Mwms Ag Science Post Test - 2nd Period

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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 1,790
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 148

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Agricultural Science Quizzes & Trivia

New middle school Intro to Agricultural Science curriculum testing.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    (Intr 2.1)  Agriculture is

    • A.

      The production of food and fiber.

    • B.

      Farming.

    • C.

      The study of farming history.

    Correct Answer
    A. The production of food and fiber.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the production of food and fiber." This answer accurately defines agriculture as the process of cultivating crops and raising livestock for the purpose of producing food and other materials such as fiber. It encompasses activities such as planting, harvesting, and animal husbandry, which are essential for sustaining human populations and meeting their basic needs for sustenance and resources.

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  • 2. 

    (Intr 2.2)  Plant science is the

    • A.

      Design and operation of agriculture equipment and structures.

    • B.

      Care, production and processing of animals for food.

    • C.

      Care and management of our private and public forests.

    • D.

      Marketing of indoor and outdoor plants.

    • E.

      Inclusion of production, research, biotechnology and hybrids.

    Correct Answer
    E. Inclusion of production, research, biotechnology and hybrids.
    Explanation
    Plant science is the study of plants, including their growth, development, and interactions with the environment. It encompasses various aspects such as production, research, biotechnology, and the development of hybrid plants. This field focuses on improving crop yield, developing new plant varieties, and utilizing biotechnology techniques to enhance plant characteristics. Therefore, the answer "inclusion of production, research, biotechnology, and hybrids" accurately describes the scope of plant science.

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  • 3. 

    (Intr 2.3)  What percentage of the average U.S. disposable income is spent on food?

    • A.

      5 percent

    • B.

      10 percent

    • C.

      20 percent

    • D.

      25 percent

    Correct Answer
    B. 10 percent
    Explanation
    On average, Americans spend 10 percent of their disposable income on food. This indicates that food expenses make up a significant portion of their budget.

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  • 4. 

    (Intr 2.3)  Which is NOT a chief importer of U.S. agricultural goods?

    • A.

      Brazil

    • B.

      Canada

    • C.

      European Union

    • D.

      Mexico

    • E.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    A. Brazil
    Explanation
    Brazil is not a chief importer of U.S. agricultural goods. This means that Brazil does not play a significant role in importing agricultural goods from the United States.

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  • 5. 

    (Intr 2.3)  Of each dollar you spend on food, 19% of it goes to

    • A.

      The processor and packager.

    • B.

      The trucker.

    • C.

      The farmer.

    • D.

      The wholesaler and marketer.

    Correct Answer
    C. The farmer.
    Explanation
    Of each dollar you spend on food, 19% of it goes to the farmer. This means that out of the total amount you spend on food, 19% of that amount is given to the farmers who produce the food. The rest of the options, such as the processor and packager, the trucker, and the wholesaler and marketer, do play a role in the food supply chain, but the question specifically asks about the percentage that goes to the farmer.

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  • 6. 

    (Intr 2.4)  Which industry has continued to increase since the 1950's?

    • A.

      Beef

    • B.

      Poultry

    • C.

      Pork

    • D.

      Lamb

    Correct Answer
    B. Poultry
    Explanation
    Poultry is the correct answer because the industry has continued to increase since the 1950s. This can be attributed to various factors such as increasing demand for poultry products, advancements in breeding and production techniques, and a shift towards healthier eating habits. Poultry is also more affordable and versatile compared to other meat options, making it a popular choice among consumers.

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  • 7. 

    (Intr 2.4)  Which industry saw consumption peak in the 1970's?

    • A.

      Beef

    • B.

      Poultry

    • C.

      Pork

    • D.

      Lamb

    Correct Answer
    A. Beef
    Explanation
    The industry that saw consumption peak in the 1970s was the beef industry. This means that during that time, people were consuming more beef compared to other meats like poultry, pork, and lamb.

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  • 8. 

    (Intr 4.1)  What is the number one farm commodity produced in the U.S.?

    • A.

      Cattle

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Soybeans

    • D.

      Corn

    • E.

      Poultry

    Correct Answer
    D. Corn
    Explanation
    Corn is the number one farm commodity produced in the U.S. because it is a versatile crop that is used for various purposes. It is primarily grown for animal feed, ethanol production, and as a food ingredient. Corn is also a major export for the U.S., contributing significantly to the country's economy. Additionally, corn is a high-yielding crop that can be grown in different regions and climates, making it a popular choice among farmers. All these factors contribute to corn being the top farm commodity produced in the U.S.

