N312 Head, Ears, Throat, Sinus Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 71,988
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N312 Head, Ears, Throat, Sinus Quiz - Quiz

This is a small quiz pertaining the ears, nose, throat, and sinuses that we learned in N312.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Of the following, which is not an anatomical structure of the external portion of the ear?

    • A.

      Helix

    • B.

      Antihelix

    • C.

      Tragus

    • D.

      Lobe

    • E.

      Annulus

    Correct Answer
    E. Annulus
    Explanation
    The annulus is not an anatomical structure of the external portion of the ear. The helix, antihelix, tragus, and lobe are all parts of the external ear. The helix is the curved rim of the outer ear, the antihelix is the ridge parallel to the helix, the tragus is a small pointed eminence in front of the ear canal, and the lobe is the fleshy lower part of the earlobe. However, the annulus is not a part of the external ear.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a tiny bone associated with hearing?

    • A.

      Malleus (hammer)

    • B.

      Incus (anvil)

    • C.

      Lagus (wrench)

    • D.

      Stapes (stirrup)

    Correct Answer
    C. Lagus (wrench)
    Explanation
    The three bones mentioned in the question, Malleus, Incus, and Stapes, are all tiny bones located in the middle ear that are involved in the process of hearing. However, Lagus is not a bone associated with hearing. The correct bone is actually called the LAGENA, which is a part of the inner ear involved in the sense of hearing in birds and reptiles.

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  • 3. 

    Which ear structure connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx?

    • A.

      Labyrinth

    • B.

      Eustachian tube

    • C.

      Cochlear tube

    • D.

      Auditory canal

    Correct Answer
    B. Eustachian tube
    Explanation
    The Eustachian tube is the correct answer because it is the structure that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx. This tube helps to equalize the pressure in the middle ear and allows for drainage of fluid from the ear.

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  • 4. 

    Which ear structure is responsible for balance and equilibrium?

    • A.

      Labyrinth

    • B.

      Eustachian tube

    • C.

      Cochlear tube

    • D.

      Auditory canal

    Correct Answer
    A. Labyrinth
    Explanation
    The labyrinth is responsible for balance and equilibrium. It is a complex structure located in the inner ear that contains the vestibular system, which includes the semicircular canals and the otolith organs. These structures detect changes in head position and movement, allowing the brain to maintain balance and coordinate body movements. The labyrinth also plays a role in detecting sound, but its primary function is related to balance and equilibrium.

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  • 5. 

    Of the following, which is least likely to cause conductive hearing loss?

    • A.

      Pus or serum in the middle ear

    • B.

      Strept infection

    • C.

      Otitis media

    • D.

      Otosclerosis (decreased mobility of the ossicles)

    Correct Answer
    B. Strept infection
    Explanation
    Strept infection is least likely to cause conductive hearing loss because it primarily affects the throat and tonsils, not the middle ear or the ossicles. Conductive hearing loss is typically caused by issues in the middle ear, such as pus or serum buildup or otitis media. Otosclerosis, which refers to decreased mobility of the ossicles, can also lead to conductive hearing loss. However, strept infection does not directly affect the middle ear or the ossicles, making it the least likely cause of conductive hearing loss among the given options.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is least likely to cause sensorineural hearing loss?

    • A.

      Trauma

    • B.

      Mastoid brain tumor

    • C.

      Presbycusis: gradual nerve degeneration

    • D.

      Otitis media

    Correct Answer
    D. Otitis media
    Explanation
    Otitis media is the least likely to cause sensorineural hearing loss because it is an infection or inflammation of the middle ear, which primarily affects the conductive pathway of hearing. Sensorineural hearing loss, on the other hand, is caused by damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve. Trauma, mastoid brain tumor, and presbycusis are all more likely to cause sensorineural hearing loss as they can directly or indirectly damage the inner ear or auditory nerve.

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  • 7. 

    In regards to location, which nasal cavity is mismatched?

    • A.

      Frontal: frontal bone (over eyes)

    • B.

