Ch14 Ears, Nose, Mouth, And Throat

59 Questions | Total Attempts: 1032

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Ch14 Ears, Nose, Mouth, And Throat

The Ears, Nose, Mouth and Throat are prone to infections that are mostly caused by the other. How well do you know these four delicate spots and are you ready to be a perfect ENT doctor? Take up this review questions for chapter 14 and find out. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The external portion of the ear
    • A. 

      Auricle or pinna

    • B. 

      Helix

    • C. 

      Tragus

    • D. 

      Lobule

  • 2. 
    The external large rim of the auricle of the ear
    • A. 

      Cerumen

    • B. 

      Helix

    • C. 

      Tragus

    • D. 

      Lobule

  • 3. 
    A small projection on the external ear that is positioned in front of the external audiotory canal
    • A. 

      Cerumen

    • B. 

      Helix

    • C. 

      Tragus

    • D. 

      Lobule

  • 4. 
    A small flap of flesh at the inferior end of the auricle of the ear
    • A. 

      Cerumen

    • B. 

      Helix

    • C. 

      Tragus

    • D. 

      Lobule

  • 5. 
    Also called the eardrum, this membrane separates the external ear and middle ear
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • B. 

      Ossicles

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Cochlea

  • 6. 
    Bones of the middle ear: the malleus, the incus, and the stapes
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • B. 

      Ossicles

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Cochlea

  • 7. 
    The bony and cartilaginous auditory tube that connects the middle ear with the nasopharynx. This helps to equalize the air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • B. 

      Ossicles

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Cochlea

  • 8. 
    A spiraling chamber in the inner ear that contains the receptors for hearing
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • B. 

      Ossicles

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Cochlea

  • 9. 
    Mucous-lined, air-filled cavities that surround the nasal cavity and perform the same air-processing functions of filtration, moistening, and warming
    • A. 

      Paranasal sinuses

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Palate

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 10. 
    A fleshy pendulum that hangs from the edge of the soft palate in the back of the mouth. The uvula moves with swallowing, breathing, and phonation
    • A. 

      Paranasal sinuses

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Palate

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 11. 
    The anterior portion of the roof of the mouth formed by bones
    • A. 

      Paranasal sinuses

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Palate

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 12. 
    High-frequency hearing loss that occurs over time. Often associated with aging
    • A. 

      Paranasal sinuses

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Palate

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 13. 
    Swimmer's ear, infection of the outer ear or ear canal
    • A. 

      Otitis externa

    • B. 

      Mastoiditis

    • C. 

      Air conduction (AC)

    • D. 

      Bone conduction (BC)

  • 14. 
    Inflammation of the mastoid that may occur secondary to a middle ear or a throat infection
    • A. 

      Otitis externa

    • B. 

      Mastoiditis

    • C. 

      Air conduction (AC)

    • D. 

      Bone conduction (BC)

  • 15. 
    The transmission of sound through the tympanic membrane to the cochlea and auditory nerve
    • A. 

      Otitis externa

    • B. 

      Mastoiditis

    • C. 

      Air conduction (AC)

    • D. 

      Bone conduction (BC)

  • 16. 
    The transmission of sound through the bones of the skull to the cochlea and auditory nerve
    • A. 

      Otitis externa

    • B. 

      Mastoiditis

    • C. 

      Air conduction (AC)

    • D. 

      Bone conduction (BC)

  • 17. 
    Smooth, pale, benign growths found along the turbinates of the nose
    • A. 

      Nasal polyps

    • B. 

      Cold sores

    • C. 

      Fever blisters

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 18. 
    Vesucykar that occurs on the lip or corner of the mouth. Caused by a herpes simplex virus
    • A. 

      Nasal polyps

    • B. 

      Cold sores

    • C. 

      Fever blisters

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 19. 
    Lesions or blisters on the lips may be caused by the herpes simplex virus
    • A. 

      Nasal polyps

    • B. 

      Cold sores

    • C. 

      Fever blisters

    • D. 

      Presbycusis

  • 20. 
    A 2-years-old child is scheduled for removal of her tonsils and adenoids. On which areas of this client's throat will the surgery be done?
    • A. 

      Nasopharynx and oropharynx

    • B. 

      Oropharynx and palate

    • C. 

      Oropharynx and laryngopharynx

    • D. 

      Nasopharynx and laryngopharynx

  • 21. 
    While the examiner is inspecting the throat of a client with a tongue blade, the client begins to gag. What does this response indicate to the examiner?
    • A. 

      The client has a functioning response.

    • B. 

      The client is nauseated.

    • C. 

      The client has nerve damage to the tongue.

    • D. 

      The client has a malfunctioning response.

  • 22. 
    During an otoscopic assessment, the nurse notes the presence of large amounts of cerumen in the client's external canal. The nurse knows:
    • A. 

      Cerumen helps to lubricate and protect the ear.

    • B. 

      Cerumen is needed to assist in the conduction of sound vibrations to the middle ear.

    • C. 

      This indicates poor hygiene.

    • D. 

      The client should clean his ears with cotton swabs.

  • 23. 
    A client tells the nurse, aI have a headache and pressure right above my nose and eyes. My nose is stuffy too.a The nurse knows that these symptoms might indicate:
    • A. 

      Infection or inflammation of the frontal sinuses

    • B. 

      Infection or inflammation of the maxillary sinuses

    • C. 

      Infection or inflammation of the columella

    • D. 

      Infection or irritation of the interior turbinate

  • 24. 
    A 60-year-old client tells the nurse that he has noticed a decrease in his hearing. The nurse knows that the age-related changes of the ear that likely are contributing to the decrease in his hearing are the result of:
    • A. 

      Increased cerumen in the external canal

    • B. 

      The loss of low-frequency sounds; high-frequency sounds remain intact

    • C. 

      Presbycusis

    • D. 

      A thin tympanic membrane

  • 25. 
    A client reports a family history of ear problems and hearing loss and is concerned about agoing deaf.a The most appropriate response by the nurse is:
    • A. 

      "Don't worry, hearing loss is not hereditary."

    • B. 

      "You will likely have hearing problems."

    • C. 

      "What medications are you currently taking?"

    • D. 

      "Hearing loss can be hereditary. Have you noticed any changes in your hearing?"