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  • 9. 

    (Intr 4.1)  Which is an agricultural commodity?

    • A.

      Beef Cattle

    • B.

      Cheddar Cheese

    • C.

      Cotton Balls

    • D.

      Pork Sausage

    Correct Answer
    A. Beef Cattle
    Explanation
    Beef cattle is considered an agricultural commodity because it refers to cattle that are raised specifically for meat production. These animals are bred, raised, and ultimately slaughtered for their beef, which is a valuable agricultural product. The term "agricultural commodity" typically refers to any raw material or primary product that is derived from agriculture, and beef cattle fits this definition as it is a primary product of the agricultural industry.

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  • 10. 

    (Intr 4.1)  Which is an agricultural product?

    • A.

      Corn

    • B.

      Potato Chips

    • C.

      Wool

    • D.

      Milk

    Correct Answer
    B. Potato Chips
    Explanation
    Potato chips are not an agricultural product. They are a processed food made from potatoes, which are an agricultural product. The potatoes are harvested from farms and then processed into chips through various methods such as slicing, frying, and seasoning. However, the final product, potato chips, cannot be considered an agricultural product as it has undergone significant processing and transformation from its original form.

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  • 11. 

      (Intr 4.1, 4.2)  Which is NOT a North Carolina agriculture commodity?

    • A.

      Pulp Wood

    • B.

      Cotton

    • C.

      Sugar Beets

    • D.

      Sweet Potatoes

    • E.

      Muscadine Grapes

    Correct Answer
    C. Sugar Beets
    Explanation
    Sugar beets are not a North Carolina agriculture commodity. This means that North Carolina does not produce or cultivate sugar beets as a major agricultural product. The other options listed, such as pulp wood, cotton, sweet potatoes, and muscadine grapes, are all known commodities in North Carolina's agriculture industry.

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  • 12. 

    (Intr 4.2)  From which country does the U.S. import the most commodities?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Mexico

    • C.

      Canada

    • D.

      China

    • E.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    D. China
    Explanation
    China is the correct answer because it is the country from which the U.S. imports the most commodities. This is due to China's large manufacturing industry and its ability to produce goods at a lower cost compared to other countries. The U.S. imports a wide range of commodities from China, including electronics, clothing, machinery, and furniture. The trade relationship between the U.S. and China has been significant, with China being the largest trading partner of the U.S. in terms of imports.

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  • 13. 

    (Intr 4.2)  The top four countries, in order, to which the U.S. exports farm commodities are:

    • A.

      Canada, Mexico, Japan, China

    • B.

      Mexico, Japan, Europe, Brazil

    • C.

      Japan, China, India, Russia

    • D.

      China, Japan, Mexico, Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Canada, Mexico, Japan, China
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Canada, Mexico, Japan, China. This answer is based on the order of the countries listed in the options. The first option lists Canada as the first country, followed by Mexico, Japan, and China. Since the question asks for the top four countries in order, this option matches the correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    (Intr 4.2)  The top three exported farm commodites, in order, are:

    • A.

      Corn, Cotton, Wheat

    • B.

      Soybeans, Corn, Cotton

    • C.

      Soybeans, Corn, Wheat

    • D.

      Corn, Soybeans, Wheat

    • E.

      Corn, Wheat, Soybeans

    Correct Answer
    C. Soybeans, Corn, Wheat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Soybeans, Corn, Wheat. This is based on the order of the commodities listed in the given options. The options that include Soybeans as the first commodity are the only ones that match the correct answer. Among those options, the order of the remaining commodities is Corn and then Wheat. Therefore, the correct answer is Soybeans, Corn, Wheat.

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  • 15. 

    (Intr 5.2)  An agriculturist or agriculturalist is:

    • A.

      A person that studies agriculture.

    • B.

      A farmer.

    • C.

      A person that raises living organisms for food or raw materials.

    Correct Answer
    C. A person that raises living organisms for food or raw materials.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a person that raises living organisms for food or raw materials." This answer is supported by the definition of an agriculturist or agriculturalist, which refers to someone who is involved in the cultivation and production of living organisms for the purpose of obtaining food or raw materials. This definition aligns with the understanding that agriculture involves the cultivation of crops and the rearing of animals for human use and consumption.

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  • 16. 

    (Intr 5.2)  The average age of an agriculturalist is:

    • A.

      25

    • B.

      57

    • C.

      52

    • D.