      Maxillary: maxillary bone (under eyes)

    • C.

      Sphenoid: under pituitary cavity

    • D.

      Ethmoid: between orbit

    Correct Answer
    C. Sphenoid: under pituitary cavity
    Explanation
    Sphenoid sinuses are located behind nasal cavity

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  • 8. 

    Which two sinuses are accessible to examination?

    • A.

      Frontal and sphenoid

    • B.

      Ethmoid and sphenoid

    • C.

      Ethmoid and maxillary

    • D.

      Maxillary and frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Maxillary and frontal
    Explanation
    The maxillary and frontal sinuses are accessible for examination. The maxillary sinus is the largest paranasal sinus and is located in the cheek area, while the frontal sinus is located in the forehead region. These sinuses can be examined through various methods such as imaging techniques or endoscopic procedures to assess their health and detect any abnormalities or infections.

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  • 9. 

    Name the numerous projections found on the rough side of the tongue.

    • A.

      Frenulum

    • B.

      Vestibules

    • C.

      Papillae

    • D.

      Crolusess

    Correct Answer
    C. Papillae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is papillae. Papillae are numerous projections found on the rough side of the tongue. They are responsible for the tongue's texture and play a role in taste perception.

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  • 10. 

    Of the following, which is not a chief complaint (ENMPS)?

    • A.

      Earache/ear pain

    • B.

      Tinnitus (ringing in ears)

    • C.

      Weakness

    • D.

      Vertigo (spinning sensation)

    Correct Answer
    C. Weakness
    Explanation
    Weakness is not considered a chief complaint because it is a symptom rather than a specific condition or complaint. Chief complaints are typically specific issues or concerns that patients present with, such as earache, tinnitus, or vertigo. Weakness can be a symptom of various underlying conditions and may require further evaluation to determine the cause.

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  • 11. 

    Choose the one that is the best description of a normal, healthy ear canal.

    • A.

      Pink, moist, without redness

    • B.

      Red, dry, without cerumen

    • C.

      Without lesions, cerumen, and scales

    • D.

      Without redness, lesions, foreign bodies or swelling

    Correct Answer
    D. Without redness, lesions, foreign bodies or swelling
    Explanation
    A normal, healthy ear canal should not have any redness, lesions, foreign bodies, or swelling. These symptoms can indicate an infection or other issues with the ear canal.

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  • 12. 

    When you shine the otoscope into the patients ear, where would you see the light reflex?

    • A.

      2 o’clock in the right ear and 5 o’clock in the left ear.

    • B.

      5 o’clock in the right ear and 7 o’clock in the left ear.

    • C.

      1 o’clock in the right ear and 2 o’clock in the left ear.

    • D.

      3 o’clock in the right ear and 4 o’clock in the left ear.

    Correct Answer
    B. 5 o’clock in the right ear and 7 o’clock in the left ear.
    Explanation
    The light reflex in the ear is a reflection of light off the eardrum. In a normal ear, the light reflex should be seen at the 5 o'clock position in the right ear and the 7 o'clock position in the left ear. This is because the eardrum is angled slightly in the ear canal, causing the reflection to appear at different positions.

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  • 13. 

    Define otitis externa.

    • A.

      Inflammation of the tympanic membrane

    • B.

      Swelling, redness, narrowing of ear canal

    • C.

      Retraction of the ear drum

    • D.

      Prescence of yellow fluid in the middle ear

    Correct Answer
    B. Swelling, redness, narrowing of ear canal
    Explanation
    Otitis externa refers to the inflammation of the outer ear canal. This condition is characterized by swelling, redness, and narrowing of the ear canal. It is commonly known as swimmer's ear and can be caused by bacterial or fungal infections, allergies, or irritation from foreign objects. The inflammation can lead to pain, itching, and discomfort in the affected ear. Prompt treatment is necessary to prevent complications and alleviate symptoms.

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  • 14. 

    For the Whisper test, which of the following is not an appropriate step?

