antacids
    Explanation
    Antacids are used to counteract hyperacidity in the stomach. Hyperacidity is often caused by excessive production of stomach acid, leading to symptoms such as heartburn and indigestion. Antacids work by neutralizing the excess acid in the stomach, providing relief from these symptoms. They contain ingredients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide, or aluminum hydroxide, which react with the acid to form salts and water. This helps to reduce the acidity levels and restore the normal pH balance in the stomach, alleviating the discomfort caused by hyperacidity.

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  • 43. 

    What were the first effective chemotherapeutic agents to be available in safe therapeutic dosage ranges?18-11

    • A.

      Cephalosporins

    • B.

      Aminoglycosides

    • C.

      Sulfonamides

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfonamides
    Explanation
    Sulfonamides were the first effective chemotherapeutic agents to be available in safe therapeutic dosage ranges. They were discovered in the 1930s and were widely used to treat bacterial infections before the discovery of antibiotics. Sulfonamides work by inhibiting the growth of bacteria by interfering with their metabolism. They were considered a major breakthrough in medicine at the time and paved the way for the development of other antibiotics.

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  • 44. 

    In what year were Tetracyclines introduced which were the first truly broad-spectrum antibiotics?18-13

    • A.

      1909

    • B.

      1929

    • C.

      1948

    • D.

      1944

    Correct Answer
    C. 1948
    Explanation
    First truly broad-spectrum antibiotics.

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  • 45. 

    What are a group of semi-synthetic derivatives of cephalosporin C called which is an antimicrobial agent of fungal origin?18-12

    • A.

      Macrolides

    • B.

      Aminoglycosides

    • C.

      Penicillins

    • D.

      Cephalosporins

    Correct Answer
    D. Cephalosporins
    Explanation
    Cephalosporins are a group of semi-synthetic derivatives of cephalosporin C, which is an antimicrobial agent of fungal origin. They are commonly used as antibiotics to treat various bacterial infections.

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  • 46. 

    What are a group of medications that share chemical, antimicrobial, pharmacologic, and toxic characteristics, and that are effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms?18-13

    • A.

      Analgocydes

    • B.

      Cephalosporins

    • C.

      Macrolides

    • D.

      Aminoglycosides

    Correct Answer
    D. Aminoglycosides
    Explanation
    Aminoglycosides are a group of medications that share chemical, antimicrobial, pharmacologic, and toxic characteristics. They are effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

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  • 47. 

    What is one of the most effective and least toxic of the antimicrobial agents?18-12

    • A.

      Sulfonamide

    • B.

      Cephalosporin

    • C.

      Penicillin

    • D.

      Phenol

    Correct Answer
    C. Penicillin
    Explanation
    Penicillin is one of the most effective and least toxic antimicrobial agents. It is a type of antibiotic that works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. Penicillin is highly effective against a wide range of bacterial infections and has been used for decades to treat various diseases. It is considered to be relatively safe with minimal side effects compared to other antimicrobial agents.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following is a bronchomucotropic agents?18-8

    • A.

      Petrolatum

    • B.

      Guaifenesin

    • C.

      Benzoate

    • D.

      Phenol

    Correct Answer
    B. Guaifenesin
    Explanation
    Guaifenesin is a bronchomucotropic agent. It is commonly used as an expectorant to help loosen and thin mucus in the airways, making it easier to cough up. This medication works by increasing the volume and reducing the viscosity of respiratory tract secretions, which helps to clear the airways and improve breathing. Guaifenesin is often used to relieve symptoms associated with respiratory conditions such as coughs, bronchitis, and chest congestion.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is a side effect of antihistamines?18-9

    • A.

      Nausea

    • B.

      Drowsiness

    • C.

      Uricaria

    • D.

      Tinnitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Drowsiness
    Explanation
    Antihistamines are medications commonly used to treat allergies. One of the side effects of antihistamines is drowsiness. This is because antihistamines can cross the blood-brain barrier and affect the central nervous system, leading to sedation and drowsiness. This side effect is particularly common with first-generation antihistamines, while second-generation antihistamines are designed to be less sedating. Drowsiness caused by antihistamines can impair a person's ability to perform tasks that require alertness, such as driving or operating machinery. Therefore, it is important to be aware of this potential side effect when taking antihistamines.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following medication is administered to control motion sickness?18-9

    • A.

      Cimetidine

    • B.

      Meclizine Hydrochloride

    • C.

      Chlorpheniramine maleate

    • D.

      Diphenydramine Hydrochloride

    Correct Answer
    D. Diphenydramine Hydrochloride
    Explanation
    Another name for Benadryl

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 10, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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