      46

    Correct Answer
    B. 57
    Explanation
    The average age of an agriculturalist is 57. This means that if we were to take the ages of all agriculturalists and calculate their average, it would be 57.

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  • 17. 

    (Intr 5.3)  Family owned and operated farms are what percent of U.S. farms (vs. company owned farms)?

    • A.

      > 95%

    • B.

      < 20%

    • C.

      50%

    Correct Answer
    A. > 95%
    Explanation
    Family owned and operated farms make up more than 95% of U.S. farms, compared to company owned farms. This suggests that the majority of farms in the United States are owned and operated by families rather than large corporations.

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  • 18. 

    (Intr 5.3)  Branding, castrating and dehorning farm animals are:

    • A.

      Illegal in most states.

    • B.

      Used to recuce the amount of feed animals consume.

    • C.

      Management practices used to produce meat.

    Correct Answer
    C. Management practices used to produce meat.
    Explanation
    Branding, castrating, and dehorning are management practices used to produce meat. These practices are commonly performed on farm animals to ensure their safety, improve handling, and maintain the quality of meat. Branding helps identify ownership and prevent theft, castrating reduces aggression and improves meat quality, and dehorning prevents injuries to both animals and humans. While these practices may vary in legality and regulation across states, they are generally accepted and widely practiced in the meat production industry.

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  • 19. 

    (Intr 7.2)  Which is an example of a production agriculturist practicing environmental stewardship?

    • A.

      Using ladybug beetles to eat aphids instead of spraying pesticides.

    • B.

      Allowing cattle to wade into steams and ponds to cool off.

    • C.

      Keeping wild animals as pets.

    • D.

      Growing plants in a greenhouse.

    Correct Answer
    A. Using ladybug beetles to eat aphids instead of spraying pesticides.
    Explanation
    Using ladybug beetles to eat aphids instead of spraying pesticides is an example of a production agriculturist practicing environmental stewardship because it demonstrates a commitment to natural pest control methods. By relying on ladybug beetles, the agriculturist avoids the use of harmful pesticides that can negatively impact the environment and other beneficial organisms. This approach promotes a healthier ecosystem and reduces the potential harm to non-target species.

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  • 20. 

    (Intr 8.1)  Examples of agricultural manufacturing are:

    • A.

      Corn, soybeans, wheat and cotton.

    • B.

      Grocery stores, farmers markets and roadside stands.

    • C.

      Fertilizer, feed, pesticides and tractors.

    Correct Answer
    C. Fertilizer, feed, pesticides and tractors.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fertilizer, feed, pesticides, and tractors. These items are considered examples of agricultural manufacturing because they are essential in the production and cultivation of crops and livestock. Fertilizers provide necessary nutrients to the soil, feed is used for livestock nutrition, pesticides help control pests and diseases, and tractors are used for various farming operations. These inputs are crucial in modern agricultural practices to ensure efficient and productive farming.

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  • 21. 

    (Intr 8.2)  A GMO is a

    • A.

      Genetically Made Organic

    • B.

      Genetically Manufactured Organic

    • C.

      Genetically Modified Organism

    • D.

      Generic Modified Organism

    Correct Answer
    C. Genetically Modified Organism
    Explanation
    A GMO refers to a Genetically Modified Organism, which is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. This alteration is done to introduce specific traits or characteristics into the organism that are not naturally occurring. The term "Genetically Made Organic" and "Genetically Manufactured Organic" are not commonly used or recognized terms in the context of GMOs. "Generic Modified Organism" is a combination of words that do not accurately describe the concept of GMOs.

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  • 22. 

    (Intr 8.2)  An example of a GMO is

    • A.

      Frost resistant strawberries.

    • B.

      Bt "caterpillar killing" corn.

    • C.

      All the above.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. All the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all the above." This is because both frost resistant strawberries and Bt "caterpillar killing" corn are examples of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Genetically modified organisms are organisms whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. In the case of frost resistant strawberries, genes from other organisms are inserted into the strawberry's DNA to make it more resistant to frost. Similarly, Bt "caterpillar killing" corn has been genetically modified to produce a toxin that kills certain pests. Therefore, both examples given in the question are valid examples of GMOs.

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  • 23. 

    (Intr 8.3)  Which do you think is farm animal abuse?

    • A.

      Free roaming chickens in an open barnyard.

    • B.

      Egg laying hens kept in stacked cages.

    • C.

      Feeding antibiotics to chickens.

    • D.