    • A.

      Stand 3 feet behind the patient’s other ear and whisper a two-syllable word

    • B.

      Instruct the patient to occlude one ear with a finger.

    • C.

      Ask the patient to repeat the word or phrase.

    • D.

      Repeat the test with the other ear.

    Correct Answer
    A. Stand 3 feet behind the patient’s other ear and whisper a two-syllable word
    Explanation
    Stand 2 feet behind the patient’s other ear and whisper a two-syllable word or phrase that is evenly accented.

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  • 15. 

    For the Weber tuning fork test, which of the following is not an appropriate step?

    • A.

      Place the stem of the fork firmly on the top of the head at the midline.

    • B.

      Ask the patient if the sound is heard centrally or toward one side.

    • C.

      Have the patient close their eyes.

    • D.

      Strike the tunes on the ulnar border of the palm to activate it.

    Correct Answer
    C. Have the patient close their eyes.
    Explanation
    This is not neccessary because the tuning fork isn't even in there perihperal vision.

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  • 16. 

    What factors can cause a (+) Weber test?

    • A.

      Nothing, + means that there is nothing wrong

    • B.

      Trauma

    • C.

      Cerumen impaction

    Correct Answer
    B. Trauma
    Explanation
    A (+) Weber test refers to a positive result, indicating that there is a hearing loss or abnormality in the affected ear. Trauma can be a possible factor causing this positive result, as it can lead to damage or injury to the ear. This can disrupt the normal functioning of the ear and result in hearing loss or other abnormalities, leading to a positive Weber test.

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  • 17. 

    What does the Rinne test diagnose?

    • A.

      Conductive hearing

    • B.

      Sensorineural hearing

    • C.

      Air conduction and bone conduction

    • D.

      Balance

    Correct Answer
    C. Air conduction and bone conduction
    Explanation
    The Rinne test is a diagnostic test used to evaluate the hearing ability of an individual. It compares air conduction and bone conduction to determine if there is a hearing loss and to differentiate between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. In the Rinne test, a vibrating tuning fork is placed first on the mastoid bone behind the ear, testing bone conduction, and then near the ear canal, testing air conduction. If air conduction is better than bone conduction, it suggests normal hearing or a sensorineural hearing loss. If bone conduction is better than air conduction, it indicates a conductive hearing loss.

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  • 18. 

    When inspecting the nasal cavity of a patient, you come across and abnormal finding. What is is?

    • A.

      Septum midline

    • B.

      Smooth, round masses protruding form the middle meatus

    • C.

      Nasal mucosa pale red

    • D.

      Small amount of clear, watery discharge

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth, round masses protruding form the middle meatus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Smooth, round masses protruding from the middle meatus." This abnormal finding suggests the presence of nasal polyps. Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths that can develop in the lining of the nasal passages or sinuses. They are typically soft and painless, causing symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and a reduced sense of smell. Treatment options may include medications to reduce inflammation or surgical removal of the polyps.

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  • 19. 

    True or False. In a complete oral exam, you must leave a patient’s dentures in their mouth?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In a complete oral exam, it is not necessary to leave a patient's dentures in their mouth. Dentures are removable prosthetic devices and can be taken out during an oral exam to allow for a thorough examination of the oral cavity.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is least likely to cause an enlarge tongue in a patient?

    • A.

      Candidiasis

    • B.

      Myxedema

    • C.

      Down syndrome

    • D.

      Stomatitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Candidiasis
    Explanation
    Candidiasis is least likely to cause an enlarged tongue in a patient. Candidiasis is a fungal infection that commonly affects the mouth, but it typically does not cause significant enlargement of the tongue. On the other hand, myxedema, which is a condition caused by severe hypothyroidism, can lead to an enlarged tongue. Down syndrome, a genetic disorder, can also cause an enlarged tongue due to abnormal muscle tone. Stomatitis, which refers to inflammation of the mouth, can sometimes result in tongue enlargement as a secondary effect.

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