      Branding.

    Correct Answer
    A. Free roaming chickens in an open barnyard.
    Explanation
    Free roaming chickens in an open barnyard can be considered farm animal abuse because they are exposed to potential dangers, such as predators or extreme weather conditions. They may not have access to proper shelter, food, or water, and their overall welfare may be compromised. On the other hand, egg laying hens kept in stacked cages, while not ideal, may still receive basic necessities and protection from external threats. Feeding antibiotics to chickens can be a common practice to prevent and treat diseases, ensuring their health. Branding, although painful, is often done under controlled conditions and is necessary for identification purposes.

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  • 24. 

    (Intr 8.4)  Which of the following are examples of natural resources?

    • A.

      Plastics, tractors and crops

    • B.

      Soil, water and air

    • C.

      Cattle, manure and milk

    • D.

      Crops and livestock

    Correct Answer
    B. Soil, water and air
    Explanation
    The correct answer is soil, water and air. These are examples of natural resources because they are all present in nature and are essential for the survival and well-being of living organisms. Soil provides a medium for plant growth, water is necessary for hydration and various biological processes, and air contains oxygen which is vital for respiration. Plastics, tractors, crops, cattle, manure, and milk are not natural resources as they are either man-made or derived from natural resources.

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  • 25. 

    (Intr 8.5)  Which of these events is NOT in correct chronological order (calendar timeline)?

    • A.

      John Deere made steel plows.

    • B.

      Barbed wire invented.

    • C.

      Hybrid corn seed produced.

    • D.

      Biotechnology crops and livestock products.

    • E.

      Tractors replace horses.

    • F.

      Frozen foods become popular with consumers.

    Correct Answer
    D. Biotechnology crops and livestock products.
    Explanation
    The events mentioned in the question are all related to advancements in agriculture and technology. John Deere making steel plows was an early advancement, followed by the invention of barbed wire. Hybrid corn seed production and the replacement of horses by tractors were later advancements. Frozen foods becoming popular with consumers was a development in the food industry. However, biotechnology crops and livestock products are a more recent advancement, making them the event that is not in correct chronological order.

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  • 26. 

    (Intr 8.6)  Which of the following is NOT a current issue of agricultural production?

    • A.

      Biotechnology developed crops and livestock.

    • B.

      Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare

    • C.

      Organicically grown products.

    • D.

      Animal manure waste.

    • E.

      Minimal agriculture exports to other countries.

    Correct Answer
    E. Minimal agriculture exports to other countries.
    Explanation
    The question asks for the option that is NOT a current issue of agricultural production. Biotechnology developed crops and livestock, animal rights vs. animal welfare, organicically grown products, and animal manure waste are all current issues in agricultural production. However, minimal agriculture exports to other countries is not specifically mentioned as a current issue in the given options.

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  • 27. 

    (Intr 8.7)  An example of an agriculture career cluster area is

    • A.

      Animal Systems

    • B.

      A plant breeder.

    • C.

      Tractor Implements.

    • D.

      Animal Waste Management.

    • E.

      A Tree Farm.

    Correct Answer
    A. Animal Systems
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Animal Systems because it specifically refers to a career cluster area in agriculture that focuses on the study and management of animals used in agriculture. This can include areas such as animal health, nutrition, reproduction, and overall management of livestock. Animal Systems professionals work to ensure the well-being and productivity of animals in agricultural settings.

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  • 28. 

    (Plant 1.1)  Which of these plant parts job is to protect the seed?

    • A.

      Egg or Ovule.

    • B.

      Pitil.

    • C.

      Stamen.

    • D.

      Fruit.

    • E.

      Flower.

    • F.

      Stem and sepals.

    Correct Answer
    D. Fruit.
    Explanation
    The fruit is the plant part that protects the seed. After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into a fruit, which encloses and protects the seeds. The fruit can have different structures and forms, such as a hard shell, a fleshy covering, or a protective outer layer. Its main function is to ensure the survival and dispersal of the seeds, providing them with protection from external factors such as predators, harsh weather conditions, or mechanical damage.

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  • 29. 

    (Plant 1.2)  Which of the following is needed for plant growth?

    • A.

      Light, air, water, soil.

    • B.

      Seed, flower, fertilizer, soil and light.

    • C.

      Fertilizer, water and light.

    Correct Answer
    A. Light, air, water, soil.
    Explanation
    Light, air, water, and soil are all essential for plant growth. Light is needed for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. Air provides carbon dioxide, which is also necessary for photosynthesis. Water is essential for transporting nutrients and minerals throughout the plant and for maintaining turgidity. Soil provides the necessary nutrients and minerals that plants need to grow and thrive. Therefore, all four options are needed for plant growth.

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  • 30. 

    (Plant 4.2)  An example of good plant crop environmental stewardship is:

    • A.

      Hydroponically growing crops (without soil) in a greenhouse.

    • B.

      Tilling the soil weekly instead of spraying herbicides to kill weeds.

    • C.

      Using good insects to kill crop damaging insects.

    • D.

      Fertilizing crops only with animal manures.

    Correct Answer
    C. Using good insects to kill crop damaging insects.
    Explanation
    Using good insects to kill crop damaging insects is an example of good plant crop environmental stewardship because it promotes natural pest control without the use of harmful chemicals. By introducing beneficial insects into the crop environment, they can prey on and control populations of damaging insects, reducing the need for pesticides. This approach is environmentally friendly and helps maintain a balanced ecosystem in the agricultural system.

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  • 31. 

    (Plant 5.1)  An example of Precision Farming technology is:

    • A.

      Using GPS system to apply fertilizer to crop fields.

    • B.

      Measuring the correct amount of seed planted per acre.

    • C.

      Matching the soil type to the crop grown.

    • D.

      Matching farm animal production to the crops grown.

    Correct Answer
    A. Using GPS system to apply fertilizer to crop fields.
    Explanation
    Precision Farming technology involves using advanced tools and techniques to optimize agricultural practices. The use of GPS systems to apply fertilizer to crop fields is an example of precision farming. By using GPS technology, farmers can accurately determine the precise areas that require fertilization, ensuring that the fertilizer is applied in the right amount and at the right location. This helps to minimize waste, reduce environmental impact, and improve crop yield and quality.

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  • 32. 

    (Plant 5.2)  What is the difference between genetically modified and selective breeding?

    • A.

      Genetic modification is used in plants, selective breeding in animals.

    • B.

      Genetic modification is done in a lab, selective breeding in a greenhouse.

    • C.

      Neither one of these is a good answer.

    Correct Answer
    B. Genetic modification is done in a lab, selective breeding in a greenhouse.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that genetic modification is done in a lab, while selective breeding is done in a greenhouse. This indicates that the two processes occur in different settings, with genetic modification being a more controlled and precise method conducted in a laboratory environment, while selective breeding involves the controlled breeding of plants or animals in a greenhouse.

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  • 33. 

    (Plant 5.3)  The suffix "cide" means to kill.  Which of these kills weeds?

    • A.

      Pesticide.

    • B.

      Insecticide.

    • C.

      Fungicide.

    • D.

      Rhodenticide.

    Correct Answer
    A. Pesticide.
    Explanation
    The suffix "-cide" means to kill. Pesticide is a substance used to kill pests, including weeds. Insecticide is used to kill insects, fungicide is used to kill fungi, and rodenticide is used to kill rodents. However, the term "weeds" specifically refers to unwanted plants, so the correct answer is pesticide.

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  • 34. 

    (Plant 5.3)  How can insects damage a plant?

    • A.

      Eating it and spreading plant diseases.

    • B.

      Spreading plant diseases and using up plant nutrients.

    • C.

      Attrating birds that feed on them.

    • D.

      Using up water that the plant needs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Eating it and spreading plant diseases.
    Explanation
    Insects can damage a plant by eating it and spreading plant diseases. When insects feed on plants, they can cause physical damage to the leaves, stems, and roots, which can weaken the plant and make it more susceptible to diseases. Additionally, some insects act as carriers for plant diseases, spreading them from one plant to another as they move and feed. This can lead to the rapid spread of diseases, causing further damage to the plant and potentially leading to its death. Therefore, both eating the plant and spreading diseases are ways in which insects can harm plants.

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  • 35. 

    Mr. Cochran's class is:

    • A.

      Way too easy.

    • B.

      Boring.

    • C.

      The beast. I mean, best.

    Correct Answer
    C. The beast. I mean, best.
    Explanation
    The phrase "the beast. I mean, best." is a play on words, using a pun to create a humorous effect. The word "beast" is used sarcastically to imply that Mr. Cochran's class is challenging or difficult, while the word "best" is used to convey that the class is actually excellent or superior. This answer suggests that Mr. Cochran's class is not only the best, but it is also demanding and requires a lot of effort from the students.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Kinneyknob
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